Find science on or your birthday

Today in Science History - Quickie Quiz
Who said: “Dangerous... to take shelter under a tree, during a thunder-gust. It has been fatal to many, both men and beasts.”
more quiz questions >>
Home > Dictionary of Science Quotations > Scientist Names Index R > Sir Ernest Rutherford Quotes

Thumbnail of Sir Ernest Rutherford (source)
Sir Ernest Rutherford
(30 Aug 1871 - 19 Oct 1937)

New Zealand-English physicist who laid the groundwork for the development of nuclear physics. He identified alpha, beta and gamma emissions during radioactive decay, and devised the alpha-particle scattering experiment that led to the discovery of the atomic nucleus.


Science Quotes by Sir Ernest Rutherford (20 quotes)

All science is either physics or stamp collecting.
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
Quoted in J. B. Birks, Rutherford at Manchester (1962), 108, without citation. Webmaster has not been able to find any earlier example of the quote in print. If you know a primary print source, or very early reference to this quote, please contact the Webmaster. If—a strong if—truly a Rutherford quote, and such a snappy one, surely it should have been better documented from decades earlier?
Science quotes on:  |  Physics (156)  |  Quip (68)  |  Science (875)

Don't let me catch anyone talking about the Universe in my department.
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
Quoted in Sage: A Life of J. D. Bernal (1980), 160.
Science quotes on:  |  Catch (8)  |  Department (11)  |  Talk (21)  |  Universe (291)

Gentlemen, now you will see that now you see nothing. And why you see nothing you will see presently.
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
Quoted in R. Oesper, The Human Side of Scientists (1975), 164.
Science quotes on:  |  Gentlemen (4)  |  Nothing (89)  |  Seeing (29)

I am a great believer in the simplicity of things and as you probably know I am inclined to hang on to broad & simple ideas like grim death until evidence is too strong for my tenacity.
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
Letter to Irving Langmuir (10 Jun 1919). Quoted in Nathan Reingold and Ida H. Reingold, Science in America: A Documentary History 1900-1939 (1981), 354.
Science quotes on:  |  Belief (139)  |  Broad (7)  |  Death (183)  |  Evidence (83)  |  Grim (2)  |  Hang (2)  |  Inclination (10)  |  Simplicity (92)  |  Strong (8)  |  Tenacity (2)

I came into the room, which was half dark, and presently spotted Lord Kelvin in the audience and realised that I was in for trouble at the last part of my speech dealing with the age of the earth, where my views conflicted with his. To my relief, Kelvin fell fast asleep, but as I came to the important point, I saw the old bird sit up, open an eye and cock a baleful glance at me! Then a sudden inspiration came, and I said Lord Kelvin had limited the age of the earth, provided no new source (of energy) was discovered. That prophetic utterance refers to what we are now considering tonight, radium! Behold! the old boy beamed upon me.
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
Speech at the Royal Institution (1904). Quoted in Arthur S. Eve, Rutherford (1939), 107.
Science quotes on:  |  Age Of The Earth (10)  |  Baron William Thomson Kelvin (23)  |  Radioactivity (21)  |  Radium (13)

I have to keep going, as there are always people on my track. I have to publish my present work as rapidly as possible in order to keep in the race. The best sprinters in this road of investigation are Becquerel and the Curies...
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
Letter to his mother (5 Jan1902). Quoted in A. S. Eve, Rutherford: Being the Life and Letters of the Rt. Hon. Lord Rutherford (1939), 80. In Laurie M. Brown, Abraham Pais and A. B. Pippard, Twentieth Century Physics (1995), 58.
Science quotes on:  |  Henri Becquerel (5)  |  Marie Curie (28)  |  Publication (75)  |  Research (360)

I think a strong claim can be made that the process of scientific discovery may be regarded as a form of art. This is best seen in the theoretical aspects of Physical Science. The mathematical theorist builds up on certain assumptions and according to well understood logical rules, step by step, a stately edifice, while his imaginative power brings out clearly the hidden relations between its parts. A well constructed theory is in some respects undoubtedly an artistic production. A fine example is the famous Kinetic Theory of Maxwell. ... The theory of relativity by Einstein, quite apart from any question of its validity, cannot but be regarded as a magnificent work of art.
Responding to the toast, 'Science!' at the Royal Academy of the Arts in 1932.)
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
Quoted in Lawrence Badash, 'Ernest Rutherford and Theoretical Physics,' in Robert Kargon and Peter Achinstein (eds.) Kelvin's Baltimore Lectures and Modern Theoretical Physics: Historical and Philosophical Perspectives (1987), 352.
Science quotes on:  |  Art (80)  |  Discovery (360)  |  Albert Einstein (174)  |  Imagination (130)  |  Kinetic Theory (6)  |  James Clerk Maxwell (63)  |  Physical Science (32)  |  Relativity (33)  |  Step By Step (7)  |  Theory (353)

I've just finished reading some of my early papers, and you know, when I'd finished I said to myself, 'Rutherford, my boy, you used to be a damned clever fellow.' (1911)
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
Science quotes on:  |  Biography (199)

If, as I have reason to believe, I have disintegrated the nucleus of the atom, this is of greater significance than the war.
[Apology to the international anti-submarine committee for being absent from several meetings during World War I.]
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
(Jun 1919). Quoted in D. Wilson, Rutherford: Simple Genius (1983), 405, as cited in Laurie M. Brown, Abraham Pais, Brian Pippard, Twentieth Century Physics (1995), Vol. 1, 113.
Science quotes on:  |  Apology (2)  |  Belief (139)  |  Disintegration (2)  |  Nucleus (21)  |  Reason (173)  |  Significance (30)  |  War (79)

It was quite the most incredible event that has ever happened to me in my life. It was almost as incredible as if you fired a 15-inch shell at a piece of tissue paper and it came back and hit you.
[Recalling in 1936 the discovery of the nucleus in 1909, when some alpha particles were observed instead of travelling through a very thin gold foil were seen to rebound backward, as if striking something much more massive than the particles themselves.]
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
Quoted in Abraham Pais, Inward Bound (1986), 189, from E. N. da C. Andrade, Rutherford and the nature of the atom, (1964) 111.
Science quotes on:  |  Autobiography (48)  |  Discovery (360)  |  Nucleus (21)

Now I know what the atom looks like.
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
Science quotes on:  |  Atom (164)  |  Experiment (369)

Should a young scientist working with me come to me after two years of such work and ask me what to do next, I would advise him to get out of science. After two years of work, if a man does not know what to do next, he will never make a real scientist.
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
Quoted in R. Desper, The Human Side of Scientists (1975), 165.
Science quotes on:  |  Advice (22)  |  Knowledge (679)  |  Scientist (237)  |  Work (198)  |  Young (20)

The energy produced by the breaking down of the atom is a very poor kind of thing. Anyone who expects a source of power from transformation of these atoms is talking moonshine.
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
Address at Leicester(11 Sep 1933). Cited as New York Herald Tribune (12 Sep 1933), in Laurie M. Brown, Abraham Pais, Brian Pippard, Twentieth Century Physics (1995), Vol. 1, 113.
Science quotes on:  |  Atom (164)  |  Atomic Energy (13)  |  Moonshine (3)  |  Poor (18)  |  Power (103)  |  Source (33)  |  Transformation (27)

The great object is to find the theory of the matter [of X-rays] before anyone else, for nearly every professor in Europe is now on the warpath.
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
Science quotes on:  |  X-ray (13)

The year 1896 ... marked the beginning of what has been aptly termed the heroic age of Physical Science. Never before in the history of physics has there been witnessed such a period of intense activity when discoveries of fundamental importance have followed one another with such bewildering rapidity.
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
'The Electrical Structure of Matter', Reports of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (1924), C2.
Science quotes on:  |  Activity (48)  |  Age (60)  |  Beginning (71)  |  Bewilderment (3)  |  Discovery (360)  |  Following (12)  |  Fundamental (59)  |  Hero (10)  |  History (156)  |  Importance (106)  |  Intensity (15)  |  Period (24)  |  Physical Science (32)  |  Physics (156)  |  Rapidity (14)  |  Term (34)  |  Witness (9)

We have seen that a proton of energy corresponding to 30,000 volts can effect the transformation of lithium into two fast α-particles, which together have an energy equivalent of more than 16 million volts. Considering the individual process, the output of energy in the transmutation is more than 500 times greater than the energy carried by the proton. There is thus a great gain of energy in the single transmutation, but we must not forget that on an average more than 1000 million protons of equal energy must be fired into the lithium before one happens to hit and enter the lithium nucleus. It is clear in this case that on the whole the energy derived from transmutation of the atom is small compared with the energy of the bombarding particles. There thus seems to be little prospect that we can hope to obtain a new source of power by these processes. It has sometimes been' suggested, from analogy with ordinary explosives, that the transmutation of one atom might cause the transmutation of a neighbouring nucleus, so that the explosion would spread throughout all the material. If this were true, we should long ago have had a gigantic explosion in our laboratories with no one remaining to tell the tale. The absence of these accidents indicates, as we should expect, that the explosion is confined to the individual nucleus and does not spread to the neighbouring nuclei, which may be regarded as relatively far removed from the centre of the explosion.
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
The Transmutation of the Atom (1933), 23-4
Science quotes on:  |  Absence (5)  |  Accident (25)  |  Alpha Particle (2)  |  Analogy (26)  |  Atom (164)  |  Atomic Bomb (71)  |  Average (16)  |  Bombardment (2)  |  Centre (13)  |  Confinement (3)  |  Effect (72)  |  Energy (103)  |  Explosion (10)  |  Explosive (7)  |  Forget (10)  |  Gigantic (6)  |  Indication (15)  |  Individual (59)  |  Laboratory (75)  |  Lithium (3)  |  Million (29)  |  Neighbor (4)  |  Nucleus (21)  |  Output (5)  |  Power (103)  |  Process (97)  |  Prospect (8)  |  Proton (7)  |  Source (33)  |  Spread (7)  |  Suggestion (13)  |  Transformation (27)  |  Transmutation (10)

We haven't the money, so we've got to think.
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
Quoted by R. V. Jones, Bulletin of the Institute of Physics (1962), 13, No.4, 102.
Science quotes on:  |  Money (87)  |  Thinking (166)

You know, I am sorry for the poor fellows that haven't got labs to work in.
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
Science quotes on:  |  Experiment (369)  |  Laboratory (75)

[From uranium] there are present at least two distinct types of radiation one that is very readily absorbed, which will be termed for convenience the α radiation, and the other of a more penetrative character, which will be termed the β radiation.
[Originating the names for these two types of radiation.]
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
In 'Uranium Radiation and the Electrical Conduction Produced by It', Philosophical Magazine (1899), 47, 116.
Science quotes on:  |  Absorption (5)  |  Character (39)  |  Distinction (19)  |  Nomenclature (102)  |  Penetration (10)  |  Radiation (13)  |  Term (34)  |  Type (15)  |  Uranium (13)

[It] is not the nature of things for any one man to make a sudden, violent discovery; science goes step by step and every man depends on the work of his predecessors. When you hear of a sudden unexpected discovery—a bolt from the blue—you can always be sure that it has grown up by the influence of one man or another, and it is the mutual influence which makes the enormous possibility of scientific advance. Scientists are not dependent on the ideas of a single man, but on the combined wisdom of thousands of men, all thinking of the same problem and each doing his little bit to add to the great structure of knowledge which is gradually being erected.
— Sir Ernest Rutherford
Concluding remark in Lecture ii (1936) on 'Forty Years of Physics', revised and prepared for publication by J.A. Ratcliffe, collected in Needham and Pagel (eds.), Background to Modern Science: Ten Lectures at Cambridge Arranged by the History of Science Committee, (1938), 73-74. Note that the words as prepared for publication may not be verbatim as spoken in the original lecture by the then late Lord Rutherford.
Science quotes on:  |  Add (4)  |  Advance (52)  |  Bit (2)  |  Blue (9)  |  Bolt (3)  |  Bolt From The Blue (2)  |  Depend (9)  |  Dependent (2)  |  Discovery (360)  |  Doing (26)  |  Enormous (16)  |  Gradual (9)  |  Great (62)  |  Hear (4)  |  Idea (226)  |  Influence (47)  |  Knowledge (679)  |  Little (29)  |  Make (10)  |  Mutual (12)  |  Nature (534)  |  Possibility (70)  |  Predecessor (13)  |  Problem (180)  |  Science (875)  |  Scientific (55)  |  Scientist (237)  |  Single (26)  |  Step By Step (7)  |  Structure (104)  |  Sudden (6)  |  Thinking (166)  |  Thousand (32)  |  Unexpected (13)  |  Violent (2)  |  Wisdom (91)  |  Work (198)



Quotes by others about Sir Ernest Rutherford (10)

Most of the scientists in their twenties and thirties who went in 1939 to work on wartime problems were profoundly affected by their experience. The belief that Rutherford's boys were the best boys, that we could do anything that was do-able and could master any subject in a few days was of enormous value.
'The Effect of World War II on the Development of Knowledge in the Physical Sciences', Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 1975, Series A, 342, 531.
Science quotes on:  |  War (79)

But no Anglo-Saxon can understand relativity.
Said at a dinner in 1910, teasing Ernest Rutherford, who replied, 'No, they have too much sense.'
Quoted in Richard Reeves, A Force of Nature: The Frontier Genius of Ernest Rutherford (2007), 66.
Science quotes on:  |  Relativity (33)

[Ernest Rutherford is]...a second Newton.
Weizmann

Einstein ... always spoke to me of Rutherford in the highest terms, calling him a second Newton.
Trial and Error: The Autobiography of Chaim Weizman (1949), 118. Quoted in A Force of Nature: The Frontier Genius of Ernest Rutherford (2007), 65-66.
Science quotes on:  |  Albert Einstein (174)

As scientists the two men were contrasting types—Einstein all calculation, Rutherford all experiment ... There was no doubt that as an experimenter Rutherford was a genius, one of the greatest. He worked by intuition and everything he touched turned to gold. He had a sixth sense.
(Reminiscence comparing his friend, Ernest Rutherford, with Albert Einstein, whom he also knew.)
Trial and Error: The Autobiography of Chaim Weizman (1949), 118. Quoted in A Force of Nature: The Frontier Genius of Ernest Rutherford (2007), 65-66.
Science quotes on:  |  Albert Einstein (174)

They were very different men. Or boys. Someone said they were both like curious children—Einstein the merry boy, Rutherford the boisterous one. They were looking and working in different directions—Einstein looking outward, rather dreamily trying to discover where we came from, and Rutherford drilling deep to discover what we were.
A Force of Nature: The Frontier Genius of Ernest Rutherford (2007), 66.
Science quotes on:  |  Albert Einstein (174)

His work was so great that it cannot be compassed in a few words. His death is one of the greatest losses ever to occur to British science.
Describing Ernest Rutherford upon his death at age 66. Thomson, then 80 years old, was once his teacher.
Quoted in Time Magazine (1 Nov 1937).

The year that Rutherford died (1938 [sic]) there disappeared forever the happy days of free scientific work which gave us such delight in our youth. Science has lost her freedom. Science has become a productive force. She has become rich but she has become enslaved and part of her is veiled in secrecy. I do not know whether Rutherford would continue to joke and laugh as he used to.
'Notes from Here and There', Science Policy News (1969), 1, No 2, 33.
Science quotes on:  |  Freedom (41)  |  Happiness (58)  |  Money (87)  |  Secret (44)  |  Slave (9)

When I hear to-day protests against the Bolshevism of modern science and regrets for the old-established order, I am inclined to think that Rutherford, not Einstein, is the real villain of the piece. When we compare the universe as it is now supposed to be with the universe as we had ordinarily preconceived it, the most arresting change is not the rearrangement of space and time by Einstein but the dissolution of all that we regard as most solid into tiny specks floating in void. That gives an abrupt jar to those who think that things are more or less what they seem. The revelation by modern physics of the void within the atom is more disturbing than the revelation by astronomy of the immense void of interstellar space.
In The Nature of the Physical World (1928, 2005), 1.
Science quotes on:  |  Abrupt (2)  |  Arrest (3)  |  Astronomy (105)  |  Change (133)  |  Comparison (33)  |  Dissolution (3)  |  Disturbance (12)  |  Albert Einstein (174)  |  Floating (2)  |  Interstellar (2)  |  Modern Science (4)  |  Order (60)  |  Preconception (6)  |  Protest (3)  |  Regard (17)  |  Regret (8)  |  Revelation (24)  |  Solid (14)  |  Space (68)  |  Space And Time (4)  |  Speck (5)  |  Universe (291)  |  Villain (2)  |  Void (8)

There was, I think, a feeling that the best science was that done in the simplest way. In experimental work, as in mathematics, there was “style” and a result obtained with simple equipment was more elegant than one obtained with complicated apparatus, just as a mathematical proof derived neatly was better than one involving laborious calculations. Rutherford's first disintegration experiment, and Chadwick's discovery of the neutron had a “style” that is different from that of experiments made with giant accelerators.
From 'Physics in a University Laboratory Before and After World War II', Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A, (1975), 342, 463. As cited in Alan McComas, Galvani's Spark: The Story of the Nerve Impulse (2011), 107.
Science quotes on:  |  Accelerator (4)  |  Apparatus (18)  |  Best (42)  |  Better (41)  |  Calculation (41)  |  Sir James Chadwick (2)  |  Complicated (14)  |  Derivation (8)  |  Discovery (360)  |  Disintegration (2)  |  Elegance (13)  |  Equipment (11)  |  Experiment (369)  |  Feeling (47)  |  Giant (15)  |  Labor (18)  |  Mathematics (367)  |  Neatness (3)  |  Neutron (7)  |  Obtain (14)  |  Obtaining (4)  |  Proof (136)  |  Result (129)  |  Science (875)  |  Simplicity (92)  |  Style (5)


See also:
  • todayinsci icon 30 Aug - short biography, births, deaths and events on date of Rutherford's birth.
  • book icon A Force of Nature: The Frontier Genius of Ernest Rutherford, by Richard Reeves. - book suggestion.
  • booklist icon Booklist for Ernest Rutherford.

Carl Sagan Thumbnail In science it often happens that scientists say, 'You know that's a really good argument; my position is mistaken,' and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again. They really do it. It doesn't happen as often as it should, because scientists are human and change is sometimes painful. But it happens every day. I cannot recall the last time something like that happened in politics or religion. (1987) -- Carl Sagan
Quotations by:Albert EinsteinIsaac NewtonLord KelvinCharles DarwinSrinivasa RamanujanCarl SaganFlorence NightingaleThomas EdisonAristotleMarie CurieBenjamin FranklinWinston ChurchillGalileo GalileiSigmund FreudRobert BunsenLouis PasteurTheodore RooseveltAbraham LincolnRonald ReaganLeonardo DaVinciMichio KakuKarl PopperJohann GoetheRobert OppenheimerCharles Kettering  ... (more people)

Quotations about:Atomic  BombBiologyChemistryDeforestationEngineeringAnatomyAstronomyBacteriaBiochemistryBotanyConservationDinosaurEnvironmentFractalGeneticsGeologyHistory of ScienceInventionJupiterKnowledgeLoveMathematicsMeasurementMedicineNatural ResourceOrganic ChemistryPhysicsPhysicianQuantum TheoryResearchScience and ArtTeacherTechnologyUniverseVolcanoVirusWind PowerWomen ScientistsX-RaysYouthZoology  ... (more topics)
Sitewide search within all Today In Science History pages:
Custom Quotations Search - custom search within only our quotations pages:
Visit our Science and Scientist Quotations index for more Science Quotes from archaeologists, biologists, chemists, geologists, inventors and inventions, mathematicians, physicists, pioneers in medicine, science events and technology.

Names index: | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

Categories index: | 1 | 2 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Author Icon
who invites your feedback

Today in Science History

Most Popular

Thank you for sharing.
Today in Science History
Sign up for Newsletter
with quiz, quotes and more.
- 100 -
Sophie Germain
Gertrude Elion
Ernest Rutherford
James Chadwick
Marcel Proust
William Harvey
Johann Goethe
John Keynes
Carl Gauss
Paul Feyerabend
- 90 -
Antoine Lavoisier
Lise Meitner
Charles Babbage
Ibn Khaldun
Euclid
Ralph Emerson
Robert Bunsen
Frederick Banting
Andre Ampere
Winston Churchill
- 80 -
John Locke
Bronislaw Malinowski
Bible
Thomas Huxley
Alessandro Volta
Erwin Schrodinger
Wilhelm Roentgen
Louis Pasteur
Bertrand Russell
Jean Lamarck
- 70 -
Samuel Morse
John Wheeler
Nicolaus Copernicus
Robert Fulton
Pierre Laplace
Humphry Davy
Thomas Edison
Lord Kelvin
Theodore Roosevelt
Carolus Linnaeus
- 60 -
Francis Galton
Linus Pauling
Immanuel Kant
Martin Fischer
Robert Boyle
Karl Popper
Paul Dirac
Avicenna
James Watson
William Shakespeare
- 50 -
Stephen Hawking
Niels Bohr
Nikola Tesla
Rachel Carson
Max Planck
Henry Adams
Richard Dawkins
Werner Heisenberg
Alfred Wegener
John Dalton
- 40 -
Pierre Fermat
Edward Wilson
Johannes Kepler
Gustave Eiffel
Giordano Bruno
JJ Thomson
Thomas Kuhn
Leonardo DaVinci
Archimedes
David Hume
- 30 -
Andreas Vesalius
Rudolf Virchow
Richard Feynman
James Hutton
Alexander Fleming
Emile Durkheim
Benjamin Franklin
Robert Oppenheimer
Robert Hooke
Charles Kettering
- 20 -
Carl Sagan
James Maxwell
Marie Curie
Rene Descartes
Francis Crick
Hippocrates
Michael Faraday
Srinivasa Ramanujan
Francis Bacon
Galileo Galilei
- 10 -
Aristotle
John Watson
Rosalind Franklin
Michio Kaku
Isaac Asimov
Charles Darwin
Sigmund Freud
Albert Einstein
Florence Nightingale
Isaac Newton