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Who said: “Nature does nothing in vain when less will serve; for Nature is pleased with simplicity and affects not the pomp of superfluous causes.”
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Thumbnail of John Harvey Kellogg (source)
John Harvey Kellogg
(26 Feb 1852 - 14 Dec 1943)

American physician and health-food pioneer whose development of dry breakfast cereals was largely responsible for the creation of the flaked-cereal industry.

John Harvey Kellogg
“Food is simply”

Illustrated Quote - Large (800 x 400 px)

“Food is simply sunlight in cold storage.”
— John Harvey Kellogg
From New Dietetics: What to Eat and How (1921).

More John Harvey Kellogg quotes on science >>

Yes, it is “that” Kellogg — John Harvey Kellogg, whose interest in healthy eating led to the Corn Flakes product. He was a physician, interested in the best nutrition for his patients at the Battle Creek Sanitarium in Michigan. Based on the food developed there, it was his brother, William K. Kellogg, who was the businessman that began commercial production of breakfast cereal as the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company (1906).

Throughout years of diligent study of food and health, he wrote many books, including New Dietetics: What to Eat and How. In its first chapter, he introduces at the opening of the first chapter the concept of food as a fuel, an energy source:

Food as Fuel

Life has been likened to a consuming fire—a flame. One of the chief functions of food is to serve as fuel by the burning of which the animal heat is maintained, and the energy required for every sort of bodily activity is supplied.

The subject quote comes from the section that ends the chapter, subtitled “The Source of Food.” It shows that by the time it was written, 1921, science had measured the speed of light, and had a good understanding of the importance of photosynthesis. This was common knowledge. Plants take the energy of sunlight to produce our food, both vegetables and meat, which in turn are used to power the human body — with sunlight (and water and carbon dioxide). He wrote:

The Source of Food

“For all the thousands of various substances which are capable of sustaining animal life we are indebted to the sun. The energy of the sunlight, captured by the mysterious alchemy of the chlorophyl grains found in green leaves, is the source of all human energy as well as of the energy displayed in the manifold activities of animal life in its varied forms. Indeed, almost every form of energy with which we are acquainted is derived from the sun. It is sunlight in modified form which turns all the windmills and water wheels and the machinery which they drive. It is the energy derived from coal and petroleum (fossil sunlight) which propels our steam and gas engines, our locomotives and automobiles. The chlorophyl grains of the green leaf capture the rays of light as they flit by at the rate of 186,000 miles a second, and with this magic force, bind together the atoms which form the so-called organic molecules, and endow with the mysterious properties of living matter the lifeless particles of hydrogen, oxygen, iron, lime and other chemical elements which enter into the composition of animal and vegetable structures. Food is simply sunlight in cold storage. The function of the plant is to store the energy borrowed from the sun, preparing it for the service of man and animals that, like the steam engine, the furnace or the lamp, must be regarded as mechanisms for using or expending energy. The heat which glows in the fire on the hearth, the light which shines out from the incandescent lamp or the brilliant electric arc, are nothing more than resuscitated sunlight; so likewise the heat of our bodies and the energy of mind and muscle which we are able to display, are transmuted sunshine.”

Text by Webmaster, with quotes from John Harvey Kellogg, New Dietetics: What to Eat and How (1921), 25 and 29. (source)

See also:
  • Science Quotes by John Harvey Kellogg.
  • 26 Feb - short biography, births, deaths and events on date of Kellogg's birth.
  • John Harvey Kellogg - context of quote “Food is simply” - Medium image (500 x 250 px)

Nature bears long with those who wrong her. She is patient under abuse. But when abuse has gone too far, when the time of reckoning finally comes, she is equally slow to be appeased and to turn away her wrath. (1882) -- Nathaniel Egleston, who was writing then about deforestation, but speaks equally well about the danger of climate change today.
Carl Sagan Thumbnail Carl Sagan: In science it often happens that scientists say, 'You know that's a really good argument; my position is mistaken,' and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again. They really do it. It doesn't happen as often as it should, because scientists are human and change is sometimes painful. But it happens every day. I cannot recall the last time something like that happened in politics or religion. (1987) ...(more by Sagan)

Albert Einstein: I used to wonder how it comes about that the electron is negative. Negative-positive—these are perfectly symmetric in physics. There is no reason whatever to prefer one to the other. Then why is the electron negative? I thought about this for a long time and at last all I could think was “It won the fight!” ...(more by Einstein)

Richard Feynman: It is the facts that matter, not the proofs. Physics can progress without the proofs, but we can't go on without the facts ... if the facts are right, then the proofs are a matter of playing around with the algebra correctly. ...(more by Feynman)
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