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Who said: “I was going to record talking... the foil was put on; I then shouted 'Mary had a little lamb',... and the machine reproduced it perfectly.”
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Thumbnail of Arthur Edwin Kennelly (source)
Arthur Edwin Kennelly
(17 Dec 1861 - 18 Jun 1939)

Irish-American electrical engineer who made innovations in analytic methods in electronics, and co-discovered the radio reflecting properties of the ionosphere in the upper atmosphere.

Arthur Edwin Kennelly
“Through radio I look forward to a United States of the World”

Illustrated Quote - Medium (500 x 250 px)

“Through radio I look forward to a United States of the World. Radio is standardizing the peoples of the Earth, English will become the universal language… The most important aspect of radio is its sociological influence.”
— Arthur Edwin Kennelly
As quoted in Orrin Elmer Dunlap, Radio's 100 Men of Science.

More Arthur Edwin Kennelly quotes on science >>

Orrin Elmer Dunlap provides this quote, from Kennelly in 1926, without citation in his book, Radio's 100 Men of Science: Biographical Narratives of Pathfinders. The full quote reads:

“Through radio I look forward to a United States of the World. Radio is standardizing the peoples of the Earth, English will become the universal language because it is predominantly the language of the ether. The most important aspect of radio is its sociological influence.”

Together with Oliver Heaviside, Kennelly shares recognition for describing the role of an atmospheric layer in the Earth's ionosphere in bouncing a radio signal over the horizon, instead of the signal merely travelling in a straight line from the transmitter and disappearing out into space. This enormously useful property of the Kennelly-Heaviside layer made shortwave radio communication possible between places remote on the curvature of the earth for which no line-of-sight path was otherwise possible.

Kennelly had used the expression, the “United States of the World,” several years earlier, in 1920, in an article he contributed to Electrical World. This was written not long after the end of the Great War (World War I) of 1914-1918. Kennelly said about the war that “by its division of mankind into two great opposing factions it has embittered all human relations across the rift.” As a professor of Electrical Engineering at Harvard University, and director of the Research Division of the Department of Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, described the state of scientific research in the engineering schools. There, he said, post-war constructive impulses were being directed to lighten the “after-burden of the conflict,” which “on the material side” aimed at increasing production and productivity. He continued:1

“On the non-material side they are directed toward closer fellowship between the allied peoples, greater understanding and trustfulness between nation and nation, in the direction a final United States of the World.” 

1 A.E. Kennelly, 'Scientific Research in the Engineering Schools', Electrical World (1920), 75, 150.

Text by Webmaster with quote as it appears in Orrin Elmer Dunlap, Radio's 100 Men of Science: Biographical Narratives of Pathfinders (1944), 131, where it appeared without citation. (source)

See also:
  • Science Quotes by Arthur Edwin Kennelly.
  • 17 Dec - short biography, births, deaths and events on date of Kennelly's birth.
  • Arthur Kennelly, Electrical Engineer - Biography.
  • Arthur Edwin Kennelly - context of quote “Through radio I look forward to a United States of the World” - Large image (800 x 400 px)
  • Arthur Edwin Kennelly - context of quote “Scientifically developed production is the mother of scientific research” - Medium image (500 x 350 px)
  • Arthur Edwin Kennelly - context of quote “Scientifically developed production is the mother of scientific research” - Large image (800 x 600 px)

Nature bears long with those who wrong her. She is patient under abuse. But when abuse has gone too far, when the time of reckoning finally comes, she is equally slow to be appeased and to turn away her wrath. (1882) -- Nathaniel Egleston, who was writing then about deforestation, but speaks equally well about the danger of climate change today.
Carl Sagan Thumbnail Carl Sagan: In science it often happens that scientists say, 'You know that's a really good argument; my position is mistaken,' and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again. They really do it. It doesn't happen as often as it should, because scientists are human and change is sometimes painful. But it happens every day. I cannot recall the last time something like that happened in politics or religion. (1987) ...(more by Sagan)

Albert Einstein: I used to wonder how it comes about that the electron is negative. Negative-positive—these are perfectly symmetric in physics. There is no reason whatever to prefer one to the other. Then why is the electron negative? I thought about this for a long time and at last all I could think was “It won the fight!” ...(more by Einstein)

Richard Feynman: It is the facts that matter, not the proofs. Physics can progress without the proofs, but we can't go on without the facts ... if the facts are right, then the proofs are a matter of playing around with the algebra correctly. ...(more by Feynman)
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