Indeterminate Quotes (3 quotes)
Definition of Mathematics.It has now become apparent that the traditional field of mathematics in the province of discrete and continuous number can only be separated from the general abstract theory of classes and relations by a wavering and indeterminate line. Of course a discussion as to the mere application of a word easily degenerates into the most fruitless logomachy. It is open to any one to use any word in any sense. But on the assumption that mathematics is to denote a science well marked out by its subject matter and its methods from other topics of thought, and that at least it is to include all topics habitually assigned to it, there is now no option but to employ mathematics in the general sense of the science concerned with the logical deduction of consequences from the general premisses of all reasoning.
I do not reject the use of statistics in medicine, but I condemn not trying to get beyond them and believing in statistics as the foundation of medical science. Statistics apply only to cases in which the cause of the facts observed is still [uncertain or] indeterminate. There will always be some indeterminism in all the sciences, and more in medicine than in any other. But mans intellectual conquest consists in lessening and driving back indeterminism in proportion as he gains ground for determinism by the help of the experimental method..
The goal of scientific physicians in their own science is to reduce the indeterminate. Statistics therefore apply only to cases in which the cause of the facts observed is still indeterminate.