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Home > Dictionary of Science Quotations > Scientist Names Index L > James Lind Quotes

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James Lind
(4 Oct 1716 - 13 Jul 1794)

Scottish physician.

Science Quotes by James Lind (1 quote)

On the 20th of May 1747, I took twelve patients in the scurvy, on board the Salisbury at sea. Their cases were as similar as I could have them. They all in general had putrid gums, the spots and lassitude, with weakness of their knees. They lay together in one place, being a proper apartment for the sick in the fore-hold; and had one diet common to all, viz, water-gruel sweetened with sugar in the morning; fresh mutton-broth often times for dinner; at other times puddings, boiled biscuit with sugar, &c.; and for supper, barley and raisins, rice and currents, sago and wine, or the like.
Two of these were ordered each a quart of cider a-day. Two others took twenty-five gutta of elixir vitriol three times a-day, upon an empty stomach; using a gargle strongly acidulated with it for their mouths. Two others took two spoonfuls of vinegar three times a-day, upon an empty stomach; having their gruels and their other food well acidulated with it, as also the gargle for their mouth. Two of the worst patients, with the tendons in the ham rigid, (a symptom none of the rest had), were put under a course of sea-water. Of this they drank half a pint every day, and sometimes more or less as it operated, by way of gentle physics. The others had each two oranges and one lemon given them every day. These they eat with greediness, at different times, upon an empty stomach. They continued but six days under this course, having consumed the quantity that could be spared. The two remaining patients, took the bigness of a nutmeg three times a-day, of an electuary recommended by an hospital-surgeon, made of garlic, mustard-seed, rad. raphan. balsam of Peru, and gum myrrh; using for common drink, barley-water well acidulated with tamarinds; by a decoction of which, with the addition of cremor tartar, they were gently purged three or four times during the course.
The consequence was, that the most sudden and visible good effects were perceived from the use of the oranges and lemons; one of those who had taken them, being at the end of six days fit for duty.
Next to the oranges, I thought the cider had the best effects.
— James Lind
A Treatise of the Scurvy (1753), 191-193. Quoted in Carleton Ellis and Annie Louise Macleod, Vital Factors of Foods: Vitamins and Nutrition (1922), 229-230.
Science quotes on:  |  Addition (67)  |  Being (1277)  |  Best (462)  |  Boil (24)  |  Cider (3)  |  Common (438)  |  Consequence (208)  |  Course (410)  |  Current (119)  |  Diet (54)  |  Different (579)  |  Drink (54)  |  Eat (107)  |  Effect (398)  |  Elixir (5)  |  Empty (80)  |  End (594)  |  Fit (135)  |  Food (202)  |  Fresh (67)  |  General (513)  |  Good (893)  |  Hospital (44)  |  Lassitude (4)  |  Lemon (2)  |  More (2558)  |  More Or Less (69)  |  Morning (95)  |  Most (1729)  |  Mouth (53)  |  Mutton (4)  |  Next (236)  |  Nutmeg (2)  |  Nutrition (24)  |  Orange (14)  |  Order (633)  |  Other (2234)  |  Patient (201)  |  Physic (516)  |  Physics (539)  |  Proper (146)  |  Quantity (133)  |  Recommend (26)  |  Remaining (45)  |  Rest (284)  |  Rice (4)  |  Rigid (24)  |  Scurvy (5)  |  Sea (315)  |  Seaman (3)  |  Seed (95)  |  Sick (82)  |  Stomach (39)  |  Sudden (68)  |  Sugar (25)  |  Supper (10)  |  Surgeon (64)  |  Symptom (35)  |  Thought (962)  |  Time (1886)  |  Together (389)  |  Treatment (132)  |  Two (936)  |  Use (768)  |  Vinegar (7)  |  Visible (85)  |  Vitamin C (3)  |  Water (491)  |  Way (1214)  |  Weakness (49)  |  Wine (38)  |  Worst (57)

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  • 4 Oct - short biography, births, deaths and events on date of Lind's birth.

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