Know The Answer Quotes (9 quotes)

I hope that in 50 years we will know the answer to this challenging question: are the laws of physics unique and was our big bang the only one? â€¦ According to some speculations the number of distinct varieties of spaceâ€”each the arena for a universe with its own lawsâ€”could exceed the total number of atoms in all the galaxies we see. â€¦ So do we live in the aftermath of one big bang among many, just as our solar system is merely one of many planetary systems in our galaxy?

*(2006)*
I spent most of a lifetime trying to be a mathematicianâ€”and what did I learn. What does it take to be one? I think I know the answer: you have to be born right, you must continually strive to become perfect, you must love mathematics more than anything else, you must work at it hard and without stop, and you must never give up.

I think there probably is life, maybe primitive life, in outer space. There might be very primitive life in our solar systemâ€”single-cell animals, that sort of thing. We may know the answer to that in five or ten years. There is very likely to be life in other solar systems, in planets around other stars. But we wonâ€™t know about that for a long time.

Iâ€™m very intense in my work. At any given moment, I think I know the answer to some problem, and that Iâ€™m right. Since science is the only self-correcting human institution I know of, you should not be frightened to take an extreme stand, if that causes the stand to be examined more thoroughly than it might be if you are circumspect. Iâ€™ve always been positive about the value of the Hubble constant, knowing full well that it probably isnâ€™t solved.

Now that we know nature thoroughly, a child can see that in making experiments we are simply paying nature compliments. It is no more than a ceremonial ritual. We know the answers in advance. We consult nature in the same way as great rulers consult their parliaments.

One of the big misapprehensions about mathematics that we perpetrate in our classrooms is that the teacher always seems to know the answer to any problem that is discussed. This gives students the idea that there is a book somewhere with all the right answers to all of the interesting questions, and that teachers know those answers. And if one could get hold of the book, one would have everything settled. Thatâ€™s so unlike the true nature of mathematics.

Scientists repeatedly return to established theories to test them in new ways, and tend towards testiness with those priests, religious or secular, who know the answers alreadyâ€”whatever the questions are.

The spectacular thing about Johnny [von Neumann] was not his power as a mathematician, which was great, or his insight and his clarity, but his rapidity; he was very, very fast. And like the modern computer, which no longer bothers to retrieve the logarithm of 11 from its memory (but, instead, computes the logarithm of 11 each time it is needed), Johnny didnâ€™t bother to remember things. He computed them. You asked him a question, and if he didnâ€™t know the answer, he thought for three seconds and would produce and answer.

Wheelerâ€™s First Moral Principle:

*Never make a calculation until you know the answer.*Make an estimate before every calculation, try a simple physical argument (symmetry! invariance! conservation!) before every derivation, guess the answer to every paradox and puzzle. Courage: No one else needs to know what the guess is. Therefore make it quickly, by instinct. A right guess reinforces this instinct. A wrong guess brings the refreshment of surprise. In either case life as a spacetime expert, however long, is more fun!