Celebrating 18 Years on the Web
Find science on or your birthday

Today in Science History - Quickie Quiz
Who said: “Nature does nothing in vain when less will serve; for Nature is pleased with simplicity and affects not the pomp of superfluous causes.”
more quiz questions >>
Home > Category Index for Science Quotations > Category Index M > Category: Mathematician

Mathematician Quotes (160 quotes)
Mathematicians Quotes

Godfrey Harold Hardy quote “Languages die and mathematical ideas do not.”
background by Tom_Brown 6117, CC by 2.0 (source)

Aux mathématiciens, il appartient de chercher le vrai; les philosophes doivent se contenter du probable
The concern of mathematicians is to seek the truth; philosophers must be content with the probable.
In 'Divers Opuscules' collected in Oeuvres de Vico (1835), Vol. 1, 159. Translation by Webmaster.
Science quotes on:  |  Content (29)  |  Philosopher (112)  |  Probable (12)  |  Seek (38)  |  Truth (665)

Die Mathematiker sind eine Art Franzosen. Spricht man zu ihnen, so übersetzen sie alles in ihre eigene Sprache, und so wird es alsobald etwas ganz anderes.
Mathematicians are a kind of Frenchmen. Whenever you say anything or talk to them, they translate it into their own language, and right away it is something completely different.
Quoted by Christiane Senn-Fennell, 'Oral and Written Communication', in Ian Westbury et al. (eds.), Teaching as a Reflective Practice (2000), 225.
Science quotes on:  |  Different (64)  |  Frenchman (3)  |  Language (130)  |  Talk (44)  |  Translate (4)

Les mathématiciens parviennent à la solution d’un problême par le simple arrangement des données, & en réduisant le raisonnement à des opérations si simples, à des jugemens si courts, qu’ils ne perdent jamais de vue l’évidence qui leur sert de guide.
Mathematicians come to the solution of a problem by the simple arrangement of the data, and reducing the reasoning to such simple operations, to judgments so brief, that they never lose sight of the evidence that serves as their guide.
From a paper read to the Académie Royales des Sciences (18 Apr 1787), printed in Méthode de Nomenclature Chimique (1787), 12. Translation from the French by Webmaster.
Science quotes on:  |  Arrangement (40)  |  Brief (11)  |  Data (90)  |  Evidence (143)  |  Guide (32)  |  Judgment (59)  |  Operation (87)  |  Problem (297)  |  Reasoning (78)  |  Reduction (33)  |  Simple (82)  |  Solution (146)

Quand les physiciens nous demandent la solution d'un problème, ce n'est pas une corvée qu'ils nous impsent, c'est nous au contraire qui leur doivent des remercîments.
When the physicists ask us for the solution of a problem, it is not drudgery that they impose on us, on the contrary, it is us who owe them thanks.
La valeur de la science. In Anton Bovier, Statistical Mechanics of Disordered Systems (2006), 111.
Science quotes on:  |  Physicist (112)  |  Problem (297)  |  Solution (146)

A mathematician is a device for turning coffee into theorems.
In D. S. Richeson, Euler's Gem: The Polyhedron Formula and the Birth of Topology (2008), Preface, ix. Also attributed incorrectly to Paul Erdos, who did often repeat it.
Science quotes on:  |  Coffee (10)  |  Theorem (44)

A mathematician may say anything he pleases, but a physicist must be at least partially sane.
Attributed. Cited in R. B. Lindsay, 'On the Relation of Mathematics and Physics', The Scientific Monthly, Dec 1944, 59, 456.
Science quotes on:  |  Physicist (112)  |  Truth (665)

A mathematician thinks that two points are enough to define a straight line, while a physicist wants more data.
Science quotes on:  |  Data (90)  |  Define (9)  |  Difference (189)  |  Line (31)  |  Physicist (112)  |  Point (48)  |  Quip (74)  |  Straight (9)

A mathematician who can only generalise is like a monkey who can only climb UP a tree. ... And a mathematician who can only specialise is like a monkey who can only climb DOWN a tree. In fact neither the up monkey nor the down monkey is a viable creature. A real monkey must find food and escape his enemies and so must be able to incessantly climb up and down. A real mathematician must be able to generalise and specialise. ... There is, I think, a moral for the teacher. A teacher of traditional mathematics is in danger of becoming a down monkey, and a teacher of modern mathematics an up monkey. The down teacher dishing out one routine problem after another may never get off the ground, never attain any general idea. and the up teacher dishing out one definition after the other may never climb down from his verbiage, may never get down to solid ground, to something of tangible interest for his pupils.
From 'A Story With A Moral', Mathematical Gazette (Jun 1973), 57, No. 400, 86-87
Science quotes on:  |  Climb (12)  |  Creature (103)  |  Down (18)  |  Enemy (37)  |  Escape (24)  |  Find (143)  |  Food (126)  |  Generalization (25)  |  Incessant (6)  |  Monkey (31)  |  Real (65)  |  Specialization (12)  |  Tree (128)  |  Up (4)

A mathematician … has no material to work with but ideas, and so his patterns are likely to last longer, since ideas wear less with time than words.
In A Mathematician's Apology (1940, 2012), 84.
Science quotes on:  |  Idea (391)  |  Lasting (7)  |  Longer (5)  |  Material (99)  |  Pattern (43)  |  Time (320)  |  Wear (9)  |  Word (184)  |  Work (347)

A mathematician, like a painter or a poet, is a maker of patterns. If his patterns are more permanent than theirs, it is because they are made with ideas.
In A Mathematician’s Apology (1940, reprint with Foreward by C.P. Snow 1992), 84.
Science quotes on:  |  Idea (391)  |  Making (26)  |  Painter (13)  |  Permanence (15)  |  Poet (51)

A mathematician’s work is mostly a tangle of guesswork, analogy, wishful thinking and frustration, and proof, far from being the core of discovery, is more often than not a way of making sure that our minds are not playing tricks.
In Rota's 'Introduction' written (1980) to preface Philip J. Davis and Reuben Hersh, The Mathematical Experience (1981, 2012), xxii.
Science quotes on:  |  Analogy (43)  |  Core (6)  |  Discovery (549)  |  Frustration (5)  |  Guesswork (4)  |  Mind (437)  |  Play (42)  |  Proof (179)  |  Tangle (2)  |  Thinking (220)  |  Trick (14)  |  Wishful (5)  |  Work (347)

A New Arithmetic: “I am not much of a mathematician,” said the cigarette, “but I can add nervous troubles to a boy, I can subtract from his physical energy, I can multiply his aches and pains, I can divide his mental powers, I can take interest from his work and discount his chances for success.”
In Henry Ford, The Case Against the Little White Slaver (1914), Vol. 3, 40.
Science quotes on:  |  Ache (6)  |  Addition (17)  |  Arithmetic (63)  |  Boy (29)  |  Chance (108)  |  Cigarette (19)  |  Energy (163)  |  Interest (141)  |  Mind (437)  |  Nerve (62)  |  Pain (71)  |  Physical (68)  |  Subtraction (4)  |  Success (176)  |  Trouble (43)  |  Work (347)

Abel has left mathematicians something to keep them busy for five hundred years.
As quoted by Eric Temple Bell in The Queen of the Sciences (1931, 1938), 10.
Science quotes on:  |  Niels Henrik Abel (12)  |  Busy (12)  |  Year (149)

After a tremendous task has been begun in our time, first by Copernicus and then by many very learned mathematicians, and when the assertion that the earth moves can no longer be considered something new, would it not be much better to pull the wagon to its goal by our joint efforts, now that we have got it underway, and gradually, with powerful voices, to shout down the common herd, which really does not weigh arguments very carefully?
Letter to Galileo (13 Oct 1597). In James Bruce Ross (ed.) and Mary Martin (ed., trans.), 'Comrades in the Pursuit of Truth', The Portable Renaissance Reader (1953, 1981), 599. As quoted and cited in Merry E. Wiesner, Early Modern Europe, 1450-1789 (2013), 377.
Science quotes on:  |  Argument (44)  |  Assertion (23)  |  Carefully (7)  |  Common (69)  |  Earth (415)  |  Effort (75)  |  Goal (60)  |  Herd (8)  |  Joint (9)  |  Learned (20)  |  Move (30)  |  Pull (5)  |  Shout (7)  |  Task (52)  |  Voice (29)  |  Wagon (4)  |  Weigh (7)

Although my Aachen colleagues and students at first regarded the “pure mathematician” with suspicion, I soon had the satisfaction of being accepted a useful member not merely in teaching but also engineering practice; thus I was requested to render expert opinions and to participate in the Ingenieurverein [engineering association].
As quoted in Paul Forman and Armin Hermann, 'Sommerfeld, Arnold (Johannes Wilhelm)', Biography in Dictionary of Scientific Biography (1975), Vol. 12, 527. Cited from 'Autobiographische Skizze', Gesammelte Schriften, Vol 4, 673–682.
Science quotes on:  |  Accept (17)  |  Association (13)  |  Colleague (17)  |  Engineering (101)  |  Expert (38)  |  Member (15)  |  Mere (28)  |  Opinion (126)  |  Participate (2)  |  Practice (47)  |  Regard (35)  |  Render (15)  |  Request (2)  |  Satisfaction (43)  |  Student (112)  |  Suspicion (22)  |  Teaching (99)  |  Useful (59)

Ampère was a mathematician of various resources & I think might rather be called excentric [sic] than original. He was as it were always mounted upon a hobby horse of a monstrous character pushing the most remote & distant analogies. This hobby horse was sometimes like that of a child ['s] made of heavy wood, at other times it resembled those [?] shapes [?] used in the theatre [?] & at other times it was like a hypogrif in a pantomime de imagie. He had a sort of faith in animal magnetism & has published some refined & ingenious memoirs to prove the identity of electricity & magnetism but even in these views he is rather as I said before excentric than original. He has always appeared to me to possess a very discursive imagination & but little accuracy of observation or acuteness of research.
'Davy’s Sketches of his Contemporaries', Chymia, 1967, 12, 135-6.
Science quotes on:  |  André-Marie Ampère (10)  |  Personality (30)

An accomplished mathematician, i.e. a most wretched orator.
[Closing remark in an address, referring to himself.]
'The Prefactory Oration' (address to the University of Cambridge upon being elected Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, 14 Mar 1664). In Mathematical Lectures (1734), xxiii.
(Note: page xxxii is in the Preface; it is not the same as page 32, which is in the main content of the book.)
Science quotes on:  |  Wretched (2)

An applied mathematician loves the theorem. A pure mathematician loves the proof.
Science quotes on:  |  Apply (21)  |  Love (121)  |  Proof (179)  |  Pure (45)  |  Theorem (44)

An essential [of an inventor] is a logical mind that sees analogies. No! No! not mathematical. No man of a mathematical habit of mind ever invented anything that amounted to much. He hasn’t the imagination to do it. He sticks too close to the rules, and to the things he is mathematically sure he knows, to create anything new.
As quoted in French Strother, 'The Modern Profession of Inventing', World's Work and Play (Jul 1905), 6, No. 32, 187.
Science quotes on:  |  Amount (17)  |  Analogy (43)  |  Create (57)  |  Essential (71)  |  Habit (67)  |  Imagination (192)  |  Invent (16)  |  Inventor (47)  |  Know (149)  |  Logical (12)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Mind (437)  |  New (261)  |  Rule (113)

And how admirable and rare an ornament, O good God, is mildenesse in a divine? And how much is it to be wished in this age, that all divines were mathematicians? that is men gentle and meeke.
Trigonometria (1595), trans. R. Handson (1614), Epistle Dedicatorie.
Science quotes on:  |  Admiration (31)  |  Age (104)  |  Divine (29)  |  Mildness (2)  |  Ornament (11)  |  Rarity (8)  |  Wish (41)

As an undergraduate who believed himself destined to be a mathematician I happened upon “Man and Superman” and as I read it at a library table I felt like Saul of Tarsus when the light broke. “If literature,” I said to myself, “can be like this then literature is the stuff for me.” And to this day I never see a differential equation written out without breathing a prayer of thanks.
In 'An Open Letter to George Bernard Shaw', Saturday Review (21 Jul 1956), 39, 12. ollected in If You Don't Mind My Saying So: Essays on Man and Nature (1964), 391.
Science quotes on:  |  Belief (296)  |  Breathe (19)  |  Destined (3)  |  Differential Equation (9)  |  Happen (34)  |  Library (35)  |  Literature (53)  |  Prayer (11)  |  Read (54)  |  See (103)  |  Superman (3)  |  Thanks (8)  |  Undergraduate (7)

As time goes on, it becomes increasingly evident that the rules which the mathematician finds interesting are the same as those which Nature has chosen.
At age 36.
"Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1939), 59 122. In A. Pais, 'Playing With Equations, the Dirac Way'. Behram N. Kursunoglu (Ed.) and Eugene Paul Wigner (Ed.), Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac: Reminiscences about a Great Physicist (1990), 109-110. This quote is also on this web page in a longer version that begins, “Pure mathematics and physics are… ”.
Science quotes on:  |  Nature (862)

As we cannot use physician for a cultivator of physics, I have called him a physicist. We need very much a name to describe a cultivator of science in general. I should incline to call him a Scientist. Thus we might say, that as an Artist is a Musician, Painter or Poet, a Scientist is a Mathematician, Physicist, or Naturalist.
The Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences (1840), Vol. I, cxiii.
Science quotes on:  |  Artist (38)  |  Description (62)  |  Musician (10)  |  Name (94)  |  Naturalist (48)  |  Need (135)  |  Nomenclature (129)  |  Painter (13)  |  Physician (213)  |  Physicist (112)  |  Physics (255)  |  Poet (51)  |  Science (1376)  |  Scientist (371)

Biographical history, as taught in our public schools, is still largely a history of boneheads: ridiculous kings and queens, paranoid political leaders, compulsive voyagers, ignorant generals—the flotsam and jetsam of historical currents. The men who radically altered history, the great creative scientists and mathematicians, are seldom mentioned if at all.
Opening paragraph of book review, 'Adventures Of a Mathematician: The Man Who Invented the H-Bomb', New York Times (9 May 1976), 201.
Science quotes on:  |  Altering (3)  |  Biography (226)  |  Compulsive (3)  |  Creative (29)  |  Flotsam (2)  |  General (65)  |  Great (164)  |  History (254)  |  Ignorance (167)  |  Jetsam (2)  |  King (22)  |  Mentioned (2)  |  Public School (3)  |  Queen (6)  |  Radically (3)  |  Ridiculous (8)  |  Scientist (371)  |  Seldom (19)  |  Teaching (99)

Boltzmann was both a wizard of a mathematician and a physicist of international renown. The magnitude of his output of scientific papers was positively unnerving. He would publish two, three, sometimes four monographs a year; each one was forbiddingly dense, festooned with mathematics, and as much as a hundred pages in length.
In 'The Bulldog: A Profile of Ludwig Boltzmann', The American Scholar (1 Jan 1999), 99.
Science quotes on:  |  Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann (11)  |  Dense (2)  |  Festoon (2)  |  International (9)  |  Magnitude (20)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Monograph (2)  |  Output (9)  |  Physicist (112)  |  Publish (13)  |  Wizard (3)  |  Year (149)

Each generation has its few great mathematicians, and mathematics would not even notice the absence of the others. They are useful as teachers, and their research harms no one, but it is of no importance at all. A mathematician is great or he is nothing.
Reflections: Mathematics and Creativity', New Yorker (1972), 47, No. 53, 39-45. In Douglas M. Campbell, John C. Higgins (eds.), Mathematics: People, Problems, Results (1984), Vol. 2, 3.
Science quotes on:  |  Generation (89)  |  Great (164)  |  Harm (28)  |  Importance (169)  |  Research (477)  |  Teacher (79)

Every common mechanic has something to say in his craft about good and evil, useful and useless, but these practical considerations never enter into the purview of the mathematician.
Quoted in Robert Drew Hicks, Stoic and Epicurean (1910), 210.
Science quotes on:  |  Consideration (60)  |  Craft (7)  |  Evil (51)  |  Good (154)  |  Mechanic (12)  |  Practical (74)  |  Something To Say (4)  |  Usefulness (65)  |  Uselessness (21)

Every good mathematician is at least half a philosopher, and every good philosopher at least half a mathematician.
Quoted, without citation, in 'Gottlob Frege', The New Encyclopedia Britannica (1992), Vol. 4, 968. If you know a primary source, please contact Webmaster.
Science quotes on:  |  Good (154)  |  Half (21)  |  Least (14)  |  Philosopher (112)

Every good mathematician should also be a good chess player and vice versa.
Science and Method (1914, 2003), 48.
Science quotes on:  |  Chess (18)  |  Vice Versa (5)

Everyone believes in the normal law, the experimenters because they imagine that it is a mathematical theorem, and the mathematicians because they think it is an experimental fact.
Conversation with Henri Poincaré. In Henri Poincaré, Calcul des Probabilités (1896), 171.
Science quotes on:  |  Experimenter (16)  |  Fact (525)  |  Normal (16)  |  Theorem (44)

Exact science and its practical movements are no checks on the greatest poet, but always his encouragement and support … The sailor and traveller, the anatomist, chemist, astronomer, geologist, phrenologist, spiritualist, mathematician, historian and lexicographer are not poets, but they are the lawgivers of poets and their construction underlies the structure of every perfect poem.
In Walt Whitman and William Michael Rossetti (ed.), 'Preface to the First Edition of Leaves of Grass', Poems By Walt Whitman (1868), 46.
Science quotes on:  |  Anatomist (14)  |  Astronomer (46)  |  Check (12)  |  Chemist (76)  |  Construction (60)  |  Encouragement (17)  |  Geologist (39)  |  Greatest (48)  |  Historian (29)  |  Love (121)  |  Movement (52)  |  Perfection (64)  |  Poem (83)  |  Poet (51)  |  Practical (74)  |  Sailor (9)  |  Science And Art (154)  |  Structure (162)  |  Support (48)  |  Traveler (13)

For other great mathematicians or philosophers, he [Gauss] used the epithets magnus, or clarus, or clarissimus; for Newton alone he kept the prefix summus.
History of Mathematics (3rd Ed., 1901), 362.
Science quotes on:  |  Anecdote (17)  |  Carl Friedrich Gauss (53)  |  Sir Isaac Newton (237)  |  Philosopher (112)

Fractal is a word invented by Mandelbrot to bring together under one heading a large class of objects that have [played] ... an historical role ... in the development of pure mathematics. A great revolution of ideas separates the classical mathematics of the 19th century from the modern mathematics of the 20th. Classical mathematics had its roots in the regular geometric structures of Euclid and the continuously evolving dynamics of Newton.? Modern mathematics began with Cantor's set theory and Peano's space-filling curve. Historically, the revolution was forced by the discovery of mathematical structures that did not fit the patterns of Euclid and Newton. These new structures were regarded ... as 'pathological,' ... as a 'gallery of monsters,' akin to the cubist paintings and atonal music that were upsetting established standards of taste in the arts at about the same time. The mathematicians who created the monsters regarded them as important in showing that the world of pure mathematics contains a richness of possibilities going far beyond the simple structures that they saw in Nature. Twentieth-century mathematics flowered in the belief that it had transcended completely the limitations imposed by its natural origins.
Now, as Mandelbrot points out, ... Nature has played a joke on the mathematicians. The 19th-century mathematicians may not have been lacking in imagination, but Nature was not. The same pathological structures that the mathematicians invented to break loose from 19th-century naturalism turn out to be inherent in familiar objects all around us.
From 'Characterizing Irregularity', Science (12 May 1978), 200, No. 4342, 677-678. Quoted in Benoit Mandelbrot, The Fractal Geometry of Nature (1977, 1983), 3-4.
Science quotes on:  |  Euclid (27)  |  Fractal (9)  |  Idea (391)  |  Imagination (192)  |  Benoit Mandelbrot (13)  |  Monster (15)  |  Nature (862)  |  Sir Isaac Newton (237)  |  Nomenclature (129)  |  Painting (23)  |  Pathological (4)  |  Pure Mathematics (26)  |  Revolution (47)  |  Structure (162)

Genetics is the first biological science which got in the position in which physics has been in for many years. One can justifiably speak about such a thing as theoretical mathematical genetics, and experimental genetics, just as in physics. There are some mathematical geniuses who work out what to an ordinary person seems a fantastic kind of theory. This fantastic kind of theory nevertheless leads to experimentally verifiable prediction, which an experimental physicist then has to test the validity of. Since the times of Wright, Haldane, and Fisher, evolutionary genetics has been in a similar position.
Oral history memoir. Columbia University, Oral History Research Office, New York, 1962. Quoted in William B. Provine, Sewall Wright and Evolutionary Biology (1989), 277.
Science quotes on:  |  Biology (136)  |  Experiment (505)  |  Experimental Physicist (8)  |  Fischer_Ronald (2)  |  Genetics (97)  |  J.B.S. Haldane (45)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Physics (255)  |  Prediction (61)  |  Sewall Wright (8)

Get into any taxi and tell the driver you are a mathematician and the response is predictable … you will hear the immortal words: “I was never any good at mathematics.” My response is: “I was never any good at being a taxi driver so I went into mathematics.”
In paper, 'A Mathematician’s Survival Guide', pdf document linked from his homepage at math.missouri.edu (undated, but 2011 or earlier, indicated by an “accessed on” date elsewhere.) Collected in Peter Casazza, Steven G. Krantz and Randi D. Ruden (eds.) I, Mathematician (2005), 31.
Science quotes on:  |  Driver (3)  |  Response (15)  |  Taxi (2)

Greek mathematics is the real thing. The Greeks first spoke a language which modern mathematicians can understand… So Greek mathematics is ‘permanent’, more permanent even than Greek literature.
In A Mathematician’s Apology (1940, 1967), 81.
Science quotes on:  |  Greek (35)  |  Language (130)  |  Literature (53)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Modern (87)  |  Permanent (15)  |  Real (65)  |  Understanding (315)

Had you or I been born at the Bay of Soldania, possibly our Thoughts, and Notions, had not exceeded those brutish ones of the Hotentots that inhabit there: And had the Virginia King Apochancana, been educated in England, he had, perhaps been as knowing a Divine, and as good a Mathematician as any in it. The difference between him, and a more improved English-man, lying barely in this, That the exercise of his Facilities was bounded within the Ways, Modes, and Notions of his own Country, and never directed to any other or farther Enquiries.
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690). Edited by Peter Nidditch (1975), Book I, Chapter 4, Section 12, 92.
Science quotes on:  |  Englishman (3)  |  Enquiry (74)  |  Facility (7)  |  Thought (291)

Haldane could have made a success of any one of half a dozen careers—as mathematician, classical scholar, philosopher, scientist, journalist or imaginative writer. On his life’s showing he could not have been a politician, administrator (heavens, no!), jurist or, I think, a critic of any kind. In the outcome he became one of the three or four most influential biologists of his generation.
Essay, 'J.B.S.', in Pluto’s Republic: Incorporating The Art of the Soluble and Induction and Intuition in Scientific Thought (1982), collected in The Strange Case of the Spotted Mice and Other Classic Essays on Science (1996), 87.
Science quotes on:  |  Administrator (6)  |  Biography (226)  |  Biologist (24)  |  Career (48)  |  Classical (10)  |  Critic (12)  |  Generation (89)  |  J.B.S. Haldane (45)  |  Imagination (192)  |  Influential (2)  |  Journalist (4)  |  Jurist (3)  |  Life (743)  |  Philosopher (112)  |  Politician (18)  |  Scholar (26)  |  Scientist (371)  |  Success (176)  |  Writer (26)

How did Biot arrive at the partial differential equation? [the heat conduction equation] . . . Perhaps Laplace gave Biot the equation and left him to sink or swim for a few years in trying to derive it. That would have been merely an instance of the way great mathematicians since the very beginnings of mathematical research have effortlessly maintained their superiority over ordinary mortals.
The Tragicomical History of Thermodynamics, 1822-1854 (1980), 51.
Science quotes on:  |  Biot_Jean (2)  |  Conduction (3)  |  Derive (9)  |  Differentiation (15)  |  Equation (66)  |  Pierre-Simon Laplace (49)  |  Mortal (14)  |  Ordinary (33)  |  Research (477)  |  Sink (10)  |  Superiority (9)  |  Swim (8)  |  Thermodynamics (25)

How happy the lot of the mathematician! He is judged solely by his peers, and the standard is so high that no colleague or rival can ever win a reputation he does not deserve.
The Dyer’s Hand and Other Essays (1965), Prologue, 'Writing', 15.

I am accustomed, as a professional mathematician, to living in a sort of vacuum, surrounded by people who declare with an odd sort of pride that they are mathematically illiterate.
As quoted, without citation, in Peter G. Casazza 'A Mathematician’s Survival Guide', pdf document linked from his homepage at math.missouri.edu (undated, but 2011 or earlier, indicated by an “accessed on” date elsewhere.) Collected in Peter Casazza, Steven G. Krantz and Randi D. Ruden (eds.) I, Mathematician (2005), 31.
Science quotes on:  |  Accustomed (6)  |  Declare (13)  |  Illiterate (3)  |  Living (43)  |  Odd (6)  |  People (121)  |  Pride (35)  |  Professional (19)  |  Surrounded (2)  |  Vacuum (26)

I am particularly concerned to determine the probability of causes and results, as exhibited in events that occur in large numbers, and to investigate the laws according to which that probability approaches a limit in proportion to the repetition of events. That investigation deserves the attention of mathematicians because of the analysis required. It is primarily there that the approximation of formulas that are functions of large numbers has its most important applications. The investigation will benefit observers in identifying the mean to be chosen among the results of their observations and the probability of the errors still to be apprehended. Lastly, the investigation is one that deserves the attention of philosophers in showing how in the final analysis there is a regularity underlying the very things that seem to us to pertain entirely to chance, and in unveiling the hidden but constant causes on which that regularity depends. It is on the regularity of the main outcomes of events taken in large numbers that various institutions depend, such as annuities, tontines, and insurance policies. Questions about those subjects, as well as about inoculation with vaccine and decisions of electoral assemblies, present no further difficulty in the light of my theory. I limit myself here to resolving the most general of them, but the importance of these concerns in civil life, the moral considerations that complicate them, and the voluminous data that they presuppose require a separate work.
Philosophical Essay on Probabilities (1825), trans. Andrew I. Dale (1995), Introduction.
Science quotes on:  |  Analysis (118)  |  Application (104)  |  Approximation (15)  |  Cause (189)  |  Chance (108)  |  Complication (20)  |  Concern (50)  |  Data (90)  |  Determine (25)  |  Difficulty (106)  |  Error (204)  |  Event (74)  |  Formula (45)  |  Function (74)  |  Government (72)  |  Inoculation (8)  |  Institution (25)  |  Insurance (9)  |  Investigation (116)  |  Law (370)  |  Limit (57)  |  Mean (23)  |  Morality (25)  |  Outcome (10)  |  Philosopher (112)  |  Probability (77)  |  Proportion (42)  |  Regularity (20)  |  Result (211)  |  Theory (520)  |  Vaccine (7)

I count Maxwell and Einstein, Eddington and Dirac, among “real” mathematicians. The great modern achievements of applied mathematics have been in relativity and quantum mechanics, and these subjects are at present at any rate, almost as “useless” as the theory of numbers.
In A Mathematician's Apology (1940, 2012), 131.
Science quotes on:  |  Achievement (113)  |  Applied Mathematics (9)  |  Paul A. M. Dirac (42)  |  Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington (121)  |  Albert Einstein (241)  |  Great (164)  |  James Clerk Maxwell (74)  |  Modern (87)  |  Number Theory (3)  |  Quantum Mechanics (25)  |  Real (65)  |  Relativity (42)  |  Subject (106)  |  Uselessness (21)

I do not know if God is a mathematician, but mathematics is the loom on which God weaves the universe.
In The Loom of God: Tapestries of Mathematics and Mysticism (1997, 2009), Introduction, 10.
Science quotes on:  |  God (321)  |  Loom (6)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Universe (450)  |  Weave (7)

I do not remember having felt, as a boy, any passion for mathematics, and such notions as I may have had of the career of a mathematician were far from noble. I thought of mathematics in terms of examinations and scholarships: I wanted to beat other boys, and this seemed to be the way in which I could do so most decisively.
In A Mathematician's Apology (1940, reprint with Foreward by C.P. Snow 1992), 144.

I do not think that G. H. Hardy was talking nonsense when he insisted that the mathematician was discovering rather than creating, nor was it wholly nonsense for Kepler to exult that he was thinking God's thoughts after him. The world for me is a necessary system, and in the degree to which the thinker can surrender his thought to that system and follow it, he is in a sense participating in that which is timeless or eternal.
'Reply to Lewis Edwin Hahn', The Philosophy of Brand Blanshard (1980), 901.
Science quotes on:  |  Discovery (549)  |  G. H. Hardy (69)  |  Johannes Kepler (68)  |  Nonsense (25)  |  Thought (291)

I don’t know anything about mathematics; can’t even do proportion. But I can hire all the good mathematicians I need for fifteen dollars a week.
As quoted in French Strother, 'The Modern Profession of Inventing', World's Work and Play (Jul 1905), 6, No. 32, 187.
Science quotes on:  |  Dollar (15)  |  Good (154)  |  Hire (2)  |  Know (149)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Need (135)  |  Proportion (42)

I have hardly known a mathematician who was capable of reasoning.
The Republic. In Anton Bovier, Statistical Mechanics of Disordered Systems (2006), 159.
Science quotes on:  |  Reasoning (78)

Srinivasa Ramanujan quote: I have not trodden through a conventional university course, but I am striking out a new path for mys
I have not trodden through a conventional university course, but I am striking out a new path for myself. I have made a special investigation of divergent series in general and the results I get are termed by the local mathematicians as “startling.”
First letter to G.H. Hardy (16 Jan 1913). In Collected Papers of Srinivasa Ramanujan (1927), xxiii. Hardy notes he did “seem to remember his telling me that his friends had given him some assistance” in writing the letter because Ramanujan's “knowledge of English, at that stage of his life, could scarcely have been sufficient.”
Science quotes on:  |  Conventional (7)  |  Course (44)  |  Divergent (3)  |  Investigation (116)  |  Local (7)  |  New (261)  |  Path (46)  |  Result (211)  |  Series (33)  |  Special (42)  |  Startling (5)  |  Striking (4)  |  Termed (2)  |  Tread (6)  |  University (45)

I must not pass by Dr. Young called Phaenomenon Young at Cambridge. A man of universal erudition, & almost universal accomplishments. Had he limited himself to anyone department of knowledge, he must have been first in that department. But as a mathematician, a scholar, a hieroglyphist, he was eminent; & he knew so much that it is difficult to say what he did not know. He was a most amiable & good-tempered man; too fond, perhaps, of the society of persons of rank for a true philosopher.
J. Z. Fullmer, 'Davy's Sketches of his Contemporaries', Chymia (1967), 12, 135.
Science quotes on:  |  Accomplishment (51)  |  Cambridge (11)  |  Department (25)  |  Erudition (4)  |  Fond (5)  |  Knowledge (1017)  |  Limit (57)  |  Person (88)  |  Phenomenon (186)  |  Philosopher (112)  |  Rank (17)  |  Scholar (26)  |  Society (151)  |  Universal (53)  |  Thomas Young (13)

I myself, a professional mathematician, on re-reading my own work find it strains my mental powers to recall to mind from the figures the meanings of the demonstrations, meanings which I myself originally put into the figures and the text from my mind. But when I attempt to remedy the obscurity of the material by putting in extra words, I see myself falling into the opposite fault of becoming chatty in something mathematical.
Astronomia Nova, New Astronomy, (1609), Introduction, second paragraph.
Science quotes on:  |  Publication (81)

If a man is in any sense a real mathematician, then it is a hundred to one that his mathematics will be far better than anything else he can do, and that it would be silly if he surrendered any decent opportunity of exercising his one talent in order to do undistinguished work in other fields. Such a sacrifice could be justified only by economic necessity of age.
In A Mathematician's Apology (1940, 2012), 70.
Science quotes on:  |  Age (104)  |  Better (85)  |  Economics (28)  |  Field (103)  |  Hundred (26)  |  Justification (30)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Necessity (113)  |  Opportunity (34)  |  Real (65)  |  Sacrifice (20)  |  Silly (6)  |  Surrender (8)  |  Talent (44)  |  Undistinguished (3)  |  Work (347)

If a mathematician wishes to disparage the work of one of his colleagues, say, A, the most effective method he finds for doing this is to ask where the results can be applied. The hard pressed man, with his back against the wall, finally unearths the researches of another mathematician B as the locus of the application of his own results. If next B is plagued with a similar question, he will refer to another mathematician C. After a few steps of this kind we find ourselves referred back to the researches of A, and in this way the chain closes.
From final remarks in 'The Semantic Conception of Truth and the Foundations of Semantics' (1944), collected in Leonard Linsky (ed.), Semantics and the Philosophy of Language: A Collection of Readings (1952), 41.
Science quotes on:  |  Applied (15)  |  Chain (34)  |  Colleague (17)  |  Disparage (4)  |  Effective (16)  |  Method (127)  |  Question (257)  |  Research (477)  |  Result (211)  |  Work (347)

If intellectual curiosity, professional pride, and ambition are the dominant incentives to research, then assuredly no one has a fairer chance of gratifying them than a mathematician.
In A Mathematician’s Apology (1940, 1967), 80.
Science quotes on:  |  Ambition (22)  |  Curiosity (83)  |  Dominant (10)  |  Gratification (14)  |  Incentive (6)  |  Intellect (152)  |  Pride (35)  |  Profession (49)  |  Research (477)

If the NSF had never existed, if the government had never funded American mathematics, we would have half as many mathematicians as we now have, and I don't see anything wrong with that.
From interview (1981) with Donald J. Albers. In John H. Ewing and Frederick W. Gehring, Paul Halmos Celebrating 50 Years of Mathematics (1991), 3.
Science quotes on:  |  Funding (12)  |  Government (72)

In 1975, ... [speaking with Shiing Shen Chern], I told him I had finally learned ... the beauty of fiber-bundle theory and the profound Chern-Weil theorem. I said I found it amazing that gauge fields are exactly connections on fiber bundles, which the mathematicians developed without reference to the physical world. I added, “this is both thrilling and puzzling, since you mathematicians dreamed up these concepts out of nowhere.” He immediately protested: “No, no. These concepts were not dreamed up. They were natural and real.”
In 'Einstein's Impact on Theoretical Physics', collected in Jong-Ping Hsu, Leonard Hsu (eds.), JingShin Theoretical Physics Symposium in Honor of Professor Ta-You Wu (1998), 70. Reprinted from Physics Today (Jun 1980), 49. The article was adapted from a talk given at the Second Marcel Grossman meeting, held in Trieste, Italy (Jul 1979), in honor of the 100th anniversary of the birth of Albert Einstein.
Science quotes on:  |  Amazing (14)  |  Beautiful (51)  |  Concept (70)  |  Develop (38)  |  Immediately (6)  |  Natural (101)  |  Nowhere (15)  |  Physical World (4)  |  Protest (4)  |  Puzzling (2)  |  Real (65)  |  Theory (520)  |  Thrill (13)

In my opinion a mathematician, in so far as he is a mathematician, need not preoccupy himself with philosophy—an opinion, moreover, which has been expressed by many philosophers.
In George Edward Martin, The Foundations of Geometry and the Non-Euclidean Plane (1982), 19.
Science quotes on:  |  Express (20)  |  Opinion (126)  |  Philosophy (184)

In reality the origin of the notion of derivatives is in the vague feeling of the mobility of things, and of the greater or less speed with which phenomena take place; this is well expressed by the terms fluent and fluxion, which were used by Newton and which we may believe were borrowed from the ancient mathematician Heraclitus.
From address to the section of Algebra and Analysis, International Congress of Arts and Sciences, St. Louis (22 Sep 1904), 'On the Development of Mathematical Analysis and its Relation to Certain Other Sciences,' as translated by M.W. Haskell in Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society (May 1905), 11, 407.
Science quotes on:  |  Derivative (4)  |  Express (20)  |  Feeling (76)  |  Fluent (2)  |  Fluxion (3)  |  Heraclitus (13)  |  Mobility (3)  |  Sir Isaac Newton (237)  |  Nomenclature (129)  |  Origin (67)  |  Phenomenon (186)  |  Speed (22)  |  Term (65)  |  Vague (10)

In the company of friends, writers can discuss their books, economists the state of the economy, lawyers their latest cases, and businessmen their latest acquisitions, but mathematicians cannot discuss their mathematics at all. And the more profound their work, the less understandable it is.
Reflections: Mathematics and Creativity', New Yorker (1972), 47, No. 53, 39-45. In Douglas M. Campbell, John C. Higgins (eds.), Mathematics: People, Problems, Results (1984), Vol. 2, 7.
Science quotes on:  |  Acquisition (32)  |  Author (33)  |  Book (150)  |  Businessman (2)  |  Company (22)  |  Discussion (32)  |  Economist (10)  |  Friend (48)  |  Lawyer (18)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Profound (37)  |  Understanding (315)  |  Writer (26)

It appears that the solution of the problem of time and space is reserved to philosophers who, like Leibniz, are mathematicians, or to mathematicians who, like Einstein, are philosophers.
Collected in Paul Arthur Schilpp (ed.), Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist (1959), Vol. 1, 307. Also, in James Louis Jarrett and Sterling M. McMurrin (eds.), Contemporary Philosophy: A Book of Readings (1954), 71.
Science quotes on:  |  Albert Einstein (241)  |  Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (25)  |  Philosopher (112)  |  Problem (297)  |  Solution (146)  |  Time And Space (14)

It becomes the urgent duty of mathematicians, therefore, to meditate about the essence of mathematics, its motivations and goals and the ideas that must bind divergent interests together.
In 'Mathematics in the Modern World', Scientific American (Sep 1964) 211, No. 3, 42. Collected in Ronald J. Comer and Morris Kline, Mathematics in the Modern World: Readings from Scientific American (1988), 20.
Science quotes on:  |  Binding (8)  |  Divergence (3)  |  Duty (43)  |  Essence (31)  |  Idea (391)  |  Interest (141)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Mediation (3)  |  Motivation (20)  |  Together (28)  |  Urgency (6)

It is a melancholy experience for a professional mathematician to find him writing about mathematics. The function of a mathematician is to do something, to prove new theorems, to add to mathematics, and not to talk about what he or other mathematicians have done. Statesmen despise publicists, painters despise art-critics, and physiologists, physicists, or mathematicians have usually similar feelings; there is no scorn more profound, or on the whole more justifiable, than that of men who make for the men who explain. Exposition, criticism, appreciation, is work for second-rate minds.
In A Mathematician's Apology (1940, reprint with Foreward by C.P. Snow 1992), 61 (Hardy's opening lines after Snow's foreward).

It is easier to square the circle than to get round a mathematician.
In Budget of Paradoxes (1872), 90.

It is evidently equally foolish to accept probable reasoning from a mathematician and to demand from a rhetorician demonstrative proofs.
Nicomachean Ethics, 1094b, 25-7. In Jonathan Barnes (ed.), The Complete Works of Aristotle (1984), Vol. 2, 1730.
Science quotes on:  |  Logic (173)

It is impossible to be a mathematician without being a poet in soul.
In a letter to Madame Schabelskoy, quoted in Sónya Kovalévsky: Her Recollections of Childhood, translated by Isabel F. Hapgood (1895), 316.
Science quotes on:  |  Poet (51)  |  Soul (89)

It is true that a mathematician who is not somewhat of a poet, will never be a perfect mathematician.
Quoted by Mittag-Leffler in Compte Rendu du Deuxième Congrès International des Mathématiciens (1902), 149. In Robert Edoward Moritz, Memorabilia Mathematica; Or, The Philomath's Quotation-book (1914), 121.
Science quotes on:  |  Perfect (35)  |  Poet (51)

It may be appropriate to quote a statement of Poincare, who said (partly in jest no doubt) that there must be something mysterious about the normal law since mathematicians think it is a law of nature whereas physicists are convinced that it is a mathematical theorem.
Quoted in Mark Kac, Statistical Independence in Probability, Analysis and Number Theory (1959), 52.
Science quotes on:  |  Appropriateness (5)  |  Conviction (43)  |  Jest (3)  |  Law Of Nature (49)  |  Mystery (105)  |  Physicist (112)  |  Quotation (5)  |  Statement (41)  |  Theorem (44)

It may be observed of mathematicians that they only meddle with such things as are certain, passing by those that are doubtful and unknown. They profess not to know all things, neither do they affect to speak of all things. What they know to be true, and can make good by invincible arguments, that they publish and insert among their theorems. Of other things they are silent and pass no judgment at all, chusing [choosing] rather to acknowledge their ignorance, than affirm anything rashly. They affirm nothing among their arguments or assertions which is not most manifestly known and examined with utmost rigour, rejecting all probable conjectures and little witticisms. They submit nothing to authority, indulge no affection, detest subterfuges of words, and declare their sentiments, as in a Court of Judicature [Justice], without passion, without apology; knowing that their reasons, as Seneca testifies of them, are not brought to persuade, but to compel.
Mathematical Lectures (1734), 64.
Science quotes on:  |  Acknowledge (9)  |  Affection (12)  |  Apology (5)  |  Argument (44)  |  Authority (41)  |  Certain (39)  |  Choose (14)  |  Confirm (6)  |  Conjecture (18)  |  Court (10)  |  Declare (13)  |  Detest (3)  |  Doubt (89)  |  Ignorance (167)  |  Indulge (5)  |  Invincible (2)  |  Judgment (59)  |  Knowledge (1017)  |  Meddle (2)  |  Nature Of Mathematics (2)  |  Passion (39)  |  Persuade (7)  |  Probable (12)  |  Profess (4)  |  Publish (13)  |  Rashly (2)  |  Reason (255)  |  Reject (14)  |  Rigour (10)  |  Seneca (3)  |  Sentiment (8)  |  Silent (14)  |  Submit (7)  |  Testify (2)  |  Theorem (44)  |  Truth (665)  |  Unknown (76)  |  Witticism (2)  |  Word (184)

It may be true that people who are merely mathematicians have certain specific shortcomings; however that is not the fault of mathematics, but is true of every exclusive occupation. Likewise a mere linguist, a mere jurist, a mere soldier, a mere merchant, and so forth. One could add such idle chatter that when a certain exclusive occupation is often connected with certain specific shortcomings, it is on the other hand always free of certain other shortcomings.
Letter to Heinrich Schumacher (1-5 Jan 1845). Quoted in G. Waldo Dunnington, Carl Friedrich Gauss: Titan of Science (2004), 414.
Science quotes on:  |  Occupation (32)

It seems to me that the poet has only to perceive that which others do not perceive, to look deeper than others look. And the mathematician must do the same thing.
In a letter to Madame Schabelskoy, quoted in Sónya Kovalévsky: Her Recollections of Childhood, translated by Isabel F. Hapgood (1895), 317.
Science quotes on:  |  Deep (41)  |  Look (46)  |  Perception (37)  |  Poet (51)

It was a dark and stormy night, so R. H. Bing volunteered to drive some stranded mathematicians from the fogged-in Madison airport to Chicago. Freezing rain pelted the windscreen and iced the roadway as Bing drove on—concentrating deeply on the mathematical theorem he was explaining. Soon the windshield was fogged from the energetic explanation. The passengers too had beaded brows, but their sweat arose from fear. As the mathematical description got brighter, the visibility got dimmer. Finally, the conferees felt a trace of hope for their survival when Bing reached forward—apparently to wipe off the moisture from the windshield. Their hope turned to horror when, instead, Bing drew a figure with his finger on the foggy pane and continued his proof—embellishing the illustration with arrows and helpful labels as needed for the demonstration.
In 'R. H. Bing', Biographical Memoirs: National Academy of Sciences (2002), 49. Anecdote based on the recollections of Bing's colleagues, Steve Armentrout and C. E. Burgess. The narrative was given in a memorial tribute at the University of Texas at Austin.
Science quotes on:  |  Arrow (12)  |  Brow (2)  |  Concentrate (10)  |  Dark (36)  |  Demonstration (49)  |  Description (62)  |  Draw (13)  |  Drive (23)  |  Energetic (5)  |  Explanation (151)  |  Fear (85)  |  Figure (23)  |  Finger (28)  |  Fog (5)  |  Freezing (11)  |  Hope (93)  |  Horror (6)  |  Ice (26)  |  Illustration (22)  |  Label (7)  |  Moisture (10)  |  Night (63)  |  Passenger (8)  |  Proof (179)  |  Rain (26)  |  Roadway (2)  |  Stormy (2)  |  Survival (44)  |  Sweat (11)  |  Theorem (44)  |  Trace (23)  |  Visibility (6)  |  Volunteer (5)  |  Wipe (5)

It was long before I got at the maxim, that in reading an old mathematician you will not read his riddle unless you plough with his heifer; you must see with his light, if you want to know how much he saw.
Letter to W. R. Hamilton, 27 January 1853. In R. P. Graves (ed.), A Life of Sir W. R. Hamilton (1889), Vol. 3, 438.

It would be better for the true physics if there were no mathematicians on earth.
Quoted in The Mathematical Intelligencer (Winter 1991), 13, No. 1, 6.
Science quotes on:  |  Better (85)  |  Physics (255)

Like Molière’s M. Jourdain, who spoke prose all his life without knowing it, mathematicians have been reasoning for at least two millennia without being aware of all the principles underlying what they were doing. The real nature of the tools of their craft has become evident only within recent times A renaissance of logical studies in modern times begins with the publication in 1847 of George Boole’s The Mathematical Analysis of Logic.
Co-authored with James R. Newman in Gödel's Proof (1986, 2005), 30.
Science quotes on:  |  Analysis (118)  |  Aware (8)  |  Begin (18)  |  George Boole (9)  |  Craft (7)  |  Evident (10)  |  Logic (173)  |  Modern (87)  |  Nature (862)  |  Principle (191)  |  Prose (6)  |  Publication (81)  |  Real (65)  |  Reasoning (78)  |  Recent (18)  |  Renaissance (8)  |  Study (298)  |  Time (320)  |  Tool (59)

Littlewood, on Hardy's own estimate, is the finest mathematician he has ever known. He was the man most likely to storm and smash a really deep and formidable problem; there was no one else who could command such a combination of insight, technique and power. (1943)
In Béla Bollobás, Littlewood's Miscellany (1986), Foreward, 22.
Science quotes on:  |  Biography (226)  |  Deep (41)  |  G. H. Hardy (69)  |  Insight (43)  |  Power (214)  |  Problem (297)  |  Proof (179)  |  Technique (30)

Many errors, of a truth, consist merely in the application of the wrong names of things. For if a man says that the lines which are drawn from the centre of the circle to the circumference are not equal, he understands by the circle, at all events for the time, something else than mathematicians understand by it.
In 'Prop. 47: The human mind possesses an adequate knowledge of the eternal and infinite essence of God', Ethic, translated by William Hale White (1883), 93-94. Collected in The English and Foreign Philosophical Library, Vol. 21.
Science quotes on:  |  Application (104)  |  Center (22)  |  Circle (21)  |  Circumference (9)  |  Consist (14)  |  Definition (132)  |  Drawing (17)  |  Else (4)  |  Equal (44)  |  Error (204)  |  Merely (17)  |  Name (94)  |  Nomenclature (129)  |  French Saying (61)  |  Thing (37)  |  Truth (665)  |  Understanding (315)  |  Wrong (91)

Mark all Mathematical heads which be wholly and only bent on these sciences, how solitary they be themselves, how unfit to live with others, how unapt to serve the world. (c.1550)
The Scholemaster (1570), Book 1.
Science quotes on:  |  Solitude (6)  |  Unfit (7)

Mathematical knowledge is not—as all Cambridge men are surely aware—the result of any special gift. It is merely the development of those conceptions of form and number which every human being possesses; and any person of average intellect can make himself a fair mathematician if he will only pay continuous attention; in plain English, think enough about the subject.
'Science', a lecture delivered at the Royal Institution. The Works of Charles Kingsley (1880), 241.

Mathematicians are inexorably drawn to nature, not just describing what is to be found there, but in creating echoes of natural laws.
In Gary William Flake, The Computational Beauty of Nature (2000), 361.
Science quotes on:  |  Create (57)  |  Echo (6)  |  Natural Law (22)  |  Nature (862)

Mathematicians are like a certain type of Frenchman: when you talk to them they translate it into their own language, and then it soon turns into something completely different.
Maxims and Reflections (1998), trans. E. Stopp, 162.

Mathematicians are only dealing with the structure of reasoning, and they do not really care what they are talking about. They do not even need to know what they are talking about … But the physicist has meaning to all his phrases. … In physics, you have to have an understanding of the connection of words with the real world.
In The Character of Physical Law (1965), 55.
Science quotes on:  |  Connection (76)  |  Meaning (85)  |  Phrase (14)  |  Physicist (112)  |  Real (65)  |  Reasoning (78)  |  Structure (162)  |  Understand (89)  |  Word (184)  |  World (499)

Mathematicians deal with possible worlds, with an infinite number of logically consistent systems. Observers explore the one particular world we inhabit. Between the two stands the theorist. He studies possible worlds but only those which are compatible with the information furnished by observers. In other words, theory attempts to segregate the minimum number of possible worlds which must include the actual world we inhabit. Then the observer, with new factual information, attempts to reduce the list further. And so it goes, observation and theory advancing together toward the common goal of science, knowledge of the structure and observation of the universe.
Lecture to Sigma Xi, 'The Problem of the Expanding Universe' (1941), printed in Sigma Xi Quarterly (1942), 30, 104-105. Reprinted in Smithsonian Institution Report of the Board of Regents (1943), 97, 123. As cited by Norriss S. Hetherington in 'Philosophical Values and Observation in Edwin Hubble's Choice of a Model of the Universe', Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences (1982), 13, No. 1, 63.
Science quotes on:  |  Actual (23)  |  Advance (97)  |  Attempt (70)  |  Common (69)  |  Compatibility (3)  |  Consistency (18)  |  Exploration (89)  |  Fact (525)  |  Goal (60)  |  Inclusion (5)  |  Infinite (74)  |  Information (86)  |  Knowledge (1017)  |  Logic (173)  |  Minimum (8)  |  Number (145)  |  Observation (390)  |  Observer (26)  |  Reduction (33)  |  Science (1376)  |  Segregation (2)  |  Structure (162)  |  Study (298)  |  System (106)  |  Theorist (24)  |  Theory (520)  |  Universe (450)  |  World (499)

Mathematicians do not write for the circulating library.
From 'The Principles of Success in Literature', The Fortnightly (1865), 1, 90.
Science quotes on:  |  Library (35)  |  Writing (71)

Mathematicians go mad, and cashiers; but creative artists very seldom. I am not, as will be seen, in any sense attacking logic: I only say that the danger does lie in logic, not in imagination.
In Orthodoxy (1908), 27.
Science quotes on:  |  Artist (38)  |  Creativity (62)  |  Danger (54)  |  Imagination (192)  |  Logic (173)  |  Mad (9)  |  Seldom (19)

Mathematicians may flatter themselves that they possess new ideas which mere human language is as yet unable to express. Let them make the effort to express these ideas in appropriate words without the aid of symbols, and if they succeed they will not only lay us laymen under a lasting obligation, but, we venture to say, they will find themselves very much enlightened during the process, and will even be doubtful whether the ideas as expressed in symbols had ever quite found their way out of the equations into their minds.
Science quotes on:  |  Equation (66)  |  Symbol (30)

Mathematicians seem to have no difficulty in creating new concepts faster than the old ones become well understood.
Acceptance Speech for the Kyoto Prize (1991), 'A scientist by choice'. On kyotoprize.org website.
Science quotes on:  |  Concept (70)  |  Create (57)  |  Difficulty (106)  |  Faster (10)  |  New (261)  |  Old (66)  |  Understand (89)

Mathematicians … believed that prediction was just a function of keeping track of things. If you knew enough, you could predict anything. … Chaos theory throws it right out the window because … in fact there are great categories of phenomena that are inherently unpredictable.
In novel, Jurassic Park (1990, 1991), 158.
Science quotes on:  |  Belief (296)  |  Chaos Theory (3)  |  Inherently (3)  |  Know (149)  |  Phenomenon (186)  |  Prediction (61)  |  Unpredictable (5)

Newton was the greatest creative genius physics has ever seen. None of the other candidates for the superlative (Einstein, Maxwell, Boltzmann, Gibbs, and Feynman) has matched Newton’s combined achievements as theoretician, experimentalist, and mathematician. … If you were to become a time traveler and meet Newton on a trip back to the seventeenth century, you might find him something like the performer who first exasperates everyone in sight and then goes on stage and sings like an angel.
In Great Physicists (2001), 39.
Science quotes on:  |  17th Century (9)  |  Achievement (113)  |  Angel (21)  |  Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann (11)  |  Candidate (2)  |  Creative (29)  |  Albert Einstein (241)  |  Experimentalist (9)  |  Richard P. Feynman (94)  |  Genius (157)  |  J. Willard Gibbs (5)  |  Match (10)  |  James Clerk Maxwell (74)  |  Sir Isaac Newton (237)  |  Physics (255)  |  Sing (6)  |  Stage (27)  |  Superlative (3)  |  Theorist (24)  |  Time Travel (3)

No mathematician should ever allow him to forget that mathematics, more than any other art or science, is a young man's game. … Galois died at twenty-one, Abel at twenty-seven, Ramanujan at thirty-three, Riemann at forty. There have been men who have done great work later; … [but] I do not know of a single instance of a major mathematical advance initiated by a man past fifty. … A mathematician may still be competent enough at sixty, but it is useless to expect him to have original ideas.
In A Mathematician's Apology (1941, reprint with Foreward by C.P. Snow 1992), 70-71.
Science quotes on:  |  Niels Henrik Abel (12)  |  Age (104)  |  Évariste Galois (3)  |  Srinivasa Ramanujan (15)  |  Youth (52)

Nothing in our experience suggests the introduction of [complex numbers]. Indeed, if a mathematician is asked to justify his interest in complex numbers, he will point, with some indignation, to the many beautiful theorems in the theory of equations, of power series, and of analytic functions in general, which owe their origin to the introduction of complex numbers. The mathematician is not willing to give up his interest in these most beautiful accomplishments of his genius.
In 'The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences,' Communications in Pure and Applied Mathematics (Feb 1960), 13, No. 1 (February 1960). Collected in Eugene Paul Wigner, A.S. Wightman (ed.), Jagdish Mehra (ed.), The Collected Works of Eugene Paul Wigner (1955), Vol. 6, 537.
Science quotes on:  |  Accomplishment (51)  |  Beautiful (51)  |  Equation (66)  |  Experience (213)  |  Genius (157)  |  Indignation (2)  |  Interest (141)  |  Justify (10)  |  Origin (67)  |  Owe (9)  |  Theorem (44)  |  Theory (520)

Oh these mathematicians make me tired! When you ask them to work out a sum they take a piece of paper, cover it with rows of A’s, B’s, and X's and Y’s … scatter a mess of flyspecks over them, and then give you an answer that’s all wrong!
Matthew Josephson, Edison (1959), 283.
Science quotes on:  |  Algebra (33)

Ohm (a distinguished mathematician, be it noted) brought into order a host of puzzling facts connecting electromotive force and electric current in conductors, which all previous electricians had only succeeded in loosely binding together qualitatively under some rather vague statements. Even as late as 20 years ago, “quantity” and “tension” were much used by men who did not fully appreciate Ohm's law. (Is it not rather remarkable that some of Germany's best men of genius should have been, perhaps, unfairly treated? Ohm; Mayer; Reis; even von Helmholtz has mentioned the difficulty he had in getting recognised. But perhaps it is the same all the world over.)
Science quotes on:  |  Conductor (8)  |  Current (30)  |  Difficulty (106)  |  Distinguished (6)  |  Electricity (113)  |  Fact (525)  |  Genius (157)  |  Germany (9)  |  Hermann von Helmholtz (20)  |  Man Of Science (25)  |  Robert Mayer (10)  |  Georg Simon Ohm (2)  |  Puzzle (26)  |  Recognition (60)  |  Johann Philipp Reis (2)  |  Treatment (84)  |  Unfair (5)  |  World (499)

Ohm found that the results could be summed up in such a simple law that he who runs may read it, and a schoolboy now can predict what a Faraday then could only guess at roughly. By Ohm's discovery a large part of the domain of electricity became annexed by Coulomb's discovery of the law of inverse squares, and completely annexed by Green's investigations. Poisson attacked the difficult problem of induced magnetisation, and his results, though differently expressed, are still the theory, as a most important first approximation. Ampere brought a multitude of phenomena into theory by his investigations of the mechanical forces between conductors supporting currents and magnets. Then there were the remarkable researches of Faraday, the prince of experimentalists, on electrostatics and electrodynamics and the induction of currents. These were rather long in being brought from the crude experimental state to a compact system, expressing the real essence. Unfortunately, in my opinion, Faraday was not a mathematician. It can scarely be doubted that had he been one, he would have anticipated much later work. He would, for instance, knowing Ampere's theory, by his own results have readily been led to Neumann’s theory, and the connected work of Helmholtz and Thomson. But it is perhaps too much to expect a man to be both the prince of experimentalists and a competent mathematician.
From article 'Electro-magnetic Theory II', in The Electrician (16 Jan 1891), 26, No. 661, 331.
Science quotes on:  |  André-Marie Ampère (10)  |  Charles-Augustin Coulomb (3)  |  Electromagnetism (17)  |  Experimentalist (9)  |  Michael Faraday (74)  |  Hermann von Helmholtz (20)  |  Law (370)  |  Georg Simon Ohm (2)  |  Siméon-Denis Poisson (2)  |  Sir J.J. Thomson (14)

Perhaps... some day the precision of the data will be brought so far that the mathematician will be able to calculate at his desk the outcome of any chemical combination, in the same way, so to speak, as he calculates the motions of celestial bodies.
Oeuvres (1862), Vol. 2, 550-1. Trans. John Heilbron, Weighing Imponderables and Other Quantitative Science around 1800 (1993), 14.
Science quotes on:  |  Calculation (62)  |  Combination (60)  |  Data (90)  |  Reaction (57)

Philosophers and psychiatrists should explain why it is that we mathematicians are in the habit of systematically erasing our footsteps. Scientists have always looked askance at this strange habit of mathematicians, which has changed little from Pythagoras to our day.
From the second Fubini Lecture, delivered at the Villa Gualino, Torino (2 Jun 1998), 'What is Invariant Theory, Really?' Collected in Henry H. Crapo and D. Senato (eds.), Algebraic Combinatorics and Computer Science: A Tribute to Gian-Carlo Rota (2001), 55.
Science quotes on:  |  Askance (2)  |  Change (234)  |  Explain (40)  |  Footstep (5)  |  Habit (67)  |  Little (64)  |  Philosopher (112)  |  Psychiatrist (12)  |  Pythagoras (25)  |  Scientist (371)  |  Strange (49)  |  Systematically (4)

Plenty of mathematicians, Hardy knew, could follow a step-by-step discursus unflaggingly—yet counted for nothing beside Ramanujan. Years later, he would contrive an informal scale of natural mathematical ability on which he assigned himself a 25 and Littlewood a 30. To David Hilbert, the most eminent mathematician of the day, he assigned an 80. To Ramanujan he gave 100.
In The Man who Knew Infinity: A Life of the Genius Ramanujan (1975), 226.
Science quotes on:  |  Ability (63)  |  Assignment (10)  |  Discourse (11)  |  Eminence (11)  |  G. H. Hardy (69)  |  David Hilbert (25)  |  Informal (3)  |  John Edensor (J. E.) Littlewood (5)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Natural (101)  |  Srinivasa Ramanujan (15)  |  Scale (39)

Pure mathematics and physics are becoming ever more closely connected, though their methods remain different. One may describe the situation by saying that the mathematician plays a game in which he himself invents the rules while the while the physicist plays a game in which the rules are provided by Nature, but as time goes on it becomes increasingly evident that the rules which the mathematician finds interesting are the same as those which Nature has chosen. … Possibly, the two subjects will ultimately unify, every branch of pure mathematics then having its physical application, its importance in physics being proportional to its interest in mathematics.
From Lecture delivered on presentation of the James Scott prize, (6 Feb 1939), 'The Relation Between Mathematics And Physics', printed in Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1938-1939), 59, Part 2, 124.
Science quotes on:  |  Application (104)  |  Branch (52)  |  Closely (4)  |  Connected (7)  |  Describe (22)  |  Different (64)  |  Evident (10)  |  Game (37)  |  Importance (169)  |  Interest (141)  |  Invent (16)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Method (127)  |  Nature (862)  |  Physical (68)  |  Physicist (112)  |  Physics (255)  |  Play (42)  |  Pure (45)  |  Pure Mathematics (26)  |  Rule (113)  |  Situation (28)  |  Subject (106)  |  Ultimately (6)  |  Unify (3)

Since the seventeenth century, physical intuition has served as a vital source for mathematical porblems and methods. Recent trends and fashions have, however, weakened the connection between mathematics and physics; mathematicians, turning away from their roots of mathematics in intuition, have concentrated on refinement and emphasized the postulated side of mathematics, and at other times have overlooked the unity of their science with physics and other fields. In many cases, physicists have ceased to appreciate the attitudes of mathematicians. This rift is unquestionably a serious threat to science as a whole; the broad stream of scientific development may split into smaller and smaller rivulets and dry out. It seems therefore important to direct our efforts towards reuniting divergent trends by classifying the common features and interconnections of many distinct and diverse scientific facts.
As co-author with David Hilbert, in Methods of Mathematical Physics (1937, 1989), Preface, v.
Science quotes on:  |  17th Century (9)  |  Appreciation (16)  |  Attitude (31)  |  Ceasing (2)  |  Classification (77)  |  Common (69)  |  Concentration (13)  |  Connection (76)  |  Directing (5)  |  Distinct (24)  |  Divergence (3)  |  Diverse (5)  |  Effort (75)  |  Emphasis (12)  |  Fact (525)  |  Fashion (19)  |  Feature (24)  |  Importance (169)  |  Interconnection (7)  |  Intuition (34)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Method (127)  |  Overlooking (3)  |  Physicist (112)  |  Physics (255)  |  Postulate (21)  |  Problem (297)  |  Recent (18)  |  Refinement (11)  |  Rift (2)  |  Root (36)  |  Science (1376)  |  Serious (28)  |  Serving (4)  |  Source (57)  |  Threat (21)  |  Trend (11)  |  Turning (5)  |  Unity (35)  |  Vital (25)  |  Weakening (2)  |  Whole (74)

So the astronomer is on common ground with the physicist both in the subject and in the predicate of the conclusion, but the physicist demonstrates the predicate to belong to the subject by nature, whereas the astronomer does not care whether it belongs by nature or not. What, therefore, is the predicate for the physicist, is abstracted as the subject for the pure mathematician.
As quoted in Alistair Cameron Crombie, Robert Grosseteste and the Origins of Experimental Science, 1100-1700 (1971), 94.
Science quotes on:  |  Abstract (34)  |  Astronomer (46)  |  Belong (16)  |  Common Ground (3)  |  Conclusion (104)  |  Demonstrate (19)  |  Nature (862)  |  Physicist (112)  |  Predicate (2)  |  Pure (45)  |  Scientist (371)  |  Subject (106)

Some humans are mathematicians—others aren’t.
In In the Shadow of Man (1971), 252.
Science quotes on:  |  Human (316)

Some of you may have met mathematicians and wondered how they got that way.
[Contact Webmaster if you can supply a primary print source.]
Science quotes on:  |  Wonder (110)

Srinivasa Ramanujan was the strangest man in all of mathematics, probably in the entire history of science. He has been compared to a bursting supernova, illuminating the darkest, most profound corners of mathematics, before being tragically struck down by tuberculosis at the age of 33... Working in total isolation from the main currents of his field, he was able to rederive 100 years’ worth of Western mathematics on his own. The tragedy of his life is that much of his work was wasted rediscovering known mathematics.
In Hyperspace:A Scientific Odyssey through Parallel Universes, Time Warps, and the Tenth Dimension (1994), 172.
Science quotes on:  |  Bursting (3)  |  Comparison (46)  |  Corner (17)  |  Dark (36)  |  Derivation (12)  |  History Of Science (49)  |  Illuminating (3)  |  Isolation (24)  |  Known (15)  |  Life (743)  |  Man (339)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Profound (37)  |  Srinivasa Ramanujan (15)  |  Strangest (4)  |  Supernova (7)  |  Tragedy (15)  |  Tuberculosis (8)  |  Waste (49)  |  Western (9)  |  Working (20)

The apex of mathematical achievement occurs when two or more fields which were thought to be entirely unrelated turn out to be closely intertwined. Mathematicians have never decided whether they should feel excited or upset by such events.
In 'A Mathematician's Gossip', Indiscrete Thoughts (2008), 214.
Science quotes on:  |  Achievement (113)  |  Closely (4)  |  Decide (13)  |  Event (74)  |  Excited (4)  |  Feel (33)  |  Field (103)  |  Intertwined (2)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Thought (291)  |  Unrelated (4)  |  Upset (5)

The automatic computing engine now being designed at N. P. L. [National Physics Laboratory] is atypical large scale electronic digital computing machine. In a single lecture it will not be possible to give much technical detail of this machine, and most of what I shall say will apply equally to any other machine of this type now being planned. From the point of view of the mathematician the property of being digital should be of greater interest than that of being electronic. That it is electronic is certainly important because these machines owe their high speed to this, and without the speed it is doubtful if financial support for their construction would be forthcoming. But this is virtually all that there is to be said on that subject. That the machine is digital however has more subtle significance. It means firstly that numbers are represented by sequences of digits which can be as long as one wishes. One can therefore work to any desired degree of accuracy. This accuracy is not obtained by more careful machining of parts, control of temperature variations, and such means, but by a slight increase in the amount of equipment in the machine.
Lecture to the London Mathematical Society, 20 February 1947. Quoted in B. E. Carpenter and R. W. Doran (eds.), A. M. Turing's Ace Report of 1946 and Other Papers (1986), 106.
Science quotes on:  |  Accuracy (49)  |  Atypical (2)  |  Automatic (13)  |  Computer (67)  |  Control (76)  |  Designed (3)  |  Desired (5)  |  Detail (54)  |  Digital (3)  |  Electronic (8)  |  Engineering (101)  |  Machine (100)  |  Physics (255)  |  Speed (22)  |  Technology (152)  |  Temperature (41)

The automatic computing engine now being designed at N.P.L. [National Physics Laboratory] is atypical large scale electronic digital computing machine. In a single lecture it will not be possible to give much technical detail of this machine, and most of what I shall say will apply equally to any other machine of this type now being planned. From the point of view of the mathematician the property of being digital should be of greater interest than that of being electronic. That it is electronic is certainly important because these machines owe their high speed to this, and without the speed it is doubtful if financial support for their construction would be forthcoming. But this is virtually all that there is to be said on that subject. That the machine is digital however has more subtle significance. It means firstly that numbers are represented by sequences of digits which can be as long as one wishes. One can therefore work to any desired degree of accuracy. This accuracy is not obtained by more careful machining of parts, control of temperature variations, and such means, but by a slight increase in the amount of equipment in the machine.
Lecture to the London Mathematical Society, 20 February 1947. Quoted in B. E. Carpenter and R. W. Doran (eds.), A. M. Turing's Ace Report of 1946 and Other Papers (1986), 106.
Science quotes on:  |  Accuracy (49)  |  Atypical (2)  |  Automatic (13)  |  Computer (67)  |  Control (76)  |  Designed (3)  |  Desired (5)  |  Detail (54)  |  Digital (3)  |  Electronic (8)  |  Engineering (101)  |  Machine (100)  |  Physics (255)  |  Speed (22)  |  Technology (152)  |  Temperature (41)

The best person able to appraise promise as a mathematician is a gifted teacher, and not a professional tester.
In speech, 'Education for Creativity in the Sciences', Conference at New York University, Washington Square. As quoted by Gene Currivan in 'I.Q. Tests Called Harmful to Pupil', New York Times (16 Jun 1963), 66.
Science quotes on:  |  Best (94)  |  Gifted (5)  |  Person (88)  |  Professional (19)  |  Promise (17)  |  Teacher (79)

The calculus of probabilities, when confined within just limits, ought to interest, in an equal degree, the mathematician, the experimentalist, and the statesman.
In François Arago, trans. by William Henry Smyth, Baden Powell and Robert Grant, 'Laplace', Biographies of Distinguished Scientific Men (1859), Vol. 1, 364. This comment introduces how the calculus of probabilities, being used in preparing tables of, for example, population and mortality, can give information for use by government and businesses deciding reserves for pensions, or premiums for life insurance.
Science quotes on:  |  Calculus (19)  |  Experimenter (16)  |  Interest (141)  |  Statesman (9)

The development of mathematics is largely a natural, not a purely logical one: mathematicians are continually answering questions suggested by astronomers or physicists; many essential mathematical theories are but the reflex outgrowth from physical puzzles.
In 'The Teaching of the History of Science', The Scientific Monthly (Sep 1918), 194.
Science quotes on:  |  Answer (160)  |  Astronomer (46)  |  Continually (7)  |  Development (198)  |  Essential (71)  |  Logical (12)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Natural (101)  |  Outgrowth (2)  |  Physical (68)  |  Physicist (112)  |  Puzzle (26)  |  Question (257)  |  Reflex (9)  |  Theory (520)

The existence of these patterns [fractals] challenges us to study forms that Euclid leaves aside as being formless, to investigate the morphology of the amorphous. Mathematicians have disdained this challenge, however, and have increasingly chosen to flee from nature by devising theories unrelated to anything we can see or feel.
The Fractal Geometry of Nature (1977, 1983), Introduction, xiii.
Science quotes on:  |  Challenge (30)  |  Euclid (27)  |  Fractal (9)  |  Nature (862)  |  Pattern (43)  |  Sense (164)  |  Study (298)  |  Theory (520)

The first successes were such that one might suppose all the difficulties of science overcome in advance, and believe that the mathematician, without being longer occupied in the elaboration of pure mathematics, could turn his thoughts exclusively to the study of natural laws.
From Preface to Traité de calcul différentiel et de calcul intégral (1864-70), i. Quoted in address to the section of Algebra and Analysis, International Congress of Arts and Sciences, St. Louis (22 Sep 1904), 'On the Development of Mathematical Analysis and its Relation to Certain Other Sciences,' as translated by M.W. Haskell in Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society (May 1905), 11, 408.
Science quotes on:  |  Advance (97)  |  Belief (296)  |  Difficulty (106)  |  Elaboration (6)  |  Exclusively (4)  |  Natural Law (22)  |  Occupy (13)  |  Overcome (5)  |  Pure Mathematics (26)  |  Science (1376)  |  Study (298)  |  Success (176)  |  Suppose (17)  |  Thought (291)  |  Turn (39)

The future mathematician ... should solve problems, choose the problems which are in his line, meditate upon their solution, and invent new problems. By this means, and by all other means, he should endeavor to make his first important discovery: he should discover his likes and dislikes, his taste, his own line.
How to Solve it: A New Aspect of Mathematical Method (1957), 206.
Science quotes on:  |  Career (48)  |  Discovery (549)  |  Dislike (9)  |  Endeavour (24)  |  Future (183)  |  Like (18)  |  Problem (297)  |  Solution (146)

The great mathematician fully, almost ruthlessly, exploits the domain of permissible reasoning and skirts the impermissible. … [I]t is hard to believe that our reasoning power was brought, by Darwin’s process of natural selection, to the perfection which it seems to possess.
In 'The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences,' Communications in Pure and Applied Mathematics (Feb 1960), 13, No. 1 (February 1960). Collected in Eugene Paul Wigner, A.S. Wightman (ed.), Jagdish Mehra (ed.), The Collected Works of Eugene Paul Wigner (1955), Vol. 6, 536.
Science quotes on:  |  Belief (296)  |  Charles Darwin (261)  |  Exploit (8)  |  Natural Selection (69)  |  Perfection (64)  |  Permissible (3)  |  Reasoning (78)  |  Ruthless (3)

The mathematical giant [Gauss], who from his lofty heights embraces in one view the stars and the abysses …
Kurzer Grundriss eines Versuchs (1851), 44. In Robert Édouard Moritz, Memorabilia Mathematica; Or, The Philomath's Quotation-book (1914), 158.
Science quotes on:  |  Abyss (17)  |  Embrace (18)  |  Carl Friedrich Gauss (53)  |  Giant (24)  |  Height (19)  |  Lofty (7)  |  Star (217)  |  View (81)

The mathematical life of a mathematician is short. Work rarely improves after the age of twenty-five or thirty. If little has been accomplished by then, little will ever be accomplished.
Reflections: Mathematics and Creativity', New Yorker (1972), 47, No. 53, 39-45. In Douglas M. Campbell, John C. Higgins (eds.), Mathematics: People, Problems, Results (1984), Vol. 2, 5.
Science quotes on:  |  Accomplishment (51)  |  Age (104)  |  Life (743)  |  Work (347)

The mathematician is entirely free, within the limits of his imagination, to construct what worlds he pleases. What he is to imagine is a matter for his own caprice; he is not thereby discovering the fundamental principles of the universe nor becoming acquainted with the ideas of God. If he can find, in experience, sets of entities which obey the same logical scheme as his mathematical entities, then he has applied his mathematics to the external world; he has created a branch of science.
Aspects of Science: Second Series (1926), 92.
Science quotes on:  |  Acquaintance (12)  |  Applied Mathematics (9)  |  Branch (52)  |  Caprice (2)  |  Construction (60)  |  Creation (193)  |  Discovery (549)  |  Entity (13)  |  Experience (213)  |  External (28)  |  Freedom (58)  |  Fundamental (101)  |  God (321)  |  Idea (391)  |  Imagination (192)  |  Limit (57)  |  Logic (173)  |  Pleasure (90)  |  Principle (191)  |  Scheme (14)  |  Science (1376)  |  Science And Religion (247)  |  Set (25)  |  Universe (450)  |  World (499)

The mathematician is in much more direct contact with reality. … [Whereas] the physicist’s reality, whatever it may be, has few or none of the attributes which common sense ascribes instinctively to reality. A chair may be a collection of whirling electrons.
In A Mathematician's Apology (1940, 2012), 128.
Science quotes on:  |  Comparison (46)  |  Contact (18)  |  Direct (27)  |  Physicist (112)  |  Reality (100)

The mathematician may be compared to a designer of garments, who is utterly oblivious of the creatures whom his garments may fit. To be sure, his art originated in the necessity for clothing such creatures, but this was long ago; to this day a shape will occasionally appear which will fit into the garment as if the garment had been made for it. Then there is no end of surprise and delight.
Number: the Language of Science (1930), 231.
Science quotes on:  |  Designer (6)  |  Garment (5)  |  Oblivious (5)  |  Usefulness (65)

The mathematician of to-day admits that he can neither square the circle, duplicate the cube or trisect the angle. May not our mechanicians, in like manner, be ultimately forced to admit that aerial flight is one of that great class of problems with which men can never cope… I do not claim that this is a necessary conclusion from any past experience. But I do think that success must await progress of a different kind from that of invention.
[Written following Samuel Pierpoint Langley's failed attempt to launch his flying machine from a catapult device mounted on a barge in Oct 1903. The Wright Brother's success came on 17 Dec 1903.]
'The Outlook for the Flying Machine'. The Independent: A Weekly Magazine (22 Oct 1903), 2509.
Science quotes on:  |  Airplane (28)  |  Aviation (6)  |  Engineer (62)  |  Experience (213)  |  Flight (42)  |  Invention (270)  |  Mechanics (44)  |  Progress (291)

The mathematician plays a game in which he himself invents the rules while the physicist plays a game in which the rules are provided by nature, but as time goes on it becomes increasingly evident that the rules which the mathematician finds interesting are the same as those which nature has chosen.
In Ian Stewart, Why Beauty is Truth (2007), 279.
Science quotes on:  |  Game (37)  |  Interesting (38)  |  Nature (862)  |  Physicist (112)  |  Rule (113)

The mathematician's patterns … must be beautiful … Beauty is the first test; there is no permanent place in the world for ugly mathematics.
In A Mathematician's Apology (1940, 2012), 85.
Science quotes on:  |  Beauty (147)  |  First (114)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Pattern (43)  |  Permanence (15)  |  Place (62)  |  Test (81)  |  Ugly (6)  |  World (499)

The mathematicians are well acquainted with the difference between pure science, which has only to do with ideas, and the application of its laws to the use of life, in which they are constrained to submit to the imperfections of matter and the influence of accidents.
In Samuel Johnson and W. Jackson Bate (Ed.), ',The Rambler, No. 14, Saturday, 5 May 1750.' The Selected Essays from the Rambler, Adventurer, and Idler (1968), 40.
Science quotes on:  |  Accident (49)  |  Law (370)

The mathematicians have been very much absorbed with finding the general solution of algebraic equations, and several of them have tried to prove the impossibility of it. However, if I am not mistaken, they have not as yet succeeded. I therefore dare hope that the mathematicians will receive this memoir with good will, for its purpose is to fill this gap in the theory of algebraic equations.
Opening of Memoir on Algebraic Equations, Proving the Impossibility of a Solution of the General Equation of the Fifth Degree. The paper was originally published (1824) in French, as a pamphlet, in Oslo. Collected in Œuvres Complètes (1881), Vol. 1, 28. Translation by W.H. Langdon collected in David Eugene Smith, A Source Book in Mathematics (2012), 261. In this work, he showed why—despite two centuries of efforts by mathematicians—solving equations of the fifth degree would remain futile. The insights from this paper led to the modern theory of equations.
Science quotes on:  |  Absorbed (3)  |  Dare (13)  |  Equation (66)  |  Fill (20)  |  Finding (30)  |  Gap (20)  |  General (65)  |  Good (154)  |  Hope (93)  |  Impossibility (48)  |  Memoir (5)  |  Mistaken (3)  |  Prove (30)  |  Purpose (116)  |  Receive (26)  |  Several (6)  |  Solution (146)  |  Succeeded (2)  |  Theory (520)

The present state of the system of nature is evidently a consequence of what it was in the preceding moment, and if we conceive of an intelligence that at a given instant comprehends all the relations of the entities of this universe, it could state the respective position, motions, and general affects of all these entities at any time in the past or future. Physical astronomy, the branch of knowledge that does the greatest honor to the human mind, gives us an idea, albeit imperfect, of what such an intelligence would be. The simplicity of the law by which the celestial bodies move, and the relations of their masses and distances, permit analysis to follow their motions up to a certain point; and in order to determine the state of the system of these great bodies in past or future centuries, it suffices for the mathematician that their position and their velocity be given by observation for any moment in time. Man owes that advantage to the power of the instrument he employs, and to the small number of relations that it embraces in its calculations. But ignorance of the different causes involved in the production of events, as well as their complexity, taken together with the imperfection of analysis, prevents our reaching the same certainty about the vast majority of phenomena. Thus there are things that are uncertain for us, things more or less probable, and we seek to compensate for the impossibility of knowing them by determining their different degrees of likelihood. So it was that we owe to the weakness of the human mind one of the most delicate and ingenious of mathematical theories, the science of chance or probability.
'Recherches, 1º, sur l'Intégration des Équations Différentielles aux Différences Finies, et sur leur Usage dans la Théorie des Hasards' (1773, published 1776). In Oeuvres complètes de Laplace, 14 Vols. (1843-1912), Vol. 8, 144-5, trans. Charles Coulston Gillispie, Pierre-Simon Laplace 1749-1827: A Life in Exact Science (1997), 26.
Science quotes on:  |  Analysis (118)  |  Astronomy (158)  |  Calculation (62)  |  Celestial (10)  |  Certainty (89)  |  Chance (108)  |  Complexity (73)  |  Difference (189)  |  Distance (44)  |  Event (74)  |  Honour (23)  |  Human Mind (43)  |  Ignorance (167)  |  Impossibility (48)  |  Instrument (66)  |  Intelligence (118)  |  Knowledge (1017)  |  Law (370)  |  Likelihood (7)  |  Mass (49)  |  Motion (109)  |  Nature (862)  |  Observation (390)  |  Phenomenon (186)  |  Position (35)  |  Prediction (61)  |  Probability (77)  |  Relation (77)  |  Simplicity (120)  |  Theory (520)  |  Time (320)  |  Uncertainty (35)  |  Universe (450)  |  Velocity (12)  |  Weakness (20)

The pure mathematician, like the musician, is a free creator of his world of ordered beauty.
In A History of Western Philosophy (1945), 33.
Science quotes on:  |  Beauty (147)  |  Creator (36)  |  Free (30)  |  Musician (10)  |  Ordered (2)  |  Pure Mathematics (26)  |  World (499)

The scientist has to take 95 per cent of his subject on trust. He has to because he can't possibly do all the experiments, therefore he has to take on trust the experiments all his colleagues and predecessors have done. Whereas a mathematician doesn't have to take anything on trust. Any theorem that's proved, he doesn't believe it, really, until he goes through the proof himself, and therefore he knows his whole subject from scratch. He's absolutely 100 per cent certain of it. And that gives him an extraordinary conviction of certainty, and an arrogance that scientists don't have.
Essay, 'Private Games', in Lewis Wolpert and Alison Richards, (eds.), A Passion for Science (1988), 61.
Science quotes on:  |  Belief (296)  |  Colleague (17)  |  Predecessor (17)  |  Scientist (371)  |  Subject (106)  |  Theorem (44)  |  Trust (33)

The spectacular thing about Johnny [von Neumann] was not his power as a mathematician, which was great, or his insight and his clarity, but his rapidity; he was very, very fast. And like the modern computer, which no longer bothers to retrieve the logarithm of 11 from its memory (but, instead, computes the logarithm of 11 each time it is needed), Johnny didn't bother to remember things. He computed them. You asked him a question, and if he didn't know the answer, he thought for three seconds and would produce and answer.
From interview with Donald J. Albers. In John H. Ewing and Frederick W. Gehring, Paul Halmos Celebrating 50 Years of Mathematics (1991), 9.
Science quotes on:  |  Answer (160)  |  Compute (6)  |  Computer (67)  |  Logarithm (4)  |  Memory (74)  |  Question (257)  |  Remember (39)  |  Thinking (220)  |  John von Neumann (7)

The study of economics does not seem to require any specialised gifts of an unusually high order. Is it not, intellectually regarded, a very easy subject compared with the higher branches of philosophy and pure science? Yet good, or even competent, economists are the rarest of birds. An easy subject, at which very few excel! The paradox finds its explanation, perhaps, in that the master-economist must possess a rare combination of gifts. He must reach a high standard in several different directions and must combine talents not often found together. He must be mathematician, historian, statesman, philosopher—in some degree. He must understand symbols and speak in words. He must contemplate the particular in terms of the general, and touch abstract and concrete in the same flight of thought. He must study the present in the light of the past for the purposes of the future. No part of man's nature or his institutions must lie entirely outside his regard. He must be purposeful and disinterested in a simultaneous mood; as aloof and incorruptible as an artist, yet sometimes as near the earth as a politician.
'Alfred Marshall: 1842-1924' (1924). In Geoffrey Keynes (ed.), Essays in Biography (1933), 170.
Science quotes on:  |  Economics (28)  |  Historian (29)  |  Intellect (152)  |  Paradox (31)  |  Philosophy (184)  |  Pure Science (18)  |  Science (1376)  |  Statesman (9)  |  Talent (44)

The study of nature with a view to works is engaged in by the mechanic, the mathematician, the physician, the alchemist, and the magician; but by all (as things now are) with slight endeavour and scanty success.
From Novum Oranum (1620), Book 1, Aphorism 5. Translated as The New Organon: Aphorisms Concerning the Interpretation of Nature and the Kingdom of Man), collected in James Spedding, Robert Ellis and Douglas Heath (eds.), The Works of Francis Bacon (1857), Vol. 4, 47-48.
Science quotes on:  |  Alchemist (13)  |  Endeavour (24)  |  Magician (10)  |  Mechanic (12)  |  Nature (862)  |  Physician (213)  |  Scanty (3)  |  Slight (3)  |  Study (298)  |  Success (176)

The tendency of the sciences has long been an increasing proclivity of separation and dismemberment … The mathematician turns away from the chemist; the chemist from the naturalist; the mathematician, left to himself divides himself into a pure mathematician and a mixed mathematician, who soon part company … And thus science, even mere physical science, loses all traces of unity. A curious illustration of this result may be observed in the want of any name by which we can designate the students of the knowledge of the material world collectively. We are informed that this difficulty was felt very oppressively by the members of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, at their meetings at York, Oxford and Cambridge, in the last three summers. There was no general term by which these gentlemen could describe themselves with reference to their pursuits … some ingenious gentleman [William Whewell] proposed that, by analogy with artist, they might form Scientist, and added that there could be no scruple … when we have words such as sciolist, economist, and atheist—but this was not generally palatable.
In Review of Mrs Somerville, 'On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences', The Quarterly Review (1834), 51, 58-61.
Science quotes on:  |  Analogy (43)  |  Artist (38)  |  Atheist (10)  |  Chemist (76)  |  Description (62)  |  Designation (6)  |  Difficulty (106)  |  Dismemberment (2)  |  Division (23)  |  Economist (10)  |  Illustration (22)  |  Ingenious (17)  |  Knowledge (1017)  |  Name (94)  |  Naturalist (48)  |  Palatable (2)  |  Physical Science (51)  |  Proposal (9)  |  Scientist (371)  |  Term (65)  |  William Whewell (53)  |  Word (184)

The union of the mathematician with the poet, fervor with measure, passion with correctness, this surely is the ideal.
From review by James on W.K. Clifford, Lectures and Essays in The Nation (1879), 29, No. 749, 312. In Collected Essays and Reviews (1920), 138.
Science quotes on:  |  Correctness (11)  |  Fervor (5)  |  Ideal (36)  |  Measure (39)  |  Passion (39)  |  Poet (51)  |  Surely (4)  |  Union (14)

There can be but one opinion as to the beauty and utility of this analysis of Laplace; but the manner in which it has been hitherto presented has seemed repulsive to the ablest mathematicians, and difficult to ordinary mathematical students.[Co-author with Peter Guthrie Tait.]
In William Thomson Baron Kelvin, Peter Guthrie Tait, Treatise on Natural Philosophy (1879), Vol. 1, Preface, vii.
Science quotes on:  |  Ability (63)  |  Analysis (118)  |  Beauty (147)  |  Difficult (39)  |  Pierre-Simon Laplace (49)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Opinion (126)  |  Ordinary (33)  |  Repulsive (7)  |  Student (112)  |  Utility (20)

There have been only three epoch-making mathematicians, Archimedes, Newton, and Eisenstein.
Science quotes on:  |  Archimedes (21)  |  Sir Isaac Newton (237)

There is a noble vision of the great Castle of Mathematics, towering somewhere in the Platonic World of Ideas, which we humbly and devotedly discover (rather than invent). The greatest mathematicians manage to grasp outlines of the Grand Design, but even those to whom only a pattern on a small kitchen tile is revealed, can be blissfully happy. … Mathematics is a proto-text whose existence is only postulated but which nevertheless underlies all corrupted and fragmentary copies we are bound to deal with. The identity of the writer of this proto-text (or of the builder of the Castle) is anybody’s guess. …
In 'Mathematical Knowledge: Internal, Social, and Cultural Aspects', Mathematics As Metaphor: Selected Essays (2007), 4.
Science quotes on:  |  Builder (9)  |  Castle (3)  |  Copy (10)  |  Design (76)  |  Devoted (6)  |  Discover (81)  |  Existence (208)  |  Fragmentary (4)  |  Grand (12)  |  Grasp (28)  |  Great (164)  |  Guess (29)  |  Happy (9)  |  Humble (16)  |  Idea (391)  |  Identity (9)  |  Invent (16)  |  Kitchen (7)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Noble (31)  |  Outline (4)  |  Pattern (43)  |  Platonic (2)  |  Postulate (21)  |  Text (6)  |  Towering (4)  |  Vision (42)  |  World (499)  |  Writer (26)

There is an influence which is getting strong and stronger day by day, which shows itself more and more in all departments of human activity, and influence most fruitful and beneficial—the influence of the artist. It was a happy day for the mass of humanity when the artist felt the desire of becoming a physician, an electrician, an engineer or mechanician or—whatnot—a mathematician or a financier; for it was he who wrought all these wonders and grandeur we are witnessing. It was he who abolished that small, pedantic, narrow-grooved school teaching which made of an aspiring student a galley-slave, and he who allowed freedom in the choice of subject of study according to one's pleasure and inclination, and so facilitated development.
'Roentgen Rays or Streams', Electrical Review (12 Aug 1896). Reprinted in The Nikola Tesla Treasury (2007), 307. By Nikola Tesla
Science quotes on:  |  Artist (38)  |  Aspiration (16)  |  Beneficial (8)  |  Choice (53)  |  Development (198)  |  Electrician (3)  |  Engineer (62)  |  Freedom (58)  |  Fruitful (24)  |  Grandeur (12)  |  Inclination (18)  |  Influence (90)  |  Mechanician (2)  |  Pedantry (5)  |  Physician (213)  |  Pleasure (90)  |  Slave (16)  |  Witness (16)  |  Wonder (110)

There is no philosophy which is not founded upon knowledge of the phenomena, but it is absolutely necessary to be a mathematician to get any profit from this knowledge.
Letter to John Bernoulli III (7 Dec 1763), held at the Basel University Library. As quoted and cited in Leonhard Euler, Commentationes Mechanicae ad Theoriam Corporum Fluidorum Pertinentes (1955), Vol. 2, lviii. The editor, Clifford Ambrose Truesdell III, states he viewed the letters firsthand.
Science quotes on:  |  Knowledge (1017)  |  Necessary (63)  |  Phenomenon (186)  |  Philosophy (184)  |  Profit (23)

There is no thing as a man who does not create mathematics and yet is a fine mathematics teacher. Textbooks, course material—these do not approach in importance the communication of what mathematics is really about, of where it is going, and of where it currently stands with respect to the specific branch of it being taught. What really matters is the communication of the spirit of mathematics. It is a spirit that is active rather than contemplative—a spirit of disciplined search for adventures of the intellect. Only as adventurer can really tell of adventures.
Reflections: Mathematics and Creativity', New Yorker (1972), 47, No. 53, 39-45. In Douglas M. Campbell, John C. Higgins (eds.), Mathematics: People, Problems, Results (1984), Vol. 2, 7.
Science quotes on:  |  Adventure (32)  |  Communication (56)  |  Intellect (152)  |  Spirit (90)  |  Teacher (79)  |  Textbook (15)

They [mathematicians] only take those things into consideration, of which they have clear and distinct ideas, designating them by proper, adequate, and invariable names, and premising only a few axioms which are most noted and certain to investigate their affections and draw conclusions from them, and agreeably laying down a very few hypotheses, such as are in the highest degree consonant with reason and not to be denied by anyone in his right mind. In like manner they assign generations or causes easy to be understood and readily admitted by all, they preserve a most accurate order, every proposition immediately following from what is supposed and proved before, and reject all things howsoever specious and probable which can not be inferred and deduced after the same manner.
Mathematical Lectures (1734), 65-66.
Science quotes on:  |  Accuracy (49)  |  Axiom (21)  |  Cause (189)  |  Conclusion (104)  |  Deduce (7)  |  Hypothesis (212)  |  Infer (6)  |  Investigation (116)  |  Name (94)  |  Nature Of Mathematics (2)  |  Order (116)  |  Proof (179)  |  Proposition (44)  |  Reject (14)  |  Understanding (315)

This Excellent Mathematician having given us, in the Transactions of February last, an account of the cause, which induced him to think upon Reflecting Telescopes, instead of Refracting ones, hath thereupon presented the curious world with an Essay of what may be performed by such Telescopes; by which it is found, that Telescopical Tubes may be considerably shortened without prejudice to their magnifiying effect.
On his invention of the catadioptrical telescope, as he communicated to the Royal Society.
'An Account of a New Catadioptrical Telescope Invented by Mr Newton', Philosophical Transactions (1672), 7, 4004.
Science quotes on:  |  Essay (3)  |  Magnification (8)  |  Prejudice (40)  |  Transaction (2)

This is the geologist—this works with the scalpel—and this is a mathematician.
, Gentlemen! to you the first honors always:
Your facts are useful and real—and yet they are not my dwelling;
(I but enter by them to an area of my dwelling.)
In Leaves of Grass (1867), 49.
Science quotes on:  |  Dwelling (7)  |  Enter (11)  |  Fact (525)  |  Geologist (39)  |  Honor (14)  |  Real (65)  |  Scalpel (2)  |  Useful (59)

Thus died Negro Tom [Thomas Fuller], this untaught arithmetician, this untutored scholar. Had his opportunities of improvement been equal to those of thousands of his fellow-men, neither the Royal Society of London, the Academy of Science at Paris, nor even a Newton himself need have been ashamed to acknowledge him a brother in science.
[Thomas Fuller (1710-1790), although enslaved from Africa at age 14, was an arithmetical prodigy. He was known as the Virginia Calculator because of his exceptional ability with arithmetic calculations. His intellectual accomplishments were related by Dr. Benjamin Rush in a letter read to the Pennsylvania Society for the Abolition of Slavery.]
From obituary in the Boston Columbian Centinal (29 Dec 1790), 14, No. 31. In George Washington Williams, History of the Negro Race in America from 1619 to 1880 (1882), Vol. 1, 400
Science quotes on:  |  African American (6)  |  Arithmetic (63)  |  Brother (12)  |  Equal (44)  |  Improvement (59)  |  Negro (3)  |  Sir Isaac Newton (237)  |  Opportunity (34)  |  Prodigy (3)  |  Royal Society (8)  |  Scholar (26)  |  Shame (9)  |  Slave (16)

Till Algebra, that great Instrument and Instance of Humane Sagacity, was discovered, Men, with amazement, looked on several of the Demonstrations of ancient Mathematicians, and could scarce forbear to think the finding some of those Proofs, more than humane.
In 'Of Reason', Essay Concerning Humane Understanding (1690), Book 4, Ch. 17, Sec. 11, 345. Note: humane (obsolete) = human.
Science quotes on:  |  Algebra (33)  |  Amazement (9)  |  Ancient (60)  |  Demonstration (49)  |  Discover (81)  |  Find (143)  |  Human (316)  |  Instrument (66)  |  Proof (179)  |  Sagacity (5)  |  Think (84)

To a mathematician the eleventh means only a single unit: to the bushman who cannot count further than his ten fingers it is an incalculable myriad.
In 'Maxims for Revolutionists: Greatness', in Man and Superman (1903), 236.
Science quotes on:  |  Number (145)

To appreciate a work of art we need bring with us nothing from life, no knowledge of its ideas and affairs, no familiarity with its emotions. Art transports us from the world of man’s activity to a world of æsthetic exaltation. For a moment we are shut off from human interests; our anticipations and memories are arrested; we are lifted above the stream of life. The pure mathematician rapt in his studies knows a state of mind which I take to be similar, if not identical. He feels an emotion for his speculations which arises from no perceived relation between them and the lives of men, but springs, inhuman or super-human, from the heart of an abstract science. I wonder, sometimes, whether the appreciators of art and of mathematical solutions are not even more closely allied.
In Art (1913), 25.
Science quotes on:  |  Abstract (34)  |  Aesthetic (18)  |  Anticipation (10)  |  Art (144)  |  Exaltation (2)  |  Interest (141)  |  Life (743)  |  Memory (74)  |  Solution (146)  |  Speculation (66)

To the average mathematician who merely wants to know his work is securely based, the most appealing choice is to avoid difficulties by means of Hilbert's program. Here one regards mathematics as a formal game and one is only concerned with the question of consistency ... . The Realist position is probably the one which most mathematicians would prefer to take. It is not until he becomes aware of some of the difficulties in set theory that he would even begin to question it. If these difficulties particularly upset him, he will rush to the shelter of Formalism, while his normal position will be somewhere between the two, trying to enjoy the best of two worlds.
In Axiomatic Set Theory (1971), 9-15. In Thomas Tymoczko, New Directions in the Philosophy of Mathematics: an Anthology (), 11-12.
Science quotes on:  |  Appeal (20)  |  Average (26)  |  Choice (53)  |  Consistency (18)  |  Difficulty (106)  |  Enjoyment (24)  |  Formal (8)  |  Formalism (4)  |  Game (37)  |  David Hilbert (25)  |  Security (20)  |  Set Theory (2)  |  Shelter (10)  |  Work (347)

Was it not the great philosopher and mathematician Leibnitz who said that the more knowledge advances the more it becomes possible to condense it into little books?
Opening remark in 'Introductory Note', Outline of Science: A Plain Story Simply Told (1922), Vol. 1, iii. Webmaster has not yet identified the quote in Leibnitz's original words (translated). If you know the primary source, please contact Webmaster.
Science quotes on:  |  Advance (97)  |  Book (150)  |  Condense (6)  |  Knowledge (1017)  |  Little (64)  |  Philosopher (112)  |  Possible (46)

We academic scientists move within a certain sphere, we can go on being useless up to a point, in the confidence that sooner or later some use will be found for our studies. The mathematician, of course, prides himself on being totally useless, but usually turns out to be the most useful of the lot. He finds the solution but he is not interested in what the problem is: sooner or later, someone will find the problem to which his solution is the answer.
'Concluding Remarks', Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A, A Discussion of New Materials, 1964, 282, 152-3.
Science quotes on:  |  Problem (297)  |  Scientist (371)

We have already considered with disfavour the possibility of the universe having been planned by a biologist or an engineer; from the intrinsic evidence of his creation, the Great Architect of the Universe now begins to appear as a pure mathematician.
The Mysterious Universe (1930), 134.
Science quotes on:  |  Creation (193)  |  God (321)  |  Origin Of The Universe (13)

We have no knowledge, that is, no general principles drawn from the contemplation of particular facts, but what has been built up by pleasure, and exists in us by pleasure alone. The Man of Science, the Chemist and Mathematician, whatever difficulties and disgusts they may have had to struggle with, know and feel this. However painful may be the objects with which the Anatomist's knowledge is connected, he feels that his knowledge is pleasure; and where he has no pleasure he has no knowledge.
In Lyrical Ballads: With Pastoral and Other Poems (3rd Ed., 1802), Vol. 1, Preface, xxxiv.
Science quotes on:  |  Anatomist (14)  |  Chemist (76)  |  Connection (76)  |  Contemplation (32)  |  Difficulty (106)  |  Disgust (5)  |  Fact (525)  |  General (65)  |  Knowledge (1017)  |  Man Of Science (25)  |  Pain (71)  |  Pleasure (90)  |  Principle (191)  |  Struggle (38)

We know that mathematicians care no more for logic than logicians for mathematics. The two eyes of science are mathematics and logic; the mathematical set puts out the logical eye, the logical set puts out the mathematical eye; each believing that it sees better with one eye than with two.
Note that De Morgan, himself, only had sight with only one eye.
Review of a book on geometry in the Athenaeum, 1868, Vol. 2, 71-73.
Science quotes on:  |  Logician (3)

What we do may be small, but it has a certain character of permanence and to have produced anything of the slightest permanent interest, whether it be a copy of verses or a geometrical theorem, is to have done something utterly beyond the powers of the vast majority of men.
From Inaugural Lecture, Oxford (1920). Recalled in A Mathematician’s Apology (1940, 1967), 76.
Science quotes on:  |  Beyond (36)  |  Certain (39)  |  Character (68)  |  Geometry (92)  |  Interest (141)  |  Majority (22)  |  Permanence (15)  |  Power (214)  |  Production (89)  |  Small (65)  |  Theorem (44)  |  Utterly (11)  |  Vast (43)  |  Verse (7)

What's the best part of being a mathematician? I'm not a religious man, but it's almost like being in touch with God when you're thinking about mathematics. God is keeping secrets from us, and it's fun to try to learn some of the secrets.
From interview with Donald J. Albers. In John H. Ewing and Frederick W. Gehring, Paul Halmos Celebrating 50 Years of Mathematics (1991), 21.
Science quotes on:  |  God (321)  |  Learn (93)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Secret (83)

When it was first proposed to establish laboratories at Cambridge, Todhunter, the mathematician, objected that it was unnecessary for students to see experiments performed, since the results could be vouched for by their teachers, all of them of the highest character, and many of them clergymen of the Church of England.
In The Scientific Outlook (1931, 2009), 49.
Science quotes on:  |  Character (68)  |  Clergyman (4)  |  Establishment (24)  |  Experiment (505)  |  Laboratory (113)  |  Objection (13)  |  Performance (22)  |  Proposition (44)  |  Result (211)  |  Teacher (79)  |  Isaac Todhunter (2)  |  Unnecessary (8)

When the mathematician says that such and such a proposition is true of one thing, it may be interesting, and it is surely safe. But when he tries to extend his proposition to everything, though it is much more interesting, it is also much more dangerous. In the transition from one to all, from the specific to the general, mathematics has made its greatest progress, and suffered its most serious setbacks, of which the logical paradoxes constitute the most important part. For, if mathematics is to advance securely and confidently, it must first set its affairs in order at home. [Coauthor with James R. Newman]
In Edward Kasner and James Newman, Mathematics and the Imagination (1940, 1949), 219.
Science quotes on:  |  Advance (97)  |  Confident (4)  |  Constitute (12)  |  Dangerous (31)  |  Extend (14)  |  General (65)  |  Greatest (48)  |  Important (85)  |  Interesting (38)  |  Logic (173)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Paradox (31)  |  Progress (291)  |  Proposition (44)  |  Safe (11)  |  Secure (8)  |  Serious (28)  |  Setback (2)  |  Specific (20)  |  Suffered (2)  |  Transition (11)  |  True (66)

When the world is mad, a mathematician may find in mathematics an incomparable anodyne. For mathematics is, of all the arts and sciences, the most austere and the most remote, and a mathematician should be of all men the one who can most easily take refuge where, as Bertrand Russell says, “one at least of our nobler impulses can best escape from the dreary exile of the actual world.”
In A Mathematician's Apology (1940, 2012), 43.
Science quotes on:  |  Actual (23)  |  Best (94)  |  Dreary (3)  |  Ease (25)  |  Escape (24)  |  Exile (3)  |  Find (143)  |  Impulse (20)  |  Incomparable (6)  |  Least (14)  |  Madness (25)  |  Mathematics (540)  |  Nobler (3)  |  Refuge (8)  |  Remote (21)  |  Bertrand Russell (102)  |  Science And Art (154)  |  World (499)

While the Mathematician is busy with deductions from general propositions, the Biologist is more especially occupied with observation, comparison, and those processes which lead to general propositions.
In 'On the Educational Value of the Natural History Sciences', Science and Education: Essays (1894), 57.
Science quotes on:  |  Biologist (24)  |  Comparison (46)  |  Deduction (48)  |  General (65)  |  Observation (390)  |  Process (171)  |  Proposition (44)  |  Science And Mathematics (8)

[Eratosthenes] ... is a mathematician among geographers, and yet a geographer among mathematicians; and consequently on both sides he offers his opponents occasions for contradiction.
H. L. Jones (ed.), The Geography of Strabo (1917), Vol. 1, 359-61.
Science quotes on:  |  Geographer (3)

[I was advised] to read Jordan's 'Cours d'analyse'; and I shall never forget the astonishment with which I read that remarkable work, the first inspiration for so many mathematicians of my generation, and learnt for the first time as I read it what mathematics really meant.
In A Mathematician’s Apology (1940, reprint with Foreward by C.P. Snow 1992), 23.

[My favourite fellow of the Royal Society is the Reverend Thomas Bayes, an obscure 18th-century Kent clergyman and a brilliant mathematician who] devised a complex equation known as the Bayes theorem, which can be used to work out probability distributions. It had no practical application in his lifetime, but today, thanks to computers, is routinely used in the modelling of climate change, astrophysics and stock-market analysis.
Quoted in Max Davidson, 'Bill Bryson: Have faith, science can solve our problems', Daily Telegraph (26 Sep 2010)
Science quotes on:  |  Analysis (118)  |  Application (104)  |  Astrophysics (12)  |  Climate Change (56)  |  Computer (67)  |  Equation (66)  |  Model (58)  |  Practicality (6)  |  Probability (77)  |  Routine (7)  |  Royal Society (8)  |  Theorem (44)

[The mathematician's] subject is the most curious of all—there is none in which truth plays such odd pranks. It has the most elaborate and the most fascinating technique, and gives unrivaled openings for the display of sheer professional skill.
In A Mathematician’s Apology (1940, 1967), 80.
Science quotes on:  |  Curious (17)  |  Display (18)  |  Elaborate (10)  |  Fascination (24)  |  Odd (6)  |  Professional (19)  |  Sheer (4)  |  Skill (44)  |  Subject (106)  |  Technique (30)  |  Truth (665)

…nature seems very conversant with the rules of pure mathematics, as our own mathematicians have formulated them in their studies, out of their own inner consciousness and without drawing to any appreciable extent on their experience of the outer world.
In The Mysterious Universe (1930), 113.
Science quotes on:  |  Consciousness (56)  |  Conversant (4)  |  Experience (213)  |  Inner (13)  |  Nature (862)  |  Outer (4)  |  Pure Mathematics (26)  |  Rule (113)  |  Study (298)  |  World (499)

Carl Sagan Thumbnail In science it often happens that scientists say, 'You know that's a really good argument; my position is mistaken,' and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again. They really do it. It doesn't happen as often as it should, because scientists are human and change is sometimes painful. But it happens every day. I cannot recall the last time something like that happened in politics or religion. (1987) -- Carl Sagan
Quotations by:Albert EinsteinIsaac NewtonLord KelvinCharles DarwinSrinivasa RamanujanCarl SaganFlorence NightingaleThomas EdisonAristotleMarie CurieBenjamin FranklinWinston ChurchillGalileo GalileiSigmund FreudRobert BunsenLouis PasteurTheodore RooseveltAbraham LincolnRonald ReaganLeonardo DaVinciMichio KakuKarl PopperJohann GoetheRobert OppenheimerCharles Kettering  ... (more people)

Quotations about:Atomic  BombBiologyChemistryDeforestationEngineeringAnatomyAstronomyBacteriaBiochemistryBotanyConservationDinosaurEnvironmentFractalGeneticsGeologyHistory of ScienceInventionJupiterKnowledgeLoveMathematicsMeasurementMedicineNatural ResourceOrganic ChemistryPhysicsPhysicianQuantum TheoryResearchScience and ArtTeacherTechnologyUniverseVolcanoVirusWind PowerWomen ScientistsX-RaysYouthZoology  ... (more topics)
Sitewide search within all Today In Science History pages:
Custom Quotations Search - custom search within only our quotations pages:
Visit our Science and Scientist Quotations index for more Science Quotes from archaeologists, biologists, chemists, geologists, inventors and inventions, mathematicians, physicists, pioneers in medicine, science events and technology.

Names index: | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

Categories index: | 1 | 2 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

who invites your feedback

- 100 -
Sophie Germain
Gertrude Elion
Ernest Rutherford
James Chadwick
Marcel Proust
William Harvey
Johann Goethe
John Keynes
Carl Gauss
Paul Feyerabend
- 90 -
Antoine Lavoisier
Lise Meitner
Charles Babbage
Ibn Khaldun
Ralph Emerson
Robert Bunsen
Frederick Banting
Andre Ampere
Winston Churchill
- 80 -
John Locke
Bronislaw Malinowski
Thomas Huxley
Alessandro Volta
Erwin Schrodinger
Wilhelm Roentgen
Louis Pasteur
Bertrand Russell
Jean Lamarck
- 70 -
Samuel Morse
John Wheeler
Nicolaus Copernicus
Robert Fulton
Pierre Laplace
Humphry Davy
Thomas Edison
Lord Kelvin
Theodore Roosevelt
Carolus Linnaeus
- 60 -
Francis Galton
Linus Pauling
Immanuel Kant
Martin Fischer
Robert Boyle
Karl Popper
Paul Dirac
James Watson
William Shakespeare
- 50 -
Stephen Hawking
Niels Bohr
Nikola Tesla
Rachel Carson
Max Planck
Henry Adams
Richard Dawkins
Werner Heisenberg
Alfred Wegener
John Dalton
- 40 -
Pierre Fermat
Edward Wilson
Johannes Kepler
Gustave Eiffel
Giordano Bruno
JJ Thomson
Thomas Kuhn
Leonardo DaVinci
David Hume
- 30 -
Andreas Vesalius
Rudolf Virchow
Richard Feynman
James Hutton
Alexander Fleming
Emile Durkheim
Benjamin Franklin
Robert Oppenheimer
Robert Hooke
Charles Kettering
- 20 -
Carl Sagan
James Maxwell
Marie Curie
Rene Descartes
Francis Crick
Michael Faraday
Srinivasa Ramanujan
Francis Bacon
Galileo Galilei
- 10 -
John Watson
Rosalind Franklin
Michio Kaku
Isaac Asimov
Charles Darwin
Sigmund Freud
Albert Einstein
Florence Nightingale
Isaac Newton

Thank you for sharing.
Today in Science History
Sign up for Newsletter
with quiz, quotes and more.