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Home > Category Index for Science Quotations > Category Index P > Category: Psychological

Psychological Quotes (10 quotes)

I can understand your aversion to the use of the term ‘religion’ to describe an emotional and psychological attitude which shows itself most clearly in Spinoza ... I have not found a better expression than ‘religious’ for the trust in the rational nature of reality that is, at least to a certain extent, accessible to human reason.
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If one is physically disabled, one cannot afford to be psychologically disabled as well.
In 'Handicapped People and Science', Science Digest (Sep 1984), 92, No. 9, 92.
Science quotes on:  |  Physical (94)

In human beings pure masculinity or femininity is not to be found either in a psychological or biological sense.
Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905), In James Strachey (ed.), The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud (1953), Vol. 7, 220, fn 1.
Science quotes on:  |  Biological (21)  |  Feminine (3)  |  Human Being (54)  |  Masculine (3)  |  Pure (62)  |  Sexuality (11)

Intelligence is important in psychology for two reasons. First, it is one of the most scientifically developed corners of the subject, giving the student as complete a view as is possible anywhere of the way scientific method can be applied to psychological problems. Secondly, it is of immense practical importance, educationally, socially, and in regard to physiology and genetics.
From Intelligence: Its Structure, Growth and Action: Its Structure, Growth and Action (1987), 1.
Science quotes on:  |  Applied (15)  |  Corner (24)  |  Developed (8)  |  Genetics (98)  |  Immense (28)  |  Importance (183)  |  Important (124)  |  Intelligence (138)  |  Method (154)  |  Physiology (66)  |  Possible (100)  |  Practical (93)  |  Problem (362)  |  Psychology (125)  |  Reason (330)  |  Scientific (169)  |  Socially (2)  |  Subject (129)  |  View (115)

Nature is objective, and nature is knowable, but we can only view her through a glass darkly–and many clouds upon our vision are of our own making: social and cultural biases, psychological preferences, and mental limitations (in universal modes of thought, not just individualized stupidity).
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Science quotes on:  |  Bias (15)  |  Cloud (44)  |  Cultural (16)  |  Darkly (2)  |  Glass (35)  |  Limitation (20)  |  Mental (57)  |  Mode (29)  |  Nature (1029)  |  Objective (49)  |  Preference (18)  |  Social (93)  |  Stupidity (27)  |  Thought (374)  |  Universal (70)  |  View (115)  |  Vision (55)

Never look for a psychological explanation unless every effort to find a cultural one has been exhausted.
Final summary statement of his lectures on psychological aspects of culture. As quoted by Margaret Mead (who was a student of Benedict), in Ruth Benedict, 'Search: 1920-1930', An Anthropologist at Work (1959, 2011), 16. Mead explains: “‘Psychological’ referred to the innate, generic characteristics of the mind; ‘cultural’ referred to the behavior learned as a member of a given society.”
Science quotes on:  |  Cultural (16)  |  Effort (94)  |  Exhaust (12)  |  Explanation (161)  |  Find (248)

Psychologism is, I believe, correct only in so far as it insists upon what may be called 'methodological individualism' as opposed to 'methodological collectivism'; it rightly insists that the 'behaviour' and the 'actions' of collectives, such as states or social groups, must be reduced to the behaviour and to the actions of human individuals. But the belief that the choice of such an individualist method implies the choice of a psychological method is mistaken.
The Open Society and Its Enemies (1945), Vol. 22, 87.
Science quotes on:  |  Action (151)  |  Behaviour (24)  |  Belief (400)  |  Choice (64)  |  Collective (16)  |  Collectivism (2)  |  Correctness (11)  |  Group (52)  |  Human (445)  |  Implication (14)  |  Individual (177)  |  Individualism (2)  |  Insistence (9)  |  Method (154)  |  Methodology (8)  |  Mistake (107)  |  Opposite (39)  |  Society (188)  |  State (96)

The increase of disorder or entropy with time is one example of what is called an arrow of time something that gives a direction to time and distinguishes the past from the future. There are at least three different directions of time. First, there is the thermodynamic arrow of time—the direction of time in which disorder or entropy increases. Second, there is the psychological arrow of time. This is the direction in which we feel time passes—the direction of time in which we remember the past, but not the future. Third, there is the cosmological arrow of time. This is the direction of time in which the universe is expanding rather than contracting.
In 'The Direction of Time', New Scientist (9 Jul 1987), 46.
Science quotes on:  |  Contract (8)  |  Cosmological (4)  |  Different (110)  |  Direction (56)  |  Disorder (19)  |  Distinguish (32)  |  Entropy (40)  |  Expand (14)  |  Feel (93)  |  Future (229)  |  Past (109)  |  Remember (53)  |  Thermodynamics (27)  |  Time (439)  |  Universe (563)

The most important effect of the suffrage is psychological. The permanent consciousness of power for effective action, the knowledge that their own thoughts have an equal chance with those of any other person … this is what has always rendered the men of a free state so energetic, so acutely intelligent, so powerful.
In “Common Sense” Applied to Woman Suffrage (1894), 180.
Science quotes on:  |  Action (151)  |  Chance (122)  |  Consciousness (71)  |  Effect (133)  |  Effective (20)  |  Energetic (5)  |  Equal (53)  |  Important (124)  |  Intelligent (35)  |  Knowledge (1128)  |  Permanent (18)  |  Power (273)  |  Powerful (51)  |  Suffrage (4)  |  Thought (374)

“If there are two theories, one simpler man the other, the simpler one is to be preferred.” At first sight this does not seem quite so bad, but a little thought shows that our tendency to prefer the simpler possibility is psychological rather than scientific. It is less trouble to think that way. Experience invariably shows that the more correct a theory becomes, the more complex does it seem. … So this … interpretation of [Ockham’s Razor] is … worthless.
With co-author Nalin Chandra Wickramasinghe, Evolution from Space (1981), 135.
Science quotes on:  |  Complexity (80)  |  Correct (53)  |  Experience (268)  |  Interpretation (61)  |  Ockham’s Razor (2)  |  Possibility (96)  |  Prefer (18)  |  Scientific (169)  |  Simple (111)  |  Tendency (40)  |  Theory (582)  |  Thought (374)  |  Trouble (55)


Carl Sagan Thumbnail In science it often happens that scientists say, 'You know that's a really good argument; my position is mistaken,' and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again. They really do it. It doesn't happen as often as it should, because scientists are human and change is sometimes painful. But it happens every day. I cannot recall the last time something like that happened in politics or religion. (1987) -- Carl Sagan
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- 100 -
Sophie Germain
Gertrude Elion
Ernest Rutherford
James Chadwick
Marcel Proust
William Harvey
Johann Goethe
John Keynes
Carl Gauss
Paul Feyerabend
- 90 -
Antoine Lavoisier
Lise Meitner
Charles Babbage
Ibn Khaldun
Euclid
Ralph Emerson
Robert Bunsen
Frederick Banting
Andre Ampere
Winston Churchill
- 80 -
John Locke
Bronislaw Malinowski
Bible
Thomas Huxley
Alessandro Volta
Erwin Schrodinger
Wilhelm Roentgen
Louis Pasteur
Bertrand Russell
Jean Lamarck
- 70 -
Samuel Morse
John Wheeler
Nicolaus Copernicus
Robert Fulton
Pierre Laplace
Humphry Davy
Thomas Edison
Lord Kelvin
Theodore Roosevelt
Carolus Linnaeus
- 60 -
Francis Galton
Linus Pauling
Immanuel Kant
Martin Fischer
Robert Boyle
Karl Popper
Paul Dirac
Avicenna
James Watson
William Shakespeare
- 50 -
Stephen Hawking
Niels Bohr
Nikola Tesla
Rachel Carson
Max Planck
Henry Adams
Richard Dawkins
Werner Heisenberg
Alfred Wegener
John Dalton
- 40 -
Pierre Fermat
Edward Wilson
Johannes Kepler
Gustave Eiffel
Giordano Bruno
JJ Thomson
Thomas Kuhn
Leonardo DaVinci
Archimedes
David Hume
- 30 -
Andreas Vesalius
Rudolf Virchow
Richard Feynman
James Hutton
Alexander Fleming
Emile Durkheim
Benjamin Franklin
Robert Oppenheimer
Robert Hooke
Charles Kettering
- 20 -
Carl Sagan
James Maxwell
Marie Curie
Rene Descartes
Francis Crick
Hippocrates
Michael Faraday
Srinivasa Ramanujan
Francis Bacon
Galileo Galilei
- 10 -
Aristotle
John Watson
Rosalind Franklin
Michio Kaku
Isaac Asimov
Charles Darwin
Sigmund Freud
Albert Einstein
Florence Nightingale
Isaac Newton



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