Celebrating 18 Years on the Web
TODAY IN SCIENCE HISTORY™
Find science on or your birthday

Today in Science History - Quickie Quiz
Who said: “Genius is two percent inspiration, ninety-eight percent perspiration.”
more quiz questions >>
Home > Category Index for Science Quotations > Category Index I > Category: Individual

Individual Quotes (177 quotes)

Πάντα ῥεῖ : all things are in flux. It is inevitable that you are indebted to the past. You are fed and formed by it. The old forest is decomposed for the composition of the new forest. The old animals have given their bodies to the earth to furnish through chemistry the forming race, and every individual is only a momentary fixation of what was yesterday another’s, is today his and will belong to a third to-morrow. So it is in thought.
In Lecture, second in a series given at Freeman Place Chapel, Boston (Mar 1859), 'Quotation and Originality', collected in Letters and Social Aims (1875, 1917), 200. The Greek expression, “panta rei” is a quote from Heraclitus.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (309)  |  Body (193)  |  Chemistry (239)  |  Composition (52)  |  Debt (7)  |  Decompose (5)  |  Earth (487)  |  Feed (22)  |  Fixation (2)  |  Flux (8)  |  Forest (88)  |  Form (210)  |  Furnish (18)  |  Inevitable (17)  |  Momentary (2)  |  New (340)  |  Old (104)  |  Past (109)  |  Race (76)  |  Thought (374)  |  Today (86)  |  Tomorrow (29)  |  Yesterday (14)

Judicial astrology, pretended to foretell the fates of nations and individuals. …Astrologer, One who pretends to foretell events, etc.
In Noah Webster, Noah Porter (supervising ed.) and Dorsey Gardner (ed.), Webster's Condensed Dictionary: A Condensed Dictionary of the English Language (1884, 1887), 32.
Science quotes on:  |  Astrologer (6)  |  Astrology (35)  |  Event (97)  |  Fate (38)  |  Foretell (5)  |  Nation (111)  |  Pretend (14)

Les Leucocytes Et L'esprit De Sacrifice. — Il semble, d'après les recherches de De Bruyne (Phagocytose, 1895) et de ceux qui le citent, que les leucocytes des Lamellibranches — probablement lorsqu'ils ont phagocyté, qu'ils se sont chargés de résidus et de déchets, qu'ils ont, en un mot, accompli leur rôle et bien fait leur devoir — sortent du corps de l'animal et vont mourir dans le milieu ambiant. Ils se sacrifient. Après avoir si bien servi l'organisme par leur activité, ils le servent encore par leur mort en faisant place aux cellules nouvelles, plus jeunes.
N'est-ce pas la parfaite image du désintéressement le plus noble, et n'y a-t-il point là un exemple et un modèle? Il faut s'en inspirer: comme eux, nous sommes les unités d'un grand corps social; comme eux, nous pouvons le servir et envisager la mort avec sérénité, en subordonnant notre conscience individuelle à la conscience collective.
(30 Jan 1896)
Leukocytes and The Spirit Of Sacrifice. - It seems, according to research by De Bruyne (Phagocytosis, 1885) and those who quote it, that leukocytes of Lamellibranches [bivalves] - likely when they have phagocytized [ingested bacteria], as they become residues and waste, they have, in short, performed their role well and done their duty - leave the body of the animal and will die in the environment. They sacrifice themselves. Having so well served the body by their activities, they still serve in their death by making room for new younger cells.
Isn't this the perfect image of the noblest selflessness, and thereby presents an example and a model? It should be inspiring: like them, we are the units of a great social body, like them, we can serve and contemplate death with equanimity, subordinating our individual consciousness to collective consciousness.
In Recueil d'Œuvres de Léo Errera: Botanique Générale (1908), 194. Google translation by Webmaster. Please give feedback if you can improve it.
Science quotes on:  |  Activity (97)  |  Animal (309)  |  Body (193)  |  Cell (125)  |  Collective (16)  |  Consciousness (71)  |  Contemplation (37)  |  Death (270)  |  Duty (51)  |  Equanimity (2)  |  Example (57)  |  Image (38)  |  Inspiration (50)  |  Leaving (10)  |  Leukocyte (2)  |  Model (64)  |  New (340)  |  Perfection (71)  |  Performance (27)  |  Research (517)  |  Residue (6)  |  Role (35)  |  Sacrifice (24)  |  Service (54)  |  Society (188)  |  Spirit (113)  |  Subordination (3)  |  Waste (57)  |  Younger (3)

A crystal is like a class of children arranged for drill, but standing at ease, so that while the class as a whole has regularity both in time and space, each individual child is a little fidgety!
In Crystals and X-Rays (1948), 22.
Science quotes on:  |  Arrangement (45)  |  Child (189)  |  Class (64)  |  Crystal (47)  |  Drill (6)  |  Ease (29)  |  Regularity (24)  |  Standing (11)  |  Time And Space (30)  |  Whole (122)

A fateful process is set in motion when the individual is released “to the freedom of his own impotence” and left to justify his existence by his own efforts. The autonomous individual, striving to realize himself and prove his worth, has created all that is great in literature, art, music, science and technology. The autonomous individual, also, when he can neither realize himself nor justify his existence by his own efforts, is a breeding call of frustration, and the seed of the convulsions which shake our world to its foundations.
In The Passionate State of Mind (1955), 18.
Science quotes on:  |  Art (205)  |  Autonomous (3)  |  Breed (18)  |  Call (68)  |  Convulsion (5)  |  Create (98)  |  Effort (94)  |  Existence (254)  |  Foundation (75)  |  Freedom (76)  |  Frustration (9)  |  Great (300)  |  Impotence (6)  |  Justify (19)  |  Leave (63)  |  Literature (64)  |  Motion (127)  |  Music (66)  |  Process (201)  |  Prove (60)  |  Realize (43)  |  Release (15)  |  Science And Technology (20)  |  Seed (52)  |  Set (56)  |  Shake (19)  |  Strive (35)  |  World (667)  |  Worth (74)

A good theoretical physicist today might find it useful to have a wide range of physical viewpoints and mathematical expressions of the same theory (for example, of quantum electrodynamics) available to him. This may be asking too much of one man. Then new students should as a class have this. If every individual student follows the same current fashion in expressing and thinking about electrodynamics or field theory, then the variety of hypotheses being generated to understand strong interactions, say, is limited. Perhaps rightly so, for possibly the chance is high that the truth lies in the fashionable direction. But, on the off-chance that it is in another direction—a direction obvious from an unfashionable view of field theory—who will find it?
In his Nobel Prize Lecture (11 Dec 1965), 'The Development of the Space-Time View of Quantum Electrodynamics'. Collected in Stig Lundqvist, Nobel Lectures: Physics, 1963-1970 (1998), 177.
Science quotes on:  |  Chance (122)  |  Class (64)  |  Current (43)  |  Direction (56)  |  Expression (82)  |  Fashionable (6)  |  Field (119)  |  Generate (11)  |  Hypothesis (227)  |  Limit (86)  |  Mathematics (587)  |  Obvious (54)  |  Quantum Electrodynamics (3)  |  Range (38)  |  Theoretical Physicist (12)  |  Theory (582)  |  Think (205)  |  Truth (750)  |  Understand (189)  |  Variety (53)  |  View (115)  |  Viewpoint (6)

A political law or a scientific truth may be perilous to the morals or the faith of individuals; but it cannot on this ground be resisted by the Church. … A discovery may be made in science which will shake the faith of thousands; yet religion cannot regret it or object to it. The difference in this respect between a true and a false religion is, that one judges all things by the standard of their truth, the other by the touchstone of its own interests. A false religion fears the progress of all truth; a true religion seeks and recognises truth wherever it can be found.
From 'Cardinal Wiseman and the Home and Foreign Review' (1862), collected in John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton Baron Acton, John Neville Figgis (ed.) and Reginald Vere Laurence (ed.), The History of Freedom and Other Essays (1907), 449-450. The Darwinian controversy was at its height when this was written.
Science quotes on:  |  Church (30)  |  Discovery (591)  |  Faith (131)  |  False (79)  |  Fear (113)  |  Ground (63)  |  Interest (170)  |  Judge (43)  |  Law (418)  |  Moral (100)  |  Object (110)  |  Peril (6)  |  Politics (77)  |  Progress (317)  |  Recognition (62)  |  Regret (16)  |  Resistance (23)  |  Science And Religion (267)  |  Seek (57)  |  Shake (19)  |  Standard (41)  |  Thousand (106)  |  Touchstone (3)  |  Truth (750)

A schoolteacher or professor cannot educate individuals, he educates only species. A thought that deserves taking to heart.
Aphorism 5 in Notebook J (1789-1793), as translated by R. J. Hollingdale in Aphorisms (1990). Reprinted as The Waste Books (2000), 129.
Science quotes on:  |  Deserving (4)  |  Education (280)  |  Professor (39)  |  Species (181)  |  Teacher (90)  |  Thought (374)

A scientist can be productive in various ways. One is having the ability to plan and carry out experiments, but the other is having the ability to formulate new ideas, which can be about what experiments can be carried out … by making [the] proper calculations. Individual scientists who are successful in their work are successful for different reasons.
Interview with George B. Kauffman and Laurie M. Kauffman, in 'Linus Pauling: Reflections', American Scientist (Nov-Dec 1994), 82, No. 6, 522.
Science quotes on:  |  Ability (75)  |  Calculation (67)  |  Different (110)  |  Experiment (543)  |  Formulate (10)  |  Idea (440)  |  New (340)  |  Plan (69)  |  Productive (10)  |  Reason (330)  |  Research (517)  |  Scientist (447)  |  Success (202)  |  Various (25)  |  Work (457)

A society made up of individuals who were capable of original thought would probably be unendurable. The pressure of ideas would simply drive it frantic.
Minority Report (1956, 2006 reprint), 10.
Science quotes on:  |  Capability (35)  |  Idea (440)  |  Original (36)  |  Society (188)  |  Thought (374)  |  Unendurable (2)

Across the road from my cabin was a huge clear-cut—hundreds of acres of massive spruce stumps interspersed with tiny Douglas firs—products of what they call “Reforestation,” which I guess makes the spindly firs en masse a “Reforest,” which makes an individual spindly fir a “Refir,” which means you could say that Weyerhauser, who owns the joint, has Refir Madness, since they think that sawing down 200-foot-tall spruces and replacing them with puling 2-foot Refirs is no different from farming beans or corn or alfalfa. They even call the towering spires they wipe from the Earth's face forever a “crop”--as if they'd planted the virgin forest! But I'm just a fisherman and may be missing some deeper significance in their nomenclature and stranger treatment of primordial trees.
In David James Duncan, The River Why (1983), 71.
Science quotes on:  |  Acre (7)  |  Bean (3)  |  Cabin (3)  |  Call (68)  |  Clear-Cut (7)  |  Corn (10)  |  Crop (16)  |  Deeper (3)  |  Difference (208)  |  Douglas Fir (2)  |  Earth (487)  |  Face (69)  |  Farming (7)  |  Fisherman (4)  |  Forever (42)  |  Hundred (46)  |  Madness (26)  |  Massive (2)  |  Miss (16)  |  Nomenclature (129)  |  Plant (173)  |  Primordial (7)  |  Product (72)  |  Reforestation (3)  |  Replacement (8)  |  Road (47)  |  Significance (60)  |  Spire (4)  |  Stranger (9)  |  Stump (2)  |  Thinking (222)  |  Tiny (25)  |  Towering (4)  |  Treatment (88)  |  Tree (143)

All our knowledge has been built communally; there would be no astrophysics, there would be no history, there would not even be language, if man were a solitary animal. What follows? It follows that we must be able to rely on other people; we must be able to trust their word. That is, it follows that there is a principle, which binds society together because without it the individual would be helpless to tell the truth from the false. This principle is truthfulness.
In Lecture at M.I.T. (19 Mar 1953), collected in 'The Sense of Human Dignity', Science and Human Values (1956, 1990), 57.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (309)  |  Astrophysics (12)  |  Bind (18)  |  Build (80)  |  Communal (7)  |  False (79)  |  Helpless (6)  |  History (302)  |  Knowledge (1128)  |  Language (155)  |  Person (114)  |  Principle (228)  |  Rely (6)  |  Society (188)  |  Solitary (13)  |  Trust (40)  |  Truth (750)

All that is valuable in human society depends upon the opportunity for development accorded the individual.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Accord (21)  |  Depend (56)  |  Development (228)  |  Human Society (6)  |  Opportunity (43)  |  Value (180)

All the events which occur upon the earth result from Law: even those actions which are entirely dependent on the caprices of the memory, or the impulse of the passions, are shown by statistics to be, when taken in the gross, entirely independent of the human will. As a single atom, man is an enigma; as a whole, he is a mathematical problem. As an individual, he is a free agent; as a species, the offspring of necessity.
In The Martyrdom of Man (1876), 185-186.
Science quotes on:  |  Action (151)  |  Agent (27)  |  Atom (251)  |  Caprice (2)  |  Dependent (14)  |  Enigma (5)  |  Entirely (23)  |  Event (97)  |  Free (59)  |  Gross (5)  |  Human (445)  |  Impulse (24)  |  Independent (41)  |  Law (418)  |  Mathematics (587)  |  Memory (81)  |  Necessity (125)  |  Offspring (15)  |  Passion (54)  |  Problem (362)  |  Single (72)  |  Species (181)  |  Statistics (125)  |  Whole (122)

An individual can’t be judged by his group mean.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Group (52)  |  Judge (43)  |  Mean (63)

Anthropologists are highly individual and specialized people. Each of them is marked by the kind of work he or she prefers and has done, which in time becomes an aspect of that individual’s personality.
In Margaret Mead and Rhoda Bubendey Métraux (ed.), Margaret Mead, Some Personal Views (1979), 258.
Science quotes on:  |  Anthropologist (5)  |  Aspect (37)  |  Personality (40)  |  Specialized (4)

Any artist or novelist would understand—some of us do not produce their best when directed. We expect the artist, the novelist and the composer to lead solitary lives, often working at home. While a few of these creative individuals exist in institutions or universities, the idea of a majority of established novelists or painters working at the “National Institute for Painting and Fine Art” or a university “Department of Creative Composition” seems mildly amusing. By contrast, alarm greets the idea of a creative scientist working at home. A lone scientist is as unusual as a solitary termite and regarded as irresponsible or worse.
Homage to Gala: The Life of an Independent Scholar (2000), 2.
Science quotes on:  |  Artist (46)  |  Autobiography (55)  |  Creativity (66)  |  Institution (32)  |  Irresponsible (3)  |  Novelist (4)  |  Solitary (13)  |  Termite (5)  |  University (51)

As man advances in civilisation, and small tribes are united into larger communities, the simplest reason would tell each individual that he ought to extend his social instincts and sympathies to all the members of the same nation, though personally unknown to him. This point being once reached, there is only an artificial barrier to prevent his sympathies extending to the men of all nations and races.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Advance (123)  |  Artificial (26)  |  Barrier (19)  |  Civilisation (18)  |  Community (65)  |  Extend (20)  |  Instinct (50)  |  Large (82)  |  Member (27)  |  Nation (111)  |  Personally (4)  |  Point (72)  |  Prevent (27)  |  Race (76)  |  Reach (68)  |  Reason (330)  |  Same (92)  |  Simple (111)  |  Small (97)  |  Social (93)  |  Sympathy (15)  |  Tell (67)  |  Tribe (10)  |  United (8)  |  Unknown (87)

As regards religion, on the other hand, one is generally agreed that it deals with goals and evaluations and, in general, with the emotional foundation of human thinking and acting, as far as these are not predetermined by the inalterable hereditary disposition of the human species. Religion is concerned with man’s attitude toward nature at large, with the establishing of ideals for the individual and communal life, and with mutual human relationship. These ideals religion attempts to attain by exerting an educational influence on tradition and through the development and promulgation of certain easily accessible thoughts and narratives (epics and myths) which are apt to influence evaluation and action along the lines of the accepted ideals.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Accept (37)  |  Accessible (11)  |  Act (80)  |  Action (151)  |  Agree (19)  |  Apt (7)  |  Attain (21)  |  Attempt (94)  |  Attitude (47)  |  Certain (84)  |  Communal (7)  |  Concern (76)  |  Deal (25)  |  Development (228)  |  Disposition (14)  |  Easily (16)  |  Educational (6)  |  Emotional (13)  |  Epic (5)  |  Establish (30)  |  Evaluation (5)  |  Exert (9)  |  Far (77)  |  Foundation (75)  |  General (92)  |  Generally (9)  |  Goal (81)  |  Hereditary (6)  |  Human (445)  |  Human Species (6)  |  Ideal (52)  |  Influence (110)  |  Large (82)  |  Life (917)  |  Line (44)  |  Mutual (22)  |  Myth (43)  |  Narrative (6)  |  Nature (1029)  |  On The Other Hand (16)  |  Predetermined (3)  |  Promulgation (3)  |  Regard (58)  |  Religion (210)  |  Think (205)  |  Thought (374)  |  Toward (29)  |  Tradition (43)

Biologically the species is the accumulation of the experiments of all its successful individuals since the beginning.
repr. In The Works of H.G. Wells, vol. 9 (1925). A Modern Utopia, ch. 3, sect. 4 (1905).
Science quotes on:  |  Accumulation (29)  |  Begin (52)  |  Biologically (3)  |  Experiment (543)  |  Species (181)  |  Successful (20)

But ... the working scientist ... is not consciously following any prescribed course of action, but feels complete freedom to utilize any method or device whatever which in the particular situation before him seems likely to yield the correct answer. ... No one standing on the outside can predict what the individual scientist will do or what method he will follow.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Action (151)  |  Answer (201)  |  Complete (43)  |  Consciously (4)  |  Correct (53)  |  Course (57)  |  Device (24)  |  Feel (93)  |  Follow (66)  |  Freedom (76)  |  Likely (23)  |  Method (154)  |  Outside (37)  |  Particular (54)  |  Predict (12)  |  Prescribe (6)  |  Scientist (447)  |  Seem (89)  |  Situation (41)  |  Stand (60)  |  Utilize (6)  |  Work (457)  |  Yield (23)

Chromosomes … [contain] some kind of code-script the entire pattern of the individual’s future development and of its functioning in the mature state. Every complete set of chromosomes contains the full code.
In What is Life? : The Physical Aspect of the Living Cell (1944), 20.
Science quotes on:  |  Chromosome (17)  |  Code (12)  |  Complete (43)  |  Contain (37)  |  Development (228)  |  Function (90)  |  Future (229)  |  Mature (7)  |  Pattern (56)  |  Script (2)  |  Set (56)

Collective unity is not the result of the brotherly love of the faithful for each other. The loyalty of the true believer is to the whole—the church, party, nation—and not to his fellow true believer. True loyalty between individuals is possible only in a loose and relatively free society.
In The True Believer (1951), 122
Science quotes on:  |  Believer (8)  |  Brotherly (2)  |  Church (30)  |  Collective (16)  |  Faithful (5)  |  Fellow (29)  |  Free (59)  |  Loose (11)  |  Love (164)  |  Loyalty (6)  |  Nation (111)  |  Party (16)  |  Possible (100)  |  Relatively (3)  |  Result (250)  |  Society (188)  |  True (120)  |  Unity (43)  |  Whole (122)

Common to all these types is the anthropomorphic character of their conception of God. In general, only individuals of exceptional endowments, and exceptionally high-minded communities, rise to any considerable extent above this level. But there is a third stage of religious experience which belongs to all of them, even though it is rarely found in a pure form: I shall call it cosmic religious feeling. It is very difficult to elucidate this feeling to anyone who is entirely without it, especially as there is no anthropomorphic conception of God corresponding to it.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Anthropomorphic (2)  |  Anyone (26)  |  Belong (33)  |  Call (68)  |  Character (82)  |  Common (92)  |  Community (65)  |  Conception (63)  |  Considerable (11)  |  Correspond (5)  |  Cosmic (34)  |  Difficult (62)  |  Endowment (7)  |  Entirely (23)  |  Especially (18)  |  Exceptional (6)  |  Exceptionally (3)  |  Experience (268)  |  Extent (30)  |  Feel (93)  |  Find (248)  |  Form (210)  |  General (92)  |  God (454)  |  Level (51)  |  Pure (62)  |  Rarely (9)  |  Religious (44)  |  Rise (51)  |  Stage (39)  |  Third (11)  |  Type (34)

Connected by innumerable ties with abstract science, Physiology is yet in the most intimate relation with humanity; and by teaching us that law and order, and a definite scheme of development, regulate even the strangest and wildest manifestations of individual life, she prepares the student to look for a goal even amidst the erratic wanderings of mankind, and to believe that history offers something more than an entertaining chaos—a journal of a toilsome, tragi-comic march nowither.
In 'Educational Value of Natural History Sciences', Lay Sermons, Addresses, and Reviews (1870), 97.
Science quotes on:  |  Abstract (43)  |  Belief (400)  |  Chaos (63)  |  Comic (3)  |  Development (228)  |  Entertaining (2)  |  Erratic (2)  |  Goal (81)  |  History (302)  |  Humanity (104)  |  Intimate (11)  |  Journal (13)  |  Law And Order (4)  |  Life (917)  |  Manifestation (30)  |  Mankind (196)  |  Physiology (66)  |  Prepare (19)  |  Science (1699)  |  Strange (61)  |  Student (131)  |  Teaching (99)  |  Toil (10)  |  Tragic (8)  |  Wild (39)

Contingency is rich and fascinating; it embodies an exquisite tension between the power of individuals to modify history and the intelligible limits set by laws of nature. The details of individual and species’s lives are not mere frills, without power to shape the large-scale course of events, but particulars that can alter entire futures, profoundly and forever.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Alter (19)  |  Contingency (11)  |  Course (57)  |  Detail (65)  |  Embody (13)  |  Entire (29)  |  Event (97)  |  Exquisite (12)  |  Fascinating (17)  |  Forever (42)  |  Future (229)  |  History (302)  |  Intelligible (10)  |  Law (418)  |  Limit (86)  |  Live (186)  |  Mere (41)  |  Modify (11)  |  Nature (1029)  |  Power (273)  |  Profoundly (11)  |  Rich (48)  |  Set (56)  |  Shape (52)  |  Tension (7)

Could Hamlet have been written by a committee, or the “Mona Lisa” painted by a club? Could the New Testament have been composed as a conference report? Creative ideas do not spring from groups. They spring from individuals. The divine spark leaps from the finger of God to the finger of Adam, whether it takes ultimate shape in a law of physics or a law of the land, a poem or a policy, a sonata or a mechanical computer.
Baccalaureate address (9 Jun 1957), Yale University. In In the University Tradition (1957), 156.
Science quotes on:  |  Adam (6)  |  Club (4)  |  Committee (8)  |  Composition (52)  |  Computer (84)  |  Conference (8)  |  Creativity (66)  |  Divinity (11)  |  Finger (38)  |  God (454)  |  Group (52)  |  Hamlet (3)  |  Idea (440)  |  Land (83)  |  Law (418)  |  Leap (23)  |  Mechanics (44)  |  New Testament (3)  |  Painting (24)  |  Physics (301)  |  Poem (85)  |  Poetry (96)  |  Report (31)  |  Shape (52)  |  Spark (18)  |  Spring (47)  |  Ultimate (61)  |  Writing (72)

Education enlarges the child’s survey of the world in which he lives. Education stimulates and develops a child’s individuality. Education should harmonize the individual will and the institutional will.
As quoted, without citation, in 'What Is Education?', The Journal of Education (28 Sep 1905), 62, No. 13, 354.
Science quotes on:  |  Child (189)  |  Develop (55)  |  Education (280)  |  Enlarge (15)  |  Harmonize (4)  |  Individuality (12)  |  Institution (32)  |  Life (917)  |  Stimulate (9)  |  Survey (14)  |  Will (29)  |  World (667)

Every complete set of chromosomes contains the full code; so there are, as a rule, two copies of the latter in the fertilized egg cell, which forms the earliest stage of the future individual. In calling the structure of the chromosome fibres a code-script we mean that the all-penetrating mind, once conceived by Laplace, to which every causal connection lay immediately open, could tell from their structure whether the egg would develop, under suitable conditions, into a black cock or into a speckled hen, into a fly or a maize plant, a rhododendron, a beetle, a mouse or a woman. To which we may add, that the appearances of the egg cells are very often remarkably similar; and even when they are not, as in the case of the comparatively gigantic eggs of birds and reptiles, the difference is not so much in the relevant structures as in the nutritive material which in these cases is added for obvious reasons.
But the term code-script is, of course, too narrow. The chromosome structures are at the same time instrumental in bringing about the development they foreshadow. They are law-code and executive power?or, to use another simile, they are architect's plan and builder’s craft-in one.
In What is Life? : The Physical Aspect of the Living Cell (1944), 20-21.
Science quotes on:  |  Appearance (77)  |  Architect (15)  |  Beetle (8)  |  Bird (96)  |  Builder (10)  |  Cause (231)  |  Cell (125)  |  Chromosome (17)  |  Cock (4)  |  Code (12)  |  Copy (13)  |  Development (228)  |  Egg (41)  |  Executive (3)  |  Fertilization (15)  |  Fly (65)  |  Foreshadow (3)  |  Hen (4)  |  Instrumental (3)  |  Pierre-Simon Laplace (50)  |  Mouse (24)  |  Narrow (33)  |  Plan (69)  |  Plant (173)  |  Reptile (23)  |  Similarity (17)  |  Simile (4)  |  Structure (191)  |  Woman (94)

Every individual alive today, even the very highest, is to be derived in an unbroken line from the first and lowest forms.
In Heredity (1892), Vol. 1, 161. As cited in James C. Fernald Scientific Side-lights: Illustrating Thousands of Topics by Selections from Standard Works of the Masters of Science Throughout the World (1903), 394.
Science quotes on:  |  Alive (38)  |  Derive (18)  |  First (174)  |  Form (210)  |  Highest (16)  |  Line (44)  |  Lowest (7)  |  Unbroken (9)

Every individual is continually exerting himself to find out the most advantageous employment for whatever capital he can command. It is his own advantage, indeed, and not that of society, which he has in view. But the study of his own advantage naturally, or rather necessarily, leads him to prefer that employment which is most advantageous to the society.
In 'Of Restraints upon Importation', An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776), Vol. 2, Book 4, 32
Science quotes on:  |  Advantage (42)  |  Employment (22)  |  Exert (9)  |  Money (125)  |  Necessary (89)  |  Prefer (18)  |  Society (188)  |  Sociology (31)  |  Study (331)

Everything that is really great and inspiring is created by the individual who can labor in freedom.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Create (98)  |  Everything (120)  |  Freedom (76)  |  Great (300)  |  Inspire (35)  |  Labor (53)  |  Really (50)

Evolution is a process which favors cooperating rather than disoperating groups and that “fitness” is a function of the group as a whole than of separate individuals. The fitness of the individual is largely derived from his membership on a group.
In On Being Human (1950), 45.
Science quotes on:  |  Cooperation (27)  |  Evolution (482)  |  Favor (22)  |  Fitness (7)  |  Group (52)  |  Membership (4)  |  Process (201)  |  Whole (122)

For the biologist there are no classes—only individuals.
In The Substance of Man (1962), 12.
Science quotes on:  |  Biologist (31)  |  Class (64)

Having discovered … by observation and comparison that certain objects agree in certain respects, we generalise the qualities in which they coincide,—that is, from a certain number of individual instances we infer a general law; we perform an act of Induction. This induction is erroneously viewed as analytic; it is purely a synthetic process.
In Lecture VI of his Biennial Course, by William Hamilton and Henry L. Mansel (ed.) and John Veitch (ed.), Metaphysics (1860), Vol. 1, 101.
Science quotes on:  |  Agree (19)  |  Analytic (4)  |  Coincide (4)  |  Comparison (53)  |  Discover (115)  |  Erroneous (3)  |  General (92)  |  Generalize (9)  |  Induction (45)  |  Infer (10)  |  Instance (18)  |  Law (418)  |  Object (110)  |  Observation (418)  |  Process (201)  |  Pure (62)  |  Quality (65)  |  Synthetic (12)  |  View (115)

I am absolutely convinced that no wealth in the world can help humanity forward, even in the hands of the most devoted worker. The example of great and pure individuals is the only thing that can lead us to noble thoughts and deeds. Money only appeals to selfishness and irresistibly invites abuse. Can anyone imagine Moses, Jesus or Ghandi armed with the moneybags of Carnegie?
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Absolutely (24)  |  Abuse (9)  |  Anyone (26)  |  Appeal (30)  |  Arm (17)  |  Convinced (16)  |  Deed (17)  |  Devote (23)  |  Example (57)  |  Forward (21)  |  Great (300)  |  Hand (103)  |  Help (68)  |  Humanity (104)  |  Imagine (40)  |  Invite (8)  |  Jesus (8)  |  Lead (101)  |  Money (125)  |  Moses (6)  |  Noble (41)  |  Pure (62)  |  Selfishness (8)  |  Thought (374)  |  Wealth (50)  |  Worker (23)  |  World (667)

I am an adherent of the ideal of democracy, although I well know the weaknesses of the democratic form of government. Social equality and economic protection of the individual appeared to me always as the important communal aims of the state.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Adherent (6)  |  Aim (58)  |  Appear (55)  |  Communal (7)  |  Democracy (21)  |  Democratic (7)  |  Economic (21)  |  Equality (21)  |  Form (210)  |  Government (85)  |  Ideal (52)  |  Important (124)  |  Know (321)  |  Protection (23)  |  Social (93)  |  State (96)  |  Weakness (31)

I am entitled to say, if I like, that awareness exists in all the individual creatures on the planet—worms, sea urchins, gnats, whales, subhuman primates, superprimate humans, the lot. I can say this because we do not know what we are talking about: consciousness is so much a total mystery for our own species that we cannot begin to guess about its existence in others.
In Late Night Thoughts on Listening to Mahler's Ninth Symphony(1984), 223.
Science quotes on:  |  Awareness (23)  |  Beginning (114)  |  Cannot (8)  |  Consciousness (71)  |  Creature (127)  |  Existence (254)  |  Gnat (6)  |  Guess (36)  |  Human (445)  |  Knowledge (1128)  |  Lot (23)  |  Mystery (125)  |  Other (25)  |  Planet (199)  |  Primate (8)  |  French Saying (61)  |  Species (181)  |  Talk (61)  |  Total (29)  |  Whale (21)  |  Worm (25)

I am more and more convinced that the ant colony is not so much composed of separate individuals as that the colony is a sort of individual, and each ant like a loose cell in it. Our own blood stream, for instance, contains hosts of white corpuscles which differ little from free-swimming amoebae. When bacteria invade the blood stream, the white corpuscles, like the ants defending the nest, are drawn mechanically to the infected spot, and will die defending the human cell colony. I admit that the comparison is imperfect, but the attempt to liken the individual human warrior to the individual ant in battle is even more inaccurate and misleading. The colony of ants with its component numbers stands half way, as a mechanical, intuitive, and psychical phenomenon, between our bodies as a collection of cells with separate functions and our armies made up of obedient privates. Until one learns both to deny real individual initiative to the single ant, and at the same time to divorce one's mind from the persuasion that the colony has a headquarters which directs activity … one can make nothing but pretty fallacies out of the polity of the ant heap.
In An Almanac for Moderns (1935), 121
Science quotes on:  |  Amoeba (20)  |  Ant (19)  |  Bacteria (32)  |  Blood (95)  |  Cell (125)  |  Colony (5)  |  Corpuscle (8)  |  Fallacy (19)  |  Initiative (12)  |  Obedience (15)  |  Polity (2)  |  Private (17)  |  Warrior (5)

I became expert at dissecting crayfish. At one point I had a crayfish claw mounted on an apparatus in such a way that I could operate the individual nerves. I could get the several-jointed claw to reach down and pick up a pencil and wave it around. I am not sure that what I was doing had much scientific value, although I did learn which nerve fiber had to be excited to inhibit the effects of another fiber so that the claw would open. And it did get me interested in robotic instrumentation, something that I have now returned to. I am trying to build better micromanipulators for surgery and the like.
In Jeremy Bernstein, 'A.I.', The New Yorker (14 Dec 1981).
Science quotes on:  |  Apparatus (30)  |  Claw (7)  |  Effect (133)  |  Excite (12)  |  Expert (42)  |  Fiber (10)  |  Inhibit (2)  |  Instrumentation (3)  |  Interest (170)  |  Learn (160)  |  Manipulate (4)  |  Nerve (66)  |  Open (38)  |  Operate (12)  |  Pencil (7)  |  Pick Up (4)  |  Research (517)  |  Robot (8)  |  Scientific (169)  |  Surgery (39)  |  Value (180)  |  Wave (55)

I believe natural beauty has a necessary place in the spiritual development of any individual or any society. I believe that whenever we substitute something man-made and artificial for a natural feature of the earth, we have retarded some part of man’s spiritual growth.
As quoted in Linda Lear, Rachel Carson: Witness for Nature (1997), 259.
Science quotes on:  |  Artificial (26)  |  Beauty (171)  |  Belief (400)  |  Development (228)  |  Earth (487)  |  Feature (34)  |  Growth (111)  |  Man-Made (4)  |  Mankind (196)  |  Natural (128)  |  Necessity (125)  |  Retarded (3)  |  Society (188)  |  Spiritual (45)  |  Substitute (23)

I can say, if I like, that social insects behave like the working parts of an immense central nervous system: the termite colony is an enormous brain on millions of legs; the individual termite is a mobile neurone.
In Late Night Thoughts on Listening to Mahler's Ninth Symphony(1984), 224. Note: Spelling “neurone&rdwuo; [sic].
Science quotes on:  |  Behavior (49)  |  Brain (181)  |  Central (23)  |  Colony (5)  |  Enormous (33)  |  Immense (28)  |  Insect (57)  |  Leg (13)  |  Million (89)  |  Mobility (5)  |  Nervous System (11)  |  Neuron (9)  |  Part (146)  |  Social (93)  |  Termite (5)  |  Work (457)

I cannot conceive of a God who rewards and punishes his creatures, or has a will of the type of which we are conscious in ourselves. An individual who should survive his physical death is also beyond my comprehension, nor do I wish it otherwise; such notions are for the fears or absurd egoism of feeble souls.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Absurd (20)  |  Beyond (65)  |  Comprehension (51)  |  Conceive (22)  |  Conscious (25)  |  Creature (127)  |  Death (270)  |  Fear (113)  |  Feeble (21)  |  God (454)  |  Notion (32)  |  Otherwise (16)  |  Ourselves (34)  |  Physical (94)  |  Punish (5)  |  Reward (38)  |  Soul (139)  |  Survive (28)  |  Type (34)  |  Wish (62)

I cannot imagine a God who rewards and punishes the objects of his creation, whose purposes are modeled after our own–a God, in short, who is but a reflection of human frailty. Neither can I believe that the individual survives the death of his body, although feeble souls harbor such thoughts through fear or ridiculous egotisms.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Belief (400)  |  Body (193)  |  Creation (211)  |  Death (270)  |  Fear (113)  |  Feeble (21)  |  God (454)  |  Harbor (4)  |  Human (445)  |  Imagine (40)  |  Object (110)  |  Punish (5)  |  Purpose (138)  |  Reflection (50)  |  Reward (38)  |  Ridiculous (9)  |  Short (31)  |  Soul (139)  |  Survive (28)  |  Thought (374)

I do not believe in freedom of the will. Schopenhauer’s words: ‘Man can do what he wants, but he cannot will what he wills’ accompany me in all situations throughout my life and reconcile me with the actions of others even if they are rather painful to me. This awareness of the lack of freedom of will preserves me from taking too seriously myself and my fellow men as acting and deciding individuals and from losing my temper.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Accompany (18)  |  Act (80)  |  Action (151)  |  Awareness (23)  |  Belief (400)  |  Decide (25)  |  Fellow (29)  |  Freedom (76)  |  Lack (52)  |  Life (917)  |  Lose (53)  |  Myself (22)  |  Painful (5)  |  Preserve (38)  |  Reconcile (10)  |  Schopenhauers (2)  |  Seriously (13)  |  Situation (41)  |  Temper (6)  |  Want (120)  |  Word (221)

I do not claim that intelligence, however defined, has no genetic basis–I regard it as trivially true, uninteresting, and unimportant that it does. The expression of any trait represents a complex interaction of heredity and environment ... a specific claim purporting to demonstrate a mean genetic deficiency in the intelligence of American blacks rests upon no new facts whatever and can cite no valid data in its support. It is just as likely that blacks have a genetic advantage over whites. And, either way, it doesn’t matter a damn. An individual can’t be judged by his group mean.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Advantage (42)  |  American (34)  |  Basis (60)  |  Black (28)  |  Cite (5)  |  Claim (52)  |  Complex (78)  |  Damn (11)  |  Data (100)  |  Deficiency (8)  |  Define (29)  |  Demonstrate (25)  |  Environment (138)  |  Expression (82)  |  Fact (609)  |  Genetic (11)  |  Group (52)  |  Heredity (51)  |  Intelligence (138)  |  Interaction (28)  |  Judge (43)  |  Likely (23)  |  Matter (270)  |  Mean (63)  |  New (340)  |  Purport (2)  |  Regard (58)  |  Represent (27)  |  Rest (64)  |  Specific (30)  |  Support (63)  |  Trait (19)  |  True (120)  |  Unimportant (4)  |  Uninteresting (3)  |  Valid (6)  |  White (38)

I have now reached the point where I may indicate briefly what to me constitutes the essence of the crisis of our time. It concerns the relationship of the individual to society. The individual has become more conscious than ever of his dependence upon society. But he does not experience this dependence as a positive asset, as an organic tie, as a protective force, but rather as a threat to his natural rights, or even to his economic existence. Moreover, his position in society is such that the egotistical drives of his make-up are constantly being accentuated, while his social drives, which are by nature weaker, progressively deteriorate. All human beings, whatever their position in society, are suffering from this process of deterioration. Unknowingly prisoners of their own egotism, they feel insecure, lonely, and deprived of the naive, simple, and unsophisticated enjoyment of life. Man can find meaning in life, short and perilous as it is, only through devoting himself to society.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Asset (3)  |  Become (100)  |  Briefly (3)  |  Concern (76)  |  Conscious (25)  |  Constantly (19)  |  Constitute (19)  |  Crisis (13)  |  Dependence (32)  |  Deprive (9)  |  Deteriorate (2)  |  Deterioration (8)  |  Devote (23)  |  Drive (38)  |  Economic (21)  |  Enjoyment (27)  |  Essence (42)  |  Existence (254)  |  Experience (268)  |  Feel (93)  |  Find (248)  |  Force (194)  |  Human Beings (19)  |  Indicate (10)  |  Insecure (3)  |  Life (917)  |  Lonely (7)  |  Mean (63)  |  Moreover (2)  |  Naive (8)  |  Natural (128)  |  Nature (1029)  |  Organic (48)  |  Perilous (3)  |  Point (72)  |  Position (54)  |  Positive (28)  |  Prisoner (7)  |  Process (201)  |  Progressively (2)  |  Protective (4)  |  Reach (68)  |  Relationship (59)  |  Right (144)  |  Short (31)  |  Simple (111)  |  Social (93)  |  Society (188)  |  Suffer (25)  |  Threat (24)  |  Tie (21)  |  Time (439)  |  Weak (36)

I see no reason to believe that a creator of protoplasm or primeval matter, if such there be, has any reason to be interested in our insignificant race in a tiny corner of the universe, and still less in us, as still more insignificant individuals. Again, I see no reason why the belief that we are insignificant or fortuitous should lessen our faith.
Letter to her father, Ellis Franklin, undated, perhaps summer 1940 while she was an undergraduate at Cambridge. Excerpted in Brenda Maddox, The Dark Lady of DNA (2002), 61.
Science quotes on:  |  Belief (400)  |  Corner (24)  |  Creator (40)  |  Faith (131)  |  Fortuitous (7)  |  Insignificance (9)  |  Interest (170)  |  Lessen (4)  |  Protoplasm (12)  |  Race (76)  |  Reason (330)  |  Universe (563)

I see the whole of humankind becoming a single, integrated organism. … I look upon each of us as I would an individual cell in the organism, each of us playing his or her respective role.
From interview with James Reston, Jr., in Pamela Weintraub (ed.), The Omni Interviews (1984), 109. Previously published in magazine, Omni (May 1982).
Science quotes on:  |  Cell (125)  |  Humankind (7)  |  Integrated (2)  |  Organism (126)  |  Role (35)  |  Sociology (31)

If I choose to impose individual blame for all past social ills, there will be no one left to like in some of the most fascinating periods of our history. For example ... if I place every Victorian anti-Semite beyond the pale of my attention, my compass of available music and literature will be pitifully small. Though I hold no shred of sympathy for active persecution, I cannot excoriate individuals who acquiesced passively in a standard societal judgment. Rail instead against the judgment, and try to understand what motivates men of decent will.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Acquiesce (2)  |  Active (17)  |  Attention (76)  |  Available (18)  |  Beyond (65)  |  Blame (17)  |  Choose (35)  |  Compass (19)  |  Decent (4)  |  Example (57)  |  Fascinating (17)  |  History (302)  |  Hold (56)  |  Impose (17)  |  Instead (12)  |  Judgment (72)  |  Leave (63)  |  Literature (64)  |  Motivate (4)  |  Music (66)  |  Pale (4)  |  Passively (3)  |  Past (109)  |  Period (49)  |  Persecution (9)  |  Place (111)  |  Rail (3)  |  Shred (6)  |  Small (97)  |  Social (93)  |  Standard (41)  |  Sympathy (15)  |  Try (103)  |  Understand (189)  |  Victorian (5)

If patterns of ones and zeros were “like” patterns of human lives and death, if everything about an individual could be represented in a computer record by a long string of ones and zeros, then what kind of creature would be represented by a long string of lives and deaths?
Vineland (1900, 1997), 90.
Science quotes on:  |  Binary (6)  |  Creature (127)  |  Death (270)  |  Life (917)  |  String (17)

If the Weismann idea triumphs, it will be in a sense a triumph of fatalism; for, according to it, while we may indefinitely improve the forces of our education and surroundings, and this civilizing nurture will improve the individuals of each generation, its actual effects will not be cumulative as regards the race itself, but only as regards the environment of the race; each new generation must start de novo, receiving no increment of the moral and intellectual advance made during the lifetime of its predecessors. It would follow that one deep, almost instinctive motive for a higher life would be removed if the race were only superficially benefited by its nurture, and the only possible channel of actual improvement were in the selection of the fittest chains of race plasma.
'The Present Problem of Heredity', The Atlantic Monthly (1891), 57, 363.
Science quotes on:  |  Advancement (36)  |  Benefit (54)  |  Chain (38)  |  Channel (17)  |  Civilization (155)  |  Cumulative (8)  |  Education (280)  |  Effect (133)  |  Environment (138)  |  Fit (31)  |  Generation (111)  |  Heredity (51)  |  Idea (440)  |  Improvement (67)  |  Increment (2)  |  Indefinitely (9)  |  Instinct (50)  |  Intellect (157)  |  Life (917)  |  Lifetime (19)  |  Moral (100)  |  Motive (26)  |  Nurture (12)  |  Plasma (7)  |  Possibility (96)  |  Predecessor (18)  |  Race (76)  |  Removal (10)  |  Selection (27)  |  Superficial (7)  |  Surrounding (11)  |  Triumph (33)  |  August Weismann (8)

If there be an order in which the human race has mastered its various kinds of knowledge, there will arise in every child an aptitude to acquire these kinds of knowledge in the same order. So that even were the order intrinsically indifferent, it would facilitate education to lead the individual mind through the steps traversed by the general mind. But the order is not intrinsically indifferent; and hence the fundamental reason why education should be a repetition of civilization in little.
Education: Intellectual, Moral and Physical (1861), 76.
Science quotes on:  |  Aptitude (10)  |  Child (189)  |  Education (280)  |  Facilitation (2)  |  Fundamental (122)  |  Human Race (49)  |  Indifference (12)  |  Intrinsic (10)  |  Knowledge (1128)  |  Mastery (20)  |  Mind (544)  |  Order (167)  |  Reason (330)  |  Repetition (21)  |  Step (67)  |  Traverse (4)  |  Variety (53)

If you’re telling a story, it’s very tempting to personalise an animal. To start with, biologists said this fascination with one individual was just television storytelling. But they began to realise that, actually, it was a new way to understand behaviour–following the fortunes of one particular animal could be very revealing and have all kinds of implications in terms of the ecology and general behaviour of the animals in that area.
From interview with Alice Roberts, 'Attenborough: My Life on Earth', The Biologist (Aug 2015), 62, No. 4, 15.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (309)  |  Behavior (49)  |  Biologist (31)  |  Ecology (55)  |  Implication (14)  |  Realize (43)  |  Research (517)  |  Story (58)  |  Television (27)

In defining an element let us not take an external boundary, Let us say, e.g., the smallest ponderable quantity of yttrium is an assemblage of ultimate atoms almost infinitely more like each other than they are to the atoms of any other approximating element. It does not necessarily follow that the atoms shall all be absolutely alike among themselves. The atomic weight which we ascribe to yttrium, therefore, merely represents a mean value around which the actual weights of the individual atoms of the “element” range within certain limits. But if my conjecture is tenable, could we separate atom from atom, we should find them varying within narrow limits on each side of the mean.
Address to Annual General Meeting of the Chemical Society (28 Mar 1888), printed in Journal of the Chemical Society (1888), 491.
Science quotes on:  |  Absolutely (24)  |  Actual (34)  |  Alike (10)  |  Approximation (16)  |  Ascribe (11)  |  Assemblage (6)  |  Atom (251)  |  Boundary (27)  |  Conjecture (22)  |  Definition (152)  |  Element (129)  |  External (45)  |  Find (248)  |  Infinitely (8)  |  Limit (86)  |  Mean (63)  |  Narrow (33)  |  Ponderable (3)  |  Quantity (35)  |  Range (38)  |  Separate (46)  |  Smallest (6)  |  Ultimate (61)  |  Value (180)  |  Variation (50)  |  Yttrium (3)

In departing from any settled opinion or belief, the variation, the change, the break with custom may come gradually; and the way is usually prepared; but the final break is made, as a rule, by some one individual, … who sees with his own eyes, and with an instinct or genius for truth, escapes from the routine in which his fellows live. But he often pays dearly for his boldness.
In The Harveian Oration, delivered before the Royal College of Physicians of London (18 Oct 1906). Printed in 'The Growth of Truth, as Illustrated in the Discovery of the Circulation of Blood', The Lancet (27 Oct 1906), Vol. 2, Pt. 2, 1114.
Science quotes on:  |  Boldness (6)  |  Break (33)  |  Change (291)  |  Custom (24)  |  Escape (34)  |  Fellow (29)  |  Genius (186)  |  Instinct (50)  |  Opinion (146)  |  Routine (11)  |  Truth (750)  |  Variation (50)

In many ways the performances of Donald Trump remind me of male chimpanzees and their dominance rituals. In order to impress rivals, males seeking to rise in the dominance hierarchy perform spectacular displays: stamping, slapping the ground, dragging branches, throwing rocks. The more vigorous and imaginative the display, the faster the individual is likely to rise in the hierarchy, and the longer he is likely to maintain that position.
As quoted in magazine article by James Fallows, 'When Donald Meets Hillary', The Atlantic (Oct 2016). The reporter stated “Jane Goodall … told me shortly before Trump won the GOP nomination.”
Science quotes on:  |  Branch (61)  |  Chimpanzee (11)  |  Display (22)  |  Dominance (5)  |  Drag (2)  |  Faster (10)  |  Hierarchy (11)  |  Imaginative (6)  |  Impress (9)  |  Longer (5)  |  Maintain (22)  |  Male (24)  |  Performance (27)  |  Position (54)  |  Remind (5)  |  Rise (51)  |  Ritual (8)  |  Rival (9)  |  Rock (107)  |  Seek (57)  |  Slap (2)  |  Spectacular (8)  |  Stamp (14)  |  Throw (31)  |  Donald Trump (3)  |  Vigorous (11)

In order that an inventory of plants may be begun and a classification of them correctly established, we must try to discover criteria of some sort for distinguishing what are called 'species'. After a long and considerable investigation, no surer criterion for determining species had occurred to me than distinguishing features that perpetuate themselves in propagation from seed. Thus, no matter what variations occur in the individuals or the species, if they spring from the seed of one and the same plant, they are accidental variations and not such as to distinguish a species. For these variations do not perpetuate themselves in subsequent seeding. Thus, for example, we do not regard caryophylli with full or multiple blossoms as a species distinct from caryophylli with single blossoms, because the former owe their origin to the seed of the latter and ifthe former are sown from their own seed, they once more produce single-blossom caryophylli. But variations that never have as their source seed from one and the same species may finally be regarded as distinct species. Or, if you make a comparison between any two plants, plants which never spring from each other's seed and never, when their seed is sown, are transmuted one into the other, these plants finally are distinct species. For it is just as in animals: a difference in sex is not enough to prove a difference of species, because each sex is derived from the same seed as far as species is concerned and not infrequently from the same parents; no matter how many and how striking may be the accidental differences between them; no other proof that bull and cow, man and woman belong to the same species is required than the fact that both very frequently spring from the same parents or the same mother. Likewise in the case of plants, there is no surer index of identity of species than that of origin from the seed of one and the same plant, whether it is a matter of individuals or species. For animals that differ in species preserve their distinct species permanently; one species never springs from the seed of another nor vice versa.
John Ray
Historia Plantarum (1686), Vol. 1, 40. Trans. Edmund Silk. Quoted in Barbara G. Beddall, 'Historical Notes on Avian Classification', Systematic Zoology (1957), 6, 133-4.
Science quotes on:  |  Accident (54)  |  Animal (309)  |  Blossom (9)  |  Bull (2)  |  Cow (27)  |  Criterion (10)  |  Difference (208)  |  Distinct (29)  |  Distinguishing (14)  |  Inventory (6)  |  Investigation (123)  |  Likewise (2)  |  Man (345)  |  Mother (59)  |  Multiple (9)  |  Parent (39)  |  Permanence (15)  |  Perpetuation (3)  |  Plant (173)  |  Production (105)  |  Propagation (9)  |  Seed (52)  |  Sex (48)  |  Single (72)  |  Species (181)  |  Variation (50)  |  Woman (94)

In speaking of cause and effect we arbitrarily give relief to those elements to whose connection we have to attend … in the respect in which it is important to us. [But t]here is no cause nor effect in nature; nature has but an individual existence; nature simply is. .
In The Science of Mechanics (1893), 483.
Science quotes on:  |  Arbitrary (16)  |  Cause And Effect (11)  |  Connection (86)  |  Existence (254)  |  Important (124)  |  Nature (1029)  |  Simply (34)

In the case of elements, as in that of individuals, the determination of character is often attended with very great difficulty, a true estimate being only slowly arrived at, and when at last such an estimate is found, it can only be very partially expressed in words.
In The Encyclopaedia Britannica: Ninth Edition (1877), Vol. 5, 714.
Science quotes on:  |  Attended (2)  |  Case (64)  |  Character (82)  |  Determination (53)  |  Difficulty (113)  |  Element (129)  |  Estimate (19)  |  Great (300)  |  Partially (2)  |  Slowly (10)  |  True (120)  |  Word (221)

In the social production of their life, men enter into definite relations that are indispensable and independent of their will; these relations of production correspond to a definite stage of development of their material forces of production. The sum total of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of society - the real foundation, on which rises a legal and political superstructure and to which correspond definite forms of social consciousness. The mode of production of material life determines the social, political and intellectual life process in general. It is not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but, on the contrary, their social being that determines their consciousness. At a certain stage of their development, the material productive forces in society come in conflict with the existing relations of production, or - what is but a legal expression for the same thing - with the property relations within which they have been at work before. From forms of development of the productive forces these relations turn into fetters. Then begins an epoch of social revolution. With the change of the economic foundation the entire immense superstructure is more or less rapidly transformed. In considering such transformations a distinction should always be made between the material transformation of the economic conditions of production, which can be determined with the precision of natural science, and the legal, political, religious, aesthetic or philosophic - in short, ideological forms in which men become conscious of this conflict and fight it out. Just as our opinion of an individual is not based on what he thinks of himself, so we can not judge of such a period of transformation by its own consciousness; on the contrary, this consciousness must be explained rather from the contradictions of material life, from the existing conflict between the social productive forces and the relations of production. No social order ever disappears before all the productive forces for which there is room in it have been developed; and new, higher relations of production never appear before the material conditions of their existence have matured in the womb of the old society itself. Therefore, mankind always sets itself only such tasks as it can solve; since, looking at the matter more closely, we will always find that the task itself arises only when the material conditions necessary for its solution already exist or are at least in the process of formation. In broad outlines we can designate the Asiatic, the ancient, the feudal, and the modern bourgeois modes of production as so many progressive epochs in the economic formation of society. The bourgeois relations of production are the last antagonistic form of the social process of production - antagonistic not in the sense of individual antagonism, but of one arising from the social conditions of life of the individuals; at the same time the productive forces developing in the womb of bourgeois society create the material conditions for the solution of that antagonism. This social formation constitutes, therefore, the closing chapter of the prehistoric stage of human society.
Karl Marx
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Aesthetic (26)  |  Already (16)  |  Ancient (68)  |  Antagonism (5)  |  Antagonistic (2)  |  Appear (55)  |  Arise (32)  |  Base (43)  |  Become (100)  |  Begin (52)  |  Bourgeois (2)  |  Broad (18)  |  Certain (84)  |  Change (291)  |  Chapter (7)  |  Close (40)  |  Closely (8)  |  Condition (119)  |  Conflict (49)  |  Conscious (25)  |  Consciousness (71)  |  Consider (45)  |  Constitute (19)  |  Contradiction (44)  |  Contrary (22)  |  Correspond (5)  |  Create (98)  |  Definite (27)  |  Designation (10)  |  Determine (45)  |  Develop (55)  |  Development (228)  |  Disappear (22)  |  Distinction (37)  |  Economic (21)  |  Enter (20)  |  Entire (29)  |  Epoch (12)  |  Exist (89)  |  Existence (254)  |  Explain (61)  |  Expression (82)  |  Fetter (3)  |  Fight (37)  |  Find (248)  |  Force (194)  |  Form (210)  |  Formation (54)  |  Foundation (75)  |  General (92)  |  High (78)  |  Human Society (6)  |  Ideological (3)  |  Immense (28)  |  Independent (41)  |  Indispensable (8)  |  Intellectual (79)  |  Judge (43)  |  Least (44)  |  Legal (6)  |  Life (917)  |  Mankind (196)  |  Material (124)  |  Matter (270)  |  Mature (7)  |  Mode (29)  |  Modern (104)  |  More Or Less (4)  |  Natural Science (62)  |  Necessary (89)  |  New (340)  |  Old (104)  |  Opinion (146)  |  Outline (6)  |  Period (49)  |  Philosophic (3)  |  Political (31)  |  Precision (38)  |  Prehistoric (5)  |  Process (201)  |  Production (105)  |  Productive (10)  |  Progressive (13)  |  Property (96)  |  Rapidly (10)  |  Real (95)  |  Relation (96)  |  Religious (44)  |  Revolution (56)  |  Rise (51)  |  Room (29)  |  Same (92)  |  Sense (240)  |  Set (56)  |  Short (31)  |  Social (93)  |  Social Order (7)  |  Society (188)  |  Solution (168)  |  Solve (41)  |  Stage (39)  |  Structure (191)  |  Sum (30)  |  Task (68)  |  Think (205)  |  Time (439)  |  Total (29)  |  Transform (20)  |  Transformation (47)  |  Turn (72)  |  Womb (13)  |  Work (457)

In the world of science, however, these sentiments have never been of much account. There everything depends on making opinion prevail and dominate; few men are really independent; the majority draws the individual after it.
In The Maxims and Reflections of Goethe (1906), 191.
Science quotes on:  |  Account (45)  |  Depend (56)  |  Dominate (13)  |  Draw (25)  |  Everything (120)  |  Independent (41)  |  Majority (32)  |  Opinion (146)  |  Prevail (13)  |  Science (1699)  |  Sentiment (9)  |  World (667)

In this generation, along with the dominating traits, the recessive ones also reappear, their individuality fully revealed, and they do so in the decisively expressed average proportion of 3:1, so that among each four plants of this generation three receive the dominating and one the recessive characteristic.
'Experiments on Plant Hybrids' (1865). In Curt Stern and Eva R. Sherwood (eds.), The Origin of Genetics: A Mendel Source Book (1966), 10.
Science quotes on:  |  Characteristic (66)  |  Dominant (11)  |  Express (32)  |  Generation (111)  |  Genetics (98)  |  Plant (173)  |  Proportion (47)  |  Reappearance (2)  |  Recessive (3)  |  Reveal (32)  |  Trait (19)

In [David] Douglas's success in life ... his great activity, undaunted courage, singular abstemiousness, and energetic zeal, at once pointed him out as an individual eminently calculated to do himself credit as a scientific traveler.
In 'Extracts from A Brief Memoir of the Life of David Douglas' (1834), in W.F. Wilson (ed.), David Douglas, Botanist at Hawaii (1919), 12.
Science quotes on:  |  Activity (97)  |  Calculate (15)  |  Courage (39)  |  Credit (16)  |  Eminently (2)  |  Energetic (5)  |  Great (300)  |  Life (917)  |  Scientific (169)  |  Singular (3)  |  Success (202)  |  Traveler (18)  |  Zeal (7)

Individual curiosity, often working without practical ends in mind, has always been a driving force for innovation.
From The Science Matrix: The Journey, Travails, Triumphs (1992, 1998), 39.
Science quotes on:  |  Curiosity (89)  |  Driving (6)  |  End (141)  |  Force (194)  |  Innovation (38)  |  Practical (93)  |  Working (20)

Individual events. Events beyond law. Events so numerous and so uncoordinated that, flaunting their freedom from formula, they yet fabricate firm form.
'Frontiers of Time', cited in At Home in the Universe (1994), 283. Quoted in James Gleick, Genius: the Life and Science of Richard Feynman (1993), 93.
Science quotes on:  |  Coordination (4)  |  Event (97)  |  Fabricate (3)  |  Firm (19)  |  Form (210)  |  Formula (51)  |  Freedom (76)  |  Law (418)  |  Numerous (21)

Individual science fiction stories may seem as trivial as ever to the blinder critics and philosophers of today–but the core of science fiction, its essence, the concept around which it revolves, has become crucial to our salvation if we are to be saved a
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Become (100)  |  Blind (35)  |  Concept (102)  |  Core (11)  |  Critic (17)  |  Crucial (8)  |  Essence (42)  |  Philosopher (132)  |  Revolve (6)  |  Salvation (7)  |  Save (46)  |  Science Fiction (28)  |  Seem (89)  |  Story (58)  |  Today (86)  |  Trivial (30)

Induction, then, is that operation of the mind by which we infer that what we know to be true in a particular case or cases, will be true in all cases which resemble the former in certain assignable respects. In other words, induction is the process by which we conclude that what is true of certain individuals of a class is true of the whole class, or that what is true at certain times will be true in similar circumstances at all times.
In A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive: Being a Connected View of the Principles of Evidence, and the Methods of Scientific Investigation (1843), Vol. 1, 352.
Science quotes on:  |  Case (64)  |  Certain (84)  |  Circumstance (48)  |  Class (64)  |  Conclude (9)  |  Former (18)  |  Induction (45)  |  Infer (10)  |  Know (321)  |  Mind (544)  |  Operation (96)  |  Particular (54)  |  Process (201)  |  Resemble (16)  |  Respect (57)  |  Similar (22)  |  Time (439)  |  True (120)  |  Whole (122)  |  Word (221)

Induction. The mental operation by which from a number of individual instances, we arrive at a general law. The process, according to Hamilton, is only logically valid when all the instances included in the law are enumerated. This being seldom, if ever, possible, the conclusion of an Induction is usually liable to more or less uncertainty, and Induction is therefore incapable of giving us necessary (general) truths.
Stated as narrative, not a direct quote, by his biographer W.H.S. Monck in 'Glossary of Philosophical Terms', appended in Sir William Hamilton (1881), 181.
Science quotes on:  |  Arrive (17)  |  Conclusion (120)  |  Enumerated (3)  |  General (92)  |  Giving (11)  |  Incapable (11)  |  Included (2)  |  Induction (45)  |  Instance (18)  |  Law (418)  |  Less (54)  |  Liable (2)  |  Logic (187)  |  Mental (57)  |  Necessary (89)  |  Operation (96)  |  Possible (100)  |  Process (201)  |  Seldom (21)  |  Truth (750)  |  Uncertainty (37)  |  Usually (20)  |  Valid (6)

Intellect is void of affection and sees an object as it stands in the light of science, cool and disengaged. The intellect goes out of the individual, floats over its own personality, and regards it as a fact, and not as I and mine.
From 'Intellect', collected in The Complete Works of Ralph Waldo Emerson (1903), 326.
Science quotes on:  |  Affection (14)  |  Cool (9)  |  Disengage (3)  |  Fact (609)  |  Float (12)  |  Intellect (157)  |  Light (246)  |  Mine (15)  |  Object (110)  |  Personality (40)  |  Regard (58)  |  Science (1699)  |  See (197)  |  Stand (60)  |  Void (17)

Isolating mechanisms are biological properties of individuals that prevent the interbreeding of populations that are actually or potentially sympatric.
Animal Species and Evolution (1963), 91.
Science quotes on:  |  Breeding (11)  |  Characteristic (66)  |  Isolation (26)  |  Population (71)  |  Property (96)  |  Sympatric (2)

It is clear that all the valuable things, material, spiritual, and moral, which we receive from society can be traced back through countless generations to certain creative individuals. The use of fire, the cultivation of edible plants, the steam engine–each was discovered by one man.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Back (55)  |  Certain (84)  |  Clear (52)  |  Countless (13)  |  Creative (41)  |  Cultivation (23)  |  Discover (115)  |  Edible (3)  |  Fire (117)  |  Generation (111)  |  Material (124)  |  Moral (100)  |  Plant (173)  |  Receive (39)  |  Society (188)  |  Spiritual (45)  |  Steam Engine (41)  |  Trace (39)  |  Value (180)

It is easier to understand mankind in general than any individual man.
Maxims (1678), no. 436, trans. F. G. Stevens (1939), 137.
Science quotes on:  |  Mankind (196)  |  Psychology (125)  |  Understanding (317)

It is for such inquiries the modern naturalist collects his materials; it is for this that he still wants to add to the apparently boundless treasures of our national museums, and will never rest satisfied as long as the native country, the geographical distribution, and the amount of variation of any living thing remains imperfectly known. He looks upon every species of animal and plant now living as the individual letters which go to make up one of the volumes of our earth’s history; and, as a few lost letters may make a sentence unintelligible, so the extinction of the numerous forms of life which the progress of cultivation invariably entails will necessarily render obscure this invaluable record of the past. It is, therefore, an important object, which governments and scientific institutions should immediately take steps to secure, that in all tropical countries colonised by Europeans the most perfect collections possible in every branch of natural history should be made and deposited in national museums, where they may be available for study and interpretation. If this is not done, future ages will certainly look back upon us as a people so immersed in the pursuit of wealth as to be blind to higher considerations. They will charge us with having culpably allowed the destruction of some of those records of Creation which we had it in our power to preserve; and while professing to regard every living thing as the direct handiwork and best evidence of a Creator, yet, with a strange inconsistency, seeing many of them perish irrecoverably from the face of the earth, uncared for and unknown.
In 'On the Physical Geography of the Malay Archipelago', Journal of the Royal Geographical Society (1863), 33, 234.
Science quotes on:  |  Add (26)  |  Age (137)  |  Allowed (3)  |  Amount (20)  |  Animal (309)  |  Apparently (11)  |  Available (18)  |  Back (55)  |  Best (129)  |  Blind (35)  |  Boundless (11)  |  Branch (61)  |  Certainly (18)  |  Charge (29)  |  Collect (10)  |  Collection (38)  |  Consideration (65)  |  Country (121)  |  Creation (211)  |  Creator (40)  |  Cultivation (23)  |  Destruction (80)  |  Direct (44)  |  Distribution (21)  |  Earth (487)  |  Entail (4)  |  European (5)  |  Evidence (157)  |  Extinction (55)  |  Face (69)  |  Form (210)  |  Future (229)  |  Geographical (3)  |  Government (85)  |  Handiwork (5)  |  Higher (28)  |  History (302)  |  Immediately (9)  |  Important (124)  |  Inconsistency (4)  |  Inquiry (33)  |  Institution (32)  |  Interpretation (61)  |  Invaluable (4)  |  Invariably (8)  |  Known (15)  |  Letter (36)  |  Life (917)  |  Living (44)  |  Long (95)  |  Look (46)  |  Lost (28)  |  Made (14)  |  Material (124)  |  Modern (104)  |  Museum (22)  |  National (20)  |  Native (11)  |  Natural (128)  |  Naturalist (49)  |  Necessarily (13)  |  Numerous (21)  |  Object (110)  |  Obscure (19)  |  Past (109)  |  Perfect (46)  |  Perish (23)  |  Person (114)  |  Plant (173)  |  Possible (100)  |  Power (273)  |  Preserve (38)  |  Professing (2)  |  Progress (317)  |  Pursuit (55)  |  Record (56)  |  Regard (58)  |  Remain (77)  |  Render (17)  |  Rest (64)  |  Satisfied (14)  |  Scientific (169)  |  Secure (13)  |  Seeing (48)  |  Sentence (20)  |  Species (181)  |  Step (67)  |  Strange (61)  |  Study (331)  |  Treasure (35)  |  Tropical (4)  |  Unintelligible (7)  |  Unknown (87)  |  Variation (50)  |  Volume (13)  |  Want (120)  |  Wealth (50)

It is only by the influence of individuals who can set an example, whom the masses recognize as their leaders, that they can be induced to submit to the labors and renunciations on which the existence of culture depends.
In The Future of an Illusion (1928), 7.
Science quotes on:  |  Culture (85)  |  Depend (56)  |  Example (57)  |  Existence (254)  |  Induce (6)  |  Influence (110)  |  Labor (53)  |  Leader (19)  |  Recognize (41)  |  Renunciation (2)  |  Submit (12)

It is popular to believe that the age of the individual and, above all, of the free individual, is past in science. There are many administrators of science and a large component of the general population who believe that mass attacks can do anything, and even that ideas are obsolete. Behind this drive to the mass attack there are a number of strong psychological motives. Neither the public or the big administrator has too good an understanding of the inner continuity of science, but they both have seen its world-shaking consequences, and they are afraid of it. Both of them wish to decerebrate the scientist, even as the Byzantine State emasculated its civil servants. Moreover, the great administrator who is not sure of his own intellectual level can aggrandize himself only by cutting his scientific employees down to size.
In I am a Mathematician (1956), Epilogue, 363-364.
Science quotes on:  |  Administrator (6)  |  Attack (29)  |  Consequence (76)  |  Cutting (5)  |  Idea (440)  |  Obsolete (7)  |  Psychology (125)  |  Size (47)

It is the individual only who is timeless. Societies, cultures, and civilizations - past and present - are often incomprehensible to outsiders, but the individual’s hunger, anxieties, dreams, and preoccupations have remained unchanged through the millennia. Thus, we are up against the paradox that the individual who is more complex, unpredictable, and mysterious than any communal entity is the one nearest to our understanding; so near that even the interval of millennia cannot weaken our feeling of kinshiIf in some manner the voice of an individual reaches us from the remotest distance of time, it is a timeless voice speaking about ourselves.
In Reflections on the Human Condition (1973), 97.
Science quotes on:  |  Anxiety (15)  |  Civilization (155)  |  Communal (7)  |  Complex (78)  |  Culture (85)  |  Distance (54)  |  Dream (92)  |  Entity (23)  |  Feel (93)  |  Hunger (13)  |  Incomprehensible (9)  |  Interval (8)  |  Manner (35)  |  Millennia (4)  |  Mysterious (21)  |  Often (69)  |  Ourselves (34)  |  Outsider (5)  |  Paradox (35)  |  Past (109)  |  Preoccupation (4)  |  Present (103)  |  Reach (68)  |  Remain (77)  |  Remote (27)  |  Society (188)  |  Speak (49)  |  Time (439)  |  Timeless (5)  |  Unchanged (3)  |  Understand (189)  |  Unpredictable (10)  |  Voice (41)

It must not be forgotten that although a high standard of morality gives a slight or no advantage to each individual man and his children over the other men of the same tribe, yet an advancement in the standard of morality will certainly give an immense advantage to one tribe over another.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Advancement (36)  |  Advantage (42)  |  Certainly (18)  |  Child (189)  |  Forget (40)  |  Give (117)  |  High (78)  |  Immense (28)  |  Morality (33)  |  Same (92)  |  Slight (18)  |  Standard (41)  |  Tribe (10)

It seems reasonable to envision, for a time 10 or 15 years hence, a “thinking center” that will incorporate the functions of present-day libraries together with anticipated advances in information storage and retrieval and ... a network of such centers, connected to one another by wide-band communication lines and to individual users by leased-wire services.
From article 'Man-Computer Symbiosis', in IRE Transactions on Human Factors in Electronics (Mar 1960), Vol. HFE-1, 4-11.
Science quotes on:  |  Center (30)  |  Communication (58)  |  Connected (7)  |  Envision (2)  |  Function (90)  |  Incorporate (3)  |  Information (102)  |  Library (37)  |  Network (10)  |  Present Day (2)  |  Service (54)  |  Storage (3)  |  Thinking (222)  |  User (4)  |  Wire (18)

It seems to me that the evidence ... is opposed to the view that the spirals are individual galaxies comparable with our own. In fact, there appears as yet no reason for modifying the tentative hypothesis that the spirals are not composed of typical stars at all, but are truly nebulous objects.
[Contradicting the view of Heber Curtis during the Shapley-Curtis debate on 26 Apr 1920 to the National Academy of Sciences.]
In Aleksandr Sergeevich Sharov and Igor Dmitrievich Novikov, Edwin Hubble: The Discoverer of the Big Bang Universe (1993), 27.
Science quotes on:  |  Appearance (77)  |  Comparison (53)  |  Composition (52)  |  Evidence (157)  |  Hypothesis (227)  |  Modification (31)  |  Nebula (15)  |  Opposition (29)  |  Reason (330)  |  Spiral (7)  |  Star (251)  |  Tentative (7)  |  Typical (10)  |  View (115)

It would appear... that moral phenomena, when observed on a great scale, are found to resemble physical phenomena; and we thus arrive, in inquiries of this kind, at the fundamental principle, that the greater the number of individuals observed, the more do individual peculiarities, whether physical or moral, become effaced, and leave in a prominent point of view the general facts, by virtue of which society exists and is preserved.
A Treatise on Man and the Development of his Faculties (1842). Reprinted with an introduction by Solomon Diamond (1969), 6.
Science quotes on:  |  Efface (3)  |  Existence (254)  |  Fact (609)  |  Fundamental (122)  |  Greatness (34)  |  Moral (100)  |  Observation (418)  |  Peculiarity (15)  |  Phenomenon (218)  |  Point Of View (26)  |  Preservation (28)  |  Principle (228)  |  Prominent (5)  |  Resemblance (18)  |  Scale (49)  |  Society (188)  |  Virtue (55)

Just as a tree constitutes a mass arranged in a definite manner, in which, in every single part, in the leaves as in the root, in the trunk as in the blossom, cells are discovered to be the ultimate elements, so is it also with the forms of animal life. Every animal presents itself as a sum of vital unities, every one of which manifests all the characteristics of life. The characteristics and unity of life cannot be limited to anyone particular spot in a highly developed organism (for example, to the brain of man), but are to be found only in the definite, constantly recurring structure, which every individual element displays. Hence it follows that the structural composition of a body of considerable size, a so-called individual, always represents a kind of social arrangement of parts, an arrangement of a social kind, in which a number of individual existences are mutually dependent, but in such a way, that every element has its own special action, and, even though it derive its stimulus to activity from other parts, yet alone effects the actual performance of its duties.
In Lecture I, 'Cells and the Cellular Theory' (1858), Rudolf Virchow and Frank Chance (trans.) ,Cellular Pathology (1860), 13-14.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (309)  |  Arrangement (45)  |  Blossom (9)  |  Body (193)  |  Brain (181)  |  Cell (125)  |  Characteristic (66)  |  Composition (52)  |  Dependent (14)  |  Development (228)  |  Discovery (591)  |  Duty (51)  |  Find (248)  |  Form (210)  |  Leaf (43)  |  Life (917)  |  Organism (126)  |  Root (48)  |  Size (47)  |  Social (93)  |  Spot (11)  |  Stimulus (18)  |  Structure (191)  |  Sum (30)  |  Tree (143)  |  Trunk (10)  |  Ultimate (61)  |  Unity (43)  |  Vital (32)

Just as the individual is not alone in the group, nor anyone in society alone among the others, so man is not alone in the universe.
In Tristes Tropiques (1955, 1974), 414.
Science quotes on:  |  Alone (61)  |  Group (52)  |  Mankind (196)  |  Other (25)  |  Society (188)  |  Universe (563)

Life is a series of definite and successive changes both in structure and in composition, which take place in an individual without destroying its identity.
In Problems of Life and Mind: Second Series: the Physical Basis of Mind (1891), 32.
Science quotes on:  |  Change (291)  |  Composition (52)  |  Definite (27)  |  Definition (152)  |  Destroy (63)  |  Identity (9)  |  Life (917)  |  Series (38)  |  Structure (191)  |  Successive (14)

Life is too complicated to permit a complete understanding through the study of whole organisms. Only by simplifying a biological problem—breaking it down into a multitude of individual problems—can you get the answers.
From interview with Neil A. Campbell, in 'Crossing the Boundaries of Science', BioScience (Dec 1986), 36, No. 11, 738.
Science quotes on:  |  Answer (201)  |  Biology (150)  |  Complicated (38)  |  Life (917)  |  Multitude (14)  |  Organism (126)  |  Problem (362)  |  Simplify (6)  |  Study (331)  |  Understand (189)

Mere political reform will not cure the manifold evils which now afflict society. There requires a social reform, a domestic reform, an individual reform.
As quoted in Frank Daniels III (The Tennessean), 'Author Samuel Smiles thought reform started with ourselves', The Des Moines Register (22 Dec 2013). Also quoted in Timothy Travers, Samuel Smiles and the Victorian Work Ethic (1987),. 162.
Science quotes on:  |  Afflict (2)  |  Cure (88)  |  Domestic (12)  |  Evil (67)  |  Politics (77)  |  Reform (10)  |  Require (33)  |  Social (93)  |  Society (188)

Modern music, headstrong, wayward, tragically confused as to what to say and how to say it, has mounted its horse, as the joke goes, and ridden off in all directions. If we require of an art that it be unified as a whole and expressed in a universal language known to all, if it must be a consistent symbolization of the era, then modern music is a disastrous failure. It has many voices, many symbolizations. It it known to one, unknown to another. But if an art may be as variable and polyvocal as the different individuals and emotional regions from which it comes in this heterogeneous modern world, then the diversity and contradiction of modern music may be acceptable.
In Art Is Action: A Discussion of Nine Arts in a Modern World (1939), 81.
Science quotes on:  |  Art (205)  |  Confused (3)  |  Contradiction (44)  |  Disastrous (3)  |  Diversity (46)  |  Emotion (62)  |  Failure (118)  |  Horse (40)  |  Joke (39)  |  Language (155)  |  Modern (104)  |  Music (66)  |  Symbol (35)  |  Tragic (8)  |  Unified (9)  |  Universal (70)  |  Wayward (3)

Morality is the herd-instinct of the individual.
The Joyful Wisdom (1882). Quoted in Willard Huntington Wright, What Nietzsche Taught (1915), 124.
Science quotes on:  |  Morality (33)

My passion for social justice has often brought me into conflict with people, as did my aversion to any obligation and dependence I do not regard as absolutely necessary. I always have a high regard for the individual and have an insuperable distaste for violence and clubmanship.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Absolutely (24)  |  Aversion (7)  |  Bring (53)  |  Conflict (49)  |  Dependence (32)  |  Distaste (3)  |  High (78)  |  Insuperable (3)  |  Justice (24)  |  Necessary (89)  |  Obligation (13)  |  Often (69)  |  Passion (54)  |  People (269)  |  Regard (58)  |  Social (93)  |  Violence (20)

My political ideal is democracy. Let every man be respected as an individual and no man idolized.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Democracy (21)  |  Ideal (52)  |  Let (30)  |  Political (31)  |  Respect (57)

Nature doesn’t sit still. Things and individuals are changing, dying and new things are coming. They’re all stories.
From interview with Joe Shute, 'David Attenborough at 90: ‘I think about my mortality every day’', The Telegraph (29 Oct 2016).
Science quotes on:  |  Change (291)  |  Die (46)  |  Nature (1029)  |  New (340)  |  Still (4)  |  Story (58)

Nature! … The one thing she seems to aim at is Individuality; yet she cares nothing for individuals.
As quoted by T.H. Huxley, in Norman Lockyer (ed.), 'Nature: Aphorisms by Goethe', Nature (1870), 1, 9.
Science quotes on:  |  Aim (58)  |  Care (73)  |  Individuality (12)  |  Nature (1029)  |  Nothing (267)  |  Seem (89)

Never depend upon institutions or government to solve any problem. All social movements are founded by, guided by, motivated and seen through by the passion of individuals.
As quoted, without citation, in David Suzuki and ‎Holly Dressel , From Naked Ape to Superspecies: Humanity and the Global Eco-Crisis (1999, 2009), 347.
Science quotes on:  |  Depend (56)  |  Founded (10)  |  Government (85)  |  Guide (46)  |  Institution (32)  |  Motivated (2)  |  Movement (65)  |  Passion (54)  |  Problem (362)  |  Social (93)  |  Solve (41)

Nevertheless, it is necessary to remember that a planned economy is not yet socialism. A planned economy as such may be accompanied by the complete enslavement of the individual. The achievement of socialism requires the solution of some extremely difficult socio-political problems: how is it possible, in view of the far-reaching centralisation of political and economic power, to prevent bureaucracy from becoming all-powerful and overweening? How can the rights of the individual be protected and therewith a democratic counterweight to the power of bureaucracy be assured?
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Accompany (18)  |  Achievement (128)  |  All-Powerful (2)  |  Assure (11)  |  Become (100)  |  Bureaucracy (5)  |  Complete (43)  |  Democratic (7)  |  Difficult (62)  |  Economic (21)  |  Economy (46)  |  Enslavement (3)  |  Extremely (10)  |  Far-Reaching (4)  |  Necessary (89)  |  Plan (69)  |  Political (31)  |  Possible (100)  |  Power (273)  |  Prevent (27)  |  Problem (362)  |  Protect (26)  |  Remember (53)  |  Require (33)  |  Right (144)  |  Socialism (4)  |  Solution (168)  |  View (115)

New scientific ideas never spring from a communal body, however organized, but rather from the head of an individually inspired researcher who struggles with his problems in lonely thought and unites all his thought on one single point which is his whole world for the moment.
Address on the 25th anniversary of the Kaiser-Wilhelm Gesellschaft (Jan 1936). Quoted in Surviving the Swastika: Scientific Research in Nazi Germany (1993), 97.
Science quotes on:  |  Community (65)  |  Head (52)  |  Idea (440)  |  Inspiration (50)  |  Lonely (7)  |  Moment (61)  |  Organization (79)  |  Point (72)  |  Problem (362)  |  Researcher (17)  |  Science (1699)  |  Single (72)  |  Spring (47)  |  Struggle (60)  |  Thought (374)  |  Unite (13)

Ninety-nine [students] out of a hundred are automata, careful to walk in prescribed paths, careful to follow the prescribed custom. This is not an accident but the result of substantial education, which, scientifically defined, is the subsumption of the individual.
As quoted in various 21st century books, each time cited only as from the The Philosophy of Education (1906), with no page number. For example, in John Taylor Gatto, A Different Kind of Teacher: Solving the Crisis of American Schooling (2000), 61. Note: Webmaster is suspicious of the attribution of this quote. The Library of Congress lists no such title by Harris in 1906. The LOC does catalog this title by Harris for 1893, which is a 9-page pamphlet printing the text of a series of five lectures. These lectures do not contain this quote. William Torrey Harris was editor of the International Education Series of books, of which Vol. 1 was the translation by Anna Callender Bracket of The Philosophy of Education by Johann Karl Friedrich Rosenkranz (2nd ed. rev. 1886). The translation was previously published in The Journal of Speculative Philosophy (1872, -73, -74), Vols vi-viii. Webmaster does not find the quote in that book, either. Webmaster has so far been unable to verify this quote, in these words, or even find the quote in any 19th or 20th century publication (which causes more suspicion). If you have access to the primary source for this quote, please contact Webmaster.
Science quotes on:  |  Accident (54)  |  Automaton (6)  |  Custom (24)  |  Definition (152)  |  Education (280)  |  Path (59)  |  Prescribed (3)  |  Student (131)  |  Substantial (7)  |  Subsumption (2)

Nirvana is a state of pure blissful knowledge ... It has nothing to do with the individual. The ego or its separation is an illusion. Indeed in a certain sense two ‘I’s are identical namely when one disregards all special contents–their Karma. The goal of man is to preserve his Karma and to develop it further ... when man dies his Karma lives and creates for itself another carrier.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Blissful (3)  |  Carrier (5)  |  Certain (84)  |  Content (39)  |  Create (98)  |  Develop (55)  |  Die (46)  |  Disregard (8)  |  Ego (14)  |  Far (77)  |  Goal (81)  |  Identical (17)  |  Illusion (38)  |  Knowledge (1128)  |  Live (186)  |  Namely (10)  |  Nothing (267)  |  Preserve (38)  |  Pure (62)  |  Sense (240)  |  Separation (32)  |  Special (51)  |  State (96)

No! What we need are not prohibitory marriage laws, but a reformed society, an educated public opinion which will teach individual duty in these matters. And it is to the women of the future that I look for the needed reformation. Educate and train women so that they are rendered independent of marriage as a means of gaining a home and a living, and you will bring about natural selection in marriage, which will operate most beneficially upon humanity. When all women are placed in a position that they are independent of marriage, I am inclined to think that large numbers will elect to remain unmarried—in some cases, for life, in others, until they encounter the man of their ideal. I want to see women the selective agents in marriage; as things are, they have practically little choice. The only basis for marriage should be a disinterested love. I believe that the unfit will be gradually eliminated from the race, and human progress secured, by giving to the pure instincts of women the selective power in marriage. You can never have that so long as women are driven to marry for a livelihood.
In 'Heredity and Pre-Natal Influences. An Interview With Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace', Humanitarian (1894), 4, 87.
Science quotes on:  |  Agent (27)  |  Basis (60)  |  Belief (400)  |  Bring (53)  |  Case (64)  |  Choice (64)  |  Disinterest (6)  |  Driven (3)  |  Duty (51)  |  Educate (7)  |  Educated (6)  |  Elect (2)  |  Encounter (14)  |  Future (229)  |  Gaining (2)  |  Giving (11)  |  Gradually (13)  |  Home (58)  |  Human (445)  |  Humanity (104)  |  Ideal (52)  |  Inclined (7)  |  Independent (41)  |  Instinct (50)  |  Large (82)  |  Law (418)  |  Life (917)  |  Little (126)  |  Livelihood (8)  |  Living (44)  |  Long (95)  |  Love (164)  |  Marriage (31)  |  Marry (6)  |  Matter (270)  |  Mean (63)  |  Natural (128)  |  Need (211)  |  Number (179)  |  Operate (12)  |  Opinion (146)  |  Other (25)  |  Position (54)  |  Power (273)  |  Practically (9)  |  Progress (317)  |  Public (82)  |  Pure (62)  |  Race (76)  |  Reformation (4)  |  Remain (77)  |  Rendered (2)  |  See (197)  |  Selection (27)  |  Selective (5)  |  Society (188)  |  Teach (102)  |  Thing (37)  |  Think (205)  |  Train (25)  |  Unfit (9)  |  Want (120)  |  Woman (94)

Nothing is more powerful than an individual acting out of his conscience, thus helping to bring the collective conscience to life.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Act (80)  |  Bring (53)  |  Collective (16)  |  Conscience (36)  |  Help (68)  |  Life (917)  |  Nothing (267)  |  Powerful (51)

Nuclear energy and foreign policy cannot coexist on the planet. The more deep the secret, the greater the determination of every nation to discover and exploit it. Nuclear energy insists on global government, on law, on order, and on the willingness of the community to take the responsibility for the acts of the individual. And to what end? Why, for liberty, first of blessings. Soldier, we await you, and if the
In 'The Talk of the Town', The New Yorker (18 Aug 1945), 13.
Science quotes on:  |  Act (80)  |  Coexist (3)  |  Community (65)  |  Deep (81)  |  Determination (53)  |  Discover (115)  |  Exploit (10)  |  Global (14)  |  Government (85)  |  Greater (36)  |  Insist (13)  |  Law (418)  |  Nation (111)  |  Nuclear Energy (10)  |  Order (167)  |  Planet (199)  |  Responsibility (47)  |  Secret (98)  |  Willingness (9)

One of the main purposes of scientific inference is to justify beliefs which we entertain already; but as a rule they are justified with a difference. Our pre-scientific general beliefs are hardly ever without exceptions; in science, a law with exceptions can only be tolerated as a makeshift. Scientific laws, when we have reason to think them accurate, are different in form from the common-sense rules which have exceptions: they are always, at least in physics, either differential equations, or statistical averages. It might be thought that a statistical average is not very different from a rule with exceptions, but this would be a mistake. Statistics, ideally, are accurate laws about large groups; they differ from other laws only in being about groups, not about individuals. Statistical laws are inferred by induction from particular statistics, just as other laws are inferred from particular single occurrences.
The Analysis of Matter (1927), 191.
Science quotes on:  |  Accuracy (52)  |  Average (31)  |  Belief (400)  |  Common Sense (69)  |  Difference (208)  |  Differential Equation (9)  |  Entertainment (10)  |  Exception (33)  |  Group (52)  |  Inference (26)  |  Justification (33)  |  Large (82)  |  Law (418)  |  Makeshift (2)  |  Mistake (107)  |  Occurrence (30)  |  Physics (301)  |  Purpose (138)  |  Reason (330)  |  Rule (135)  |  Science (1699)  |  Statistics (125)  |  Toleration (5)

Only the individual can think, and thereby create new values for society–nay, even set up new moral standards to which the life of the community conforms. Without creative, independently thinking and judging personalities the upward development of society is as unthinkable as the development of the individual personality without the nourishing soil of the community.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Community (65)  |  Conform (5)  |  Create (98)  |  Creative (41)  |  Development (228)  |  Independently (4)  |  Judge (43)  |  Life (917)  |  Moral (100)  |  New (340)  |  Nourish (8)  |  Personality (40)  |  Set (56)  |  Society (188)  |  Soil (51)  |  Standard (41)  |  Thereby (4)  |  Think (205)  |  Unthinkable (3)  |  Upward (7)  |  Value (180)

Our attention will focus on the institutional context of technological innovation rather than … individual inventors, for the actual course of work that leads to the conception and use of technology always involves a group that has worked for a considerable period of time on the basic idea before success is achieved.
In The Social Context of Innovation: Bureaucrats, Families, and Heroes in the Early Industrial Revolution as Foreseen in Bacon’s New Atlantis (1982, 2003), 3.
Science quotes on:  |  Achieve (36)  |  Actual (34)  |  Attention (76)  |  Basic (52)  |  Conception (63)  |  Considerable (11)  |  Context (17)  |  Group (52)  |  Idea (440)  |  Innovation (38)  |  Institution (32)  |  Inventor (49)  |  Success (202)  |  Technology (199)  |  Time (439)  |  Work (457)

Our mind, by virtue of a certain finite, limited capability, is by no means capable of putting a question to Nature that permits a continuous series of answers. The observations, the individual results of measurements, are the answers of Nature to our discontinuous questioning.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Answer (201)  |  Capability (35)  |  Capable (26)  |  Certain (84)  |  Continuous (24)  |  Discontinuous (3)  |  Finite (22)  |  Limit (86)  |  Means (109)  |  Measurement (148)  |  Mind (544)  |  Nature (1029)  |  Observation (418)  |  Permit (20)  |  Question (315)  |  Result (250)  |  Series (38)  |  Virtue (55)

Our most distinguished “man of science” was the then veteran John Dalton. He was rarely absent from his seat in a warm corner of the room during the meetings of the Literary and Philosophical Society. Though a sober-minded Quaker, he was not devoid of some sense of fun; and there was a tradition amongst us, not only that he had once been a poet, but that, although a bachelor, two manuscript copies were still extant of his verses on the subject of matrimonial felicity; and it is my belief there was foundation for the tradition. The old man was sensitive on the subject of his age. Dining one day ... he was placed between two ladies ... [who] resolved to extract from him some admission on the tender point, but in vain. Though never other than courteous, Dalton foiled all their feminine arts and retained his secret. ... Dalton's quaint and diminutive figure was a strongly individualized one.
In Reminiscences of a Yorkshire Naturalist (1896), 73-74.
Science quotes on:  |  Absent (3)  |  Admission (10)  |  Age (137)  |  Art (205)  |  Biography (227)  |  Corner (24)  |  Courteous (2)  |  John Dalton (21)  |  Devoid (5)  |  Diminutive (2)  |  Distinguished (6)  |  Extract (13)  |  Felicity (2)  |  Feminine (3)  |  Figure (32)  |  Foiled (2)  |  Fun (28)  |  Lady (6)  |  Man Of Science (27)  |  Manuscript (7)  |  Meeting (14)  |  Poet (59)  |  Quaint (5)  |  Quaker (2)  |  Resolve (11)  |  Room (29)  |  Seat (5)  |  Secret (98)  |  Sensitive (12)  |  Vain (26)  |  Verse (7)  |  Warm (20)

Our ultimate task is to find interpretative procedures that will uncover each bias and discredit its claims to universality. When this is done the eighteenth century can be formally closed and a new era that has been here a long time can be officially recognised. The individual human being, stripped of his humanity, is of no use as a conceptual base from which to make a picture of human society. No human exists except steeped in the culture of his time and place. The falsely abstracted individual has been sadly misleading to Western political thought. But now we can start again at a point where major streams of thought converge, at the other end, at the making of culture. Cultural analysis sees the whole tapestry as a whole, the picture and the weaving process, before attending to the individual threads.
As co-author with Baron Isherwood, The World of Goods: Towards an Anthropology of Consumption (1979, 2002), 41-42.
Science quotes on:  |  18th Century (17)  |  Analysis (123)  |  Base (43)  |  Bias (15)  |  Century (95)  |  Conceptual (8)  |  Culture (85)  |  Discredit (7)  |  Human Being (54)  |  Humanity (104)  |  Interpretation (61)  |  Misleading (12)  |  Recognise (5)  |  Society (188)  |  Strip (5)  |  Tapestry (5)  |  Thread (14)  |  Universality (11)

Owing to his lack of knowledge, the ordinary man cannot attempt to resolve conflicting theories of conflicting advice into a single organized structure. He is likely to assume the information available to him is on the order of what we might think of as a few pieces of an enormous jigsaw puzzle. If a given piece fails to fit, it is not because it is fraudulent; more likely the contradictions and inconsistencies within his information are due to his lack of understanding and to the fact that he possesses only a few pieces of the puzzle. Differing statements about the nature of things, differing medical philosophies, different diagnoses and treatments—all of these are to be collected eagerly and be made a part of the individual's collection of puzzle pieces. Ultimately, after many lifetimes, the pieces will fit together and the individual will attain clear and certain knowledge.
'Strategies of Resort to Curers in South India', contributed in Charles M. Leslie (ed.), Asian Medical Systems: A Comparative Study (1976), 185.
Science quotes on:  |  Advice (33)  |  Assumption (49)  |  Attempt (94)  |  Availability (10)  |  Certainty (97)  |  Clarity (31)  |  Collection (38)  |  Conflict (49)  |  Contradiction (44)  |  Diagnosis (61)  |  Difference (208)  |  Eagerness (4)  |  Fact (609)  |  Failure (118)  |  Few (9)  |  Fit (31)  |  Inconsistency (4)  |  Information (102)  |  Jigsaw (2)  |  Knowledge (1128)  |  Lack (52)  |  Lifetime (19)  |  Man (345)  |  Medicine (322)  |  Nature Of Things (5)  |  Ordinary (44)  |  Organization (79)  |  Philosophy (213)  |  Piece (32)  |  Possession (37)  |  Puzzle (30)  |  Resolution (16)  |  Single (72)  |  Statement (56)  |  Structure (191)  |  Theory (582)  |  Thinking (222)  |  Treatment (88)  |  Ultimate (61)

Owing to this struggle for life, any variation, however slight and from whatever cause proceeding, if it be in any degree profitable to an individual of any species, in its infinitely complex relationship to other organic beings and to external nature, will tend to the preservation of that individual, and will generally be inherited by its offspring.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Cause (231)  |  Complex (78)  |  Degree (48)  |  External (45)  |  Generally (9)  |  Infinitely (8)  |  Inherit (13)  |  Life (917)  |  Nature (1029)  |  Offspring (15)  |  Organic (48)  |  Owe (15)  |  Preservation (28)  |  Proceed (25)  |  Profitable (6)  |  Relationship (59)  |  Slight (18)  |  Species (181)  |  Struggle (60)  |  Tend (23)  |  Variation (50)

Part of the strength of science is that it has tended to attract individuals who love knowledge and the creation of it. ... Thus, it is the communication process which is at the core of the vitality and integrity of science.
Editorial, 'The Roots of Scientific Integrity', Science (1963), 3561. In Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (May 1965), 29.
Science quotes on:  |  Attract (15)  |  Creation (211)  |  Knowledge (1128)  |  Love (164)  |  Science (1699)  |  Strength (63)  |  Tendency (40)

Philosophy would long ago have reached a high level if our predecessors and fathers had put this into practice; and we would not waste time on the primary difficulties, which appear now as severe as in the first centuries which noticed them. We would have the experience of assured phenomena, which would serve as principles for a solid reasoning; truth would not be so deeply sunken; nature would have taken off most of her envelopes; one would see the marvels she contains in all her individuals. ...
Les Préludes de l'Harmonie Universelle (1634), 135-139. In Charles Coulston Gillispie (ed.), Dictionary of Scientific Biography (1974), Vol. 9, 316.
Science quotes on:  |  Appearance (77)  |  Century (95)  |  Contain (37)  |  Difficulty (113)  |  Envelope (5)  |  Experience (268)  |  Father (44)  |  High (78)  |  Marvel (24)  |  Nature (1029)  |  Notice (20)  |  Phenomenon (218)  |  Philosophy (213)  |  Practice (67)  |  Predecessor (18)  |  Primary (29)  |  Principle (228)  |  Reasoning (79)  |  Severity (5)  |  Sinking (6)  |  Solid (34)  |  Time (439)  |  Truth (750)  |  Waste (57)

Physical science enjoys the distinction of being the most fundamental of the experimental sciences, and its laws are obeyed universally, so far as is known, not merely by inanimate things, but also by living organisms, in their minutest parts, as single individuals, and also as whole communities. It results from this that, however complicated a series of phenomena may be and however many other sciences may enter into its complete presentation, the purely physical aspect, or the application of the known laws of matter and energy, can always be legitimately separated from the other aspects.
In Matter and Energy (1912), 9-10.
Science quotes on:  |  Application (117)  |  Aspect (37)  |  Community (65)  |  Complete (43)  |  Complication (20)  |  Distinction (37)  |  Energy (185)  |  Enjoyment (27)  |  Inanimate (14)  |  Knowledge (1128)  |  Law (418)  |  Legitimacy (4)  |  Life (917)  |  Matter (270)  |  Organism (126)  |  Phenomenon (218)  |  Physical (94)  |  Physical Science (54)  |  Presentation (12)  |  Result (250)  |  Science (1699)  |  Separation (32)

Psychologism is, I believe, correct only in so far as it insists upon what may be called 'methodological individualism' as opposed to 'methodological collectivism'; it rightly insists that the 'behaviour' and the 'actions' of collectives, such as states or social groups, must be reduced to the behaviour and to the actions of human individuals. But the belief that the choice of such an individualist method implies the choice of a psychological method is mistaken.
The Open Society and Its Enemies (1945), Vol. 22, 87.
Science quotes on:  |  Action (151)  |  Behaviour (24)  |  Belief (400)  |  Choice (64)  |  Collective (16)  |  Collectivism (2)  |  Correctness (11)  |  Group (52)  |  Human (445)  |  Implication (14)  |  Individualism (2)  |  Insistence (9)  |  Method (154)  |  Methodology (8)  |  Mistake (107)  |  Opposite (39)  |  Psychological (10)  |  Society (188)  |  State (96)

Research has deserted the individual and entered the group. The individual worker find the problem too large, not too difficult. He must learn to work with others.
Letter to Dr. E. B. Krumhaar (11 Oct 1933), in Journal of Bacteriology (Jan 1934), 27, No. 1, 20.
Science quotes on:  |  Difficulty (113)  |  Group (52)  |  Large (82)  |  Learning (174)  |  Problem (362)  |  Research (517)  |  Researcher (17)  |  Worker (23)  |  Working (20)

Savages have often been likened to children, and the comparison is not only correct but also highly instructive. Many naturalists consider that the early condition of the individual indicates that of the race,—that the best test of the affinities of a species are the stages through which it passes. So also it is in the case of man; the life of each individual is an epitome of the history of the race, and the gradual development of the child illustrates that of the species.
Pre-historic Times, as Illustrated by Ancient Remains, and the Manners and Customs of Modern Savages, (2nd. ed. 1869, 1878), 583.
Science quotes on:  |  Affinity (11)  |  Children (20)  |  Comparison (53)  |  Development (228)  |  Epitome (3)  |  Naturalist (49)  |  Race (76)  |  Savage (23)  |  Species (181)

Science and technology revolutionize our lives, but memory, tradition and myth frame our response. Expelled from individual consciousness by the rush of change, history finds its revenge by stamping the collective unconsciousness with habits, values, expectations, dreams. The dialectic between past and future will continue to form our lives.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Change (291)  |  Collective (16)  |  Consciousness (71)  |  Continue (38)  |  Dialectic (3)  |  Dream (92)  |  Expectation (46)  |  Expel (3)  |  Find (248)  |  Form (210)  |  Frame (17)  |  Future (229)  |  Habit (78)  |  History (302)  |  Live (186)  |  Memory (81)  |  Myth (43)  |  Past (109)  |  Response (24)  |  Revenge (6)  |  Revolutionize (2)  |  Rush (12)  |  Science And Technology (20)  |  Stamp (14)  |  Tradition (43)  |  Unconsciousness (2)  |  Value (180)

Science is a field which grows continuously with ever expanding frontiers. Further, it is truly international in scope. … Science is a collaborative effort. The combined results of several people working together is often much more effective than could be that of an individual scientist working alone.
From his second Nobel Prize Banquet speech (10 Dec 1972). In Wilhelm Odelberg (ed.), Les Prix Nobel en 1972 (1973).
Science quotes on:  |  Collaboration (10)  |  Combination (69)  |  Effectiveness (10)  |  Effort (94)  |  Frontier (16)  |  International (18)  |  Scientist (447)  |  Scope (13)  |  Work (457)

Science is what scientists do, and there are as many scientific methods as there are individual scientists.
'On Scientific Method' in Reflections of a Physicist (1950), 370.
Science quotes on:  |  Science (1699)  |  Scientific Method (155)  |  Scientist (447)

Society is a republic. When an individual endeavors to lift himself above his fellows, he is dragged down by the mass, either by means of ridicule or of calumny. No one shall be more virtuous or more intellectually gifted than others. Whoever, by the irresistible force of genius, rises above the common herd is certain to be ostracized by society, which will pursue him with such merciless derision and detraction that at last he will be compelled to retreat into the solitude of his thoughts.
In Heinrich Heine: His Wit, Wisdom, Poetry (1892), 26.
Science quotes on:  |  Calumny (2)  |  Compel (14)  |  Derision (6)  |  Genius (186)  |  Intellectual (79)  |  Republic (5)  |  Retreat (9)  |  Ridicule (13)  |  Society (188)  |  Sociology (31)  |  Solitude (10)  |  Thought (374)  |  Virtue (55)

Solitude in the presence of natural beauty and grandeur is the cradle of thought and aspirations which are not only good for the individual, but which society can ill do without.
John Stuart Mill and Sir William James Ashley (ed.), Principles of Political Economy (1848, 1917), 750.
Science quotes on:  |  Aspiration (19)  |  Beauty (171)  |  Cradle (10)  |  Goodness (9)  |  Grandeur (15)  |  Nature (1029)  |  Society (188)  |  Solitude (10)  |  Thought (374)

Statements about climate trends must be based on, er, trends. Not individual events or occurrences. Weather is not climate, and anecdotes are not statistics.
In article, 'Dear Donald Trump: Winter Does Not Disprove Global Warming', on the Mother Jones website (2 Jan 2014).
Science quotes on:  |  Anecdote (17)  |  Basis (60)  |  Climate (38)  |  Climate Change (56)  |  Event (97)  |  Global Warming (26)  |  Occurrence (30)  |  Statement (56)  |  Statistics (125)  |  Trend (16)  |  Weather (27)

The advance from the simple to the complex, through a process of successive differentiations, is seen alike in the earliest changes of the Universe to which we can reason our way back, and in the earliest changes which we can inductively establish; it is seen in the geologic and climatic evolution of the Earth; it is seen in the unfolding of every single organism on its surface, and in the multiplication of kinds of organisms; it is seen in the evolution of Humanity, whether contemplated in the civilized individual, or in the aggregate of races; it is seen in the evolution of Society in respect alike of its political, its religious, and its economical organization; and it is seen in the evolution of all those endless concrete and abstract products of human activity which constitute the environment of our daily life. From the remotest past which Science can fathom, up to the novelties of yesterday, that in which Progress essentially consists, is the transformation of the homogeneous into the heterogeneous.
Progress: Its Law and Cause (1857), 35.
Science quotes on:  |  Abstract (43)  |  Activity (97)  |  Advancement (36)  |  Aggregation (4)  |  Change (291)  |  Civilization (155)  |  Climate (38)  |  Complexity (80)  |  Concrete (21)  |  Contemplation (37)  |  Daily Life (5)  |  Differentiation (17)  |  Early (39)  |  Earth (487)  |  Economy (46)  |  Environment (138)  |  Establishment (29)  |  Evolution (482)  |  Fathom (5)  |  Geology (187)  |  Heterogeneity (3)  |  Homogeneity (4)  |  Humanity (104)  |  Induction (45)  |  Kind (99)  |  Multiplication (14)  |  Novelty (19)  |  Organism (126)  |  Organization (79)  |  Past (109)  |  Politics (77)  |  Process (201)  |  Product (72)  |  Race (76)  |  Reason (330)  |  Religion (210)  |  Remoteness (7)  |  Simplicity (126)  |  Society (188)  |  Succession (39)  |  Surface (74)  |  Transformation (47)  |  Unfolding (5)  |  Universe (563)  |  Yesterday (14)

The ancestors of the higher animals must be regarded as one-celled beings, similar to the Amœbæ which at the present day occur in our rivers, pools, and lakes. The incontrovertible fact that each human individual develops from an egg, which, in common with those of all animals, is a simple cell, most clearly proves that the most remote ancestors of man were primordial animals of this sort, of a form equivalent to a simple cell. When, therefore, the theory of the animal descent of man is condemned as a “horrible, shocking, and immoral” doctrine, tho unalterable fact, which can be proved at any moment under the microscope, that the human egg is a simple cell, which is in no way different to those of other mammals, must equally be pronounced “horrible, shocking, and immoral.”
Translated from his Ueber die Entstehung und den Stammbaum des Menschengeschlechts, (1873), Vol. 2, as an epigraph to Chap. 6, The Evolution of Man, (1879), Vol 1, 120-121.
Science quotes on:  |  Amoeba (20)  |  Ancestor (35)  |  Animal (309)  |  Being (39)  |  Cell (125)  |  Common (92)  |  Condemn (6)  |  Descent (14)  |  Develop (55)  |  Difference (208)  |  Doctrine (53)  |  Egg (41)  |  Equally (18)  |  Equivalent (14)  |  Evolution (482)  |  Fact (609)  |  Higher (28)  |  Horrible (7)  |  Human (445)  |  Immoral (3)  |  Incontrovertible (5)  |  Lake (12)  |  Mammal (28)  |  Microscope (68)  |  Moment (61)  |  Pool (10)  |  Primordial (7)  |  Pronounce (4)  |  Proof (192)  |  Remote (27)  |  River (68)  |  Shocking (3)  |  Simple (111)  |  Theory (582)  |  Unalterable (4)

The assumptions of population thinking are diametrically opposed to those of the typologist. The populationist stresses the uniqueness of everything in the organic world. What is true for the human species,–that no two individuals are alike, is equally true for all other species of animals and plants ... All organisms and organic phenomena are composed of unique features and can be described collectively only in statistical terms. Individuals, or any kind of organic entities, form populations of which we can determine the arithmetic mean and the statistics of variation. Averages are merely statistical abstractions, only the individuals of which the populations are composed have reality. The ultimate conclusions of the population thinker and of the typologist are precisely the opposite. For the typologist, the type (eidos) is real and the variation. an illusion, while for the populationist the type (average) is an abstraction and only the variation is real. No two ways of looking at nature could be more different.
Darwin and the Evolutionary Theory in Biology (1959), 2.
Science quotes on:  |  Abstraction (29)  |  Animal (309)  |  Assumption (49)  |  Characteristic (66)  |  Description (72)  |  Difference (208)  |  Human Species (6)  |  Illusion (38)  |  Likeness (7)  |  Nature (1029)  |  Opposition (29)  |  Organism (126)  |  Plant (173)  |  Population (71)  |  Reality (140)  |  Species (181)  |  Thinking (222)  |  Type (34)  |  Unique (24)  |  Variation (50)

The beauty and genius of a work of art may be reconceived, though its first material expression be destroyed; a vanished harmony may yet again inspire the composer, but when the last individual of a race of living things breathes no more, another heaven and another earth must pass before such a one can be again.
In The Bird: Its Form and Function (1906), Vol. 1, 18.
Science quotes on:  |  Art (205)  |  Beauty (171)  |  Composer (2)  |  Destruction (80)  |  Earth (487)  |  Expression (82)  |  Extinction (55)  |  Genius (186)  |  Harmony (55)  |  Heaven (118)  |  Inspiration (50)  |  Life (917)  |  Pass (60)  |  Species (181)  |  Vanishing (8)  |  Work (457)

The classification of facts and the formation of absolute judgments upon the basis of this classification—judgments independent of the idiosyncrasies of the individual mind—essentially sum up the aim and method of modern science. The scientific man has above all things to strive at self-elimination in his judgments, to provide an argument which is as true for each individual mind as for his own.
From The Grammar of Science (1892), 7-8.
Science quotes on:  |  Absolute (65)  |  Aim (58)  |  Argument (59)  |  Basis (60)  |  Classification (79)  |  Essential (87)  |  Fact (609)  |  Formation (54)  |  Idiosyncrasy (2)  |  Independent (41)  |  Judgment (72)  |  Method (154)  |  Mind (544)  |  Provide (48)  |  Science (1699)  |  Scientist (447)  |  Strive (35)  |  Truth (750)

The conditions that direct the order of the whole of the living world around us, are marked by their persistence in improving the birthright of successive generations. They determine, at much cost of individual comfort, that each plant and animal shall, on the general average, be endowed at its birth with more suitable natural faculties than those of its representative in the preceding generation.
In 'The Observed Order of Events', Inquiries Into Human Faculty and Its Development (1882), 229.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (309)  |  Average (31)  |  Birth (81)  |  Birthright (3)  |  Comfort (42)  |  Condition (119)  |  Cost (31)  |  Determine (45)  |  Endow (9)  |  Evolution (482)  |  Faculty (36)  |  Generation (111)  |  Improve (39)  |  Live (186)  |  Natural (128)  |  Order (167)  |  Persistence (16)  |  Plant (173)  |  Precede (11)  |  Representative (9)  |  Successive (14)  |  World (667)

The crippling of individuals I consider the worst evil of capitalism. Our whole educational system suffers from this evil. An exaggerated competitive attitude is inculcated into the student, who is trained to worship acquisitive success as a preparation for his future career.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Acquisitive (2)  |  Attitude (47)  |  Bad (78)  |  Capitalism (7)  |  Career (54)  |  Competitive (6)  |  Consider (45)  |  Cripple (2)  |  Educational (6)  |  Evil (67)  |  Exaggerate (3)  |  Future (229)  |  Inculcate (5)  |  Preparation (33)  |  Student (131)  |  Success (202)  |  Suffer (25)  |  System (141)  |  Train (25)  |  Whole (122)  |  Worship (22)

The education explosion is producing a vast number of people who want to live significant, important lives but lack the ability to satisfy this craving for importance by individual achievement. The country is being swamped with nobodies who want to be somebodies.
From address to employees of the Phillips Petroleum Co. In Bartlesville, Oklahoma, excerpted in the Franklin, Indiana, The Daily Journal (23 Jan 1978), 2.
Science quotes on:  |  Ability (75)  |  Achievement (128)  |  Country (121)  |  Crave (6)  |  Education (280)  |  Explosion (24)  |  Importance (183)  |  Important (124)  |  Lack (52)  |  Live (186)  |  Nobody (38)  |  Number (179)  |  People (269)  |  Produce (63)  |  Satisfy (14)  |  Significant (26)  |  Somebody (6)  |  Swamp (5)  |  Vast (56)  |  Want (120)

The efforts of most human-beings are consumed in the struggle for their daily bread, but most of those who are, either through fortune or some special gift, relieved of this struggle are largely absorbed in further improving their worldly lot. Beneath the effort directed toward the accumulation of worldly goods lies all too frequently the illusion that this is the most substantial and desirable end to be achieved; but there is, fortunately, a minority composed of those who recognize early in their lives that the most beautiful and satisfying experiences open to humankind are not derived from the outside, but are bound up with the development of the individual's own feeling, thinking and acting. The genuine artists, investigators and thinkers have always been persons of this kind. However inconspicuously the life of these individuals runs its course, none the less the fruits of their endeavors are the most valuable contributions which one generation can make to its successors.
In letter (1 May 1935), Letters to the Editor, 'The Late Emmy Noether: Professor Einstein Writes in Appreciation of a Fellow-Mathematician', New York Times (4 May 1935), 12.
Science quotes on:  |  Acting (5)  |  Artist (46)  |  Beautiful (81)  |  Bound (12)  |  Contribution (49)  |  Derivation (12)  |  Development (228)  |  Early (39)  |  Endeavor (33)  |  Experience (268)  |  Feeling (79)  |  Fortunately (7)  |  Fruit (63)  |  Generation (111)  |  Genuine (19)  |  Humankind (7)  |  Inconspicuous (3)  |  Investigator (28)  |  Kind (99)  |  Life (917)  |  Minority (16)  |  Emmy Noether (6)  |  Nonetheless (2)  |  Outside (37)  |  Recognition (62)  |  Satisfaction (48)  |  Successor (6)  |  Thinker (15)  |  Thinking (222)  |  Value (180)

The energy available for each individual man is his income, and the philosophy which can teach him to be content with penury should be capable of teaching him also the uses of wealth.
Science and Life: Aberdeen Addresses (1920), 6.
Science quotes on:  |  Availability (10)  |  Capability (35)  |  Contentment (10)  |  Energy (185)  |  Income (8)  |  Mankind (196)  |  Penury (2)  |  Philosophy (213)  |  Teaching (99)  |  Wealth (50)

The fact is that up to now the free society has not been good for the intellectual. It has neither accorded him a superior status to sustain his confidence nor made it easy for him to acquire an unquestioned sense of social usefulness. For he derives his sense of usefulness mainly from directing, instructing, and planning-from minding other people’s business-and is bound to feel superfluous and neglected where people believe themselves competent to manage individual and communal affairs, and are impatient of supervision and regulation. A free society is as much a threat to the intellectual’s sense of worth as an automated economy is to the workingman’s sense of worth. Any social order that can function with a minimum of leadership will be anathema to the intellectual.
In 'Concerning Individual Freedom', The Ordeal of Change (1963), 141.
Science quotes on:  |  Accord (21)  |  Acquire (19)  |  Affair (24)  |  Belief (400)  |  Bind (18)  |  Communal (7)  |  Competent (10)  |  Confidence (32)  |  Derive (18)  |  Direct (44)  |  Easy (56)  |  Economy (46)  |  Fact (609)  |  Feel (93)  |  Free (59)  |  Function (90)  |  Good (228)  |  Impatient (2)  |  Instruction (51)  |  Intellectual (79)  |  Leadership (5)  |  Mainly (6)  |  Manage (10)  |  Mind (544)  |  Minimum (10)  |  Neglect (23)  |  People (269)  |  Regulation (18)  |  Sense (240)  |  Social (93)  |  Social Order (7)  |  Society (188)  |  Status (18)  |  Superfluous (8)  |  Superior (30)  |  Supervision (3)  |  Sustain (13)  |  Themselves (45)  |  Threat (24)  |  Unquestioned (4)  |  Usefulness (70)  |  Workingmans (2)  |  Worth (74)

The health of society thus depends quite as much on the independence of the individuals composing it as on their close political cohesion.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Close (40)  |  Cohesion (5)  |  Compose (7)  |  Depend (56)  |  Health (136)  |  Independence (32)  |  Political (31)  |  Society (188)

The ideal government of all reflective men, from Aristotle onward, is one which lets the individual alone–one which barely escapes being no government at all. This ideal, I believe, will be realized in the world twenty or thirty centuries after I have passed from these scenes and taken up my public duties in Hell.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Alone (61)  |  Aristotle (141)  |  Barely (3)  |  Belief (400)  |  Century (95)  |  Duty (51)  |  Escape (34)  |  Government (85)  |  Hell (29)  |  Ideal (52)  |  Let (30)  |  Onward (4)  |  Pass (60)  |  Public (82)  |  Realize (43)  |  Reflective (2)  |  Scene (10)  |  Thirty (4)  |  World (667)

The individual feels the futility of human desires and aims and the sublimity and marvelous order which reveal themselves both in nature and in the world of thought. Individual existence impresses him as a sort of prison and he wants to experience the universe as a single significant whole. The beginnings of cosmic religious feeling already appear at an early stage of development, e.g., in many of the Psalms of David and in some of the Prophets. Buddhism, as we have learned especially from the wonderful writings of Schopenhauer, contains a much stronger element of this. The religious geniuses of all ages have been distinguished by this kind of religious feeling, which knows no dogma and no God conceived in man’s image; so that there can be no church whose central teachings are based on it. Hence it is precisely among the heretics of every age that we find men who were filled with this highest kind of religious feeling and were in many cases regarded by their contemporaries as atheists, sometimes also as saints. Looked at in this light, men like Democritus, Francis of Assisi, and Spinoza are closely akin to one another.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Age (137)  |  Aim (58)  |  Akin (3)  |  Already (16)  |  Appear (55)  |  Atheist (13)  |  Base (43)  |  Beginnings (2)  |  Both (52)  |  Case (64)  |  Central (23)  |  Church (30)  |  Closely (8)  |  Conceive (22)  |  Contain (37)  |  Contemporary (22)  |  Cosmic (34)  |  David (5)  |  Democritus of Abdera (16)  |  Desire (101)  |  Development (228)  |  Distinguish (32)  |  Dogma (25)  |  Early (39)  |  Element (129)  |  Especially (18)  |  Existence (254)  |  Experience (268)  |  Feel (93)  |  Fill (35)  |  Find (248)  |  Francis (2)  |  Futility (5)  |  Genius (186)  |  God (454)  |  Heretic (5)  |  High (78)  |  Human (445)  |  Image (38)  |  Impress (9)  |  Kind (99)  |  Know (321)  |  Learn (160)  |  Light (246)  |  Marvelous (13)  |  Nature (1029)  |  Order (167)  |  Precisely (11)  |  Prison (7)  |  Prophet (8)  |  Psalm (3)  |  Regard (58)  |  Religious (44)  |  Reveal (32)  |  Saint (10)  |  Significant (26)  |  Single (72)  |  Sometimes (27)  |  Sort (32)  |  Spinoza (4)  |  Stage (39)  |  Strong (47)  |  Sublimity (4)  |  Teachings (2)  |  Themselves (45)  |  Thought (374)  |  Universe (563)  |  Want (120)  |  Whole (122)  |  Wonderful (37)  |  World (667)  |  Writings (2)

The individual on his own is stable only so long as he is possessed of self-esteem. The maintenance of self-esteem is a continuous task which taxes all of the individual’s powers and inner resources. We have to prove our worth and justify our existence anew each day. When, for whatever reason, self-esteem is unattainable, the autonomous individual becomes a highly explosive entity. He turns away from an unpromising self and plunges into the pursuit of pride—the explosive substitute for self-esteem. All social disturbances and upheavals have their roots in crises of individual self-esteem, and the great endeavor in which the masses most readily unite is basically a search for pride.
In The Passionate State of Mind (1955), 18
Science quotes on:  |  Anew (5)  |  Autonomous (3)  |  Basically (4)  |  Become (100)  |  Continuous (24)  |  Crisis (13)  |  Disturbance (19)  |  Endeavor (33)  |  Entity (23)  |  Existence (254)  |  Explosive (16)  |  Great (300)  |  Highly (8)  |  Inner (27)  |  Justify (19)  |  Long (95)  |  Maintenance (13)  |  Mass (61)  |  Plunge (7)  |  Possess (19)  |  Power (273)  |  Pride (45)  |  Prove (60)  |  Pursuit (55)  |  Readily (6)  |  Reason (330)  |  Resource (47)  |  Root (48)  |  Search (85)  |  Self (39)  |  Self-Esteem (4)  |  Social (93)  |  Stable (15)  |  Substitute (23)  |  Task (68)  |  Tax (19)  |  Turn (72)  |  Unattainable (6)  |  Unite (13)  |  Upheaval (3)  |  Worth (74)

The individual, if left alone from birth would remain primitive and beast-like in his thoughts and feelings to a degree that we can hardly conceive. The individual is what he is and has the significance that he has not so much in virtue of his individuality, but rather as a member of a great human society, which directs his material and spiritual existence from the cradle to the grave.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Alone (61)  |  Beast-Like (2)  |  Birth (81)  |  Conceive (22)  |  Cradle (10)  |  Degree (48)  |  Direct (44)  |  Existence (254)  |  Feelings (11)  |  Grave (20)  |  Great (300)  |  Hardly (12)  |  Human Society (6)  |  Individuality (12)  |  Leave (63)  |  Material (124)  |  Member (27)  |  Primitive (37)  |  Remain (77)  |  Significance (60)  |  Spiritual (45)  |  Thought (374)  |  Virtue (55)

The life history of the individual is first and foremost an accommodation to the patterns and standards traditionally handed down in his community. From the moment of birth the customs into which he is born shape his experience and behavior.
In 'The Science of Custom', Patterns of Culture (1934, 2005), 2-3.
Science quotes on:  |  Accommodation (5)  |  Behavior (49)  |  Birth (81)  |  Community (65)  |  Custom (24)  |  Experience (268)  |  First (174)  |  Foremost (8)  |  Life History (2)  |  Moment (61)  |  Pattern (56)  |  Shape (52)  |  Standard (41)  |  Traditional (9)

The maintenance of biological diversity requires special measures that extend far beyond the establishment of nature reserves. Several reasons for this stand out. Existing reserves have been selected according to a number of criteria, including the desire to protect nature, scenery, and watersheds, and to promote cultural values and recreational opportunities. The actual requirements of individual species, populations, and communities have seldom been known, nor has the available information always been employed in site selection and planning for nature reserves. The use of lands surrounding nature reserves has typically been inimical to conservation, since it has usually involved heavy use of pesticides, industrial development, and the presence of human settlements in which fire, hunting, and firewood gathering feature as elements of the local economy.
The Fragmented Forest: Island Biogeography Theory and the Preservation of Biotic Diversity (1984), xii.
Science quotes on:  |  Actual (34)  |  Available (18)  |  Biodiversity (8)  |  Community (65)  |  Conservation (139)  |  Criteria (6)  |  Cultural (16)  |  Desire (101)  |  Economy (46)  |  Establishment (29)  |  Extend (20)  |  Far (77)  |  Fire (117)  |  Gather (29)  |  Heavy (13)  |  Human (445)  |  Hunting (7)  |  Information (102)  |  Involve (27)  |  Known (15)  |  Land (83)  |  Maintenance (13)  |  Opportunity (43)  |  Pesticide (4)  |  Plan (69)  |  Population (71)  |  Promote (14)  |  Protect (26)  |  Reason (330)  |  Recreation (11)  |  Requirement (45)  |  Scenery (5)  |  Seldom (21)  |  Select (5)  |  Selection (27)  |  Settlement (2)  |  Site (11)  |  Special (51)  |  Species (181)  |  Surround (17)  |  Typical (10)  |  Use (70)  |  Usually (20)  |  Value (180)  |  Watershed (2)

The mathematics of cooperation of men and tools is interesting. Separated men trying their individual experiments contribute in proportion to their numbers and their work may be called mathematically additive. The effect of a single piece of apparatus given to one man is also additive only, but when a group of men are cooperating, as distinct from merely operating, their work raises with some higher power of the number than the first power. It approaches the square for two men and the cube for three. Two men cooperating with two different pieces of apparatus, say a special furnace and a pyrometer or a hydraulic press and new chemical substances, are more powerful than their arithmetical sum. These facts doubtless assist as assets of a research laboratory.
Quoted from a speech delivered at the fiftieth anniversary of granting of M.I.T's charter, in Guy Suits, 'Willis Rodney Whitney', National Academy of Sciences, Biographical Memoirs (1960), 352.
Science quotes on:  |  Apparatus (30)  |  Arithmetic (68)  |  Assistance (7)  |  Chemical (72)  |  Cooperation (27)  |  Cube (9)  |  Doubtless (5)  |  Experiment (543)  |  Fact (609)  |  Furnace (10)  |  Group (52)  |  Higher (28)  |  Laboratory (120)  |  Mathematics (587)  |  Operation (96)  |  Power (273)  |  Powerful (51)  |  Press (16)  |  Proportion (47)  |  Research (517)  |  Special (51)  |  Square (10)  |  Substance (73)  |  Sum (30)  |  Three (10)  |  Tool (70)  |  Two (13)

The members of the department became like the Athenians who, according to the Apostle Paul, “spent their time in nothing else, but either to tell or to hear some new thing.” Anyone who thought he had a bright idea rushed out to try it out on a colleague. Groups of two or more could be seen every day in offices, before blackboards or even in corridors, arguing vehemently about these 'brain storms.' It is doubtful whether any paper ever emerged for publication that had not run the gauntlet of such criticism. The whole department thus became far greater than the sum of its individual members.
Obituary of Gilbert Newton Lewis, Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Science (1958), 31, 212.
Science quotes on:  |  Blackboard (6)  |  Brainstorm (2)  |  Colleague (19)  |  Criticism (52)  |  Department (33)  |  Idea (440)  |  Gilbert Newton Lewis (9)  |  Obituary (10)  |  Publication (83)

The moral attitudes of a people that is supported by religion need always aim at preserving and promoting the sanity and vitality of the community and its individuals, since otherwise this community is bound to perish. A people that were to honor falsehood, defamation, fraud, and murder would be unable, indeed, to subsist for very long.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Aim (58)  |  Attitude (47)  |  Bind (18)  |  Community (65)  |  Defamation (2)  |  Falsehood (19)  |  Fraud (12)  |  Honor (21)  |  Long (95)  |  Moral (100)  |  Murder (11)  |  Need (211)  |  Otherwise (16)  |  People (269)  |  Perish (23)  |  Preserve (38)  |  Promote (14)  |  Religion (210)  |  Sanity (7)  |  Subsist (3)  |  Support (63)  |  Unable (12)  |  Vitality (10)

The most intensely social animals can only adapt to group behavior. Bees and ants have no option when isolated, except to die. There is really no such creature as a single individual; he has no more life of his own than a cast off cell marooned from the surface of your skin.
In The Lives of a Cell (1974), 63.
Science quotes on:  |  Adapt (18)  |  Animal (309)  |  Ant (19)  |  Bee (21)  |  Behavior (49)  |  Cell (125)  |  Die (46)  |  Entomology (5)  |  Group (52)  |  Isolated (12)  |  Life (917)  |  Skin (17)  |  Social (93)  |  Surface (74)

The mythology of science asserts that with many different scientists all asking their own questions and evaluating the answers independently, whatever personal bias creeps into their individual answers is cancelled out when the large picture is put together. This might conceivably be so if scientists were women and men from all sorts of different cultural and social backgrounds who came to science with very different ideologies and interests. But since, in fact, they have been predominantly university-trained white males from privileged social backgrounds, the bias has been narrow and the product often reveals more about the investigator than about the subject being researched.
'Have Only Men Evolved?' Women Look at Biology Looking At Women, eds. Ruth Hubbard, Mary Sue Henifin, and Barbara Fried (1979).
Science quotes on:  |  Answer (201)  |  Ask (99)  |  Assert (11)  |  Background (24)  |  Bias (15)  |  Cancel (3)  |  Creep (7)  |  Cultural (16)  |  Different (110)  |  Evaluate (5)  |  Fact (609)  |  Ideology (7)  |  Independently (4)  |  Interest (170)  |  Investigator (28)  |  Large (82)  |  Male (24)  |  Mythology (11)  |  Narrow (33)  |  Often (69)  |  Personal (49)  |  Picture (55)  |  Predominantly (4)  |  Privilege (16)  |  Product (72)  |  Question (315)  |  Research (517)  |  Reveal (32)  |  Science (1699)  |  Scientist (447)  |  Social (93)  |  Sort (32)  |  Subject (129)  |  Together (48)  |  White (38)  |  Woman (94)

The one who stays in my mind as the ideal man of science is, not Huxley or Tyndall, Hooker or Lubbock, still less my friend, philosopher and guide Herbert Spencer, but Francis Galton, whom I used to observe and listen to—I regret to add, without the least reciprocity—with rapt attention. Even to-day. I can conjure up, from memory’s misty deep, that tall figure with its attitude of perfect physical and mental poise; the clean-shaven face, the thin, compressed mouth with its enigmatical smile; the long upper lip and firm chin, and, as if presiding over the whole personality of the man, the prominent dark eyebrows from beneath which gleamed, with penetrating humour, contemplative grey eyes. Fascinating to me was Francis Galton’s all-embracing but apparently impersonal beneficence. But, to a recent and enthusiastic convert to the scientific method, the most relevant of Galton’s many gifts was the unique contribution of three separate and distinct processes of the intellect; a continuous curiosity about, and rapid apprehension of individual facts, whether common or uncommon; the faculty for ingenious trains of reasoning; and, more admirable than either of these, because the talent was wholly beyond my reach, the capacity for correcting and verifying his own hypotheses, by the statistical handling of masses of data, whether collected by himself or supplied by other students of the problem.
In My Apprenticeship (1926), 134-135.
Science quotes on:  |  Admirable (11)  |  Apprehension (9)  |  Attention (76)  |  Attitude (47)  |  Beneficence (3)  |  Capacity (42)  |  Collected (2)  |  Compressed (3)  |  Conjuring (3)  |  Continuous (24)  |  Contribution (49)  |  Convert (15)  |  Curiosity (89)  |  Data (100)  |  Deep (81)  |  Distinct (29)  |  Enigma (5)  |  Enthusiastic (2)  |  Eye (159)  |  Eyebrow (2)  |  Face (69)  |  Fact (609)  |  Faculty (36)  |  Fascinating (17)  |  Figure (32)  |  Firm (19)  |  Friend (63)  |  Sir Francis Galton (16)  |  Gift (47)  |  Grey (6)  |  Guide (46)  |  Handling (7)  |  Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker (12)  |  Humour (101)  |  Thomas Henry Huxley (119)  |  Hypothesis (227)  |  Ideal (52)  |  Impersonal (4)  |  Ingenious (18)  |  Intellect (157)  |  Lip (3)  |  Listen (26)  |  John Lubbock (Lord Avebury) (25)  |  Man Of Science (27)  |  Memory (81)  |  Mental (57)  |  Method (154)  |  Misty (3)  |  Mouth (16)  |  Observation (418)  |  Penetrating (3)  |  Perfect (46)  |  Personality (40)  |  Philosopher (132)  |  Physical (94)  |  Poise (2)  |  Problem (362)  |  Process (201)  |  Prominent (5)  |  Rapid (17)  |  Rapt (5)  |  Reach (68)  |  Reasoning (79)  |  Regret (16)  |  Relevant (3)  |  Scientific (169)  |  Separate (46)  |  Smile (13)  |  Herbert Spencer (35)  |  Statistics (125)  |  Student (131)  |  Talent (49)  |  Tall (8)  |  Thin (7)  |  Train (25)  |  Uncommon (7)  |  Unique (24)  |  Upper (3)

The principal result of my investigation is that a uniform developmental principle controls the individual elementary units of all organisms, analogous to the finding that crystals are formed by the same laws in spite of the diversity of their forms.
Mikroskopische Untersuchungen über die Uebereinstimmung in der Struktur und dem Wachsthum der Thiue und Pflanzen (1839). Microscopic Researches into the Accordance in the Structure and Growth of Animals and Plants, trans. Henry Smith (1847), 1.
Science quotes on:  |  Analogy (46)  |  Control (93)  |  Crystal (47)  |  Development (228)  |  Diversity (46)  |  Elementary (30)  |  Form (210)  |  Formation (54)  |  Investigation (123)  |  Law (418)  |  Organism (126)  |  Result (250)  |  Uniform (14)  |  Unit (25)

The psychoanalysis of individual human beings, however, teaches us with quite special insistence that the god of each of them is formed in the likeness of his father, that his personal relation to God depends on his relation to his father in the flesh and oscillates and changes along with that relation, and that at bottom God is nothing other than an exalted father.
(Originally published 1913). Totem and Taboo, vol. 13, pt. 4, sct. 6, Complete Works, Standard Edition, eds. James Strachey and Anna Freud (1953).
Science quotes on:  |  Bottom (28)  |  Change (291)  |  Depend (56)  |  Exalted (8)  |  Father (44)  |  Flesh (22)  |  Form (210)  |  God (454)  |  Human Beings (19)  |  Insistence (9)  |  Likeness (7)  |  Nothing (267)  |  Oscillate (2)  |  Personal (49)  |  Psychoanalysis (37)  |  Relation (96)  |  Special (51)  |  Teach (102)

The really valuable thing in the pageant of human life seems to me not the State but the creative, sentient individual, the personality; it alone creates the noble and the sublime, while the herd as such remains dull in thought and dull in feeling.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Alone (61)  |  Create (98)  |  Creative (41)  |  Dull (26)  |  Feel (93)  |  Herd (12)  |  Human Life (25)  |  Noble (41)  |  Pageant (3)  |  Personality (40)  |  Really (50)  |  Remain (77)  |  Seem (89)  |  Sentient (3)  |  State (96)  |  Sublime (18)  |  Thought (374)  |  Value (180)

The starting point of Darwin’s theory of evolution is precisely the existence of those differences between individual members of a race or species which morphologists for the most part rightly neglect. The first condition necessary, in order that any process of Natural Selection may begin among a race, or species, is the existence of differences among its members; and the first step in an enquiry into the possible effect of a selective process upon any character of a race must be an estimate of the frequency with which individuals, exhibiting any given degree of abnormality with respect to that, character, occur. The unit, with which such an enquiry must deal, is not an individual but a race, or a statistically representative sample of a race; and the result must take the form of a numerical statement, showing the relative frequency with which the various kinds of individuals composing the race occur.
Biometrika: A Joumal for the Statistical Study of Biological Problems (1901), 1, 1-2.
Science quotes on:  |  Beginning (114)  |  Composition (52)  |  Condition (119)  |  Charles Darwin (284)  |  Difference (208)  |  Enquiry (75)  |  Evolution (482)  |  Existence (254)  |  First (174)  |  Form (210)  |  Frequency (13)  |  Kind (99)  |  Member (27)  |  Natural Selection (79)  |  Necessity (125)  |  Neglect (23)  |  Number (179)  |  Occurrence (30)  |  Precision (38)  |  Process (201)  |  Race (76)  |  Relative (24)  |  Representative (9)  |  Result (250)  |  Sample (8)  |  Species (181)  |  Start (68)  |  Starting Point (6)  |  Statement (56)  |  Statistics (125)  |  Step (67)  |  Theory (582)  |  Various (25)

The succession of individuals, connected by reproduction and belonging to a species, makes it possible for the specific form itself to last for ages. In the end, however, the species is temporary; it has no “eternal life.” After existing for a certain period, it either dies or is converted by modification into other forms.
As translated by Joseph McCabe in Haeckel's The Wonders of Life: a Popular Study of Biological Philosophy (1904), 248.
Science quotes on:  |  Age (137)  |  Belong (33)  |  Connect (15)  |  Convert (15)  |  Die (46)  |  Eternal (43)  |  Evolution (482)  |  Existence (254)  |  Last (19)  |  Life (917)  |  Modification (31)  |  Possible (100)  |  Reproduction (57)  |  Species (181)  |  Specific (30)  |  Succession (39)  |  Temporary (13)

The world of organisms, of animals and plants, is built up of individuals. I like to think, then, of natural history as the study of life at the level of the individual—of what plants and animals do, how they react to each other and their environment, how they are organized into larger groupings like populations and communities.
In The Nature of Natural History (1961, 2014), 7.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (309)  |  Building (51)  |  Community (65)  |  Environment (138)  |  Group (52)  |  Larger (8)  |  Level (51)  |  Life (917)  |  Natural History (44)  |  Nomenclature (129)  |  Organism (126)  |  Organization (79)  |  Plant (173)  |  Population (71)  |  Study (331)  |  World (667)

The worth of a new idea is invariably determined, not by the degree of its intuitiveness—which incidentally, is to a major extent a matter of experience and habit—but by the scope and accuracy of the individual laws to the discovery of which it eventually leads.
In Scientific Autobiography and Other Papers (1968), 109-110.
Science quotes on:  |  Accuracy (52)  |  Degree (48)  |  Determine (45)  |  Discovery (591)  |  Experience (268)  |  Habit (78)  |  Invariably (8)  |  Law (418)  |  New Idea (5)  |  Scope (13)  |  Worth (74)

There is a theory that creativity arises when individuals are out of sync with their environment. To put it simply, people who fit in with their communities have insufficient motivation to risk their psyches in creating something truly new, while those who are out of sync are driven by the constant need to prove their worth.
In 'Beyond the Soapsuds Universe', Discover Magazine (1997). The author explains (in a blog found online) that this “idea comes from a theory by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, who wrote a book called Flow: the Psychology of Optimal Experience. You do need someone to come in from outside. One of the theories about why mathematicians do their best work when they’re young is because they’re not yet educated enough to know what seems obviously wrong. So they try new things.”
Science quotes on:  |  Arising (3)  |  Community (65)  |  Constant (40)  |  Creating (7)  |  Creativity (66)  |  Driven (3)  |  Environment (138)  |  Fit (31)  |  Insufficient (6)  |  Motivation (21)  |  Need (211)  |  New (340)  |  Proof (192)  |  Psyche (7)  |  Risk (29)  |  Theory (582)  |  Truly (19)  |  Worth (74)

There is not much that even the most socially responsible scientists can do as individuals, or even as a group, about the social consequences of their activities.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Activity (97)  |  Consequence (76)  |  Group (52)  |  Responsible (11)  |  Scientist (447)  |  Social (93)  |  Socially (2)

There’s no evolution of single individuals. Evolution is the property of populations.
In transcript of video interview story No. 112, 'What is Life?' on webofstories.com website.
Science quotes on:  |  Evolution (482)  |  Population (71)

They who clamor loudest for freedom are often the ones least likely to be happy in a free society. The frustrated, oppressed by their shortcomings, blame their failure on existing restraints. Actually, their innermost desire is for an end to the “free for all.” They want to eliminate free competition and the ruthless testing to which the individual is continually subjected in a free society.
In The True Believer: Thoughts on the Nature of Mass Movements (1951), 32.
Science quotes on:  |  Actually (14)  |  Blame (17)  |  Clamor (7)  |  Competition (26)  |  Continually (14)  |  Desire (101)  |  Eliminate (15)  |  End (141)  |  Exist (89)  |  Failure (118)  |  Free (59)  |  Freedom (76)  |  Frustrate (2)  |  Happy (22)  |  Innermost (3)  |  Least (44)  |  Likely (23)  |  Loud (7)  |  Often (69)  |  Oppressed (2)  |  Restraint (8)  |  Ruthless (5)  |  Shortcoming (3)  |  Society (188)  |  Subject (129)  |  Test (96)  |  Want (120)

This integrative action in virtue of which the nervous system unifies from separate organs an animal possessing solidarity, an individual, is the problem before us.
The Integrative Action of the Nervous System (1906), 2.
Science quotes on:  |  Action (151)  |  Animal (309)  |  Integration (12)  |  Nervous System (11)  |  Organ (60)  |  Possession (37)  |  Problem (362)  |  Separate (46)  |  Unification (9)  |  Virtue (55)

Those individuals who give moral considerations a much greater weight than considerations of expediency represent a comparatively small minority, five percent of the people perhaps. But, In spite of their numerical inferiority, they play a major role in our society because theirs is the voice of the conscience of society.
In J. Robert Moskin, Morality in America (1966), 17. Otherwise unconfirmed in this form. Please contact webmaster if you know a primary print source.
Science quotes on:  |  Comparatively (6)  |  Conscience (36)  |  Consideration (65)  |  Expediency (4)  |  Inferiority (7)  |  Major (24)  |  Minority (16)  |  Moral (100)  |  Numerical (5)  |  People (269)  |  Role (35)  |  Small (97)  |  Society (188)  |  Voice (41)  |  Weight (61)

Through science or an artform—through creativity—the individual genius seems to live at the exhilarating edge of what it means to have our human mind.
In Fire in the Crucible: Understanding the Process of Creative Genius (2002), Prologue, xiii.
Science quotes on:  |  Creativity (66)  |  Edge (16)  |  Exhilaration (5)  |  Genius (186)  |  Human (445)  |  Living (44)  |  Meaning (87)  |  Mind (544)  |  Science (1699)

Through [the growing organism's] power of assimilation there is a constant encroachment of the organic upon the inorganic, a constant attempt to convert all available material into living substance, and to indefinitely multiply the total number of individual organisms.
In History of the Human Body (1919), 2.
Science quotes on:  |  Assimilation (9)  |  Conversion (14)  |  Encroachment (2)  |  Growth (111)  |  Indefinitely (9)  |  Inorganic (11)  |  Life (917)  |  Multiplication (14)  |  Number (179)  |  Organic (48)  |  Substance (73)  |  Total (29)

Thus the system of the world only oscillates around a mean state from which it never departs except by a very small quantity. By virtue of its constitution and the law of gravity, it enjoys a stability that can be destroyed only by foreign causes, and we are certain that their action is undetectable from the time of the most ancient observations until our own day. This stability in the system of the world, which assures its duration, is one of the most notable among all phenomena, in that it exhibits in the heavens the same intention to maintain order in the universe that nature has so admirably observed on earth for the sake of preserving individuals and perpetuating species.
'Sur l'Équation Séculaire de la Lune' (1786, published 1788). In Oeuvres complètes de Laplace, 14 Vols. (1843-1912), Vol. 11, 248-9, trans. Charles Coulston Gillispie, Pierre-Simon Laplace 1749-1827: A Life in Exact Science (1997), 145.
Science quotes on:  |  Action (151)  |  Ancient (68)  |  Cause (231)  |  Certainty (97)  |  The Constitution of the United States (7)  |  Destroy (63)  |  Duration (9)  |  Exhibit (12)  |  Foreign (20)  |  Gravity (89)  |  Heaven (118)  |  Intention (25)  |  Law (418)  |  Maintain (22)  |  Mean (63)  |  Nature (1029)  |  Observation (418)  |  Order (167)  |  Oscillation (6)  |  Perpetuate (5)  |  Phenomenon (218)  |  Preservation (28)  |  Species (181)  |  Stability (17)  |  State (96)  |  System (141)  |  Time (439)  |  Undetectable (2)  |  Universe (563)  |  World (667)

To any doctrine of individual immortality science opposes an unbroken and impregnable barrier.
In 'Is the Human Animal Immortal', Religion as a Credible Doctrine (1903), 85.
Science quotes on:  |  Barrier (19)  |  Doctrine (53)  |  Immortality (9)  |  Oppose (16)  |  Science (1699)  |  Unbroken (9)

Unless a man has talents to make something of himself, freedom is an irksome burden. Of what avail is freedom to choose if the self be ineffectual? We join a mass movement to escape individual responsibility, or, in the words of the ardent young Nazi, “to be free from freedom.”
In The True Believer: Thoughts on the Nature of Mass Movements (1951), 30.
Science quotes on:  |  Ardent (4)  |  Avail (3)  |  Burden (23)  |  Choose (35)  |  Escape (34)  |  Free (59)  |  Freedom (76)  |  Join (15)  |  Mass (61)  |  Movement (65)  |  Nazi (7)  |  Responsibility (47)  |  Self (39)  |  Talent (49)  |  Word (221)  |  Young (72)

We have seen that a proton of energy corresponding to 30,000 volts can effect the transformation of lithium into two fast α-particles, which together have an energy equivalent of more than 16 million volts. Considering the individual process, the output of energy in the transmutation is more than 500 times greater than the energy carried by the proton. There is thus a great gain of energy in the single transmutation, but we must not forget that on an average more than 1000 million protons of equal energy must be fired into the lithium before one happens to hit and enter the lithium nucleus. It is clear in this case that on the whole the energy derived from transmutation of the atom is small compared with the energy of the bombarding particles. There thus seems to be little prospect that we can hope to obtain a new source of power by these processes. It has sometimes been suggested, from analogy with ordinary explosives, that the transmutation of one atom might cause the transmutation of a neighbouring nucleus, so that the explosion would spread throughout all the material. If this were true, we should long ago have had a gigantic explosion in our laboratories with no one remaining to tell the tale. The absence of these accidents indicates, as we should expect, that the explosion is confined to the individual nucleus and does not spread to the neighbouring nuclei, which may be regarded as relatively far removed from the centre of the explosion.
The Transmutation of the Atom (1933), 23-4
Science quotes on:  |  Absence (16)  |  Accident (54)  |  Alpha Particle (2)  |  Analogy (46)  |  Atom (251)  |  Atomic Bomb (101)  |  Average (31)  |  Bombardment (3)  |  Centre (19)  |  Confinement (3)  |  Effect (133)  |  Energy (185)  |  Explosion (24)  |  Explosive (16)  |  Forget (40)  |  Gigantic (16)  |  Indication (21)  |  Laboratory (120)  |  Lithium (3)  |  Million (89)  |  Neighbor (10)  |  Nucleus (30)  |  Output (9)  |  Power (273)  |  Process (201)  |  Prospect (19)  |  Proton (12)  |  Source (71)  |  Spread (19)  |  Suggestion (24)  |  Transformation (47)  |  Transmutation (13)

We only have to look around us to see how complexity ... and psychic “temperature” are still rising: and rising no longer on the scale of the individual but now on that of the planet. This indication is so familiar to us that we cannot but recognize the objective, experiential, reality of a directionally controlled transformation of the Noosphere “as a whole.”
In Teilhard de Chardin and René Hague (trans.), The Heart of Matter (1950, 1978), 38. His term Noosphere refers to the collective sphere of human consciousness.
Science quotes on:  |  Complexity (80)  |  Controlled (2)  |  Familiar (22)  |  Indication (21)  |  Objective (49)  |  Planet (199)  |  Psychic (5)  |  Reality (140)  |  Recognize (41)  |  Rising (9)  |  Scale (49)  |  See (197)  |  Temperature (42)  |  Transformation (47)  |  Whole (122)

We take for granted the need to escape the self. Yet the self can also be a refuge. In totalitarian countries the great hunger is for private life. Absorption in the minutiae of an individual existence is the only refuge from the apocalyptic madhouse staged by maniacal saviors of humanity.
In Reflections on the Human Condition (1973), 35.
Science quotes on:  |  Absorption (8)  |  Country (121)  |  Escape (34)  |  Existence (254)  |  Grant (21)  |  Great (300)  |  Humanity (104)  |  Hunger (13)  |  Madhouse (3)  |  Minutiae (6)  |  Need (211)  |  Private Life (3)  |  Refuge (12)  |  Self (39)  |  Stage (39)  |  Totalitarian (6)

What progress individuals could make, and what progress the world would make, if thinking were given proper consideration! It seems to me that not one man in a thousand appreciates what can be accomplished by training the mind to think.
As quoted from an interview by B.C. Forbes in The American Magazine (Jan 1921), 10.
Science quotes on:  |  Accomplishment (57)  |  Appreciation (19)  |  Consideration (65)  |  Progress (317)  |  Thinking (222)  |  Thousand (106)  |  World (667)

When we have amassed a great store of such general facts, they become the objects of another and higher species of classification, and are themselves included in laws which, as they dispose of groups, not individuals have a far superior degree of generality, till at length, by continuing the process, we arrive at axioms of the highest degree of generality of which science is capable. This process is what we mean by induction.
In A Preliminary Discourse on the Study of Natural Philosophy (1830), 102.
Science quotes on:  |  Amassed (2)  |  Arrive (17)  |  Axiom (26)  |  Become (100)  |  Capable (26)  |  Classification (79)  |  Continuing (4)  |  Degree (48)  |  Dispose (7)  |  Fact (609)  |  General (92)  |  Generality (22)  |  Great (300)  |  Group (52)  |  Higher (28)  |  Highest (16)  |  Included (2)  |  Induction (45)  |  Law (418)  |  Length (13)  |  Nomenclature (129)  |  Object (110)  |  Process (201)  |  Science (1699)  |  Species (181)  |  Store (17)  |  Superior (30)

When we survey our lives and endeavours we soon observe that almost the whole of our actions and desires are bound up with the existence of other human beings. We see that our whole nature resembles that of the social animals. We eat food that others have grown, wear clothes that others have made, live in houses that others have built. The greater part of our knowledge and beliefs has been communicated to us by other people through the medium of a language which others have created. Without language our mental capacities would be poor indeed, comparable to those of the higher animals; we have, therefore, to admit that we owe our principal advantage over the beasts to the fact of living in human society. The individual, if left alone from birth would remain primitive and beast-like in his thoughts and feelings to a degree that we can hardly conceive. The individual is what he is and has the significance that he has not so much in virtue of his individuality, but rather as a member of a great human society, which directs his material and spiritual existence from the cradle to the grave.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Action (151)  |  Admit (22)  |  Advantage (42)  |  Alone (61)  |  Animal (309)  |  Beast (32)  |  Beast-Like (2)  |  Belief (400)  |  Bind (18)  |  Birth (81)  |  Build (80)  |  Capacity (42)  |  Clothes (8)  |  Communicate (10)  |  Comparable (5)  |  Conceive (22)  |  Cradle (10)  |  Create (98)  |  Degree (48)  |  Desire (101)  |  Direct (44)  |  Eat (38)  |  Endeavor (33)  |  Existence (254)  |  Fact (609)  |  Feelings (11)  |  Food (139)  |  Grave (20)  |  Great (300)  |  Grow (66)  |  Hardly (12)  |  High (78)  |  House (36)  |  Human Beings (19)  |  Human Society (6)  |  Individuality (12)  |  Knowledge (1128)  |  Language (155)  |  Leave (63)  |  Live (186)  |  Material (124)  |  Medium (12)  |  Member (27)  |  Mental (57)  |  Nature (1029)  |  Observe (48)  |  Owe (15)  |  Part (146)  |  People (269)  |  Poor (47)  |  Primitive (37)  |  Principal (15)  |  Remain (77)  |  Resemble (16)  |  See (197)  |  Significance (60)  |  Social (93)  |  Soon (17)  |  Spiritual (45)  |  Survey (14)  |  Thought (374)  |  Virtue (55)  |  Wear (12)  |  Whole (122)

While religion prescribes brotherly love in the relations among the individuals and groups, the actual spectacle more resembles a battlefield than an orchestra. Everywhere, in economic as well as in political life, the guiding principle is one of ruthless striving for success at the expense of one’s fellow men. This competitive spirit prevails even in school and, destroying all feelings of human fraternity and cooperation, conceives of achievement not as derived from the love for productive and thoughtful work, but as springing from personal ambition and fear of rejection.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Achievement (128)  |  Actual (34)  |  Ambition (25)  |  Battlefield (5)  |  Brotherly (2)  |  Competitive (6)  |  Conceive (22)  |  Cooperation (27)  |  Derive (18)  |  Destroy (63)  |  Economic (21)  |  Everywhere (14)  |  Expense (10)  |  Fear (113)  |  Feelings (11)  |  Fellow (29)  |  Fraternity (4)  |  Group (52)  |  Guide (46)  |  Human (445)  |  Life (917)  |  Love (164)  |  Personal (49)  |  Political (31)  |  Prescribe (6)  |  Prevail (13)  |  Principle (228)  |  Productive (10)  |  Rejection (24)  |  Relation (96)  |  Religion (210)  |  Resemble (16)  |  Ruthless (5)  |  School (87)  |  Spectacle (11)  |  Spirit (113)  |  Spring (47)  |  Strive (35)  |  Success (202)  |  Thoughtful (10)  |  Work (457)

While the law [of competition] may be sometimes hard for the individual, it is best for the race, because it insures the survival of the fittest in every department. We accept and welcome, therefore, as conditions to which we must accommodate ourselves, great inequality of environment, the concentration of business, industrial and commercial, in the hands of a few, and the law of competition between these, as being not only beneficial, but essential for the future progress of the race.
Wealth (1899), 655.
Science quotes on:  |  Accommodate (4)  |  Beneficial (10)  |  Business (71)  |  Competition (26)  |  Condition (119)  |  Environment (138)  |  Industry (91)  |  Inequality (6)  |  Progress (317)  |  Race (76)  |  Survival Of The Fittest (34)  |  Welcome (6)

While the method of the natural sciences is... analytic, the method of the social sciences is better described as compositive or synthetic. It is the so-called wholes, the groups of elements which are structurally connected, which we learn to single out from the totality of observed phenomena... Insofar as we analyze individual thought in the social sciences the purpose is not to explain that thought, but merely to distinguish the possible types of elements with which we shall have to reckon in the construction of different patterns of social relationships. It is a mistake... to believe that their aim is to explain conscious action ... The problems which they try to answer arise only insofar as the conscious action of many men produce undesigned results... If social phenomena showed no order except insofar as they were consciously designed, there would indeed be no room for theoretical sciences of society and there would be, as is often argued, only problems of psychology. It is only insofar as some sort of order arises as a result of individual action but without being designed by any individual that a problem is raised which demands a theoretical explanation... people dominated by the scientistic prejudice are often inclined to deny the existence of any such order... it can be shown briefly and without any technical apparatus how the independent actions of individuals will produce an order which is no part of their intentions... The way in which footpaths are formed in a wild broken country is such an instance. At first everyone will seek for himself what seems to him the best path. But the fact that such a path has been used once is likely to make it easier to traverse and therefore more likely to be used again; and thus gradually more and more clearly defined tracks arise and come to be used to the exclusion of other possible ways. Human movements through the region come to conform to a definite pattern which, although the result of deliberate decision of many people, has yet not be consciously designed by anyone.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Action (151)  |  Aim (58)  |  Analytic (4)  |  Analyze (3)  |  Answer (201)  |  Anyone (26)  |  Apparatus (30)  |  Argue (17)  |  Arise (32)  |  Belief (400)  |  Best (129)  |  Better (131)  |  Break (33)  |  Briefly (3)  |  Clearly (17)  |  Conform (5)  |  Connect (15)  |  Conscious (25)  |  Consciously (4)  |  Construction (69)  |  Country (121)  |  Decision (58)  |  Define (29)  |  Definite (27)  |  Deliberate (10)  |  Demand (52)  |  Deny (29)  |  Describe (38)  |  Design (92)  |  Different (110)  |  Distinguish (32)  |  Dominate (13)  |  Easy (56)  |  Element (129)  |  Everyone (20)  |  Exclusion (11)  |  Existence (254)  |  Explain (61)  |  Explanation (161)  |  Fact (609)  |  First (174)  |  Form (210)  |  Gradually (13)  |  Group (52)  |  Human (445)  |  Inclined (7)  |  Independent (41)  |  Instance (18)  |  Intention (25)  |  Learn (160)  |  Likely (23)  |  Merely (35)  |  Method (154)  |  Mistake (107)  |  Movement (65)  |  Natural Sciences (3)  |  Observe (48)  |  Often (69)  |  Order (167)  |  Part (146)  |  Path (59)  |  Pattern (56)  |  People (269)  |  Phenomenon (218)  |  Possible (100)  |  Prejudice (58)  |  Problem (362)  |  Produce (63)  |  Psychology (125)  |  Purpose (138)  |  Raise (20)  |  Reckon (6)  |  Region (26)  |  Relationship (59)  |  Result (250)  |  Room (29)  |  Seek (57)  |  Seem (89)  |  Show (55)  |  Single (72)  |  So-Called (18)  |  Social (93)  |  Social Sciences (4)  |  Society (188)  |  Sort (32)  |  Structurally (2)  |  Synthetic (12)  |  Technical (26)  |  Theoretical (10)  |  Thought (374)  |  Totality (9)  |  Track (9)  |  Traverse (4)  |  Try (103)  |  Type (34)  |  Whole (122)  |  Wild (39)

While we maintain the unity of the human species, we at the same time repel the depressing assumption of superior and inferior races of men. There are nations more susceptible of cultivation, more highly civilized, more enobled by mental cultivation than others, but none in themselves nobler than others. All are in like degree designed for freedom; a freedom which, in the ruder conditions of society, belongs only to the individual, but which, in social states enjoying political institutions, appertains as a right to the whole body of the community.
In Cosmos: A Sketch of a Physical Description of the Universe (1850), Vol. 1, 358, as translated by E.C. Otté.
Science quotes on:  |  Assumption (49)  |  Civilized (13)  |  Cultivation (23)  |  Depressing (2)  |  Freedom (76)  |  Human (445)  |  Inferior (14)  |  Mind (544)  |  Nation (111)  |  Noble (41)  |  Race (76)  |  Society (188)  |  Species (181)  |  Superior (30)  |  Susceptible (3)  |  Unity (43)

Winwood Reade … remarks that while a man is an insoluble puzzle, in the aggregate he becomes a mathematical certainty. You can, for example, never foretell what any one man will do, but you can say with precision what an average number will be up to. Individuals vary, but percentages remain constant. So says the statistician.
Character Sherlock Holmes recommends Winwood Reade’s book The Martyrdom of Man to Dr. Watson in The Sign of the Four (1890), 196. Earlier in the novel, Holmes calls Reade’s book “one of the most remarkable ever penned.” Reade is a real person and his book was published in 1872. The actual statement in it reads: “As a single atom man is an enigma: as a whole he is a mathematical problem.”
Science quotes on:  |  Aggregate (8)  |  Average (31)  |  Certain (84)  |  Constant (40)  |  Foretell (5)  |  Insoluble (13)  |  Mathematics (587)  |  Percentage (6)  |  Precision (38)  |  Puzzle (30)  |  Winwood Reade (10)  |  Remain (77)  |  Statistician (16)  |  Vary (14)

[Beyond natural history] Other biological sciences take up the study at other levels of organization: dissecting the individual into organs and tissues and seeing how these work together, as in physiology; reaching down still further to the level of cells, as in cytology; and reaching the final biological level with the study of living molecules and their interactions, as in biochemistry. No one of these levels can be considered as more important than any other.
In The Nature of Natural History (1961, 2014), 7.
Science quotes on:  |  Biochemistry (46)  |  Biology (150)  |  Cell (125)  |  Cytology (5)  |  Dissection (26)  |  Final (33)  |  Importance (183)  |  Interaction (28)  |  Level (51)  |  Life (917)  |  Molecule (125)  |  Natural History (44)  |  Organ (60)  |  Organization (79)  |  Physiology (66)  |  Seeing (48)  |  Study (331)  |  Tissue (24)  |  Work (457)

[Shawn Lawrence Otto describes the damaging] strategy used to undermine science in the interest of those industries where science has pointed out the dangers of their products to individuals and human life in general … [It was] used a generation ago by the tobacco industry… First they manufacture uncertainty by raising doubts about even the most indisputable scientific evidence. Then they launder information by using seemingly independent front organizations to promote their desired message and thereby confuse the public. And finally they recruit unscrupulous scientific spokespeople to misrepresent peer-reviewed scientific findings and cherry-pick facts in an attempt to persuade the media and the public that there is still serious debate among scientists on the issue at hand.
In 'Science Is Politics', Huffington Post (28 May 2014).
Science quotes on:  |  Attempting (3)  |  Cherry-Pick (2)  |  Climate Change (56)  |  Confusion (34)  |  Damage (18)  |  Danger (62)  |  Debate (19)  |  Description (72)  |  Desired (5)  |  Doubt (121)  |  Evidence (157)  |  Fact (609)  |  Finding (30)  |  Front (10)  |  Generation (111)  |  Global Warming (26)  |  Human (445)  |  Independent (41)  |  Indisputable (6)  |  Industry (91)  |  Information (102)  |  Interest (170)  |  Issue (37)  |  Life (917)  |  Manufacturing (21)  |  Media (6)  |  Message (30)  |  Organization (79)  |  Peer Review (4)  |  Persuasion (3)  |  Product (72)  |  Promoting (7)  |  Public (82)  |  Raising (4)  |  Recruiting (3)  |  Science (1699)  |  Scientific (169)  |  Scientist (447)  |  Seemingly (7)  |  Serious (37)  |  Strategy (8)  |  Tobacco (16)  |  Uncertainty (37)  |  Undermining (2)  |  Unscrupulous (2)  |  Using (6)

[The] erroneous assumption is to the effect that the aim of public education is to fill the young of the species with knowledge and awaken their intelligence, and so make them fit to discharge the duties of citizenship in an enlightened and independent manner. Nothing could be further from the truth. The aim of public education is not to spread enlightenment at all; it is simply to reduce as many individuals as possible to the same safe level, to breed and train a standardised citizenry, to put down dissent and originality.
The American Mercury (24 Apr 1924).
Science quotes on:  |  Aim (58)  |  Assumption (49)  |  Citizenship (5)  |  Dissent (7)  |  Education (280)  |  Effect (133)  |  Enlightenment (11)  |  Error (230)  |  Independence (32)  |  Intelligence (138)  |  Knowledge (1128)  |  Originality (14)  |  Public (82)  |  Reduction (35)  |  Safety (39)  |  Standardization (2)  |  Truth (750)  |  Young (72)

“Heaven helps those who help themselves” is a well-tried maxim, embodying in a small compass the results of vast human experience. The spirit of self-help is the root of all genuine growth in the individual; and, exhibited in the lives of many, it constitutes the true source of national vigour and strength. Help from without is often enfeebling in its effects, but help from within invariably invigorates. Whatever is done for men or classes, to a certain extent takes away the stimulus and necessity of doing for themselves; and where men are subjected to over-guidance and over-government, the inevitable tendency is to render them comparatively helpless.
In Self-help: With Illustrations of Character and Conduct (1859, 1861), 15.
Science quotes on:  |  Experience (268)  |  Government (85)  |  Growth (111)  |  Guidance (12)  |  Heaven (118)  |  Help (68)  |  Human (445)  |  Maxim (13)  |  National (20)  |  Necessity (125)  |  Stimulus (18)  |  Strength (63)  |  Vigour (9)


Carl Sagan Thumbnail In science it often happens that scientists say, 'You know that's a really good argument; my position is mistaken,' and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again. They really do it. It doesn't happen as often as it should, because scientists are human and change is sometimes painful. But it happens every day. I cannot recall the last time something like that happened in politics or religion. (1987) -- Carl Sagan
Quotations by:Albert EinsteinIsaac NewtonLord KelvinCharles DarwinSrinivasa RamanujanCarl SaganFlorence NightingaleThomas EdisonAristotleMarie CurieBenjamin FranklinWinston ChurchillGalileo GalileiSigmund FreudRobert BunsenLouis PasteurTheodore RooseveltAbraham LincolnRonald ReaganLeonardo DaVinciMichio KakuKarl PopperJohann GoetheRobert OppenheimerCharles Kettering  ... (more people)

Quotations about:Atomic  BombBiologyChemistryDeforestationEngineeringAnatomyAstronomyBacteriaBiochemistryBotanyConservationDinosaurEnvironmentFractalGeneticsGeologyHistory of ScienceInventionJupiterKnowledgeLoveMathematicsMeasurementMedicineNatural ResourceOrganic ChemistryPhysicsPhysicianQuantum TheoryResearchScience and ArtTeacherTechnologyUniverseVolcanoVirusWind PowerWomen ScientistsX-RaysYouthZoology  ... (more topics)
Sitewide search within all Today In Science History pages:
Custom Quotations Search - custom search within only our quotations pages:
Visit our Science and Scientist Quotations index for more Science Quotes from archaeologists, biologists, chemists, geologists, inventors and inventions, mathematicians, physicists, pioneers in medicine, science events and technology.

Names index: | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

Categories index: | 1 | 2 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

who invites your feedback

- 100 -
Sophie Germain
Gertrude Elion
Ernest Rutherford
James Chadwick
Marcel Proust
William Harvey
Johann Goethe
John Keynes
Carl Gauss
Paul Feyerabend
- 90 -
Antoine Lavoisier
Lise Meitner
Charles Babbage
Ibn Khaldun
Euclid
Ralph Emerson
Robert Bunsen
Frederick Banting
Andre Ampere
Winston Churchill
- 80 -
John Locke
Bronislaw Malinowski
Bible
Thomas Huxley
Alessandro Volta
Erwin Schrodinger
Wilhelm Roentgen
Louis Pasteur
Bertrand Russell
Jean Lamarck
- 70 -
Samuel Morse
John Wheeler
Nicolaus Copernicus
Robert Fulton
Pierre Laplace
Humphry Davy
Thomas Edison
Lord Kelvin
Theodore Roosevelt
Carolus Linnaeus
- 60 -
Francis Galton
Linus Pauling
Immanuel Kant
Martin Fischer
Robert Boyle
Karl Popper
Paul Dirac
Avicenna
James Watson
William Shakespeare
- 50 -
Stephen Hawking
Niels Bohr
Nikola Tesla
Rachel Carson
Max Planck
Henry Adams
Richard Dawkins
Werner Heisenberg
Alfred Wegener
John Dalton
- 40 -
Pierre Fermat
Edward Wilson
Johannes Kepler
Gustave Eiffel
Giordano Bruno
JJ Thomson
Thomas Kuhn
Leonardo DaVinci
Archimedes
David Hume
- 30 -
Andreas Vesalius
Rudolf Virchow
Richard Feynman
James Hutton
Alexander Fleming
Emile Durkheim
Benjamin Franklin
Robert Oppenheimer
Robert Hooke
Charles Kettering
- 20 -
Carl Sagan
James Maxwell
Marie Curie
Rene Descartes
Francis Crick
Hippocrates
Michael Faraday
Srinivasa Ramanujan
Francis Bacon
Galileo Galilei
- 10 -
Aristotle
John Watson
Rosalind Franklin
Michio Kaku
Isaac Asimov
Charles Darwin
Sigmund Freud
Albert Einstein
Florence Nightingale
Isaac Newton

Thank you for sharing.
Today in Science History
Sign up for Newsletter
with quiz, quotes and more.