Celebrating 19 Years on the Web
Find science on or your birthday

Today in Science History - Quickie Quiz
Who said: “Genius is two percent inspiration, ninety-eight percent perspiration.”
more quiz questions >>
Home > Category Index for Science Quotations > Category Index F > Category: Fossil

Fossil Quotes (113 quotes)

...He cannot conclude however, without observing, that from the contemplation of so great a variety of extraneous fossils discovered in the cliffs which were evidently the produce of very different climates, he thinks himself rationally induced to believe that nothing short of an universal deluge could be a cause adequate to this effect.
Plantae Favershamiensis, Appendix, 'Establishing a short view of the fossil bodies of the adjacent island of Sheppey.' Quoted in David Beerling, The Emerald Planet: How Plants Changed Earth's History (2007), 145.
Science quotes on:  |  Flood (36)

[Answering question whether he was tired of life:] Tired! Not so long as there is an undescribed intestinal worm, or the riddle of a fossil bone, or a rhizopod new to me.
Related about Joseph Leidy by Dr. Weir Mitchell, as stated in Richard A. Gregory, Discovery: Or, The Spirit and Service of Science (1916), 17.
Science quotes on:  |  Bone (63)  |  Describe (57)  |  Intestine (10)  |  Life (1131)  |  New (496)  |  Riddle (22)  |  Tired (13)  |  Worm (25)

A comparatively small variety of species is found in the older rocks, although of some particular ones the remains are very abundant; ... Ascending to the next group of rocks, we find the traces of life become more abundant, the number of species extended.
Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844), 60-1.
Science quotes on:  |  Evolution (535)  |  Rock (125)  |  Species (221)

A fossil hunter needs sharp eyes and a keen search image, a mental template that subconsciously evaluates everything he sees in his search for telltale clues. A kind of mental radar works even if he isn't concentrating hard. A fossil mollusk expert has a mollusk search image. A fossil antelope expert has an antelope search image. ... Yet even when one has a good internal radar, the search is incredibly more difficult than it sounds. Not only are fossils often the same color as the rocks among which they are found, so they blend in with the background; they are also usually broken into odd-shaped fragments. ... In our business, we don't expect to find a whole skull lying on the surface staring up at us. The typical find is a small piece of petrified bone. The fossil hunter's search therefore has to have an infinite number of dimensions, matching every conceivable angle of every shape of fragment of every bone on the human body.
Describing the skill of his co-worker, Kamoya Kimeu, who discovered the Turkana Boy, the most complete specimen of Homo erectus, on a slope covered with black lava pebbles.
Richard Leakey and Roger Lewin, Origins Reconsidered: In Search of What Makes Us Human (1992), 26.
Science quotes on:  |  Paleontology (30)

A noteworthy and often-remarked similarity exists between the facts and methods of geology and those of linguistic study. The science of language is, as it were, the geology of the most modern period, the Age of the Man, having for its task to construct the history of development of the earth and its inhabitants from the time when the proper geological record remains silent … The remains of ancient speech are like strata deposited in bygone ages, telling of the forms of life then existing, and of the circumstances which determined or affected them; while words are as rolled pebbles, relics of yet more ancient formations, or as fossils, whose grade indicates the progress of organic life, and whose resemblances and relations show the correspondence or sequence of the different strata; while, everywhere, extensive denudation has marred the completeness of the record, and rendered impossible a detailed exhibition of the whole course of development.
In Language and the Study of Language (1867), 47.
Science quotes on:  |  Age (178)  |  Ancient (106)  |  Construction (83)  |  Denudation (2)  |  Development (289)  |  Earth (638)  |  Fact (733)  |  Formation (59)  |  Geology (201)  |  History (369)  |  Inhabitant (28)  |  Language (228)  |  Life (1131)  |  Man (373)  |  Method (239)  |  Modern (162)  |  Organic (55)  |  Pebble (19)  |  Period (66)  |  Progress (368)  |  Record (68)  |  Sequence (41)  |  Speech (47)  |  Stratum (10)  |  Task (83)  |  Word (302)

Absorbed in the special investigation, I paid no heed to the edifice which was meanwhile unconsciously building itself up. Having however completed the comparison of the fossil species in Paris, I wanted, for the sake of an easy revision of the same, to make a list according to their succession in geological formations, with a view of determining the characteristics more exactly and bringing them by their enumeration into bolder relief. What was my joy and surprise to find that the simplest enumeration of the fossil fishes according to their geological succession was also a complete statement of the natural relations of the families among themselves; that one might therefore read the genetic development of the whole class in the history of creation, the representation of the genera and species in the several families being therein determined; in one word, that the genetic succession of the fishes corresponds perfectly with their zoological classification, and with just that classification proposed by me.
Quoted in Elizabeth Cary Agassiz (ed.), Louis Agassiz: His Life and Correspondence (1885), Vol. I, 203-4.
Science quotes on:  |  Classification (87)  |  Evolution (535)

All the different classes of beings which taken together make up the universe are, in the ideas of God who knows distinctly their essential gradations, only so many ordinates of a single curve so closely united that it would be impossible to place others between any two of them, since that would imply disorder and imperfection. Thus men are linked with the animals, these with the plants and these with the fossils which in turn merge with those bodies which our senses and our imagination represent to us as absolutely inanimate. And, since the law of continuity requires that when the essential attributes of one being approximate those of another all the properties of the one must likewise gradually approximate those of the other, it is necessary that all the orders of natural beings form but a single chain, in which the various classes, like so many rings, are so closely linked one to another that it is impossible for the senses or the imagination to determine precisely the point at which one ends and the next begins?all the species which, so to say, lie near the borderlands being equivocal, at endowed with characters which might equally well be assigned to either of the neighboring species. Thus there is nothing monstrous in the existence zoophytes, or plant-animals, as Budaeus calls them; on the contrary, it is wholly in keeping with the order of nature that they should exist. And so great is the force of the principle of continuity, to my thinking, that not only should I not be surprised to hear that such beings had been discovered?creatures which in some of their properties, such as nutrition or reproduction, might pass equally well for animals or for plants, and which thus overturn the current laws based upon the supposition of a perfect and absolute separation of the different orders of coexistent beings which fill the universe;?not only, I say, should I not be surprised to hear that they had been discovered, but, in fact, I am convinced that there must be such creatures, and that natural history will perhaps some day become acquainted with them, when it has further studied that infinity of living things whose small size conceals them for ordinary observation and which are hidden in the bowels of the earth and the depth of the sea.
Lettre Prétendue de M. De Leibnitz, à M. Hermann dont M. Koenig a Cité le Fragment (1753), cxi-cxii, trans. in A. O. Lovejoy, Great Chain of Being: A Study of the History of an Idea (1936), 144-5.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (359)  |  Continuity (30)  |  Evolution (535)  |  Natural History (50)  |  Plant (200)  |  Species (221)

An evolutionary perspective of our place in the history of the earth reminds us that Homo sapiens sapiens has occupied the planet for the tiniest fraction of that planet's four and a half thousand million years of existence. In many ways we are a biological accident, the product of countless propitious circumstances. As we peer back through the fossil record, through layer upon layer of long-extinct species, many of which thrived far longer than the human species is ever likely to do, we are reminded of our mortality as a species. There is no law that declares the human animal to be different, as seen in this broad biological perspective, from any other animal. There is no law that declares the human species to be immortal.
Co-author with American science writer Roger Amos Lewin (1946), Origins: What New Discoveries Reveal about the Emergence of our Species and its Possible Future (1977), 256.
Science quotes on:  |  Accident (66)  |  Animal (359)  |  Evolution (535)  |  Existence (299)  |  Extinction (66)  |  History Of Earth (2)  |  Homo Sapiens (20)  |  Human (550)  |  Immortal (19)  |  Law (515)  |  Species (221)

Are God and Nature then at strife,
That Nature lends such evil dreams?
So careful of the type she seems,
So careless of the single life…
So careful of the type, but no.
From scarped cliff and quarried stone
She cries, “A thousand types are gone;
I care for nothing, all shall go.”
From poem, 'In Memoriam A.H.H.' written between 1833-50, and first published anonymously in 1850. Collected in Poetical Works of Alfred Tennyson (1860), Vol.2, 64.
Science quotes on:  |  Care (95)  |  Careful (24)  |  Careless (5)  |  Cliff (11)  |  Cry (18)  |  Dream (167)  |  Evil (79)  |  Extinction (66)  |  God (535)  |  Life (1131)  |  Nature (1223)  |  Nothing (395)  |  Paleontology (30)  |  Quarry (11)  |  Scarp (2)  |  Seem (143)  |  Single (120)  |  Stone (76)  |  Strife (9)  |  Thousand (152)  |  Type (52)

Are you aware that humanity is just a blip? Not even a blip. Just a fraction of a fraction of what the universe has been and will become? Talk about perspective. I figure I can’t feel so entirely stupid about saying what I said because, first of all, it’s true. And second of all, there will be no remnant of me or my stupidity. No fossil or geographical shift that can document, really, even the most important historical human beings, let alone my paltry admissions.
Science quotes on:  |  Admission (12)  |  Alone (106)  |  Aware (31)  |  Become (172)  |  Blip (2)  |  Document (7)  |  Entirely (33)  |  Feel (167)  |  Figure (69)  |  First (314)  |  Fraction (13)  |  Geographical (6)  |  Historical (15)  |  Human Beings (21)  |  Humanity (125)  |  Important (205)  |  Let (61)  |  Paltry (3)  |  Perspective (22)  |  Really (78)  |  Remnant (6)  |  Say (228)  |  Second (59)  |  Shift (29)  |  Stupid (18)  |  Stupidity (34)  |  Talk (100)  |  True (208)  |  Universe (686)

As an antiquary of a new order, I have been obliged to learn the art of deciphering and restoring these remains, of discovering and bringing together, in their primitive arrangement, the scattered and mutilated fragments of which they are composed, of reproducing in all their original proportions and characters, the animals to which these fragments formerly belonged, and then of comparing them with those animals which still live on the surface of the earth; an art which is almost unknown, and which presupposes, what had scarcely been obtained before, an acquaintance with those laws which regulate the coexistence of the forms by which the different parts of organized being are distinguished.
'Preliminary discourse', to Recherches sur les Ossemens Fossiles (1812), trans. R. Kerr Essay on the Theory of the Earth (1813), 1-2.
Science quotes on:  |  Classification (87)

As one penetrates from seam to seam, from stratum to stratum and discovers, under the quarries of Montmartre or in the schists of the Urals, those animals whose fossilized remains belong to antediluvian civilizations, the mind is startled to catch a vista of the milliards of years and the millions of peoples which the feeble memory of man and an indestructible divine tradition have forgotten and whose ashes heaped on the surface of our globe, form the two feet of earth which furnish us with bread and flowers.
From 'La Peau de Chagrin' (1831). As translated as The Wild Ass’s Skin (1906) trans. Herbert J. Hunt, The Wild Ass's Skin (1977), 40-1.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (359)  |  Antediluvian (3)  |  Ash (19)  |  Bread (24)  |  Civilization (175)  |  Discover (199)  |  Divine (61)  |  Earth (638)  |  Feeble (27)  |  Flower (77)  |  Forget (63)  |  Furnish (42)  |  Globe (47)  |  Heap (14)  |  Indestructible (9)  |  Memory (106)  |  Million (111)  |  Mind (760)  |  Montmartre (3)  |  Penetrate (30)  |  People (390)  |  Quarry (11)  |  Schist (4)  |  Seam (2)  |  Stratum (10)  |  Surface (101)  |  Tradition (49)  |  Under (7)  |  Urals (2)  |  Vista (6)

As they discover, from strata to strata and from layer to layer, deep in the quarries of Montmartre or the schists of the Urals, these creatures whose fossilized remains belong to antediluvian civilizations, it will strike terror into your soul to see many millions of years, many thousands of races forgotten by the feeble memory of mankind and by the indestructible divine tradition, and whose piles of ashes on the surface of our globe form the two feet of soil which gives us our bread and our flowers.
From 'La Peau de Chagrin' (1831). As translated as by Helen Constantine The Wild Ass’s Skin (2012), 19.
Science quotes on:  |  Antediluvian (3)  |  Ash (19)  |  Bread (24)  |  Civilization (175)  |  Creature (155)  |  Discover (199)  |  Divine (61)  |  Feeble (27)  |  Flower (77)  |  Forget (63)  |  Globe (47)  |  Indestructible (9)  |  Layer (22)  |  Mankind (241)  |  Memory (106)  |  Million (111)  |  Montmartre (3)  |  Pile (12)  |  Quarry (11)  |  Race (104)  |  Schist (4)  |  Soil (64)  |  Soul (166)  |  Stratum (10)  |  Strike (40)  |  Surface (101)  |  Terror (18)  |  Thousand (152)  |  Tradition (49)  |  Urals (2)  |  Year (299)

At the voice of comparative anatomy, every bone, and fragment of a bone, resumed its place. I cannot find words to express the pleasure I have in seeing, as I discovered one character, how all the consequences, which I predicted from it, were successively confirmed; the feet were found in accordance with the characters announced by the teeth; the teeth in harmony with those indicated beforehand by the feet; the bones of the legs and thighs, and every connecting portion of the extremities, were found set together precisely as I had arranged them, before my conjectures were verified by the discovery of the parts entire: in short, each species was, as it were, reconstructed from a single one of its component elements.
Geology and Mineralogy (1836), Vol. I, 83-4.

Cuvier … brings the void to life again, without uttering abracadabras, he excavates a fragment of gypsum, spies a footprint and shouts: “Look!” And suddenly the marbles are teeming with creatures, the dead come to life again, the world turns!
From 'La Peau de Chagrin' (1831). As translated as by Helen Constantine The Wild Ass’s Skin (2012), 19.
Science quotes on:  |  Abracadabra (2)  |  Creature (155)  |  Cuvier_George (2)  |  Dead (57)  |  Excavate (4)  |  Footprint (13)  |  Fragment (25)  |  Gypsum (2)  |  Life (1131)  |  Marble (14)  |  Turn (118)  |  Utter (7)  |  Void (20)  |  World (898)

Deprived, therefore, as regards this period, of any assistance from history, but relieved at the same time from the embarrassing interference of tradition, the archaeologist is free to follow the methods which have been so successfully pursued in geology—the rude bone and stone implements of bygone ages being to the one what the remains of extinct animals are to the other. The analogy may be pursued even further than this. Many mammalia which are extinct in Europe have representatives still living in other countries. Our fossil pachyderms, for instance, would be almost unintelligible but for the species which still inhabit some parts of Asia and Africa; the secondary marsupials are illustrated by their existing representatives in Australia and South America; and in the same manner, if we wish clearly to understand the antiquities of Europe, we must compare them with the rude implements and weapons still, or until lately, used by the savage races in other parts of the world. In fact, the Van Diemaner and South American are to the antiquary what the opossum and the sloth are to the geologist.
Pre-historic Times, as Illustrated by Ancient Remains, and the Manners and Customs of Modern Savages, (2nd ed. 1869, 1890), 429-430.
Science quotes on:  |  Antiquity (18)  |  Archaeologist (14)  |  Australia (7)  |  Europe (43)  |  Extinction (66)  |  Implement (6)  |  Marsupial (2)  |  Savage (28)  |  South America (4)  |  Weapon (66)

During the time of the Deluge, whilst the Water was out upon, and covered the Terrestrial Globe, … all Fossils whatever that had before obtained any Solidity, were totally dissolved, and their constituent Corpuscles all disjoyned, their Cohesion perfectly ceasing … [A]nd, to be short, all Bodies whatsoever that were either upon the Earth, or that constituted the Mass of it, if not quite down to the Abyss, yet at least to the greatest depth we ever dig: I say all these were assumed up promiscuously into the Water, and sustained in it, in such a manner that the Water, and Bodies in it, together made up one common confused Mass. That at length all the Mass that was thus borne up in the Water, was again precipitated and subsided towards the bottom. That this subsidence happened generally, and as near as possibly could be expected in so great a Confusion, according to the laws of Gravity.
In An Essay Toward A Natural History of the Earth (1695), 74-75.
Science quotes on:  |  Deluge (8)

Evidence of this [transformation of animals into fossils] is that parts of aquatic animals and perhaps of naval gear are found in rock in hollows on mountains, which water no doubt deposited there enveloped in sticky mud, and which were prevented by coldness and dryness of the stone from petrifying completely. Very striking evidence of this kind is found in the stones of Paris, in which one very often meets round shells the shape of the moon.
De Causis Proprietatum Elementorum (On the Causes of the Properties of the Elements) [before 1280], Book II, tract 3, chapter 5, quoted in A. C. Crombie, Augustine to Galileo (1959), Vol. 1, 126.
Science quotes on:  |  Petrification (5)  |  Rock (125)

Fossils are of four kinds, viz. saline, earthy, inflammable and metallic; hence arise four classes.
Outlines of Mineralogy (1783), trans. W. Withering, 12.
Science quotes on:  |  Mineral (41)

Geology fully proves that organic creation passed through a series of stages before the highest vegetable and animal forms appeared.
Explanations (1845), 31
Science quotes on:  |  Evolution (535)  |  Geology (201)

How does it arise that, while the statements of geologists that other organic bodies existed millions of years ago are tacitly accepted, their conclusions as to man having existed many thousands of years ago should be received with hesitation by some geologists, and be altogether repudiated by a not inconsiderable number among the other educated classes of society?
'Anniversary Address of the Geological Society of London', Proceedings of the Geological Society of London (1861), 17, lxvii.
Science quotes on:  |  Homo Sapiens (20)  |  Paleontology (30)

How many and how curious problems concern the commonest of the sea-snails creeping over the wet sea-weed! In how many points of view may its history be considered! There are its origin and development, the mystery of its generation, the phenomena of its growth, all concerning each apparently insignificant individual; there is the history of the species, the value of its distinctive marks, the features which link it with the higher and lower creatures, the reason why it takes its stand where we place it in the scale of creation, the course of its distribution, the causes of its diffusion, its antiquity or novelty, the mystery (deepest of mysteries) of its first appearance, the changes of the outline of continents and of oceans which have taken place since its advent, and their influence on its own wanderings.
On the Natural History of European Seas. In George Wilson and Archibald Geikie, Memoir of Edward Forbes F.R.S. (1861), 547-8.
Science quotes on:  |  Evolution (535)

How peacefully he sleep!
Yet may his ever-questing spirit, freed at length
from all the frettings of this little world,
Wander at will among the uncharted stars.
Fairfield his name. Perchance celestial fields
disclosing long sought secrets of the past
Spread 'neath his enraptured gaze
And beasts and men that to his earthly sight
were merely bits of stone shall live again to
gladden those eager eyes.
o let us picture him—enthusiast—scientist—friend—
Seeker of truth and light through all eternity!
New York Sun (13 Nov 1935). Reprinted in 'Henry Fairfield Osborn', Supplement to Natural History (Feb 1936), 37:2, 135. Bound in Kofoid Collection of Pamphlets on Biography, University of California.
Science quotes on:  |  Enthusiast (6)  |  Eternity (49)  |  Eulogy (2)  |  Gladness (4)  |  Life (1131)  |  Henry Fairfield Osborn (16)  |  Stone (76)  |  Truth (928)

Human language is in some ways similar to, but in other ways vastly different from, other kinds of animal communication. We simply have no idea about its evolutionary history, though many people have speculated about its possible origins. There is, for instance, the “bow-bow” theory, that language started from attempts to imitate animal sounds. Or the “ding-dong” theory, that it arose from natural sound-producing responses. Or the “pooh-pooh” theory, that it began with violent outcries and exclamations.
We have no way of knowing whether the kinds of men represented by the earliest fossils could talk or not…
Language does not leave fossils, at least not until it has become written.
Man in Nature (1961), 10.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (359)  |  Communication (76)  |  Different (186)  |  Evolution (535)  |  Exclamation (3)  |  History (369)  |  Human (550)  |  Idea (580)  |  Imitate (6)  |  Know (556)  |  Language (228)  |  Origin (88)  |  Outcry (3)  |  Response (29)  |  Similar (35)  |  Sound (90)  |  Speculation (104)  |  Talk (100)  |  Theory (696)  |  Violent (17)  |  Write (154)

I abide in a goodly Museum,
Frequented by sages profound:
'Tis a kind of strange mausoleum,
Where the beasts that have vanished abound.
There's a bird of the ages Triassic,
With his antediluvian beak,
And many a reptile Jurassic,
And many a monster antique.
'Ballad of the Ichthyosaurus', Dreams to Sell (1887), 14.
Science quotes on:  |  Bird (120)  |  Jurassic (2)  |  Museum (24)  |  Paleontology (30)  |  Poem (92)  |  Reptile (26)

I always love geology. In winter, particularly, it is pleasant to listen to theories about the great mountains one visited in the summer; or about the Flood or volcanoes; about great catastrophes or about blisters; above all about fossils … Everywhere there are hypotheses, but nowhere truths; many workmen, but no experts; priests, but no God. In these circumstances each man can bring his hypothesis like a candle to a burning altar, and on seeing his candle lit declare ‘Smoke for smoke, sir, mine is better than yours’. It is precisely for this reason that I love geology.
In Nouvelles Genevoises (1910), 306. First edition, 1841.
Science quotes on:  |  Altar (7)  |  Better (192)  |  Blister (2)  |  Bring (90)  |  Burning (17)  |  Candle (23)  |  Catastrophe (21)  |  Circumstance (66)  |  Expert (50)  |  Flood (36)  |  Geology (201)  |  God (535)  |  Hypothesis (252)  |  Light (347)  |  Listen (41)  |  Love (224)  |  Mountain (145)  |  Particularly (21)  |  Pleasant (20)  |  Precisely (23)  |  Priest (21)  |  Reason (471)  |  Smoke (16)  |  Summer (33)  |  Theory (696)  |  Truth (928)  |  Visit (26)  |  Volcano (39)  |  Winter (30)  |  Workman (13)

I am particularly fond of (Emmanuel Mendes da Costa’s) Natural History of Fossils because treatise, more than any other work written in English, records a short episode expressing one of the grand false starts in the history of natural science–and nothing can be quite so informative and instructive as a juicy mistake.
Science quotes on:  |  English (35)  |  Episode (5)  |  Express (65)  |  False (99)  |  Fond (12)  |  Grand (27)  |  History (369)  |  Informative (2)  |  Instruction (73)  |  Mistake (132)  |  Natural History (50)  |  Natural Science (90)  |  Nothing (395)  |  Particularly (21)  |  Record (68)  |  Short (51)  |  Start (97)  |  Treatise (34)  |  Work (635)  |  Write (154)

I cannot separate land and sea: to me they interfinger like a pattern in a moss agate, positive and negative shapes irrevocably interlocked. My knowledge of this peninsula depends on that understanding: of underwater canyons that are continuations of the land, of the shell fossils far inland that measure continuations of the sea in eons past.
Science quotes on:  |  Agate (2)  |  Canyon (9)  |  Continuation (19)  |  Depend (90)  |  Eon (11)  |  Far (154)  |  Inland (3)  |  Interlock (3)  |  Irrevocably (2)  |  Knowledge (1306)  |  Land (115)  |  Measure (104)  |  Moss (10)  |  Negative (34)  |  Past (152)  |  Pattern (79)  |  Peninsula (2)  |  Positive (44)  |  Sea (188)  |  Separate (74)  |  Shape (70)  |  Shell (41)  |  Understand (340)  |  Underwater (5)

I grew up in Leicestershire, in Leicester, which is on the Jurassic, and it’s full of lovely fossils. Ammonites, belemnites, brachiopods—very beautiful. How did they get there, in the middle of the rocks, in the middle of England, and so on? And I had the collecting bug, which I still have, actually, which is the basis of so much of natural history, really, and so much of science. And so collecting all these things, and discovering what they were, and how they lived, and when they had lived, and all that, was abiding fascination to me from the age of I suppose about eight. And I still feel that way, actually.
Speaking about fossils that first inspired his love of natural history. In video by Royal Society of Biology, 'Sir David Attenborough, Biology: Changing the World Interview,' published on YouTube (13 Feb 2015).
Science quotes on:  |  Discover (199)  |  England (40)  |  Fascination (28)  |  Inspire (51)  |  Jurassic (2)  |  Natural History (50)  |  Rock (125)

I have devoted my whole life to the study of Nature, and yet a single sentence may express all that I have done. I have shown that there is a correspondence between the succession of Fishes in geological times and the different stages of their growth in the egg,—this is all. It chanced to be a result that was found to apply to other groups and has led to other conclusions of a like nature.
In Methods of Study in Natural History (1863), 23.
Science quotes on:  |  Evolution (535)  |  Geology (201)  |  Nature (1223)

I observed on most collected stones the imprints of innumerable plant fragments which were so different from those which are growing in the Lyonnais, in the nearby provinces, and even in the rest of France, that I felt like collecting plants in a new world… The number of these leaves, the way they separated easily, and the great variety of plants whose imprints I saw, appeared to me just as many volumes of botany representing in the same quarry the oldest library of the world.
In 'Examen des causes des Impressions des Plantes marquees sur certaines Pierres des environs de Saint-Chaumont dans le Lionnais', Memoires de l’ Academie Royale des Sciences (1718), 364, as trans. by Albert V. and Marguerite Carozzi.
Science quotes on:  |  Biography (232)  |  Botany (51)  |  Leaf (49)  |  Plant (200)

I shall collect plants and fossils, and with the best of instruments make astronomic observations. Yet this is not the main purpose of my journey. I shall endeavor to find out how nature's forces act upon one another, and in what manner the geographic environment exerts its influence on animals and plants. In short, I must find out about the harmony in nature.
Letter to Karl Freiesleben (Jun 1799). In Helmut de Terra, Humboldt: The Life and Times of Alexander van Humboldt 1769-1859 (1955), 87.
Science quotes on:  |  Astronomy (204)  |  Botany (51)  |  Ecology (69)  |  Environment (181)  |  Exploration (123)  |  Geography (27)  |  Instrument (95)  |  Nature (1223)  |  Observation (450)  |  Paleontology (30)  |  Plant (200)

If I had my life to live over again I would not devote it to develop new industrial processes: I would try to add my humble efforts to use Science to the betterment of the human race.
I despair of the helter-skelter methods of our vaulted homo sapiens, misguided by his ignorance and his politicians. If we continue our ways, there is every possibility that the human race may follow the road of former living races of animals whose fossils proclaim that they were not fit to continue. Religion, laws and morals is not enough. We need more. Science can help us.
Letter to a friend (14 Jan 1934). In Savage Grace (1985, 2007), 62.
Science quotes on:  |  Betterment (4)  |  Despair (27)  |  Devotion (25)  |  Effort (144)  |  Extinction (66)  |  Help (103)  |  Homo Sapiens (20)  |  Human Race (69)  |  Humility (23)  |  Ignorance (213)  |  Industry (109)  |  Law (515)  |  Life (1131)  |  Method (239)  |  Misguiding (2)  |  Need (287)  |  Politician (26)  |  Process (267)  |  Religion (239)  |  Science (2067)

If the finding of Coines, Medals, Urnes, and other Monuments of famous Persons, or Towns, or Utensils, be admitted for unquestionable Proofs, that such Persons or things have, in former Times, had a being, certainly those Petrifactions may be allowed to be of equal Validity and Evidence, that there have been formerly such Vegetables or Animals. These are truly Authentick Antiquity not to be counterfeited, the Stamps, and Impressions, and Characters of Nature that are beyond the Reach and Power of Humane Wit and Invention, and are true universal Characters legible to all rational Men.
Lectures and Discourses of Earthquakes (1668). In The Posthumous Works of Robert Hooke, containing his Cutlerian Lectures and other Discourses read at the Meetings of the Illustrious Royal Society (1705), 449.
Science quotes on:  |  Archaeology (48)

If the world goes crazy for a lovely fossil, that's fine with me. But if that fossil releases some kind of mysterious brain ray that makes people say crazy things and write lazy articles, a serious swarm of flies ends up in my ointment.
Criticism of excessive media hype about a fossil discovery, from blog 'The Loom' (19 May 2009) on Discover magazine website.
Science quotes on:  |  Article (22)  |  Brain (213)  |  Crazy (17)  |  Fly (99)  |  Lazy (9)  |  Mystery (153)  |  Ray (41)  |  Release (21)  |  Serious (52)  |  Swarm (13)  |  World (898)  |  Write (154)

If they [enlightened men] take any interest in examining, in the infancy of our species, the almost obliterated traces of so many nations that have become extinct, they will doubtless take a similar interest in collecting, amidst the darkness which covers the infancy of the globe, the traces of those revolutions which took place anterior to the existence of all nations.
'Preliminary discourse', to Recherches sur les Ossemens Fossiles (1812), trans. R. Kerr Essay on the Theory of the Earth (1813), 3.
Science quotes on:  |  Evolution (535)

If this book were to be dedicated to its first and chief encouragement is should probably salute starlight, insects, the galaxies, and the fossil plants and animals.
From Of Stars and Men: The Human Response to an Expanding Universe (1958 Rev. Ed. 1964), Foreword.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (359)  |  Book (257)  |  Chief (38)  |  Dedicate (10)  |  Encouragement (18)  |  Galaxy (46)  |  Insect (64)  |  Plant (200)  |  Salute (2)  |  Starlight (4)

In a manner which matches the fortuity, if not the consequence, of Archimedes’ bath and Newton’s apple, the [3.6 million year old] fossil footprints were eventually noticed one evening in September 1976 by the paleontologist Andrew Hill, who fell while avoiding a ball of elephant dung hurled at him by the ecologist David Western.
Missing Links: The Hunt for Earliest Man
Science quotes on:  |  Apple (35)  |  Archimedes (55)  |  Avoid (55)  |  Ball (31)  |  Bath (10)  |  Consequence (114)  |  David (6)  |  Dung (4)  |  Ecologist (7)  |  Elephant (22)  |  Eventually (15)  |  Fall (120)  |  Footprint (13)  |  Hill (20)  |  Hurl (2)  |  Manner (57)  |  Match (16)  |  Million (111)  |  Newton (10)  |  Notice (37)  |  Old (147)  |  Paleontologist (15)  |  September (2)  |  Western (19)  |  Year (299)

In Ireland, there are the same fossils, the same shells and the same sea bodies, as appear in America, and some of them are found in no other part of Europe.
'Preuves de la Théorie de la Terre', Histoire Naturelle, Generale et Particulière, Avec la Description du Cabinet du Roi (1749), Vol. I, 606; Natural History: Theory of the Earth (1749), Vol. I, Trans. W. Smellie (1785), 507.
Science quotes on:  |  Plate Tectonics (20)

In my work on Fossil Bones, I set myself the task of recognizing to which animals the fossilized remains which fill the surface strata of the earth belong. ... As a new sort of antiquarian, I had to learn to restore these memorials to past upheavals and, at the same time, to decipher their meaning. I had to collect and put together in their original order the fragments which made up these animals, to reconstruct the ancient creatures to which these fragments belonged, to create them once more with their proportions and characteristics, and finally to compare them to those alive today on the surface of the earth. This was an almost unknown art, which assumed a science hardly touched upon up until now, that of the laws which govern the coexistence of forms of the various parts in organic beings.
Discours sur les révolutions du globe, (Discourse on the Revolutions of the Surface of the Globe), originally the introduction to Recherches sur les ossemens fossiles des quadrupèdes (1812). Translated by Ian Johnston from the 1825 edition. Online at Vancouver Island University website.

In order to survive, an animal must be born into a favoring or at least tolerant environment. Similarly, in order to achieve preservation and recognition, a specimen of fossil man must be discovered in intelligence, attested by scientific knowledge, and interpreted by evolutionary experience. These rigorous prerequisites have undoubtedly caused many still-births in human palaeontology and are partly responsible for the high infant mortality of discoveries of geologically ancient man.
Apes, Men and Morons (1938), 106.
Science quotes on:  |  Anthropology (56)  |  Excavation (7)  |  Interpretation (70)  |  Knowledge (1306)  |  Paleontologist (15)

In the case of those solids, whether of earth, or rock, which enclose on all sides and contain crystals, selenites, marcasites, plants and their parts, bones and the shells of animals, and other bodies of this kind which are possessed of a smooth surface, these same bodies had already become hard at the time when the matter of the earth and rock containing them was still fluid. And not only did the earth and rock not produce the bodies contained in them, but they did not even exist as such when those bodies were produced in them.
The Prodromus of Nicolaus Steno's Dissertation Concerning a Solid Body enclosed by Process of Nature within a Solid (1669), trans. J. G. Winter (1916), 218.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (359)  |  Bone (63)  |  Crystal (53)  |  Earth (638)  |  Enclosure (3)  |  Existence (299)  |  Fluid (19)  |  Hardness (3)  |  Matter (343)  |  Part (222)  |  Plant (200)  |  Production (117)  |  Rock (125)  |  Side (51)  |  Smooth (17)  |  Solid (50)  |  Surface (101)

In the mountains of Parma and Piacenza, multitudes of shells and corals filled with worm-holes may be seen still adhering to the rocks, and when I was making the great horse at Milan a large sack of those which had been found in these parts was brought to my workshop by some peasants... The red stone of the mountains of Verona is found with shells all intermingled, which have become part of this stone... And if you should say that these shells have been and still constantly are being created in such places as these by the nature of the locality or by potency of the heavens in these spots, such an opinion cannot exist in brains possessed of any extensive powers of reasoning because the years of their growth are numbered upon the outer coverings of their shells; and both small and large ones may be seen; and these would not have grown without feeding, or fed without movement, and here [embedded in rock] they would not have been able to move... The peaks of the Apennines once stood up in a sea, in the form of islands surrounded by salt water... and above the plains of Italy where flocks of birds are flying today, fishes were once moving in large shoals.
'Physical Geography', in The Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci, trans. E. MacCurdy (1938), Vol. 1, 355-6, 359.
Science quotes on:  |  Coral (10)  |  Fish (95)  |  Island (24)  |  Italy (4)  |  Mountain (145)  |  Opinion (176)  |  Peak (20)  |  Plain (33)  |  Sea (188)  |  Shell (41)

Instead of disbursing her annual millions for these dye stuffs, England will, beyond question, at no distant day become herself the greatest coloring producing country in the world; nay, by the very strangest of revolutions she may ere long send her coal-derived blues to indigo-growing India, her tar-distilled crimson to cochineal-producing Mexico, and her fossil substitutes for quercitron and safflower to China, Japan and the other countries whence these articles are now derived.
From 'Report on the Chemical Section of the Exhibition of 1862.' As quoted in Sir Frederick Abel, 'The Work of the Imperial Institute' Nature (28 Apr 1887), 35, No. 913, 620. Abel called the display of the first dye-products derived from coal tar at the Exhibition of 1862, “one of the features of greatest novelty.”
Science quotes on:  |  Blue (56)  |  China (20)  |  Coal (45)  |  Color (99)  |  Country (147)  |  Crimson (4)  |  Derived (5)  |  Distilled (2)  |  Dye (6)  |  England (40)  |  Growing (15)  |  India (16)  |  Japan (8)  |  Producing (6)  |  Revolution (69)  |  Send (22)  |  Strangest (4)  |  Substitute (28)  |  World (898)

It has been long considered possible to explain the more ancient revolutions on... [the Earth's] surface by means of these still existing causes; in the same manner as it is found easy to explain past events in political history, by an acquaintance with the passions and intrigues of the present day. But we shall presently see that unfortunately this is not the case in physical history:—the thread of operation is here broken, the march of nature is changed, and none of the agents that she now employs were sufficient for the production of her ancient works.
'Preliminary discourse', to Recherches sur les Ossemens Fossiles (1812), trans. R. Kerr Essay on the Theory of the Earth (1813), 24.

It is my object, in the following work, to travel over ground which has as yet been little explored and to make my reader acquainted with a species of Remains, which, though absolutely necessary for understanding the history of the globe, have been hitherto almost uniformly neglected.
'Preliminary discourse', to Recherches sur les Ossemens Fossiles (1812), trans. R. Kerr Essay on the Theory of the Earth (1813), 1.

It is sunlight in modified form which turns all the windmills and water wheels and the machinery which they drive. It is the energy derived from coal and petroleum (fossil sunlight) which propels our steam and gas engines, our locomotives and automobiles. ... Food is simply sunlight in cold storage.
In New Dietetics: What to Eat and How (1921), 29.
Science quotes on:  |  Automobile (20)  |  Coal (45)  |  Energy (214)  |  Food (154)  |  Gasoline (4)  |  Locomotive (8)  |  Machinery (33)  |  Petroleum (7)  |  Photosynthesis (19)  |  Propel (2)  |  Renewable Energy (13)  |  Solar Power (8)  |  Steam Engine (42)  |  Sunlight (18)  |  Wind Power (9)  |  Windmill (4)

It is to them [fossils] alone that we owe the commencement of even a Theory of the Earth ... By them we are enabled to ascertain, with the utmost certainty, that our earth has not always been covered over by the same external crust, because we are thoroughly assured that the organized bodies to which these fossil remains belong must have lived upon the surface before they came to be buried, as they now are, at a great depth.
'Preliminary discourse', to Recherches sur les Ossemens Fossiles (1812), trans. R. Kerr Essay on the Theory of the Earth (1813), 54-55.
Science quotes on:  |  Geology (201)

It is … genius which has given motion and progress to society; prevented the ossification of the human heart and brain; and though, in its processes, it may not ever have followed the rules laid down in primers, it has, at least, saved history from being the region of geology, and our present society from being a collection of fossil remains.
In 'Genius', Wellman’s Miscellany (Dec 1871), 4, No. 6, 204.
Science quotes on:  |  Brain (213)  |  Collection (44)  |  Follow (124)  |  Genius (249)  |  Geology (201)  |  Heart (139)  |  History (369)  |  Human (550)  |  Motion (160)  |  Present (176)  |  Prevent (40)  |  Process (267)  |  Progress (368)  |  Region (36)  |  Remains (9)  |  Rule (177)  |  Save (56)  |  Society (228)

It isn't easy to become a fossil. ... Only about one bone in a billion, it is thought, becomes fossilized. If that is so, it means that the complete fossil legacy of all the Americans alive today - that's 270 million people with 206 bones each - will only be about 50 bones, one-quarter of a complete skeleton. That's not to say, of course, that any of these bones will ever actually be found.
In A Short History of Nearly Everything (2003), 321-322.
Science quotes on:  |  Billion (62)  |  Bone (63)  |  Find (408)  |  Legacy (11)  |  People (390)  |  Quarter (5)  |  Skeleton (20)

It seems wonderful to everyone that sometimes stones are found that have figures of animals inside and outside. For outside they have an outline, and when they are broken open, the shapes of the internal organs are found inside. And Avicenna says that the cause of this is that animals, just as they are, are sometimes changed into stones, and especially [salty] stones. For he says that just as the Earth and Water are material for stones, so animals, too, are material for stones. And in places where a petrifying force is exhaling, they change into their elements and are attacked by the properties of the qualities [hot, cold, moist, dry] which are present in those places, and in the elements in the bodies of such animals are changed into the dominant element, namely Earth mixed with Water; and then the mineralizing power converts [the mixture] into stone, and the parts of the body retain their shape, inside and outside, just as they were before. There are also stones of this sort that are [salty] and frequently not hard; for it must be a strong power which thus transmutes the bodies of animals, and it slightly burns the Earth in the moisture, so it produces a taste of salt.
De Mineralibus (On Minerals) (c.1261-1263), Book I, tract 2, chapter 8, trans. Dorothy Wyckoff (1967), 52-53.
Science quotes on:  |  Petrification (5)  |  Rock (125)

It... [can] be easily shown:
1. That all present mountains did not exist from the beginning of things.
2. That there is no growing of mountains.
3. That the rocks or mountains have nothing in common with the bones of animals except a certain resemblance in hardness, since they agree in neither matter nor manner of production, nor in composition, nor in function, if one may be permitted to affirm aught about a subject otherwise so little known as are the functions of things.
4. That the extension of crests of mountains, or chains, as some prefer to call them, along the lines of certain definite zones of the earth, accords with neither reason nor experience.
5. That mountains can be overthrown, and fields carried over from one side of a high road across to the other; that peaks of mountains can be raised and lowered, that the earth can be opened and closed again, and that other things of this kind occur which those who in their reading of history wish to escape the name of credulous, consider myths.
The Prodromus of Nicolaus Steno's Dissertation Concerning a Solid Body enclosed by Process of Nature within a Solid (1669), trans. J. G. Winter (1916), 232-4.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (359)  |  Beginning (122)  |  Bone (63)  |  Composition (60)  |  Existence (299)  |  Function (131)  |  Growth (124)  |  Mountain (145)  |  Myth (48)  |  Production (117)  |  Resemblance (21)  |  Rock (125)

Just as, in civil History, one consults title-deeds, one studies coins, one deciphers ancient inscriptions, in order to determine the epochs of human revolutions and to fix the dates of moral [i.e. human] events; so, in Natural History, one must excavate the archives of the world, recover ancient monuments from the depths of the earth, collect their remains, and assemble in one body of proofs all the evidence of physical changes that enable us to reach back to the different ages of Nature. This, then, is the order of the times indicated by facts and monuments: these are six epochs in the succession of the first ages of Nature; six spaces of duration, the limits of which although indeterminate are not less real; for these epochs are not like those of civil History ... that we can count and measure exactly; nevertheless we can compare them with each other and estimate their relative duration.
'Des Époques de la Nature', Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière contenant les Époques de la Nature (1778), Supplement Vol. 9, 1-2, 41. Trans. Martin J. Rudwick.
Science quotes on:  |  Nature (1223)

Kids like their fossils. I’ve taken my godson fossil-hunting and there’s nothing more magical than finding a shiny shell and knowing you’re the first person to have seen it for 150 million years.
As reported by Adam Lusher in 'Sir David Attenborough', Daily Mail (28 Feb 2014).
Science quotes on:  |  Child (252)  |  Find (408)  |  First (314)  |  Kid (15)  |  Know (556)  |  Magic (78)  |  Million (111)  |  See (369)  |  Shell (41)  |  Shiny (3)  |  Year (299)

Language is the archives of history… . Language is fossil poetry.
From 'The Poet', Essays: Second Series, Essays & Lectures (1983), 457.
Science quotes on:  |  Archive (5)  |  History (369)  |  Language (228)  |  Poetry (124)

Life, therefore, has been often disturbed on this earth by terrible events—calamities which, at their commencement, have perhaps moved and overturned to a great depth the entire outer crust of the globe, but which, since these first commotions, have uniformly acted at a less depth and less generally. Numberless living beings have been the victims of these catastrophes; some have been destroyed by sudden inundations, others have been laid dry in consequence of the bottom of the seas being instantaneously elevated. Their races even have become extinct, and have left no memorial of them except some small fragments which the naturalist can scarcely recognise.
'Preliminary discourse', to Recherches sur les Ossemens Fossiles (1812), trans. R. Kerr Essay on the Theory of the Earth (1813), 16-7.
Science quotes on:  |  Extinction (66)  |  Flood (36)  |  Sea (188)

Many Species of Animals have been lost out of the World, which Philosophers and Divines are unwilling to admit, esteeming the Destruction of anyone Species a Dismembring of the Universe, and rendring the World imperfect; whereas they think the Divine Providence is especially concerned, and solicitous to secure and preserve the Works of the Creation. And truly so it is, as appears, in that it was so careful to lodge all Land Animals in the Ark at the Time of the general Deluge; and in that, of all Animals recorded in Natural Histories, we cannot say that there hath been anyone Species lost, no not of the most infirm, and most exposed to Injury and Ravine. Moreover, it is likely, that as there neither is nor can be any new Species of Animals produced, all proceeding from Seeds at first created; so Providence, without which one individual Sparrow falls not to the ground, doth in that manner watch over all that are created, that an entire Species shall not be lost or destroyed by any Accident. Now, I say, if these Bodies were sometimes the Shells and Bones of Fish, it will thence follow, that many Species have been lost out of the World... To which I have nothing to reply, but that there may be some of them remaining some where or other in the Seas, though as yet they have not come to my Knowledge. Far though they may have perished, or by some Accident been destroyed out of our Seas, yet the Race of them may be preserved and continued still in others.
John Ray
Three Physico-Theological Discourses (1713), Discourse II, 'Of the General Deluge, in the Days of Noah; its Causes and Effects', 172-3.
Science quotes on:  |  Accident (66)  |  Admission (12)  |  Animal (359)  |  Ark (5)  |  Bone (63)  |  Continuation (19)  |  Creation (242)  |  Deluge (8)  |  Destruction (85)  |  Dismemberment (3)  |  Divine (61)  |  Esteem (15)  |  Evolution (535)  |  Extinction (66)  |  Fall (120)  |  Fish (95)  |  Ground (90)  |  Imperfection (24)  |  Infirmity (4)  |  Injury (23)  |  Knowledge (1306)  |  Loss (73)  |  Natural History (50)  |  New (496)  |  Philosopher (166)  |  Preservation (33)  |  Production (117)  |  Providence (6)  |  Race (104)  |  Ravine (5)  |  Remains (9)  |  Rendering (6)  |  Reply (25)  |  Sea (188)  |  Shell (41)  |  Sparrow (6)  |  Species (221)  |  Survival Of The Fittest (38)  |  Unwillingness (4)  |  World (898)

Most of these Mountains and Inland places whereon these kind of Petrify’d Bodies and Shells are found at present, or have been heretofore, were formerly under the Water, and that either by the descending of the Waters to another part of the Earth by the alteration of the Centre of Gravity of the whole bulk, or rather by the Eruption of some kind of Subterraneous Fires or Earthquakes, great quantities of Earth have been deserted by the Water and laid bare and dry.
Lectures and Discourses of Earthquakes (1668). In The Posthumous Works of Robert Hooke, containing his Cutlerian Lectures and other Discourses read at the Meetings of the Illustrious Royal Society (1705), 320-1.
Science quotes on:  |  Earthquake (29)  |  Mountain (145)  |  Shell (41)  |  Volcano (39)

My father’s collection of fossils was practically unnamed, but the appearance of Phillips’ book [Geology of the Yorkshire Coast], in which most of our specimens were figured, enabled us to remedy this defect. Every evening was devoted by us to accomplishing the work. This was my first introduction to true scientific study. ... Phillips’ accurate volume initiated an entirely new order of things. Many a time did I mourn over the publication of this book, and the consequences immediately resulting from it. Instead of indulging in the games and idleness to which most lads are prone, my evenings throughout a long winter were devoted to the detested labour of naming these miserable stones. Such is the short-sightedness of boyhood. Pursuing this uncongenial work gave me in my thirteenth year a thorough practical familiarity with the palaeontological treasures of Eastern Yorkshire. This early acquisition happily moulded the entire course of my future life.
In Reminiscences of a Yorkshire naturalist (1896), 12.
Science quotes on:  |  Accomplishment (80)  |  Acquisition (42)  |  Appearance (85)  |  Autobiography (55)  |  Boyhood (3)  |  Coast (13)  |  Collection (44)  |  Consequence (114)  |  Detest (5)  |  Devote (35)  |  Evening (12)  |  Familiarity (17)  |  Father (60)  |  Future (287)  |  Game (61)  |  Geology (201)  |  Idleness (9)  |  Indulge (8)  |  Introduction (35)  |  Labour (47)  |  Life (1131)  |  Miserable (7)  |  Mold (26)  |  Mourn (2)  |  Paleontology (30)  |  Practical (133)  |  Publication (91)  |  Result (389)  |  Scientific (236)  |  Specimen (18)  |  Study (476)  |  Treasure (45)  |  True (208)  |  Uncongenial (2)  |  Winter (30)  |  Yorkshire (2)

Nature will be reported. Everything in nature is engaged in writing its own history; the planet and the pebble are attended by their shadows, the rolling rock leaves its furrows on the mountain-side, the river its channel in the soil; the animal, its bones in the stratum; the fern and leaf, their modest epitaph in the coal.
In The Prose Works of Ralph Waldo Emerson (1847, 1872), Vol. 2, 141.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (359)  |  Bone (63)  |  Channel (21)  |  Coal (45)  |  Epitaph (19)  |  Fern (4)  |  Furrow (4)  |  History (369)  |  Leaf (49)  |  Mountain (145)  |  Nature (1223)  |  Pebble (19)  |  Planet (263)  |  River (79)  |  Rock (125)  |  Shadow (52)  |  Soil (64)  |  Stratum (10)  |  Write (154)

No conclusion is more fully established, than the important fact of the total absence of any vestiges of the human species throughout the entire series of geological formations.
Geology and Mineralogy, Considered with Reference to Natural Theology (1836), Vol. I, 103.
Science quotes on:  |  Man (373)

Not since the Lord himself showed his stuff to Ezekiel in the valley of dry bones had anyone shown such grace and skill in the reconstruction of animals from disarticulated skeletons. Charles R. Knight, the most celebrated of artists in the reanimation of fossils, painted all the canonical figures of dinosaurs that fire our fear and imagination to this day.
In Wonderful Life: the Burgess Shale and the Nature of History (1990), 23. First sentence of chapter one.
Science quotes on:  |  Artist (69)  |  Bone (63)  |  Celebration (6)  |  Dinosaur (23)  |  Fear (142)  |  Fire (133)  |  Grace (18)  |  Imagination (275)  |  Charles R. Knight (2)  |  Painting (43)  |  Reconstruction (13)  |  Skeleton (20)  |  Skill (66)

Of what use are the great number of petrifactions, of different species, shape and form which are dug up by naturalists? Perhaps the collection of such specimens is sheer vanity and inquisitiveness. I do not presume to say; but we find in our mountains the rarest animals, shells, mussels, and corals embalmed in stone, as it were, living specimens of which are now being sought in vain throughout Europe. These stones alone whisper in the midst of general silence.
Philosophia Botanica (1751), aphorism 132. Trans. Frans A. Stafleu, Linnaeus and the Linnaeans: The Spreading of their Ideas in Systematic Botany, 1735-1789 (1971), 56.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (359)  |  Collection (44)  |  Coral (10)  |  Existence (299)  |  Extinction (66)  |  Inquisitiveness (4)  |  Mountain (145)  |  Mussel (2)  |  Naturalist (54)  |  Petrification (5)  |  Rare (50)  |  Shape (70)  |  Shell (41)  |  Silence (43)  |  Species (221)  |  Specimen (18)  |  Usefulness (77)  |  Vanity (19)  |  Whisper (7)

One must believe that every living thing whatsoever must change insensibly in its organization and in its form... One must therefore never expect to find among living species all those which are found in the fossil state, and yet one may not assume that any species has really been lost or rendered extinct.
Système des Animaux sans Vertébres, (1801) trans. D. R. Newth, in Annals of Science (1952), 5, 253-4.
Science quotes on:  |  Evolution (535)  |  Extinct (8)  |  Species (221)

One never finds fossil bones bearing no resemblance to human bones. Egyptian mummies, which are at least three thousand years old, show that men were the same then. The same applies to other mummified animals such as cats, dogs, crocodiles, falcons, vultures, oxen, ibises, etc. Species, therefore, do not change by degrees, but emerged after the new world was formed. Nor do we find intermediate species between those of the earlier world and those of today's. For example, there is no intermediate bear between our bear and the very different cave bear. To our knowledge, no spontaneous generation occurs in the present-day world. All organized beings owe their life to their fathers. Thus all records corroborate the globe's modernity. Negative proof: the barbaritY of the human species four thousand years ago. Positive proof: the great revolutions and the floods preserved in the traditions of all peoples.
'Note prese al Corso di Cuvier. Corso di Geologia all'Ateneo nel 1805', quoted in Pietro Corsi, The Age of Lamarck, trans. J. Mandelbaum (1988), 183.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (359)  |  Bear (67)  |  Bone (63)  |  Cat (36)  |  Change (364)  |  Crocodile (9)  |  Degree (82)  |  Dog (44)  |  Egypt (22)  |  Emergence (25)  |  Falcon (2)  |  Find (408)  |  Flood (36)  |  Generation (141)  |  Human (550)  |  Human Species (9)  |  Intermediate (20)  |  Knowledge (1306)  |  Men (19)  |  Mummy (4)  |  Never (27)  |  New (496)  |  Ox (4)  |  People (390)  |  Positive (44)  |  Present Day (5)  |  Preservation (33)  |  Proof (245)  |  Resemblance (21)  |  Revolution (69)  |  Same (156)  |  Species (221)  |  Spontaneity (5)  |  Thousand (152)  |  Tradition (49)  |  Vulture (5)  |  World (898)  |  Year (299)

Organized Fossils are to the naturalist as coins to the antiquary; they are the antiquities of the earth; and very distinctly show its gradual regular formation, with the various changes inhabitants in the watery element.
Stratigraphical System of Organized Fossils (1817), ix-x.
Science quotes on:  |  Antiquary (2)  |  Antiquity (18)  |  Change (364)  |  Coin (12)  |  Formation (59)  |  Inhabitant (28)  |  Naturalist (54)  |  Organization (84)  |  Water (293)

Palaeontologists cannot live by uniformitarianism alone. This may be termed the Phenomenon of the Fallibility of the Fossil Record.
In The Nature of the Stratigraphical Record (1973), 26.
Science quotes on:  |  Paleontologist (15)

Permanence of instinct must go with permanence of form. … The history of the present must teach us the history of the past.
Referring to studying fossil remains of the weevil, largely unchanged to the present day. In Jean-Henri Fabre and Alexander Teixeira de Mattos (trans.), The Life and Love of the Insect, (1911, 1914), 183.
Science quotes on:  |  History (369)  |  Instinct (66)

Placed as the fossils are in their several tiers of burial-places the one over the other; we have in them true witnesses of successive existences, whilst the historian of man is constantly at fault as to dates and even the sequence of events, to say nothing of the contradicting statements which he is forced to reconcile.
Siluria (1872), 476.
Science quotes on:  |  Burial (7)  |  Contradiction (54)  |  Existence (299)  |  Fault (33)  |  Historian (33)  |  Reconciliation (10)  |  Sequence (41)  |  Strata (19)  |  Succession (45)  |  Witness (32)

Quite recently the human descent theory has been stigmatized as the “gorilla theory of human ancestry.” All this despite the fact that Darwin himself, in the days when not a single bit of evidence regarding the fossil ancestors of man was recognized, distinctly stated that none of the known anthropoid apes, much less any of the known monkeys, should be considered in any way as ancestral to the human stock.
In Henry Fairfield Osborn, 'Osborn States the Case For Evolution', New York Times (12 Jul 1925), XX1. Written at the time of the Scopes Monkey Trial, in rebuttal of the anti-evolution position publicized by William Jennings Bryan.
Science quotes on:  |  Ancestry (4)  |  Anthropoid (4)  |  Ape (42)  |  Charles Darwin (301)  |  Descent Of Man (5)  |  Evidence (183)  |  Evolution (535)  |  Fact (733)  |  Gorilla (17)  |  Human (550)  |  Monkey (40)  |  Recognition (70)  |  Theory (696)

Results rarely specify their causes unambiguously. If we have no direct evidence of fossils or human chronicles, if we are forced to infer a process only from its modern results, then we are usually stymied or reduced to speculation about probabilities. For many roads lead to almost any Rome.
Science quotes on:  |  Cause (285)  |  Chronicle (6)  |  Direct (84)  |  Evidence (183)  |  Force (249)  |  Human (550)  |  Infer (12)  |  Lead (160)  |  Modern (162)  |  Probability (106)  |  Process (267)  |  Rarely (20)  |  Reduce (53)  |  Result (389)  |  Road (64)  |  Rome (14)  |  Specify (6)  |  Speculation (104)  |  Unambiguously (2)  |  Usually (31)

Several very eminent living paleontologists frequently emphasise the abruptness of some of the major changes that have occurred, and seek for an external cause. This is a heady wine and has intoxicated palaeontologists since the days when they could blame it all on Noah's flood. In fact, books are still being published by the lunatic fringe with the same explanation. In case this book should be read by some fundamentalist searching for straws to prop up his prejudices, let me state categorically that all my experience (such as it is) has led me to an unqualified acceptance of evolution by natural selection as a sufficient explanation for what I have seen in the fossil record
In The Nature of the Stratigraphical Record (1973), 19-20.
Science quotes on:  |  Abrupt (6)  |  Acceptance (45)  |  Blame (24)  |  Book (257)  |  Cause (285)  |  Change (364)  |  Eminent (17)  |  Emphasis (17)  |  Evolution (535)  |  Experience (342)  |  Explanation (177)  |  External (57)  |  Fundamentalist (4)  |  Heady (2)  |  Intoxication (5)  |  Major (32)  |  Natural Selection (90)  |  Occurrence (33)  |  Paleontologist (15)  |  Prejudice (66)  |  Prop (6)  |  Publish (34)  |  Reading (52)  |  Record (68)  |  Search (105)  |  Seeking (31)  |  Straw (7)  |  Sufficient (42)  |  Wine (28)

Sheppey hath long been noted for producing large quantities of Sheep (whence probably its name is derived) as well as Corn; and exhibits to the Curious Naturalist a most desirable Spot, by affording many rare Plants, and more especially in the of its Northern Cliffs, so great a Quantity and Variety of Fossils, both native and extraneous are scarcely to be paralleled. These Cliffs length about six miles; Minster, Shurland and Warden are the Manors to which they appertain, the more elevated parts whereof reach about thirds of their extension, and are at the very highest of them not less than fifty yards perpendicular height above the Beach and Shore.
Quoted in Augustus A. Daly, History of the Isle of Sheppey (1975), 247.

So why fret and care that the actual version of the destined deed was done by an upper class English gentleman who had circumnavigated the globe as a vigorous youth, lost his dearest daughter and his waning faith at the same time, wrote the greatest treatise ever composed on the taxonomy of barnacles, and eventually grew a white beard, lived as a country squire just south of London, and never again traveled far enough even to cross the English Channel? We care for the same reason that we love okapis, delight in the fossil evidence of trilobites, and mourn the passage of the dodo. We care because the broad events that had to happen, happened to happen in a certain particular way. And something unspeakably holy –I don’t know how else to say this–underlies our discovery and confirmation of the actual details that made our world and also, in realms of contingency, assured the minutiae of its construction in the manner we know, and not in any one of a trillion other ways, nearly all of which would not have included the evolution of a scribe to record the beauty, the cruelty, the fascination, and the mystery.
Science quotes on:  |  Actual (48)  |  Assure (15)  |  Beard (7)  |  Beauty (248)  |  Broad (27)  |  Care (95)  |  Certain (126)  |  Channel (21)  |  Class (84)  |  Compose (17)  |  Confirmation (19)  |  Construction (83)  |  Contingency (11)  |  Country (147)  |  Cross (15)  |  Cruelty (16)  |  Daughter (16)  |  Deed (21)  |  Delight (66)  |  Destined (11)  |  Detail (87)  |  Discovery (680)  |  Dodo (5)  |  English (35)  |  Event (116)  |  Eventually (15)  |  Evidence (183)  |  Evolution (535)  |  Faith (157)  |  Far (154)  |  Fascination (28)  |  Fret (2)  |  Gentleman (18)  |  Globe (47)  |  Great (534)  |  Grow (99)  |  Happen (82)  |  Holy (17)  |  Include (40)  |  Know (556)  |  Live (272)  |  London (12)  |  Lose (94)  |  Love (224)  |  Manner (57)  |  Minutiae (6)  |  Mourn (2)  |  Mystery (153)  |  Nearly (26)  |  Particular (76)  |  Passage (20)  |  Realm (55)  |  Reason (471)  |  Record (68)  |  Same (156)  |  Say (228)  |  Scribe (3)  |  South (10)  |  Taxonomy (17)  |  Time (595)  |  Travel (61)  |  Treatise (34)  |  Trillion (2)  |  Trilobite (4)  |  Underly (2)  |  Unspeakably (3)  |  Upper (4)  |  Version (7)  |  Vigorous (20)  |  White (56)  |  World (898)  |  Write (154)  |  Youth (77)

Somehow we believe it is normal and natural for us to be alone in the world. Yet in fact, if you look at the fossil record, you find that this is totally unusual—this may be the first time that we have ever had just one species of humans in the world. We have a history of diversity and competition among human species which began some five million years ago and came to an end with the emergence of modern humans. Two million years ago, for example, there were at least four human species on the same landscape.
In interview with Amy Otchet, 'The Humans We Left Behind', UNESCO Courier (Dec 2000), 53, No. 12, 47.
Science quotes on:  |  Diversity (51)  |  Homo Sapiens (20)  |  Human (550)  |  Record (68)  |  Species (221)

Taxonomy is often regarded as the dullest of subjects, fit only for mindless ordering and sometimes denigrated within science as mere “stamp collecting” (a designation that this former philatelist deeply resents). If systems of classification were neutral hat racks for hanging the facts of the world, this disdain might be justified. But classifications both reflect and direct our thinking. The way we order represents the way we think. Historical changes in classification are the fossilized indicators of conceptual revolutions.
In Hen’s Teeth and Horse’s Toes: Further Reflections in Natural History (1983, 2010), 72
Science quotes on:  |  Change (364)  |  Classification (87)  |  Concept (146)  |  Direct (84)  |  Disdain (6)  |  Dull (32)  |  Fact (733)  |  Hang (24)  |  Hat (9)  |  Historical (15)  |  Indicator (6)  |  Mindless (4)  |  Neutral (7)  |  Order (242)  |  Rack (4)  |  Reflect (31)  |  Represent (43)  |  Resent (4)  |  Revolution (69)  |  Stamp Collecting (4)  |  System (191)  |  Taxonomy (17)  |  Thinking (231)

The Chinese … use fossil teeth as one of their principal medicines. Some Chinese families have for centuries been in the business of “mining” fossils to supply the drug trade.
Science quotes on:  |  Business (84)  |  Century (131)  |  China (20)  |  Drug (43)  |  Family (47)  |  Medicine (344)  |  Mining (13)  |  Paleontology (30)  |  Supply (47)  |  Tooth (26)  |  Trade (30)

The concepts and methods on which the classification of hominid taxa is based do not differ in principle from those used for other zoological taxa. Indeed, the classification of living human populations or of samples of fossil hominids is a branch of animal taxonomy.
Opening sentence of 'The Taxonomic Evaluation of Fossil Hominids' (1963). Collected in Sherwood L. Washburn, Classification and Human Evolution (1964), 332.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (359)  |  Branch (107)  |  Classification (87)  |  Concept (146)  |  Hominid (4)  |  Human Being (73)  |  Method (239)  |  Population (79)  |  Principle (292)  |  Sample (12)  |  Taxonomy (17)  |  Zoological (5)

The Earth Speaks, clearly, distinctly, and, in many of the realms of Nature, loudly, to William Jennings Bryan, but he fails to hear a single sound. The earth speaks from the remotest periods in its wonderful life history in the Archaeozoic Age, when it reveals only a few tissues of its primitive plants. Fifty million years ago it begins to speak as “the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creatures that hath life.” In successive eons of time the various kinds of animals leave their remains in the rocks which compose the deeper layers of the earth, and when the rocks are laid bare by wind, frost, and storm we find wondrous lines of ascent invariably following the principles of creative evolution, whereby the simpler and more lowly forms always precede the higher and more specialized forms.
The earth speaks not of a succession of distinct creations but of a continuous ascent, in which, as the millions of years roll by, increasing perfection of structure and beauty of form are found; out of the water-breathing fish arises the air-breathing amphibian; out of the land-living amphibian arises the land-living, air-breathing reptile, these two kinds of creeping things resembling each other closely. The earth speaks loudly and clearly of the ascent of the bird from one kind of reptile and of the mammal from another kind of reptile.
This is not perhaps the way Bryan would have made the animals, but this is the way God made them!
The Earth Speaks to Bryan (1925), 5-6. Osborn wrote this book in response to the Scopes Monkey Trial, where William Jennings Bryan spoke against the theory of evolution. They had previously been engaged in the controversy about the theory for several years. The title refers to a Biblical verse from the Book of Job (12:8), “Speak to the earth and it shall teach thee.”
Science quotes on:  |  Air (190)  |  Amphibian (6)  |  Animal (359)  |  Bird (120)  |  Breath (32)  |  William Jennings Bryan (20)  |  Creature (155)  |  Earth (638)  |  Eon (11)  |  Erosion (19)  |  Evolution (535)  |  Failure (138)  |  Fish (95)  |  Frost (13)  |  History (369)  |  Land (115)  |  Layer (22)  |  Life (1131)  |  Mammal (30)  |  Million (111)  |  Nature (1223)  |  Period (66)  |  Plant (200)  |  Primitive (42)  |  Realm (55)  |  Remains (9)  |  Reptile (26)  |  Rock (125)  |  Sound (90)  |  Speaking (37)  |  Storm (30)  |  Succession (45)  |  Tissue (27)  |  Wind (80)

The frillshark has many anatomical features similar to those of the ancient sharks that lived 25 to 30 million years ago. It has too many gills and too few dorsal fins for a modern shark, and its teeth, like those of fossil sharks, are three-pronged and briarlike. Some ichthyologists regard it as a relic derived from very ancient shark ancestors that have died out in the upper waters but, through this single species, are still carrying on their struggle for earthly survival, in the quiet of the deep sea.
Science quotes on:  |  Anatomy (63)  |  Ancient (106)  |  Deep Sea (9)  |  Fin (3)  |  Gill (3)  |  Marine Biology (24)  |  Million (111)  |  Modern (162)  |  Relic (6)  |  Shark (7)  |  Struggle (78)  |  Survival (61)  |  Tooth (26)

The history of most fossil species includes two features particularly inconsistent with gradualism: 1. Stasis. Most species exhibit no directional change during their tenure on earth. They appear in the fossil record looking much the same as when they disappear; morphological change is usually limited and directionless. 2. Sudden appearance. In any local area, a species does not arise gradually by the steady transformation of its ancestors; it appears all at once and ‘fully formed.’
Science quotes on:  |  Ancestor (40)  |  Appear (118)  |  Appearance (85)  |  Area (29)  |  Arise (49)  |  Change (364)  |  Disappear (30)  |  Earth (638)  |  Exhibit (20)  |  Feature (44)  |  Form (314)  |  Fossil Record (4)  |  Fully (21)  |  Gradually (21)  |  History (369)  |  Include (40)  |  Inconsistent (9)  |  Limit (126)  |  Local (19)  |  Morphological (3)  |  Particularly (21)  |  Same (156)  |  Species (221)  |  Steady (16)  |  Sudden (34)  |  Tenure (7)  |  Transformation (54)  |  Usually (31)

The hypothesis of the connexion of the first limestone beds with the commencement of organic life upon our planet is supported by the fact, that in these beds we find the first remains of the bodies of animated creatures.
Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844), 57.
Science quotes on:  |  Creation (242)  |  Limestone (6)

The mineral kingdom consists of the fossil substances found in the earth. These are either entirely destitute of organic structure, or, having once possessed it, possess it no longer: such are the petrefactions.
Outlines of Mineralogy (1783), trans. W. Withering, 5.
Science quotes on:  |  Mineral (41)

The overwhelming astonishment, the queerest structure we know about so far in the whole universe, the greatest of all cosmological scientific puzzles, confounding all our efforts to comprehend it, is the earth. We are only now beginning to appreciate how strange and splendid it is, how it catches the breath, the loveliest object afloat around the sun, enclosed in its own blue bubble of atmosphere, manufacturing and breathing its own oxygen, fixing its own nitrogen from the air into its own soil, generating its own weather at the surface of its rain forests, constructing its own carapace from living parts: chalk cliffs, coral reefs, old fossils from earlier forms of life now covered by layers of new life meshed together around the globe, Troy upon Troy.
In Late Night Thoughts on Listening to Mahler’s Ninth Symphony (1984), 22-23.
Science quotes on:  |  Afloat (4)  |  Air (190)  |  Appreciate (30)  |  Astonish (7)  |  Atmosphere (79)  |  Blue (56)  |  Breath (32)  |  Breathe (36)  |  Bubble (15)  |  Catch (30)  |  Chalk (7)  |  Cliff (11)  |  Comprehend (39)  |  Confound (14)  |  Construct (41)  |  Coral Reef (8)  |  Cosmos (52)  |  Cover (37)  |  Early (62)  |  Earth (638)  |  Effort (144)  |  Enclose (2)  |  Fix (25)  |  Form (314)  |  Generate (14)  |  Geology (201)  |  Globe (47)  |  Know (556)  |  Layer (22)  |  Life (1131)  |  Lovely (10)  |  Manufacturing (23)  |  Mesh (2)  |  Meteorology (32)  |  New (496)  |  Nitrogen (19)  |  Object (175)  |  Overwhelm (5)  |  Oxygen (55)  |  Part (222)  |  Puzzle (35)  |  Queer (7)  |  Rain Forest (29)  |  Scientific (236)  |  Soil (64)  |  Splendid (12)  |  Strange (94)  |  Structure (225)  |  Sun (276)  |  Surface (101)  |  Troy (3)  |  Universe (686)  |  Weather (32)

The question of the origin of life is essentially speculative. We have to construct, by straightforward thinking on the basis of very few factual observations, a plausible and self-consistent picture of a process which must have occurred before any of the forms which are known to us in the fossil record could have existed.
The Origin of Life (1967), 2.
Science quotes on:  |  Origin Of Life (35)

The science of fossil shells is the first step towards the study of the earth.
Conchiologia Fossile Subappennina (1814), Vol. I, trans. Ezio Vaccari, 13.
Science quotes on:  |  Earth (638)

The whole Terrestrial Globe was taken all to Pieces and dissolved at the Deluge, the Particles of Stone, Marble, and all other solid Fossils being dissevered, taken up into the Water, and there sustained with Sea-Shells and other Animal and Vegetable Bodyes: and that the present Earth consists, and was formed out of that promiscuous Mass of Sand, Earth, Shells, and the rest, falling down again, and subsiding from the Water.
In An Essay Towards a Natural History of the Earth (3rd ed., 1723), Preface.
Science quotes on:  |  Deposit (12)  |  Earth (638)  |  Flood (36)  |  Geology (201)  |  Marble (14)  |  Sand (34)  |  Sedimentation (2)  |  Shell (41)  |  Stone (76)  |  Strata (19)  |  Water (293)

These rocks, these bones, these fossil forms and shells
Shall yet be touched with beauty and reveal
The secrets if the book of earth to man.
In The Book of Earth (1925), 157.
Science quotes on:  |  Beauty (248)  |  Bone (63)  |  Book (257)  |  Earth (638)  |  Form (314)  |  Man (373)  |  Revealing (4)  |  Rock (125)  |  Secret (131)  |  Shell (41)  |  Touch (77)

Time will soon destroy the works of famous painters and sculptors, but the Indian arrowhead will balk his efforts and Eternity will have to come to his aid. They are not fossil bones, but, as it were, fossil thoughts, forever reminding me of the mind that shaped them… . Myriads of arrow-points lie sleeping in the skin of the revolving earth, while meteors revolve in space. The footprint, the mind-print of the oldest men.
(28 Mar 1859). In Henry David Thoreau and Bradford Torrey (ed.), The Writings of Henry Thoreau: Journal: XII: March, 2, 1859-November 30, 1859 (1906), 91.
Science quotes on:  |  Arrowhead (3)  |  Bone (63)  |  Destroy (80)  |  Earth (638)  |  Eternity (49)  |  Famous (9)  |  Footprint (13)  |  Forever (60)  |  Indian (20)  |  Lie (115)  |  Meteor (14)  |  Mind (760)  |  Myriad (22)  |  Painter (23)  |  Print (17)  |  Remind (13)  |  Revolving (2)  |  Sculptor (9)  |  Shape (70)  |  Skin (25)  |  Sleeping (2)  |  Space (257)  |  Thought (546)  |  Time (595)  |  Work (635)

Timorous readers, however, need entertain no feverish fear, on, visiting the Isle of Sheppey, of encountering either wild elephants, crocodiles, sharks, serpents, or man-eating birds of huge dimensions, bearing strange names, and armed with sets of teeth for masticating and digestive purposes, as the author can assure them that they all died out a million or so of years ago, before he undertook to look up their records and write the history of this wonderful little island. Visitors may, however, honestly deplore the absence of the feathery palm trees bearing the luscious date and the lacteous cocoa-nut; but by prosecuting a diligent search they may, at least, be consoled by procuring some of these, rare fossil remains, reminiscent of an incalculable period of time when our particular portion of this hemisphere performed its diurnal revolutions in the immediate zone of the tropics.
Quoted in Augustus A. Daly, History of the Isle of Sheppey (1975), 250.

Under the... new hypothesis [of Continental Drift] certain geological concepts come to acquire a new significance amounting in a few cases to a complete inversion of principles, and the inquirer will find it necessary to re-orient his ideas. For the first time he will get glimpses... of a pulsating restless earth, all parts of which are in greater or less degree of movement in respect to the axis of rotation, having been so, moreover, throughout geological time. He will have to leave behind him—perhaps reluctantly—the dumbfounding spectacle of the present continental masses, firmly anchored to a plastic foundation yet remaining fixed in space; set thousands of kilometres apart, it may be, yet behaving in almost identical fashion from epoch to epoch and stage to stage like soldiers, at drill; widely stretched in some quarters at various times and astoundingly compressed in others, yet retaining their general shapes, positions and orientations; remote from one another through history, yet showing in their fossil remains common or allied forms of terrestrial life; possessed during certain epochs of climates that may have ranged from glacial to torrid or pluvial to arid, though contrary to meteorological principles when their existing geographical positions are considered -to mention but a few such paradoxes!
Our Wandering Continents: An Hypothesis of Continental Drifting (1937), 3.
Science quotes on:  |  Climate (43)  |  Continental Drift (9)

We have very strong physical and chemical evidence for a large impact; this is the most firmly established part of the whole story. There is an unquestionable mass extinction at this time, and in the fossil groups for which we have the best record, the extinction coincides with the impact to a precision of a centimeter or better in the stratigraphic record. This exact coincidence in timing strongly argues for a causal relationship.
Referring to the theory that he, and his father (physicist Luis W. Alvarez), held that dinosaurs abruptly went extinct as a result of a 6-mile-wide asteroid or comet struck the earth. In American Geophysical Union, EOS (2 Sep 1986), as quoted and cited in John Noble Wilford, 'New Data Extend Era of Dinosaurs' New York Times (9 Nov 1986), A41.
Science quotes on:  |  Argue (23)  |  Causal (7)  |  Chemical (79)  |  Coincide (5)  |  Coincidence (13)  |  Dinosaur (23)  |  Establish (56)  |  Evidence (183)  |  Exact (68)  |  Impact (26)  |  Large (130)  |  Mass Extinction (2)  |  Physical (134)  |  Precision (52)  |  Relationship (71)  |  Unquestionable (8)

We may affirm of Mr. Buffon, that which has been said of the chemists of old; though he may have failed in attaining his principal aim, of establishing a theory, yet he has brought together such a multitude of facts relative to the history of the earth, and the nature of its fossil productions, that curiosity finds ample compensation, even while it feels the want of conviction.
In History of the Earth and Animated Nature (1774, 1847), Vol. 1, 73.
Science quotes on:  |  Comte Georges-Louis Leclerc de Buffon (35)  |  Chemist (89)  |  Compensation (7)  |  Conviction (71)  |  Curiosity (106)  |  Fact (733)  |  History Of The Earth (3)  |  Multitude (20)  |  Nature (1223)  |  Theory (696)

We may therefore say in the future, strictly within the limits of observation, that in certain respects the fossil species of a class traverse in their historical succession metamorphoses similar to those which the embryos undergo in themselves. … The development of a class in the history of the earth offers, in many respects, the greatest analogy with the development of an individual at different periods of his life. The demonstration of this truth is one of the most beautiful results of modern paleontology.
Carl Vogt
From Embryologie des Salmones, collected in L. Agassiz, Poissons d'Eau Douce de l’Europe Centrale (1842), 260. Translated by Webmaster using Google Translate, from the original French, “On pourra donc dire à l'avenir, en restant rigoureusement dans les limites de l'observation, qu'à certains égards, les espèces fossiles d'une classe parcourent dans leur succession historique des métamorphoses semblables à celles que subissent les embryons en se développant … Le développement d’une classe dans l’histoire de la terre offre, à divers égards, la plus grande analogie avec le dévelopment d’un individu aux différentes époques de sa vie. La démonstration de cette vérité est un des plus beaux résultat de la paléontologie moderne.”
Science quotes on:  |  Analogy (60)  |  Beautiful (144)  |  Classification (87)  |  Demonstration (86)  |  Development (289)  |  Different (186)  |  Embryo (23)  |  Evolution (535)  |  History Of The Earth (3)  |  Individual (221)  |  Life (1131)  |  Metamorphosis (5)  |  Modern (162)  |  Observation (450)  |  Paleontology (30)  |  Period (66)  |  Result (389)  |  Species (221)  |  Succession (45)  |  Truth (928)

We might expect that as we come close upon living nature the characters of our old records would grow legible and clear; but just when we begin to enter on the history of the physical changes going on before our eyes, and in which we ourselves bear a part, our chronicle seems to fail us: a leaf has been torn out from Nature’s book, and the succession of events is almost hidden from our eyes. [On gaps in the Pleistocene fossil record.]
As quoted by Hugh Miller in Lecture First, collected in Popular Geology: A Series of Lectures Read Before the Philosophical Institution of Edinburgh, with Descriptive Sketches from a Geologist's Portfolio (1859), 82-83.
Science quotes on:  |  Book (257)  |  Character (118)  |  Chronicle (6)  |  Clarity (41)  |  Event (116)  |  Expectation (55)  |  Fail (58)  |  Gap (23)  |  Hidden (42)  |  History (369)  |  Leaf (49)  |  Legibility (2)  |  Nature (1223)  |  Ourself (13)  |  Physical Change (4)  |  Pleistocene (3)  |  Record (68)  |  Succession (45)  |  Torn (4)

We might expect … in the summer of the “great year,” which we are now considering, that there would be a great predominance of tree-ferns and plants allied to the palms and arborescent grasses in the isles of the wide ocean, while the dicotyledenous plants and other forms now most common in temperate regions would almost disappear from the earth. Then might these genera of animals return, of which the memorials are preserved in the ancient rocks of our continents. The huge iguanodon might reappear in the woods, and the ichthyosaur in the sea, while the pterodactyle might flit again through umbrageous groves of tree-ferns. Coral reefs might be prolonged beyond the arctic circle, where the whale and narwal [sic] now abound. Turtles might deposit their eggs in the sand of the sea beach, where now the walrus sleeps, and where the seal is drifted on the ice-floe.
In Principles of Geology (1830-3), Vol. 1, 123.
Science quotes on:  |  Beach (16)  |  Coral Reef (8)  |  Iceberg (4)  |  Palm (5)  |  Plant (200)  |  Pterodactyl (2)  |  Seal (12)  |  Turtle (8)  |  Walrus (4)  |  Whale (24)

We’re very safety conscious, aren’t we? [In 1989,] I did a programme on fossils, Lost Worlds, Vanished Lives, and got a letter from a geologist saying, “You should have been wearing protective goggles when you were hitting that rock. Fragments could have flown into your eye and blinded you. What a bad example you are.” I thought, “Oh, for goodness sake...”
As reported by Adam Lusher in 'Sir David Attenborough', Daily Mail (28 Feb 2014).
Science quotes on:  |  Bad (99)  |  Blind (47)  |  Conscious (45)  |  Example (94)  |  Eye (222)  |  Fragment (25)  |  Geologist (47)  |  Hit (20)  |  Letter (51)  |  Live (272)  |  Lost (32)  |  Program (52)  |  Protective (5)  |  Rock (125)  |  Safety (43)  |  Vanish (18)  |  World (898)

When I read an Italian letter [Saggio by Voltaire] on changes which had occurred on the surface of the earth, published in Paris this year (1746), I believed that these facts were reported by La Loubère. Indeed, they correspond perfectly with the author’s ideas. Petrified fish are according to him merely rare fish thrown away by Roman cooks because they were spoiled; and with respect to shells, he said that they were from the sea of the Levant and brought back by pilgrims from Syria at the time of the crusades. These shells are found today petrified in France, in Italy and in other Christian states. Why did he not add that monkeys transported shells on top of high mountains and to every place where humans cannot live? It would not have harmed his story but made his explanation even more plausible.
In 'Preuves de la Théorie de la Terre', Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particuliere, Avec la Description du Cabinet du Roi (1749), Vol. I, 281. Trans. Albert V. and Marguerite Carozzi.
Science quotes on:  |  Mountain (145)  |  Francois Marie Arouet Voltaire (38)

When I was about 13, I cycled from Leicester to the Lake District and back again, collecting fossils and staying in youth hostels. I was away for three weeks, and my mother and father didn’t know where I was. I doubt many parents would let children do that now.
It is about 200 miles each way between his hometown (Leicester) and the Lake District. As reported by Adam Lusher in 'Sir David Attenborough', Daily Mail (28 Feb 2014).
Science quotes on:  |  Bicycle (10)  |  Child (252)  |  Collect (16)  |  Know (556)  |  Parent (46)  |  Week (13)

When out fossil hunting, it is very easy to forget that rather than telling you how the creatures lived, the remains you find indicate only where they became fossilized.
Co-author with American science writer Roger Amos Lewin (1946), Origins: What New Discoveries Reveal about the Emergence of our Species and its Possible Future (1977), 96.
Science quotes on:  |  Paleontology (30)

When the fossil bones of animals belonging to civilisations before the Flood are turned up in bed after bed and layer upon layer of the quarries of Montmartre or among the schists of the Ural range, the soul receives with dismay a glimpse of millions of peoples forgotten by feeble human memory and unrecognised by permanent divine tradition, peoples whose ashes cover our globe with two feet of earth that yields bread to us and flowers.
From 'La Peau de Chagrin' (1831). As translated by Ellen Marriage in The Wild Ass’s Skin (1906), 21.
Science quotes on:  |  Animal (359)  |  Bone (63)  |  Bread (24)  |  Civilisation (20)  |  Dismay (5)  |  Earth (638)  |  Feeble (27)  |  Flood (36)  |  Flower (77)  |  Forget (63)  |  Glimpse (13)  |  Human (550)  |  Memory (106)  |  Million (111)  |  Montmartre (3)  |  People (390)  |  Quarry (11)  |  Schist (4)  |  Soul (166)  |  Yield (38)

Whence we see spiders, flies, or ants entombed and preserved forever in amber, a more than royal tomb.
Historia Vitæ et Mortis. Translation in Francis Bacon, James Spedding (ed.) et al., Philosophical Works of Francis Bacon (1861) Vol. 2, 320.
Science quotes on:  |  Amber (3)

Where could the naturalist seek for more telling documents of the history of creation than in the fossils themselves?
Taschenbuch für Gesammte Mineralogie, 1813, 7, 2.

Why are the bones of great fishes, and oysters and corals and various other shells and sea-snails, found on the high tops of mountains that border the sea, in the same way in which they are found in the depths of the sea?
'Physical Geography', in The Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci, trans. E. MacCurdy (1938), Vol. 1, 361.
Science quotes on:  |  Bone (63)  |  Coral (10)  |  Fish (95)  |  Mountain (145)  |  Oyster (10)  |  Sea (188)  |  Shell (41)

Why has not anyone seen that fossils alone gave birth to a theory about the formation of the earth, that without them, no one would have ever dreamed that there were successive epochs in the formation of the globe.
Discours sur les révolutions du globe, (Discourse on the Revolutions of the Surface of the Globe), originally the introduction to Recherches sur les ossemens fossiles des quadrupèdes (1812). Translated by Ian Johnston from the 1825 edition. Online at Vancouver island University website.
Science quotes on:  |  Earth (638)  |  Formation (59)  |  Theory (696)

Why, these men would destroy the Bible on evidence that would not convict a habitual criminal of a misdemeanor. They found a tooth in a sand pit in Nebraska with no other bones about it, and from that one tooth decided that it was the remains of the missing link. They have queer ideas about age too. They find a fossil and when they are asked how old it is they say they can't tell without knowing what rock it was in, and when they are asked how old the rock is they say they can't tell unless they know how old the fossil is.
In Henry Fairfield Osborn, 'Osborn States the Case For Evolution', New York Times (12 Jul 1925), XX1. In fact, the tooth was misidentified as anthropoid by Osborn, who over-zealously proposed Nebraska Man in 1922. This tooth was shortly thereafter found to be that of a peccary (a Pliocene pig) when further bones were found. A retraction was made in 1927, correcting the scientific blunder.
Science quotes on:  |  Age (178)  |  Bible (91)  |  Bone (63)  |  Conviction (71)  |  Criminal (15)  |  Evidence (183)  |  Idea (580)  |  Missing Link (4)  |  Queer (7)  |  Rock (125)  |  Tooth (26)

Words change their meanings, just as organism s evolve. We would impose an enormous burden on our economy if we insisted on payment in cattle every time we identified a bonus as a pecuniary advantage (from the Latin pecus, or cattle, a verbal fossil from a former commercial reality).
Science quotes on:  |  Advantage (77)  |  Bonus (2)  |  Burden (27)  |  Cattle (13)  |  Change (364)  |  Commercial (26)  |  Economy (54)  |  Enormous (41)  |  Evolution (535)  |  Former (25)  |  Identify (13)  |  Impose (22)  |  Insist (19)  |  Latin (33)  |  Meanings (5)  |  Organism (150)  |  Payment (6)  |  Pecuniary (2)  |  Reality (190)  |  Time (595)  |  Verbal (9)  |  Word (302)

Xenophanes of Kolophon ... believes that once the earth was mingled with the sea, but in the course of time it became freed from moisture; and his proofs are such as these: that shells are found in the midst of the land and among the mountains, that in the quarries of Syracuse the imprints of a fish and of seals had been found, and in Paros the imprint of an anchovy at some depth in the stone, and in Melite shallow impressions of all sorts of sea products. He says that these imprints were made when everything long ago was covered with mud, and then the imprint dried in the mud.
Doxographists, Zeller, Vorsokr. Phil. 543, n. 1. Quoted in Arthur Fairbanks (ed. And trans.), The First Philosophers of Greece (1898), 83.
Science quotes on:  |  Paleontology (30)  |  Xenophanes (13)

You can hardly convince a man of error in a life-time, but must content yourself with the reflection that the progress of science is slow. If he is not convinced, his grand-children may be. The geologists tell us that it took one hundred years to prove that fossils are organic, and one hundred and fifty more, to prove that they are not to be referred to the Noachian deluge.
In A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers (1862), 68.
Science quotes on:  |  Error (277)  |  Progress (368)  |  Progress Of Science (28)

[Fossils found in the Secondary formation are] unrefined and imperfect [species and the species in the Tertiary formation] are very perfect and wholly similar to those that are seen in the modern sea. [Thus] as many ages have elapsed during the elevation of the Alps, as there are races of organic fossil bodies embedded within the strata.
Quoted in Francesco Rodolico, 'Arduino', In Charles Coulston Gillispie (ed.), Dictionary of Scientific Biography (1970), Vol. 1, 234.
Science quotes on:  |  Mountain (145)  |  Strata (19)

[L]et us not overlook the further great fact, that not only does science underlie sculpture, painting, music, poetry, but that science is itself poetic. The current opinion that science and poetry are opposed is a delusion. ... On the contrary science opens up realms of poetry where to the unscientific all is a blank. Those engaged in scientific researches constantly show us that they realize not less vividly, but more vividly, than others, the poetry of their subjects. Whoever will dip into Hugh Miller's works on geology, or read Mr. Lewes's “Seaside Studies,” will perceive that science excites poetry rather than extinguishes it. And whoever will contemplate the life of Goethe will see that the poet and the man of science can co-exist in equal activity. Is it not, indeed, an absurd and almost a sacrilegious belief that the more a man studies Nature the less he reveres it? Think you that a drop of water, which to the vulgar eye is but a drop of water, loses anything in the eye of the physicist who knows that its elements are held together by a force which, if suddenly liberated, would produce a flash of lightning? Think you that what is carelessly looked upon by the uninitiated as a mere snow-flake, does not suggest higher associations to one who has seen through a microscope the wondrously varied and elegant forms of snow-crystals? Think you that the rounded rock marked with parallel scratches calls up as much poetry in an ignorant mind as in the mind of a geologist, who knows that over this rock a glacier slid a million years ago? The truth is, that those who have never entered upon scientific pursuits know not a tithe of the poetry by which they are surrounded. Whoever has not in youth collected plants and insects, knows not half the halo of interest which lanes and hedge-rows can assume. Whoever has not sought for fossils, has little idea of the poetical associations that surround the places where imbedded treasures were found. Whoever at the seaside has not had a microscope and aquarium, has yet to learn what the highest pleasures of the seaside are. Sad, indeed, is it to see how men occupy themselves with trivialities, and are indifferent to the grandest phenomena—care not to understand the architecture of the Heavens, but are deeply interested in some contemptible controversy about the intrigues of Mary Queen of Scots!—are learnedly critical over a Greek ode, and pass by without a glance that grand epic written by the finger of God upon the strata of the Earth!
Education: Intellectual, Moral, and Physical (1889), 82-83.
Science quotes on:  |  Absurdity (22)  |  Aquarium (2)  |  Blank (11)  |  Collection (44)  |  Contemplation (52)  |  Current (54)  |  Delusion (22)  |  Drop (40)  |  Excitation (7)  |  Flash (34)  |  Glacier (17)  |  Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (145)  |  Hedgerow (2)  |  George Henry Lewes (19)  |  Lightning (33)  |  Microscope (74)  |  Hugh Miller (14)  |  Music (106)  |  Nature (1223)  |  Opinion (176)  |  Opposition (34)  |  Painting (43)  |  Poetry (124)  |  Research (590)  |  Science (2067)  |  Science And Art (181)  |  Sculpture (12)  |  Seaside (2)  |  Snowflake (13)  |  Strata (19)  |  Water (293)

[To identify ancient sites] The primary requirement is a human skeleton or artifacts that are clearly the work of humans. Next, this evidence must lie in situ within undisturbed geological deposits. The artifacts should be directly associated with stratigraphy. Finally, the minimum age of the site must be determined by a direct link with fossils of known age or with material that has been reliably dated.
As quoted in Sharman Apt Russell, When the Land Was Young: Reflections on American Archaeology (2001), 22.
Science quotes on:  |  Age (178)  |  Ancient (106)  |  Artifact (4)  |  Associate (16)  |  Date (13)  |  Deposit (12)  |  Determine (76)  |  Direct (84)  |  Evidence (183)  |  Geology (201)  |  Human (550)  |  Identify (13)  |  Know (556)  |  Link (42)  |  Material (156)  |  Primary (41)  |  Reliable (12)  |  Requirement (47)  |  Site (14)  |  Skeleton (20)  |  Stratigraphy (7)  |  Undisturbed (4)

[We are] a fragile species, still new to the earth, … here only a few moments as evolutionary time is measured, … in real danger at the moment of leaving behind only a thin layer of of our fossils, radioactive at that.
The Fragile Species (1992, 1996), 25.
Science quotes on:  |  Danger (78)  |  Earth (638)  |  Evolution (535)  |  Fragile (14)  |  Layer (22)  |  Leave (128)  |  Measure (104)  |  Moment (107)  |  New (496)  |  Radioactive (8)  |  Real (149)  |  Species (221)  |  Thin (16)  |  Time (595)

Carl Sagan Thumbnail In science it often happens that scientists say, 'You know that's a really good argument; my position is mistaken,' and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again. They really do it. It doesn't happen as often as it should, because scientists are human and change is sometimes painful. But it happens every day. I cannot recall the last time something like that happened in politics or religion. (1987) -- Carl Sagan
Quotations by:Albert EinsteinIsaac NewtonLord KelvinCharles DarwinSrinivasa RamanujanCarl SaganFlorence NightingaleThomas EdisonAristotleMarie CurieBenjamin FranklinWinston ChurchillGalileo GalileiSigmund FreudRobert BunsenLouis PasteurTheodore RooseveltAbraham LincolnRonald ReaganLeonardo DaVinciMichio KakuKarl PopperJohann GoetheRobert OppenheimerCharles Kettering  ... (more people)

Quotations about:Atomic  BombBiologyChemistryDeforestationEngineeringAnatomyAstronomyBacteriaBiochemistryBotanyConservationDinosaurEnvironmentFractalGeneticsGeologyHistory of ScienceInventionJupiterKnowledgeLoveMathematicsMeasurementMedicineNatural ResourceOrganic ChemistryPhysicsPhysicianQuantum TheoryResearchScience and ArtTeacherTechnologyUniverseVolcanoVirusWind PowerWomen ScientistsX-RaysYouthZoology  ... (more topics)
Sitewide search within all Today In Science History pages:
Visit our Science and Scientist Quotations index for more Science Quotes from archaeologists, biologists, chemists, geologists, inventors and inventions, mathematicians, physicists, pioneers in medicine, science events and technology.

Names index: | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

Categories index: | 1 | 2 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

- 100 -
Sophie Germain
Gertrude Elion
Ernest Rutherford
James Chadwick
Marcel Proust
William Harvey
Johann Goethe
John Keynes
Carl Gauss
Paul Feyerabend
- 90 -
Antoine Lavoisier
Lise Meitner
Charles Babbage
Ibn Khaldun
Ralph Emerson
Robert Bunsen
Frederick Banting
Andre Ampere
Winston Churchill
- 80 -
John Locke
Bronislaw Malinowski
Thomas Huxley
Alessandro Volta
Erwin Schrodinger
Wilhelm Roentgen
Louis Pasteur
Bertrand Russell
Jean Lamarck
- 70 -
Samuel Morse
John Wheeler
Nicolaus Copernicus
Robert Fulton
Pierre Laplace
Humphry Davy
Thomas Edison
Lord Kelvin
Theodore Roosevelt
Carolus Linnaeus
- 60 -
Francis Galton
Linus Pauling
Immanuel Kant
Martin Fischer
Robert Boyle
Karl Popper
Paul Dirac
James Watson
William Shakespeare
- 50 -
Stephen Hawking
Niels Bohr
Nikola Tesla
Rachel Carson
Max Planck
Henry Adams
Richard Dawkins
Werner Heisenberg
Alfred Wegener
John Dalton
- 40 -
Pierre Fermat
Edward Wilson
Johannes Kepler
Gustave Eiffel
Giordano Bruno
JJ Thomson
Thomas Kuhn
Leonardo DaVinci
David Hume
- 30 -
Andreas Vesalius
Rudolf Virchow
Richard Feynman
James Hutton
Alexander Fleming
Emile Durkheim
Benjamin Franklin
Robert Oppenheimer
Robert Hooke
Charles Kettering
- 20 -
Carl Sagan
James Maxwell
Marie Curie
Rene Descartes
Francis Crick
Michael Faraday
Srinivasa Ramanujan
Francis Bacon
Galileo Galilei
- 10 -
John Watson
Rosalind Franklin
Michio Kaku
Isaac Asimov
Charles Darwin
Sigmund Freud
Albert Einstein
Florence Nightingale
Isaac Newton

who invites your feedback
Thank you for sharing.
Today in Science History
Sign up for Newsletter
with quiz, quotes and more.