Celebrating 18 Years on the Web
TODAY IN SCIENCE HISTORY ®
Find science on or your birthday

Today in Science History - Quickie Quiz
Who said: “I believe that this Nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to earth.”
more quiz questions >>
Home > Category Index for Science Quotations > Category Index M > Category: Mutual

Mutual Quotes (22 quotes)

La determination de la relation & de la dépendance mutuelle de ces données dans certains cas particuliers, doit être le premier but du Physicien; & pour cet effet, il falloit one mesure exacte qui indiquât d’une manière invariable & égale dans tous les lieux de la terre, le degré de l'électricité au moyen duquel les expéiences ont été faites… Aussi, l'histoire de l'électricité prouve une vérité suffisamment reconnue; c'est que le Physicien sans mesure ne fait que jouer, & qu'il ne diffère en cela des enfans, que par la nature de son jeu & la construction de ses jouets.
The determination of the relationship and mutual dependence of the facts in particular cases must be the first goal of the Physicist; and for this purpose he requires that an exact measurement may be taken in an equally invariable manner anywhere in the world… Also, the history of electricity yields a well-known truth—that the physicist shirking measurement only plays, different from children only in the nature of his game and the construction of his toys.
'Mémoire sur la mesure de force de l'électricité', Journal de Physique (1782), 21, 191. English version by Google Translate tweaked by Webmaster.
Science quotes on:  |  Case (64)  |  Child (189)  |  Construction (69)  |  Demonstration (51)  |  Dependence (32)  |  Determination (53)  |  Difference (208)  |  Exact (38)  |  Fact (609)  |  Game (45)  |  Goal (81)  |  History Of Science (53)  |  Instrument (73)  |  Invariable (4)  |  Measurement (148)  |  Nature (1029)  |  Particular (54)  |  Physicist (130)  |  Physics (301)  |  Play (60)  |  Recognition (62)  |  Relationship (59)  |  Requirement (45)  |  Toy (14)  |  Truth (750)  |  World (667)

A research laboratory jealous of its reputation has to develop less formal, more intimate ways of forming a corporate judgment of the work its people do. The best laboratories in university departments are well known for their searching, mutual questioning.
In Editorial, 'Is Science Really a Pack of Lies', Nature (1983), 303, 1257. As quoted and cited in Bradley P. Fuhrman, Jerry J. Zimmerman, Pediatric Critical Care (2011).
Science quotes on:  |  Best (129)  |  Corporate (3)  |  Department (33)  |  Develop (55)  |  Formal (11)  |  Forming (6)  |  Intimate (11)  |  Jealous (3)  |  Judgment (72)  |  Known (15)  |  Laboratory (120)  |  Person (114)  |  Question (315)  |  Reputation (17)  |  Research (517)  |  Searching (5)  |  University (51)  |  Way (36)  |  Work (457)

Again, it [the Analytical Engine] might act upon other things besides number, were objects found whose mutual fundamental relations could be expressed by those of the abstract science of operations, and which should be also susceptible of adaptations to the action of the operating notation and mechanism of the engine. Supposing for instance, that the fundamental relations of pitched sounds in the science of harmony and of musical composition were susceptible of such expression and adaptations, the engine might compose elaborate and scientific pieces of music of any degree of complexity or extent.
In Richard Taylor (ed.), 'Translator’s Notes to M. Menabrea’s Memoir', Scientific Memoirs, Selected from the Transactions of Foreign Academies and Learned Societies and from Foreign Journals (1843), 3, Note A, 694. Her notes were appended to L.F. Menabrea, of Turin, Officer of the Military Engineers, 'Article XXIX: Sketch of the Analytical Engine invented by Charles Babbage Esq.', Bibliothèque Universelle de Gnve (Oct 1842), No. 82.
Science quotes on:  |  Abstract (43)  |  Action (151)  |  Adaptation (40)  |  Analytical Engine (5)  |  Complexity (80)  |  Composition (52)  |  Elaborate (13)  |  Expression (82)  |  Extent (30)  |  Fundamental (122)  |  Harmony (55)  |  Mechanism (41)  |  Music (66)  |  Notation (9)  |  Number (179)  |  Object (110)  |  Operation (96)  |  Pitch (7)  |  Relation (96)  |  Science (1699)  |  Sound (59)  |  Supposing (3)  |  Susceptible (3)

As knowledge advances, science ceases to scoff at religion; and religion ceases to frown on science. The hour of mockery by the one, and of reproof by the other, is passing away. Henceforth, they will dwell together in unity and goodwill. They will mutually illustrate the wisdom, power, and grace of God. Science will adorn and enrich religion; and religion will ennoble and sanctify science.
In Tryon Edwards, A Dictionary of Thoughts (1908), 505.
Science quotes on:  |  Advance (123)  |  Cease (23)  |  Dwell (8)  |  Ennoble (5)  |  Enrich (6)  |  Frown (3)  |  God (454)  |  Goodwill (3)  |  Grace (13)  |  Hour (42)  |  Illustrate (5)  |  Knowledge (1128)  |  Mockery (2)  |  Mutually (4)  |  Pass (60)  |  Power (273)  |  Religion (210)  |  Reproof (2)  |  Sanctify (2)  |  Science (1699)  |  Science And Religion (267)  |  Scoff (4)  |  Together (48)  |  Unity (43)  |  Wisdom (151)

As regards religion, on the other hand, one is generally agreed that it deals with goals and evaluations and, in general, with the emotional foundation of human thinking and acting, as far as these are not predetermined by the inalterable hereditary disposition of the human species. Religion is concerned with man’s attitude toward nature at large, with the establishing of ideals for the individual and communal life, and with mutual human relationship. These ideals religion attempts to attain by exerting an educational influence on tradition and through the development and promulgation of certain easily accessible thoughts and narratives (epics and myths) which are apt to influence evaluation and action along the lines of the accepted ideals.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Accept (37)  |  Accessible (11)  |  Act (80)  |  Action (151)  |  Agree (19)  |  Apt (7)  |  Attain (21)  |  Attempt (94)  |  Attitude (47)  |  Certain (84)  |  Communal (7)  |  Concern (76)  |  Deal (25)  |  Development (228)  |  Disposition (14)  |  Easily (16)  |  Educational (6)  |  Emotional (13)  |  Epic (5)  |  Establish (30)  |  Evaluation (5)  |  Exert (9)  |  Far (77)  |  Foundation (75)  |  General (92)  |  Generally (9)  |  Goal (81)  |  Hereditary (6)  |  Human (445)  |  Human Species (6)  |  Ideal (52)  |  Individual (177)  |  Influence (110)  |  Large (82)  |  Life (917)  |  Line (44)  |  Myth (43)  |  Narrative (6)  |  Nature (1029)  |  On The Other Hand (16)  |  Predetermined (3)  |  Promulgation (3)  |  Regard (58)  |  Religion (210)  |  Think (205)  |  Thought (374)  |  Toward (29)  |  Tradition (43)

Darwinian fitness is compounded of a mutual relationship between the organism and the environment. Of this, fitness of environment is quite as essential a component as the fitness which arises in the process of organic evolution; and in fundamental characteristics the actual environment is the fittest possible abode of life.
His thesis for the book stated at the beginning of The Fitness of the Environment (1913), Preface, v.
Science quotes on:  |  Actual (34)  |  Arise (32)  |  Characteristic (66)  |  Component (14)  |  Darwinian (5)  |  Environment (138)  |  Essential (87)  |  Evolution (482)  |  Fitness (7)  |  Fundamental (122)  |  Life (917)  |  Organic (48)  |  Organism (126)  |  Possible (100)  |  Process (201)  |  Relationship (59)

Do not Bodies and Light act mutually upon one another; that is to say, Bodies upon Light in emitting, reflecting, refracting and inflecting it, and Light upon Bodies for heating them, and putting their parts into a vibrating motion wherein heat consists?
Opticks (1704), Book 3, Query 5, 133.
Science quotes on:  |  Action (151)  |  Body (193)  |  Emission (16)  |  Heat (90)  |  Inflection (2)  |  Light (246)  |  Motion (127)  |  Reflection (50)  |  Refraction (7)  |  Vibration (13)

For example, there are numbers of chemists who occupy themselves exclusively with the study of dyestuffs. They discover facts that are useful to scientific chemistry; but they do not rank as genuine scientific men. The genuine scientific chemist cares just as much to learn about erbium—the extreme rarity of which renders it commercially unimportant—as he does about iron. He is more eager to learn about erbium if the knowledge of it would do more to complete his conception of the Periodic Law, which expresses the mutual relations of the elements.
From 'Lessons from the History of Science: The Scientific Attitude' (c.1896), in Collected Papers (1931), Vol. 1, 20.
Science quotes on:  |  Chemist (79)  |  Chemistry (239)  |  Commercially (3)  |  Complete (43)  |  Conception (63)  |  Discover (115)  |  Dye (5)  |  Eager (7)  |  Element (129)  |  Erbium (2)  |  Express (32)  |  Extreme (36)  |  Facts (3)  |  Genuine (19)  |  Iron (53)  |  Knowledge (1128)  |  Law (418)  |  Learn (160)  |  Occupy (18)  |  Periodic Table (13)  |  Rank (19)  |  Rarity (9)  |  Relation (96)  |  Render (17)  |  Scientific (169)  |  Study (331)  |  Unimportant (4)  |  Useful (66)

I have long held an opinion, almost amounting to conviction, in common I believe with many other lovers of natural knowledge, that the various forms under which the forces of matter are made manifest have one common origin; or, in other words, are so directly related and mutually dependent, that they are convertible, as it were, one into another, and possess equivalents of power in their action.
Paper read to the Royal Institution (20 Nov 1845). 'On the Magnetization of Light and the Illumination of Magnetic Lines of Force', Series 19. In Experimental Researches in Electricity (1855), Vol. 3, 1. Reprinted from Philosophical Transactions (1846), 1.
Science quotes on:  |  Belief (400)  |  Common (92)  |  Conservation Of Energy (25)  |  Conviction (57)  |  Dependence (32)  |  Electromagnetism (17)  |  Equivalent (14)  |  Force (194)  |  Form (210)  |  Knowledge (1128)  |  Manifestation (30)  |  Matter (270)  |  Natural Science (62)  |  Opinion (146)  |  Origin (77)  |  Possession (37)  |  Power (273)  |  Relationship (59)

If the study of all these sciences which we have enumerated, should ever bring us to their mutual association and relationship, and teach us the nature of the ties which bind them together, I believe that the diligent treatment of them will forward the objects which we have in view, and that the labor, which otherwise would be fruitless, will be well bestowed.
Plato
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Association (15)  |  Belief (400)  |  Bestow (7)  |  Bind (18)  |  Bring (53)  |  Diligent (4)  |  Enumerate (2)  |  Forward (21)  |  Fruitless (2)  |  Labor (53)  |  Nature (1029)  |  Object (110)  |  Otherwise (16)  |  Relationship (59)  |  Science (1699)  |  Study (331)  |  Teach (102)  |  Tie (21)  |  Together (48)  |  Treatment (88)  |  View (115)

Language is the principal tool with which we communicate; but when words are used carelessly or mistakenly, what was intended to advance mutual understanding may in fact hinder it; our instrument becomes our burden
Irving M. Copi and Carl Cohen (probably? in their Introduction to Logic), In K. Srinagesh, The Principles of Experimental Research (2006), 15.
Science quotes on:  |  Burden (23)  |  Careless (4)  |  Communication (58)  |  Definition (152)  |  Hinder (4)  |  Instrument (73)  |  Language (155)  |  Mistaken (3)  |  Understanding (317)  |  Word (221)

Literary intellectuals at one pole—at the other scientists, and as the most representative, the physical scientists. Between the two a gulf of mutual incomprehension—sometimes (particularly among the young) hostility and dislike, but most of all lack of understanding.
The Two Cultures: The Rede Lecture (1959), 4.
Science quotes on:  |  Dislike (11)  |  Gulf (10)  |  Hostility (10)  |  Incomprehension (2)  |  Intellectual (79)  |  Lack (52)  |  Literary (7)  |  Physical Science (54)  |  Pole (14)  |  Representative (9)  |  Scientist (447)  |  Understanding (317)

Man is not only part of a field, but a part and member of his group. When people are together, as when they are at work, then the most unnatural behavior, which only appears in late stages or abnormal cases, would be to behave as separate Egos. Under normal circumstances they work in common, each a meaningfully functioning part of the whole.
Lecture at the Kantgesellschaft (Kant Society), Berlin (17 Dec 1924), 'Über Gestalttheorie', as taken down in shorthand. Translated by N. Nairn-Allison in Social Research (1944), 11, 91.
Science quotes on:  |  Common (92)  |  Concern (76)  |  Ego (14)  |  Enterprise (20)  |  Field (119)  |  Function (90)  |  Group (52)  |  Independent (41)  |  Man (345)  |  Meaningful (14)  |  Part (146)  |  People (269)  |  Whole (122)  |  Work (457)

Nobody knows more than a tiny fragment of science well enough to judge its validity and value at first hand. For the rest he has to rely on views accepted at second hand on the authority of a community of people accredited as scientists. But this accrediting depends in its turn on a complex organization. For each member of the community can judge at first hand only a small number of his fellow members, and yet eventually each is accredited by all. What happens is that each recognizes as scientists a number of others by whom he is recognized as such in return, and these relations form chains which transmit these mutual recognitions at second hand through the whole community. This is how each member becomes directly or indirectly accredited by all. The system extends into the past. Its members recognize the same set of persons as their masters and derive from this allegiance a common tradition, of which each carries on a particular strand.
Personal Knowledge (1958), 163.
Science quotes on:  |  Acceptance (41)  |  All (8)  |  Allegiance (4)  |  Authority (50)  |  Carrying (7)  |  Chain (38)  |  Common (92)  |  Community (65)  |  Complexity (80)  |  Dependance (4)  |  Derivation (12)  |  Directly (15)  |  Extension (20)  |  Fragment (24)  |  Happening (32)  |  Indirectly (5)  |  Judgment (72)  |  Knowledge (1128)  |  Master (55)  |  Member (27)  |  Nobody (38)  |  Organization (79)  |  Particular (54)  |  Past (109)  |  People (269)  |  Person (114)  |  Recognition (62)  |  Relationship (59)  |  Science (1699)  |  Scientist (447)  |  Second Hand (2)  |  Set (56)  |  Strand (5)  |  System (141)  |  Tradition (43)  |  Transmission (23)  |  Validity (22)  |  Value (180)  |  View (115)  |  Whole (122)

Physicists speak of the particle representation or the wave representation. Bohr's principle of complementarity asserts that there exist complementary properties of the same object of knowledge, one of which if known will exclude knowledge of the other. We may therefore describe an object like an electron in ways which are mutually exclusive—e.g., as wave or particle—without logical contradiction provided we also realize that the experimental arrangements that determine these descriptions are similarly mutually exclusive. Which experiment—and hence which description one chooses—is purely a matter of human choice.
The Cosmic Code: Quantum Physics as the Language of Nature (1982), 94.
Science quotes on:  |  Arrangement (45)  |  Assertion (23)  |  Niels Bohr (50)  |  Choice (64)  |  Complementarity (2)  |  Contradiction (44)  |  Description (72)  |  Determination (53)  |  Electron (66)  |  Exclusion (11)  |  Existence (254)  |  Experiment (543)  |  Knowledge (1128)  |  Object (110)  |  Particle (90)  |  Physicist (130)  |  Property (96)  |  Realization (33)  |  Representation (27)  |  Speaking (38)  |  Wave (55)

Science is intimately integrated with the whole social structure and cultural tradition. They mutually support one other—only in certain types of society can science flourish, and conversely without a continuous and healthy development and application of science such a society cannot function properly.
The Social System (1951, 1977), Chap. 8, 111. As a functionalist, Parsons argued that social practices had to be studied in terms of their function in maintaining society.
Science quotes on:  |  Application (117)  |  Culture (85)  |  Development (228)  |  Flourishing (5)  |  Function (90)  |  Health (136)  |  Integration (12)  |  Science (1699)  |  Social (93)  |  Society (188)  |  Structure (191)  |  Support (63)  |  Tradition (43)

The confirmation of theories relies on the compact adaption of their parts, by which, like those of an arch or dome, they mutually sustain each other, and form a coherent whole.
Science quotes on:  |  Arch (7)  |  Coherent (12)  |  Confirmation (15)  |  Dome (3)  |  Sustain (13)  |  Theory (582)

The man who classifies facts of any kind whatever, who sees their mutual relation and describes their sequence, is applying the scientific method and is a man of science.
From The Grammar of Science (1892), 15.
Science quotes on:  |  Apply (38)  |  Classify (4)  |  Describe (38)  |  Fact (609)  |  Man Of Science (27)  |  Relation (96)  |  Scientific Method (155)  |  Sequence (32)

The sciences are said, and they are truly said, to have a mutual connection, that any one of them may be the better understood, for an insight into the rest.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Better (131)  |  Connection (86)  |  Insight (57)  |  Rest (64)  |  Say (126)  |  Science (1699)  |  Truly (19)  |  Understand (189)

The Sciences gain by mutual support.
Opening sentence of 'The Germ Theory: And its Applications to Medicine and Surgery', collected in The Harvard Classics: Scientific Papers: Physiology, Medicine, Surgery, Geology (1910), Vol. 38, 382. Cited as read before French Academy of Science (20 Apr 1878), published in Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences, 84, 1037.
Science quotes on:  |  Gain (48)  |  Science (1699)  |  Support (63)

What distinguishes the language of science from language as we ordinarily understand the word? … What science strives for is an utmost acuteness and clarity of concepts as regards their mutual relation and their correspondence to sensory data.
In Out of My Later Years (1950, 1956), 112. Footnoted on page 277 as from 'The Common Language of Science', a broadcast recording for the Science Conference, London (28 Sep 1941) and published in Advancement of Science, 2, No. 5, 16.
Science quotes on:  |  Acuteness (2)  |  Clarity (31)  |  Concept (102)  |  Correspondence (8)  |  Data (100)  |  Distinguish (32)  |  Language (155)  |  Ordinary (44)  |  Relation (96)  |  Science (1699)  |  Sense (240)  |  Striving (2)  |  Understanding (317)  |  Utmost (8)  |  Word (221)

[It] is not the nature of things for any one man to make a sudden, violent discovery; science goes step by step and every man depends on the work of his predecessors. When you hear of a sudden unexpected discovery—a bolt from the blue—you can always be sure that it has grown up by the influence of one man or another, and it is the mutual influence which makes the enormous possibility of scientific advance. Scientists are not dependent on the ideas of a single man, but on the combined wisdom of thousands of men, all thinking of the same problem and each doing his little bit to add to the great structure of knowledge which is gradually being erected.
Concluding remark in Lecture ii (1936) on 'Forty Years of Physics', revised and prepared for publication by J.A. Ratcliffe, collected in Needham and Pagel (eds.), Background to Modern Science: Ten Lectures at Cambridge Arranged by the History of Science Committee, (1938), 73-74. Note that the words as prepared for publication may not be verbatim as spoken in the original lecture by the then late Lord Rutherford.
Science quotes on:  |  Add (26)  |  Advance (123)  |  Bit (13)  |  Blue (30)  |  Bolt (4)  |  Bolt From The Blue (2)  |  Combined (3)  |  Depend (56)  |  Dependent (14)  |  Discovery (591)  |  Doing (36)  |  Enormous (33)  |  Erected (2)  |  Gradual (18)  |  Great (300)  |  Hear (33)  |  Idea (440)  |  Influence (110)  |  Knowledge (1128)  |  Little (126)  |  Make (23)  |  Nature (1029)  |  Possibility (96)  |  Predecessor (18)  |  Problem (362)  |  Science (1699)  |  Scientific (169)  |  Scientist (447)  |  Single (72)  |  Step By Step (8)  |  Structure (191)  |  Sudden (21)  |  Thinking (222)  |  Thousand (106)  |  Unexpected (26)  |  Violent (15)  |  Wisdom (151)  |  Work (457)


Carl Sagan Thumbnail In science it often happens that scientists say, 'You know that's a really good argument; my position is mistaken,' and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again. They really do it. It doesn't happen as often as it should, because scientists are human and change is sometimes painful. But it happens every day. I cannot recall the last time something like that happened in politics or religion. (1987) -- Carl Sagan
Quotations by:Albert EinsteinIsaac NewtonLord KelvinCharles DarwinSrinivasa RamanujanCarl SaganFlorence NightingaleThomas EdisonAristotleMarie CurieBenjamin FranklinWinston ChurchillGalileo GalileiSigmund FreudRobert BunsenLouis PasteurTheodore RooseveltAbraham LincolnRonald ReaganLeonardo DaVinciMichio KakuKarl PopperJohann GoetheRobert OppenheimerCharles Kettering  ... (more people)

Quotations about:Atomic  BombBiologyChemistryDeforestationEngineeringAnatomyAstronomyBacteriaBiochemistryBotanyConservationDinosaurEnvironmentFractalGeneticsGeologyHistory of ScienceInventionJupiterKnowledgeLoveMathematicsMeasurementMedicineNatural ResourceOrganic ChemistryPhysicsPhysicianQuantum TheoryResearchScience and ArtTeacherTechnologyUniverseVolcanoVirusWind PowerWomen ScientistsX-RaysYouthZoology  ... (more topics)
Sitewide search within all Today In Science History pages:
Visit our Science and Scientist Quotations index for more Science Quotes from archaeologists, biologists, chemists, geologists, inventors and inventions, mathematicians, physicists, pioneers in medicine, science events and technology.

Names index: | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

Categories index: | 1 | 2 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

- 100 -
Sophie Germain
Gertrude Elion
Ernest Rutherford
James Chadwick
Marcel Proust
William Harvey
Johann Goethe
John Keynes
Carl Gauss
Paul Feyerabend
- 90 -
Antoine Lavoisier
Lise Meitner
Charles Babbage
Ibn Khaldun
Euclid
Ralph Emerson
Robert Bunsen
Frederick Banting
Andre Ampere
Winston Churchill
- 80 -
John Locke
Bronislaw Malinowski
Bible
Thomas Huxley
Alessandro Volta
Erwin Schrodinger
Wilhelm Roentgen
Louis Pasteur
Bertrand Russell
Jean Lamarck
- 70 -
Samuel Morse
John Wheeler
Nicolaus Copernicus
Robert Fulton
Pierre Laplace
Humphry Davy
Thomas Edison
Lord Kelvin
Theodore Roosevelt
Carolus Linnaeus
- 60 -
Francis Galton
Linus Pauling
Immanuel Kant
Martin Fischer
Robert Boyle
Karl Popper
Paul Dirac
Avicenna
James Watson
William Shakespeare
- 50 -
Stephen Hawking
Niels Bohr
Nikola Tesla
Rachel Carson
Max Planck
Henry Adams
Richard Dawkins
Werner Heisenberg
Alfred Wegener
John Dalton
- 40 -
Pierre Fermat
Edward Wilson
Johannes Kepler
Gustave Eiffel
Giordano Bruno
JJ Thomson
Thomas Kuhn
Leonardo DaVinci
Archimedes
David Hume
- 30 -
Andreas Vesalius
Rudolf Virchow
Richard Feynman
James Hutton
Alexander Fleming
Emile Durkheim
Benjamin Franklin
Robert Oppenheimer
Robert Hooke
Charles Kettering
- 20 -
Carl Sagan
James Maxwell
Marie Curie
Rene Descartes
Francis Crick
Hippocrates
Michael Faraday
Srinivasa Ramanujan
Francis Bacon
Galileo Galilei
- 10 -
Aristotle
John Watson
Rosalind Franklin
Michio Kaku
Isaac Asimov
Charles Darwin
Sigmund Freud
Albert Einstein
Florence Nightingale
Isaac Newton



who invites your feedback
Thank you for sharing.
Today in Science History
Sign up for Newsletter
with quiz, quotes and more.