Celebrating 18 Years on the Web
TODAY IN SCIENCE HISTORY ®
Find science on or your birthday

Today in Science History - Quickie Quiz
Who said: “As far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain; and as far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality.”
more quiz questions >>
Home > Category Index for Science Quotations > Category Index O > Category: Overthrow

Overthrow Quotes (4 quotes)

My mother, my dad and I left Cuba when I was two [January, 1959]. Castro had taken control by then, and life for many ordinary people had become very difficult. My dad had worked [as a personal bodyguard for the wife of Cuban president Batista], so he was a marked man. We moved to Miami, which is about as close to Cuba as you can get without being there. It’s a Cuba-centric society. I think a lot of Cubans moved to the US thinking everything would be perfect. Personally, I have to say that those early years were not particularly happy. A lot of people didn’t want us around, and I can remember seeing signs that said: “No children. No pets. No Cubans.” Things were not made easier by the fact that Dad had begun working for the US government. At the time he couldn’t really tell us what he was doing, because it was some sort of top-secret operation. He just said he wanted to fight against what was happening back at home. [Estefan’s father was one of the many Cuban exiles taking part in the ill-fated, anti-Castro Bay of Pigs invasion to overthrow dictator Fidel Castro.] One night, Dad disappered. I think he was so worried about telling my mother he was going that he just left her a note. There were rumours something was happening back home, but we didn’t really know where Dad had gone. It was a scary time for many Cubans. A lot of men were involved—lots of families were left without sons and fathers. By the time we found out what my dad had been doing, the attempted coup had taken place, on April 17, 1961. Intitially he’d been training in Central America, but after the coup attempt he was captured and spent the next wo years as a political prisoner in Cuba. That was probably the worst time for my mother and me. Not knowing what was going to happen to Dad. I was only a kid, but I had worked out where my dad was. My mother was trying to keep it a secret, so she used to tell me Dad was on a farm. Of course, I thought that she didn’t know what had really happened to him, so I used to keep up the pretence that Dad really was working on a farm. We used to do this whole pretending thing every day, trying to protect each other. Those two years had a terrible effect on my mother. She was very nervous, just going from church to church. Always carrying her rosary beads, praying her little heart out. She had her religion, and I had my music. Music was in our family. My mother was a singer, and on my father’s side there was a violinist and a pianist. My grandmother was a poet.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  America (79)  |  April (4)  |  Attempt (95)  |  Back (84)  |  Bad (82)  |  Bay Of Pigs (2)  |  Become (130)  |  Begin (70)  |  Capture (9)  |  Carry (39)  |  Fidel Castro (3)  |  Central (28)  |  Child (208)  |  Church (31)  |  Close (56)  |  Control (99)  |  Cuba (2)  |  Dad (4)  |  Dictator (4)  |  Difficult (73)  |  Early (42)  |  Easy (69)  |  Effect (140)  |  Everything (139)  |  Exile (4)  |  Fact (628)  |  Family (43)  |  Farm (17)  |  Father (47)  |  Fight (40)  |  Find (297)  |  Government (87)  |  Grandmother (4)  |  H (3)  |  Happen (68)  |  Happy (31)  |  Heart (125)  |  Home (76)  |  Invasion (7)  |  Involve (29)  |  Keep (70)  |  Kid (13)  |  Know (394)  |  Leave (91)  |  Life (993)  |  Little (150)  |  Lot (27)  |  Mark (31)  |  Mother (66)  |  Move (75)  |  Music (75)  |  Nervous (6)  |  Next (26)  |  Night (104)  |  Note (24)  |  Of Course (16)  |  Operation (96)  |  Ordinary (47)  |  Part (163)  |  Particularly (17)  |  People (316)  |  Perfect (48)  |  Personal (53)  |  Personally (7)  |  Pet (7)  |  Pianist (2)  |  Place (133)  |  Poet (62)  |  Political (34)  |  Pray (13)  |  President (12)  |  Pretence (5)  |  Pretend (14)  |  Prisoner (7)  |  Probably (29)  |  Protect (28)  |  Really (62)  |  Religion (214)  |  Remember (60)  |  Rumour (2)  |  Say (160)  |  Scary (2)  |  Secret (104)  |  See (307)  |  Side (42)  |  Sign (39)  |  Society (195)  |  Son (18)  |  Sort (34)  |  Spend (31)  |  Tell (84)  |  Terrible (15)  |  Think (249)  |  Thought (400)  |  Time (491)  |  Training (43)  |  Try (118)  |  Want (139)  |  Whole (130)  |  Wife (19)  |  Work (493)  |  Worry (29)  |  Year (240)

One reason why mathematics enjoys special esteem, above all other sciences, is that its laws are absolutely certain and indisputable, while those of other sciences are to some extent debatable and in constant danger of being overthrown by newly discovered facts.
…...
Science quotes on:  |  Absolutely (28)  |  Certain (88)  |  Constant (43)  |  Danger (65)  |  Discover (128)  |  Enjoy (28)  |  Esteem (8)  |  Extent (34)  |  Fact (628)  |  Indisputable (7)  |  Law (425)  |  Mathematics (597)  |  Newly (4)  |  Reason (343)  |  Science (1741)  |  Special (55)

The more important fundamental laws and facts of physical science have all been discovered, and these are now so firmly established that the possibility of their ever being supplanted in consequence of new discoveries is exceedingly remote. Nevertheless, it has been found that there are apparent exceptions to most of these laws, and this is particularly true when the observations are pushed to a limit, i.e., whenever the circumstances of experiment are such that extreme cases can be examined. Such examination almost surely leads, not to the overthrow of the law, but to the discovery of other facts and laws whose action produces the apparent exceptions. As instances of such discoveries, which are in most cases due to the increasing order of accuracy made possible by improvements in measuring instruments, may be mentioned: first, the departure of actual gases from the simple laws of the so-called perfect gas, one of the practical results being the liquefaction of air and all known gases; second, the discovery of the velocity of light by astronomical means, depending on the accuracy of telescopes and of astronomical clocks; third, the determination of distances of stars and the orbits of double stars, which depend on measurements of the order of accuracy of one-tenth of a second-an angle which may be represented as that which a pin's head subtends at a distance of a mile. But perhaps the most striking of such instances are the discovery of a new planet or observations of the small irregularities noticed by Leverrier in the motions of the planet Uranus, and the more recent brilliant discovery by Lord Rayleigh of a new element in the atmosphere through the minute but unexplained anomalies found in weighing a given volume of nitrogen. Many other instances might be cited, but these will suffice to justify the statement that “our future discoveries must be looked for in the sixth place of decimals.”
In Light Waves and Their Uses (1903), 23-4. Michelson had some years earlier referenced “an eminent physicist” that he did not name who had “remarked that the future truths of physical science are to be looked for in the sixth place of decimals,” near the end of his Convocation Address at the Dedication of the Ryerson Physical Laboratory at the University of Chicago, 'Some of the Objects and Methods of Physical Science' (4 Jul 1894), published in University of Chicago Quarterly Calendar (Aug 1894), 3, No.2, 15. Also
Science quotes on:  |  Accuracy (52)  |  Air (171)  |  Angle (15)  |  Anomaly (6)  |  Astronomy (180)  |  Atmosphere (69)  |  Circumstance (54)  |  Clock (26)  |  Decimal (11)  |  Discovery (601)  |  Element (137)  |  Examination (61)  |  Exception (33)  |  Experiment (548)  |  Fact (628)  |  Fundamental (124)  |  Gas (47)  |  Improvement (67)  |  Instrument (75)  |  Irregularity (10)  |  Law (425)  |  LeVerrier_Urbain (2)  |  Limit (97)  |  Measurement (149)  |  Nitrogen (18)  |  Observation (421)  |  Physical Science (56)  |  Practical (93)  |  Sir John William Strutt, Lord Rayleigh (8)  |  Result (267)  |  Speed Of Light (14)  |  Star (310)  |  Telescope (79)  |  Uranus (2)  |  Urbain-Jean-Joseph Le Verrier (4)  |  Volume (13)

The techniques and criteria of religion and science are so extraordinarily different. Science seeks simplicity publicly and encourages the overthrow of authority; religion accepts complexity privately and encourages deference to authority.
In 'Religion - The Antithesis to Science', Chemistry & Industry (Feb 1997).
Science quotes on:  |  Accept (48)  |  Authority (51)  |  Complexity (83)  |  Criterion (11)  |  Deference (2)  |  Different (132)  |  Encourage (18)  |  Extraordinary (33)  |  Publicly (3)  |  Religion (214)  |  Science And Religion (271)  |  Seek (69)  |  Simplicity (128)  |  Technique (46)


Carl Sagan Thumbnail In science it often happens that scientists say, 'You know that's a really good argument; my position is mistaken,' and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again. They really do it. It doesn't happen as often as it should, because scientists are human and change is sometimes painful. But it happens every day. I cannot recall the last time something like that happened in politics or religion. (1987) -- Carl Sagan
Quotations by: • Albert Einstein • Isaac Newton • Lord Kelvin • Charles Darwin • Srinivasa Ramanujan • Carl Sagan • Florence Nightingale • Thomas Edison • Aristotle • Marie Curie • Benjamin Franklin • Winston Churchill • Galileo Galilei • Sigmund Freud • Robert Bunsen • Louis Pasteur • Theodore Roosevelt • Abraham Lincoln • Ronald Reagan • Leonardo DaVinci • Michio Kaku • Karl Popper • Johann Goethe • Robert Oppenheimer • Charles Kettering  ... (more people)

Quotations about: • Atomic  Bomb • Biology • Chemistry • Deforestation • Engineering • Anatomy • Astronomy • Bacteria • Biochemistry • Botany • Conservation • Dinosaur • Environment • Fractal • Genetics • Geology • History of Science • Invention • Jupiter • Knowledge • Love • Mathematics • Measurement • Medicine • Natural Resource • Organic Chemistry • Physics • Physician • Quantum Theory • Research • Science and Art • Teacher • Technology • Universe • Volcano • Virus • Wind Power • Women Scientists • X-Rays • Youth • Zoology  ... (more topics)
Sitewide search within all Today In Science History pages:
Visit our Science and Scientist Quotations index for more Science Quotes from archaeologists, biologists, chemists, geologists, inventors and inventions, mathematicians, physicists, pioneers in medicine, science events and technology.

Names index: | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

Categories index: | 1 | 2 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

- 100 -
Sophie Germain
Gertrude Elion
Ernest Rutherford
James Chadwick
Marcel Proust
William Harvey
Johann Goethe
John Keynes
Carl Gauss
Paul Feyerabend
- 90 -
Antoine Lavoisier
Lise Meitner
Charles Babbage
Ibn Khaldun
Euclid
Ralph Emerson
Robert Bunsen
Frederick Banting
Andre Ampere
Winston Churchill
- 80 -
John Locke
Bronislaw Malinowski
Bible
Thomas Huxley
Alessandro Volta
Erwin Schrodinger
Wilhelm Roentgen
Louis Pasteur
Bertrand Russell
Jean Lamarck
- 70 -
Samuel Morse
John Wheeler
Nicolaus Copernicus
Robert Fulton
Pierre Laplace
Humphry Davy
Thomas Edison
Lord Kelvin
Theodore Roosevelt
Carolus Linnaeus
- 60 -
Francis Galton
Linus Pauling
Immanuel Kant
Martin Fischer
Robert Boyle
Karl Popper
Paul Dirac
Avicenna
James Watson
William Shakespeare
- 50 -
Stephen Hawking
Niels Bohr
Nikola Tesla
Rachel Carson
Max Planck
Henry Adams
Richard Dawkins
Werner Heisenberg
Alfred Wegener
John Dalton
- 40 -
Pierre Fermat
Edward Wilson
Johannes Kepler
Gustave Eiffel
Giordano Bruno
JJ Thomson
Thomas Kuhn
Leonardo DaVinci
Archimedes
David Hume
- 30 -
Andreas Vesalius
Rudolf Virchow
Richard Feynman
James Hutton
Alexander Fleming
Emile Durkheim
Benjamin Franklin
Robert Oppenheimer
Robert Hooke
Charles Kettering
- 20 -
Carl Sagan
James Maxwell
Marie Curie
Rene Descartes
Francis Crick
Hippocrates
Michael Faraday
Srinivasa Ramanujan
Francis Bacon
Galileo Galilei
- 10 -
Aristotle
John Watson
Rosalind Franklin
Michio Kaku
Isaac Asimov
Charles Darwin
Sigmund Freud
Albert Einstein
Florence Nightingale
Isaac Newton



who invites your feedback
Thank you for sharing.
Today in Science History
Sign up for Newsletter
with quiz, quotes and more.